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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Effects of BCG on the DNA Synthesis and Ultrastructure of Mouse Gastric Mucosal Epithelial Cells Inoculated with Ehrlich Carcinoma Cells
Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Ryoo, In-Sang ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Dae-Kyoon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 205~218
This experiment was performed to evaluate the morphological responses of the gastric epithelial cells of the mouse, inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma cells in the inguinal area, following administration of BCG. Healthy adult ICR mice weighing 25 gm each were divided into normal and experimental groups (tumor control group and BCG-treated group). In the experimental groups, each mouse was inoculated with
Ehrlich carcinoma cells subcutaneously in the inguinal area. From next day after inoculations, 0.2 mL of saline or BCG (0.5 mL/25 g B.W.:
CFU) were injected subcutaneously to the animals every other day, respectively. The day following the 7th injection of saline or BCG, each mouse was injected with a single dose of 0.7
-thymidine (25 Ci/mmol, Amersham Lab., England) through tail vein. Seventy minutes after the thymidine injection, animals were sacrificed, and gastric tissues were taken and fixed in 10% neutral formalin. Deparaffinized sections were coated with autoradiographic emulsion EM-1 (Amersham Lab., England) in a dark room. The number of labeled epithelial cells in the gastric mucosae (mean number of labeled epithelial cells per 3.5 mm length of mucosa) were observed and calculated. And for electron microscopic observation, gastric tissues were prefixed with 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solution, followed by post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide solution. On the light microscopic study, gastric mucosae had no morphological changes following the injection of BCG. On the electron microscopic study, in the BCG-treated mice, myelin figures and multivesicular bodies within the gastric epithelial cells were observed more frequently than in those of the normal control ones. On the autoradiographic study, number of the labeled cells of normal control, tumor control and BCG-treated mice were 380.2 (
), 426.1 (
) and 301.8 (
), respectively. In the BCG-treated mice, poorly-labeled cells containing only a few silver grains of 3H-thymidine were observed more frequently as compared in those of the normal control and tumor control ones. From the above results, BCG may suppress the DNA synthesis of the gastric epithelial cells, but does not results severe fine structural defect on the gastric epithelial cells. These results suggest that BCG is expected as one of the effective supplemental anticancer drugs.
The Spermatogenesis of Cichlasoma managuensis, Cichlidae, Teleost
Lee, Kyu-Jae ; Chang, Byung-Soo ; Teng, Yung-Chien ; Kim, Seok ; Song, Mi-Sook ; Joo, Kyung-Bok ; Kim, Dong-Heui ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 219~226
The ultrastructure of spermatogenesis and sperm in Cichlasoma managuensis belonging to Cichlidae was investigated by light and electron microscopes. The testis of C. managuensis contained numerous testicular cysts, and spermatogenesis was synchronized in these testicular cysts. In the case of spermatogonia, the nucleus was comparatively large ellipsoidal, and mitochondria showed a marked development. The size of primary spermatocyte was smaller than that of spermatogonia, and that of secondary spermatocyte was smaller than that of primary spermatocyte. The chromatin of spermatocyte was highly condensed according to their development. The nucleus with electron-dense was round shape. In spermiogenesis, flagella started to be formed and chromatin was more condensed. The mitochondria were rearranged in a middle piece. The sperm was formed by loss of cytoplasm. The head of mature sperm was a spherical shape and had not acrosome. The microtubules of flagella were arranged 9+2 structure. Also, the tail of sperm have lateral fins.
The Spermatogenesis of Coreoleuciscus splendidus, Cyprinidae, Teleostei
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ; Kim, Seok ; Teng, Yung-Chien ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 227~236
The ultrastructure of spermatogenesis and sperm in Coreoleuciscus splendidus, belonging to Gobioninae, Cyprinidae was investigated by light and electron microscopes. The testis was located between intestine and air bladder. The size of testis was major axis 1.8 cm, minor axis 3 mm. The testis of C. splendidus contained numerous testicular cysts, and spermatogenesis was non-synchronized in these testicular cysts. In May, the upper area of testis contained with other germ cells and sperm but the lower area of testis contained with matured sperm only. In case of spermatogonia, the nucleus was comparatively large spherical, and mitochondria showed a marked development. The size of primary spermatocyte was smaller than that of spermatogonia, and that of secondary spermatocyte was smaller than that of primary spermatocyte. The chromatin of spermatocyte was highly condensed according to their development. The nucleus with electron-dense was round shape. In spermiogenesis, flagella started to be formed and chromatin was more condensed. The mitochondria were rearranged in a middle piece. The head of matured sperm was a spherical shape and had not acrosome. The microtubules of flagella were arranged 9+2 structure. Also, the tail of sperm had not lateral fins and 7 outer coarse fibers.
