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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 37, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Fine Structural Analysis of the Venom Apparatus in the Spider Araneus ventricosus
Moon, Myung-Jin ; Yu, Min-Hee ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 53~63
The culticular substructure of the venom apparatus in the orb-web spider Araneus ventricosus are studied with scanning electron microscopy. The apparatus is composed of chelicera and paired venom glands in the cephalothorax. Each chelicera consists of a basal segment and a movable fang that articulates with each other. The chelicera of this spider is labidognathous form that moves at right angles to the body axis, and has two segments similar to that of a folding jackknife. Each cylindrical fang has a specialized hinge joint which articulate with the cheliceral groove which contains numerous small protrusions. In addition, each side of cheliceral groove is covered with a total of 7 cuticular teeth in two rows which composed of 4 promarginal and 3 retromarginal teeth. It has been also observed that a single venom pore is always located toward the direction of retromarginal teeth, and surface cuticular pits are distributed on the cuticular depressive area of cheliceral groove.
A Study on the Oogeneis of False Dace (Pseudorasbora parva)
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ; Kim, Seok ; Deung, Young-Kun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 65~72
The oogenesis and ultrastructure of fertilized egg envelope of false dace were investigated by light and electron microscope. The cytoplasm of false dace oogonia was basophilic and many nucleoli were located at inner side of nuclear membrane. In primary oocytes, yolk vesicles were distributed in marginal area only and egg envelope was not formed on egg outside. In secondary oocyte, the egg envelope was formed and yolk vesicles were increased than that of early stage in cytoplasm. The amount of basophilic substance was decreased. In case of matured egg, thickness of egg envelope and site of egg were increased, basophilic substance was distributed in egg envelope around only. The yolk vesicles were changed to yolk mass in accordance with development. The fertilized egg was of ellipsoidal, adhesive type and yellowish, have a single micropyle in the area of the animal pole. The fertilized egg envelope consisted of three layers, an outer adhesive layer, a middle layer consisting of 6 lamellae alternating layers and an inner electron dense layer. An outer surface of the fertilized egg envelope was arranged by adhesive fibrous structures. In conclusion, it is summarized that the oogenesis of false dace were the increase of cell size, the formation and accumulation of yolk, and decrease of basophilic intensity in cytoplasm. These ultrastructural characteristics of fertilized egg envelope from false dace can be utilized in taxonomy of teleost.
Microstructure of the Antennal Sensory Organs in the Millipede Cawjeekelia pyongana (Polydesmida: Paradoxomatidae)
Chung, Kyung-Hwun ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 73~82
The antennae of millipedes have a prominent function in detecting various types of environmental stimuli. The structural modification of the antennae is closely associated with the degree of sense recognition. Here we study functional morphology of the antennae of the millipede Cawjeekelia pyongana using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The antennae generally include eight segments, called articles. On the surface of the antennae, there are a variety of sensory receptors which include olfactory and mechanical receptors. We could identify four different types of antennal sensory organs in C. pyongana as follows: apical cone (Ac), trichoid sensilla (Ts), chaetiform sensilla (Cs) and basiconic sensilla (Bs). The most prominent of which is four APs at the 8th article. Both of the Is and the Cs are abundantly observed almost all of the antennal segments. They are long and strong bristles with longitudinal grooves acuminating toward the tip. The Bs is further divided into three subtypes: large basiconic sensilla
, small basiconic sensilla
and spiniform basiconic sensilla
is located at the 5th and 6th articles, while the
can be seen at the 5th and at the 7th article, respectively.
Epidermal Changes of the Adhesive Disks During Wall Attachment in Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Kim, Jung-Ha ; Kim, In-Sun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 83~91
The present study examined the epidermal changes of adhesive disks which occur during attachment in Parthenocissus tricuspidata using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Several adhesive disks, each covered with a bract, develop from the shoot apical meristem during early development. In the initial stage, the adhesive disks are club-shaped and their upper and lower epidermis are indistinguishable. However, in the actively growing stage, they become spherical and both epidermis are clearly differentiated into the adventitious roots. Prior to wall attachment, the adhesive disks exhibit adaxial convex and abaxial concave shapes, and electron-dense substances are abundant in the vacuoles of epidermal cells. The peripheral area of the adhesive disk is adhered first to the wall surface, while the central area is drawn inward in a vacuum-like state during attachment. As the attachment progresses and the electron-dense substances continue to discharge, the upper and lower epidermis rapidly undergo deterioration and the disks shrink considerably. At this stage, structural changes of the lower epidermis occur much faster than in the upper one. The discharged substance is accumulated on the wall surface, and this aids the attachment of adhesive disks on the wall for long periods. In this manner, the shape and structure of the adhesive disk epidermis change drastically from initial growth to the mature stage. Further, the role of electron-dense substance and shrinkage of the disk during attachment has been discussed in Parthenocissus tricuspidata.
