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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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The Temporal and Spatial Expression of the Cytokeratin in Keratinocytes during Cutaneous Wound Healing on the Amphibian(Bombina orientalis)
Lim, Do-Seun ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Moon, Myung-Jin ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 209~217
The system of wound healing is very complex biological processing that includes inflammatory, reepithelialization, and matrix construction. For identification of the transitional pathway of the keratinocytes, we have employed immunohistochemical analysis using cytokeratin antibody after wounding. Epithelium in skin of the frog(Bombina orientalis) was examined with transmission electron microscopy. Cytokeratin was expressed in normal basal and gland cavity cells. At 3-hour basal layer cells were strong positive, however cells of the upper layer were negative reaction. Day1 and 2 after post-wounding, regenerating epithelial cell layer was positive reaction, especially basal layer cells were strong positive. At day 10 after wounding, the degree of positive reaction to basal cells of regenerating epithelial tissue was equal to day 7 wound tissue. At day of 19th, basal and spinous layer cells were strong positive reaction. Regenerating epithelial cells were positive but some basal cells were strong positive at day 27. From this result, we identified that the migration of the keratinocytes in amphibian skin wounds is initiated from basal layer fells and the keratinocytes migrate into basal and middle of the wound area.
Morphological Study of the Regeneration of the Mouse Olfactory Epithelial Cells after Destruction by Intranasal Zinc Sulfate Irrigation
Kang, Wha-Sun ; Moon, Young-Wha ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 219~230
The morphological effects of intranasal zinc sulfate(5% solution) irrigation on the mouse olfactory epithelium and the regeneration process of olfactory receptor cells following nasal irrigation were studied with scanning and transmission electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. The septal epithelium except some basal cells was wholly detached from the basement membrane, during the first 6 to 24 hours after 5% zinc sulfate irrigation. 2. 3 days after
treatment, two layered septal epithelium was formed from basal cells. And microvilli were observed in the apical epithelium of newly formed olfactory epithelial cells. 3. 5 days after treatment, a lot of centrosomes and basal bodies were observed in the olfactory receptor cells, and cilia were lined up between microvilli on the apical membrane of olfactory receptor cells. And immature olfactory knob was first observed in the newly formed olfactory receptor cells. Mature olfactory knob was observed 1 week after treatment. 4. There are very many mature olfactory knobs in the olfactory receptor cells 2 weeks after intranasal zinc sulfate irrigation. These results support that treatment with 5% zinc sulfate is a good experimental model for the regeneration of mammalian nervous tissues because this method could thoroughly detach the septal epithelium. During the regeneration of olfactory receptor cells, the surface membrane of the olfactory receptor cells widen the surface with the microvilli. Then cilia, which arranged in a line, substituted for the microvilli. The part of the surface membrane with cilia protruded and finally formed the olfactory vesicle.
Fine Structure of the Antennal Sensilla of the Millipede Oxidus gracilis(Polydesmida: Paradoxomatidae)
Chung, Kyung-Hwun ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 231~238
Although the biological significance of the antennal sensillae to millipedes are widely understood, the structure and function of the antennal sensillae are still not clear and more precise analysis is required. Thus, this study initiate to reveal the fine structural characteristics of various sensory receptors on the antennae of millipede Oxidus gracilis were observed with field emission scanning electron microscopy(FESEM). The antennae generally include eight segments, called articles. On the surface of the antennae, there are a variety of sensory receptors which include olfactory and mechanical receptors. We could identify four different types of antennal sensillae in O. gracilis as follows: apical cone sensilla, trichoid sensilla, chatiform sensilla and basiconic sensilla. The most prominent is four large spital cone sensillae on distal tip of the 8th article. Both of trichoid and chaetiform sensillae are abundantly observed at the most of antennal articles. These sharply pointed structures are inclined and slightly curved toward the apex of the sensilla. The basiconic sensilla are further divided into three subtypes: large basiconic sensilla(
), small basiconic sensilla(
) and spiniform sensilla(
is located at the 5th and 6th articles, while the
can be seen at the 5th and 7th articles, respectively.
