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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 37, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Morphological Study on the Dorsal Lingual Papillae of Myotis macrodactylus
Hwang, Hyun-Suk ; Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 147~156
The dorsal lingual papillae of Myotis macrodactylus were investigated morphologically using scanning electron microscopy. Three types of lingual papillae from Myotis macrodactylus were recognized. The filiform(Fi) papillae were distributed over the entire dorsal surface of the tongue, and they could be classified into 5 types of papillae by the shape, size and number of the protrusion. Type I was distributed on dorsal surface of the apex in the anterior region of the tongue, has a crow-like shape with ten to fifteen formed projections. Type II was located in the medial portion of the anterior region of the tongue, has an eight to ten spin-like protrusion. Type III was distributed on the medial portion of the tongue, has a scale-like papille with five to seven protrusion. Type IV was distributed on the both lateral portion of the posterior region of the tongue, has a small conical papillae, does not have needle projection. Type V have not needle projection, a large of conical papillae, on the both lateral portion of the posterior region of the tongue. Most Fu(Fungiform) papillae were distributed the both lateral region or medial portion of the posterior region of the tongue, has a round or oval shape with
papillae. The small
fungiform papillae were distributed on dorsal surface of the apex in the anterior, the both lateral portions and medial portion of the posterior region of the tongue, respectively. Two large oval vallate (V) papillae are located in the medial portion of the posterior region of the tongue. In conclusion, the morphology of lingual papillae is useful to determine species relationship among Myotis species. It suggests that the difference of types and number of lingual papillae caused by the difference of food habit.
Effects of BCG on the Absorptive Cells in the Appendix of the Mouse Implanted with Ehrlich Carcinoma Cells
Lee, Woon-Woo ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Kim, Myeong-Soo ; Park, Dae-Kyoon ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 157~166
This experiment was performed to evaluate the ultrastructural responses of the absorptive cells in the appendix of the mouse, inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma cells in the inguinal area, following administration of BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin). Healthy adult ICR mice weighing 25 gm each were divided into normal and experimental groups (experimental control group and BCG treated group). In the experimental groups, each mouse was inoculated with
Ehrlich carcinoma cells subcutaneously in the inguinal area. From next day after inoculations, 0.5mL of saline or BCG (0.5 mL/25gm B.W.:
) were injected subcutaneously to the animals every other day. The day following the last injection, each mouse was sacrificed. Pieces of the tissue were taken from the appendix, prefixed with 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solution, followed by post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide solution. The ultrathin sections were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate. In the normal control, experimental control and BCG treated mice, general morphology of the absorptive cells of appendix were similar. But myelin figures and intramitochondrial dense granules were more frequently observed in the absorptive cells of BCG treated mice than normal control ones. Above results show that BCG did show slight ultrastructural alterations in the absorptive cell of the appendix. These results that BCG may slightly suppress function of the absorptive cells of the appendix.
Expression of HSP70 Immunoreactivity in EPO Treated Rat Kidney
Jung, Ju-Young ; Kim, Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 167~174
Heat shock protein (HSP) 70 functions as a molecular chaperon and reduces stress-induced denaturation and aggregation of intracellular proteins. Erythropoietin (EPO) plays an important role during acute renal failure repair process by rapidly correcting anemia and enhancing renal tubular regeneration. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of EPO treatment on renal HSP70 expression. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected rHUEPO. Kidney were preserved by in vivo perfusion with paraformaldehyde-lysine-periodate (PLP) and processed for immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. In control kidney, HSP70 was expressed in the cortex, outer medulla and inner medulla. Especially, HSP immunoreactiviy was mainly founded in descending thin limb of outer medulla and inner medullary collecting duct. In EPO treated kidney, HSP70 expression markedly increased in the descending thin limb of outer medulla and newly detected in cortical collecting duct. Electron microscopy showed the presence of HSP immunoreactivity on the intracelluar vesicles and Golgi complex of descending thin limb and cortical collecting duct. These findings suggest that EPO treatment leads to new production of HSP70 in renal tubular cells, and induction of HSP70 by rHuEPO is causally related to protective function.
Improved Ultrastructural Preservation of Retinal Cells in Drosophila melanogaster
Mun, Ji-Young ; Park, Se-Jin ; Han, Sung-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 175~183
The Drosophila retinal cell is widely used to study cell development and cell signaling processes. In the past decades, conventional chemical fixation had been used to study the structure of retinal cells in Droscphila. Rapid freezing methods are superior to chemical fixation methods due to their fixation speed. Some Drosophila tissues, such as the eyes, should not be freezed due to their surrounding cuticle layer. Therefore, in the case of the Drosophila retina, the benefits of high pressure freezing and freeze substitution (HPF-FS) had not been verified. In this study, a retinal cell from Drosophila melanogaster had been studied by using the HPF-FS method. Compared to chemical fixation, the preservation of the cytoplasm in the HPF-FS sample was improved on the whole. The HPF-FS cell membranes were smoother than that of chemical fixation. In addition, HPF-FS preserved the mitochondria structures very well. These results of the present study suggest that HPF-FS is superior to other fixation methods for the preservation of the retinal cell structure.
Spermiogenesis in the Crocidura dsinezumi
Jeong, Seung-Don ; Lee, Jung-Hun ; Oh, Hong-Shik ; Kim, Sang-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 185~198
Spermiogenesis in Japanese white-toothed shrew. Crocidura dsinezumi was investigated by transmission electron microscope. Spermiogenesis was divided into 12 phases 14 steps, based on the morphological features of the nucleus and change of organelles in cytoplasm. The nucleus of spermatids in Golgi (step
) phase were spherical; however, they were changed into oval in the cap (step
) phase. Flagellum appeared in the middle of acrosomal phase; on the other hand, slender and long spermatid head was formed in maturation phase. The head of spermatids faced the lumen in step 1 to step 6 (from Golgi to cap phase), but, in step 7 to step 14 (from acrosomal to spermiation phase), it turned its head to the basal lamina of the seminiferous epithelium. The nucleus and acrosome were elongated maximally in step 10. The condensation of chromatin started in late acrosomal (step 10) phase, and it was completely finished and homogenized in the middle of maturation (step 12) phase. Multivesicular body appeared near the acrosomal vacuole during the middle cap (step 5) phase, and a large number of them were observed near the Golgi apparatus in the late cap (step 6) phase. Considering all the results, the spermiogenesis might be useful information to analyse the differentiation of spermatogenic fells.
An Experimental Device for Understanding the Optical Principles of Image/Diffraction Formation
Kim, Jin-Gyu ; Jeong, Jong-Man ; Kim, Mun-Chang ; Choi, Joo-Hyoung ; Kim, Youn-Joong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 3, 2007, Pages 199~208
We have made an optical device to study the wave optics phenomena, such as image and diffraction pattern, constructive and destructive interference, by direct operation of laser beam and optical lenses. It consists of laser beam, goniometer, objective lens, intermediate lens, projection lens, CCD system, and computing system. As a result of the performance test, we were able to magnify samples up to 44 times with the resolution of about
. It is expected to help EM users understanding more easily principles of transmission electron microscopy (TEM).