Expression of Growth Factors and Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor (SLPI) in RAW264.7 Cells after Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Stimulation
Son, Wook-Hee ; Choi, Baik-Dong ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Wang, Guan-Lin ; Hwang, Ho-Keel ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 93~102
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) was known as one of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced products of macrophage. Macrophages play an important role in the development of inflammatory responses by secreting an array of cytokines and chemokines in a tissue microenvironment. To identify the function and relationship between potent growth factors and SLPI after LPS stimulation, we conducted reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blots for the detection of mRNA and protein expression of SLPI and growth factors such as VEGF, PDGF, bFGF after 100 ng LPS stimulation on the RAW264.7 cells. The result of RT-PCR was showed SLPI mRNA expression was increased from 60 min to 48h in RAW 264.7 cells after incubation with LPS. VEGF and PDGF mRNA was expressed highly at initial stage by LPS stimulation. The mRNA of bFGF and type I collagen was very weakly expressed after LPS stimulation. SLPI protein level was increased likely the mRNA levels in RAW 267.7 cells. Additionally, phase contrast and scanning electron microscopic observation demonstrated that the LPS induce the change of morphology of the RAW264.7 cells. From these results, it suggest that expression of SLPI by LPS treatment may associate with VEGF and PDGF expression in RAW264.7 cells.
Ultrastructure of the Submandibular Gland in the Korean Spider Shrew, Sorex caecutiens
Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Yoo, Ji-Yun ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 103~109
The ultrastructure of submandibular gland was examined in the Korean spider shrew, Sorex caecutiens. The submandibular gland wat composed of acini and salivary ducts. A submadibular acinus was a mixed gland having serous demilune cells and mucous cells that were filled with well developed rER, mitochondria and large amount of dense secretory granules. Serous acinar granules were oval shape without distinct limiting membrane on the border and it had only coarse specks with various density. Mucous acinar granules were oval shape without distinct limiting membrane and had a variety pattern with several thin or transparent bands into the homogeneous dense matrix. Thus submandibular acinar granules of S. caecutiens belonging to subfamily Soricinae were distinct from the other mammalian species including Crocidurinae, because of the absence of limiting membrane of acinar granules and specific pattern of mucous acinar granules. Granular duct cells had large amount of small granular vesicles and several characteristic structures of granule which were revered with stratified limiting membranes and filled with coarse serous-like granule or homogeneous matrix.
Measurement of Spherical Aberration Coefficient of the Objective Lens in KBSI-HVEM
Kim, Young-Min ; Shim, Hyo-Sik ; Kim, Youn-Joong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 111~121
Coefficient of spherical aberration of the objective lens in the KBSI-HVEM was evaluated by diffractogram method. Instrumental resolution was also discussed with this method. In order to improve the accuracy, digital processing and graphical curve fitting for intensity profile of diffractogram were employed. Experimental concerns where the optimal procedure of the measurement con be accomplished for this study were discussed. The spherical aberration coefficient
was estimated to be
from this study, which was almost coincident with the value of the manufacture's suggestion
LACBED Observation of Strain Fields due to Precipitates, Especially S-Phase Particles in Al-Cu-Mg Alloy
Kim, Hwang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 123~133
The strain fields due to precipitates, especially S-phase
particles in Al-2.5Cu-1.5Mg wt.% alloy were first investigated with Large Angle Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (LACBED) method. The work involves LACBED pattern simulations to estimate possibly the strength of the strain fields. To do this the morphology of S-particle was optimized as a cylindrical shape with
axis, and the displacement vector of strain fields was assumed to be perpendicular to
axis. With this simple model the reasonable fittings between the observed patterns of the strain fields and simulations were obtained. And in the early aging stage of the alloy the significant strain fields were not observed. As a result of this study it is expected that the strain fields due to S-phase precipitates in the stage with maximum hardness would make a complex networks to possibly contribute to hardiness of the alloy.
Morphological Study on the TUNEL Reaction of Mouse Ovary by X-ray Irradiation
Yoon, Chul-Ho ; Chang, Byung-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 135~142
This research investigated morphological changes of ovarian follicle according to dose of irradiation when adult mice were exposed to X-rays from 6 MeV LINAC. At day 3 after irradiation of 200 cGy, 400 cGy and 600 cGy X-ray to the hole body of mice, the ovaries collected and stained with TUNEL. The normal follicles and atretic follicles were identified to apoptosis by the staining with TUNEL. In the atretic follicles of the normal ovary, the apoptotic bodies were well appeared and stained brown color. Almost of the follicles following irradiation are stained with TUNEL, but the sensitivity of reaction is weaker than that in irradiation of 400 cGy and 600 cGy X-ray. The granulosa cells of the radiated normal follicle by 400 cGV are shown brown color. In this stage, the nucleus of granulosa cells in the atrectic follicles are condensed and picknotic feature. The size of the radiated follicle by 600 cGy are decreased than the normal follicles. The atropic follicles are filled with apoptotic bodies which change of granulosa cells and theca cells by influence of X-ray. All of cell in the follicles are strongly positive stained with TUNEL by irradiation of 600 cGy.
Construction of Anaglyphic Stereo Pair Image using Adobe
Kim, Jee-Woong ; Lee, Se-Jeong ; Rhyu, Im-Joo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 2, 2007, Pages 143~146
The objects of the nature have three dimensional (3-D) parameters. The 3-D profiles are embedded on the photographs and microscopic images. To understand 3-D configuration, stereo pair image with thick section is frequently employed. The perception of 3-D images is possible with the aid of stereoscopic glasses, although the expert can perceive 3-D images without the glasses. Anaglyphic stereo images are constructed by various softwares from commercial and freeware. Here we would like to present an easy anaglyphs construction method with Adobe
based on tilting paired images from high voltage electron microscope. The anaglyphic stereo images constructed revealed the same 3-D perception with conventional stereoscopy. We could zoom in/out the anaglyph image digitally to investigate the detail configuration by real time. This method is expected to contribute to understanding complex structures 3 dimensionally.