Response of Metastatic Cancer Cells to Thermal Changes in vitro
Ahn, San-Gil ; Kwon, Young-Ee ; Choi, Ho-Soon ; Kwon, Jung-Kyun ; Yoo, Jin-Young ; Kim, Jong-Ryong ; Kim, Won-Kyu ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 239~248
Alteration of temperature is one of cancer therapies. In general, severe hyperthermia(around
) and hypothermia(around
) trigger apoptosis through mitochondria, though the specific mechanism is still unknown. CC-t6 and GB-d1 cell lines, which were originally derived from human cholangiocarcinoma and gall bladder cancer, were established from a metastatic lymph node. To investigate the mechanism of metastatic cancer cell response to thermal stresses, hyperthermia(
) and hypothermia(
) were designed. Thermal stresses did not induce apoptosis but necrotic cell death. Any alterations of caspase-3, -9, cytochrome c, Bax, and Bcl-2 were not found in both hyperthermia and hypothermia exposed fells using western blot analysis. In the transmission electron microscopy, typical necrotic, but not apoptotic, changes were observed. These results suggest that temperature changes induce cell death through necrotic pathway in metastatic cancer in vitro, and it can be one of effective anticancer methods.
Ultrastructural Change and Insulin Distribution of the Cultured Pancreatic Islet
Min, Byoung-Hoon ; Kim, Soo-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 249~258
The Pancreatic islet are the clusters of endocrine cells scattered through out the exocrine pancreas. Transplantation of a sufficient pancreatic islets can normalize blood glucose level so that may prevent devastating complications of type I diabetes(IDDM) and other side effects of the IDDM. Recently, there are several approaches to transplant sufficient pancreatic islet, and it was comprised in increase or regeneration of the endogenous
-cell mass from donor's pancreas, but relatively few studies have been devoted to the morphological characters of the isolated and 3 day cultured pancreatic islets. We investigated morphological pattern of intracellular structure of isolated and 3 day cultured pancreatic islets. The morphological characters of the pancreatic islets were observed by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope, and insulin distribution of the each islets were observed by transmission electron microscope, and were labeled with insulin antibody. Intracellular structures including nuclei, mitochondria, RER, Golgi complex and many secretory granules were normally appeared in the isolated pancreatic islets which was extracted immediately dornor's pancreas, however, There is a significant morphological changes between the 3 day cultured pancreatic islets and isolated islets. 3 day cultured pancreatic islet's
-cells had normal nuclei but increased cytoplasm mass and RER and developed Golgi complex. Insulin secretory granules were decreased in numbers rather than isolated pancreatic islet. In this study, the pattern of intracellular structure variation was examined during pancreatic islet culture. Most distinct features are variation of the insulin secretory granules, and developed RER, and dilated golgi complex. Therefore, we suggested that the various change of the morphological characters on cultured pancreatic islets were responsible for the function(biosynthesis and secretion of insulin) and growth. These results were also cultured islets have greater ability to recover and maintain normoglycemia than isolated islet transplantation.
Effects of Higher-Order Laue Zone Reflections on HRTEM Images for illumination along an off-Bone Axis of a Crystal
Kim, Hwang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 259~269
In this paper we explored a possibility of observation for effects of higher-order Laue zone(HOLZ) reflections on high resolution transmission electron microscope(HRTEM) images for illumination along an off-zone axis of a crystal. The analysis of the observation could give useful three dimensional crystal structure information. For the image simulation the Howie-Whelan equation was used with modification of including HOLZ reflections. This study clearly indicates that HRTEM images for a very thin crystal tilted by a few degrees from a zone axis show the effects of HOLZ reflections and contain some information of atomic arrangements along the zone axis.
Renal Expression of TonEBP and Urea Transporter in the Water-deprived Mongolian Gerbil(Meriones unguiculatus)
Park, Yong-Deok ; Kim, Sung-Joong ; Jung, Ju-Young ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 271~280
Tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein(TonEBP) is a transcriptional factor essential in the function and development of the renal medulla. TonEBP plays a critical role in protecting renal medullary cells from the deleterious effect of hypertonicity. TonEBP is a key regulator of urinary concentration via stimulation of transcription of urea transporter(UT) in a manner independent of vasopressin. UT in the renal inner medulla is important for the conservation of body water due to its role in the urine concentrating mechanism. Mongolian gerbil(Meriones unguiculatus) has been as an model animal for studying the neurological disease such as stroke and epilepsy because of the congenital incomplete in Willis circle, as well as the investigation of water metabolism because of the long time-survival in the condition of water-deprived desert condition, compared with other species animal. In this study, we divide 3 groups of which each group include the 5 animals. In the study of 7 or 14 days water restricted condition, we investigated the TonEBP and UT-A by using a immunohistochemistry in the kidney. In the normal kidney, the distribution of TonEBP is generally localized on nuclei of inner medullary cells. Nuclear distribution of TonEBP is generally increased throughout the medulla in 7 and 14 days dehydrated group compared with control group. Increased nuclear localization was particularly dramatic in thin limbs. In control groups, UT-A was expressed in inner stripe of outer medulla(ISOM) and inner medulla(IM). UT-A was present in the terminal part of the short-loop of descending thin limbs (DTL) in ISOM and also present in the inner medullary collecting duct(IMCD), where the intensity of it gradually increased toward the papillary tip. In the dehydrated kidney, UT-A immunoreactivity was increased in the short-loop of DTL in ISOM and in the long-loop of DTL in the initial part of IM, where was expressed moderate positive reaction in the normal kidney. Also it was up regulated in the IMCD in initial & middle part of IM. However UT-A down regulated in the IMCD, where the intensity of it gradually decreased toward the papillary tip. These findings suggest that increased levels of TonEBP in medulla and UT-A in shot-loop of DTL and IMCD play a important role for maintain fluid balance in the water-deprived mongolian gerbil kidney.
Consideration of Hypoxylon truncatum, Based on Morphological Characteristics of Korean Collection
Velmurugan, Natarajan ; Han, Sang-Sub ; Sa, Dong-Min ; Lee, Yang-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 281~287
The genus Hypoxylon is a member of the Xylariaceae that has brown to dark brown and phaseoliform single cell ascospores with a conspicuous full germ slit. Hypoxylon truncatum differs from H. annulatum, it has conspicuous perithecial mounds, dark brown stromatal surface, and absence of enriched ostiola disc. The isolate of Hypoxylon, collected from Mt. Deuk-yu in Korea, is compared with similar taxa and described. The isolation of H. truncatum is compared with similar taxa, H. annulatum, with a precise description in the SEM level in Korea.
Consideration of Daldinia childiae as a New Record in Korea, Based on Morphological Characteristics of Korea Collections
Velmurugan, Natarajan ; Han, Sang-Sub ; Sa, Dong-Min ; Lee, Yang-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 37, issue 4, 2007, Pages 289~295
The genus Daldinia is a member of the Xylariaceae that has brown to dark brown and phaseoliform single cell ascospores with a conspicuous full germ slit. The isolate of D. childiae collected from Mt. Deuk-yu in Korea were compared with similar taxa, D. eschscholzii and D. concentrica.. Ascospores were
in size, light brown to brown, unicellular, ellipsoid-inequilateral, with dull round ends. Ascospore showed very faint ornamentation at
magnification. It is one of the main morphological characteristic Korean collection of D. childiae under SEM level and a main reason of reinterpretation of D. concentrica in Korea. Using KOH-extractable pigment color of stroma, D. concentrica that also has supported the SEM level investigation. Daldinia concentrica, having those characteristic recorded in Korea, should be renamed as D. childiae. However, the isolate will be the first record as D. childiae, having precise morphological description in Korea.