The Oogenesis of Chinese minnow, Leuciscinae, Teleostei
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Chang, Byung-Soo ; Jung, Han-Suk ; Teng, Yung-Chien ; Kim, Seok ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 237~243
Chinese minnow, Rhynchocypris oxycephalus is a teleost belonging to Leuciscinae, Cyprinidae. The oogenesis and ultrastructure of egg envelope in Chinese minnow were investigated by light and electron microscopes. The ovary was of white yellowish and ellipsoidal shape with the major axis 30 mm and the minor axis 7mm. Cytoplasm of oogonia was basophilic and many nucleoli were located at inside of nuclear membrane. In primary oocytes, yolk vesicles were distributed only in the marginal area and egg envelope was not formed on the outside of an egg. In secondary oocytes, the egg envelope was formed and yolk vesicles in the cytoplasm were increased than the earlier stage. The basophilic substance of cytoplasm was changed to acidic. In case of matured egg, thickness of egg envelope and size of egg were increased. The yolk vesicles were changed to yolk mass in accordance with development. The outer surface of egg envelope was covered by microvilli-structures, and had a micropyle on the area of animal pole. Egg envelope consisted with 2 layers, an adhesive outer layer with microvilli-structures and fibrillar inner layer. In conclusion, the oogenesis of Chinese minnow was characterized by the increase in cell size, the formation and accumulation of yolk, and the decrease of basophilic substance in the cytoplasm. The oogenesis of Chinese minnow seems to share common patterns in Cyprinidae, but these ultrastructural unique characters of egg envelope can be utilized in taxonomy of teleost.
A Study on the Reproductive Cells in Testes of Microphysogobio yaluensis
Kim, Jae-Goo ; Kim, Dong-Heui ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 245~252
The reproductive cells in testes of Microphysogobio yaluensis were investigated using light and electron microscopes. The testis of Microphysogobio yaluensis consisted of numerous testicular cysts contained synchronized cells. Sperms were full in testicular sacs of mature testes. Leydig cells were located among testicular cysts. The nucleus of primary spermatocytes was round and mitochondria were congregated in cytoplasm. The size of secondary spermatocyte was smaller than that of primary spermatocyte and the nucleus of a secondary spermatocyte was round or oval. In spermatids, the nucleus was round and electron-dense. In spermiogenesis, the nucleus was condensed and a flagellum started to be formed. The mitochondria were rearranged along the flagellum. The sperm had a round head, the acrosome was not found and a motile flagellum consisted of an axoneme with a typical 9+2 pattern of microtubule.
Rice Cell Origin Recombinant Human Granulocyte Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (rrhGM-CSF) Could Improve the Wound Healing in Diabetic Hamster
Han, Kyu-Boem ; Heo, Si-Hyun ; Jeong, Jin-Ju ; Han, Man-Deuk ; Kim, Wan-Jong ; Shin, Kil-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 253~260
GM-CSF is a multipotent growth factor, which also plays an important role during the process of wound healing. rrhGM-CSF was specifically produced from rice cell culture in our laboratory (Hanson Biotech Co., Ltd, Daejeon). The rrhGMCSF contains more oligosaccharide side chains than any other types of GM-CSF. This work was taken to evaluate the influence on wound healing of rrhGM-CSF in male golden hamsters. Full thickness skin defects of 9 mm in diameter were made in the back of hamsters, and 100
ointment containing rrhGM-CSF 50
was applied. Control groups were given ointment without rrhGM-CSF. The wound sizes were relatively reduced and skin was well regenerated in the experimental group compared with the control group. Structurally, reepithelialization and architecture of the skin following injury were well accomplished in the experimental group. And also, positive reaction of PCNA of the skin following injury was more prominent in rrhGM-CSF containing ointment treatment group. Since this type of GM-CSF has highly glycosylated side chains, the effectiveness might be retain longer and stable, regarding acceleration of wound healing in the animal model. The present study has important implications for further development of the therapeutic manipulation of wound healing using rrhGM-CSF.
Degenerative Changes of the Rat Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) Cells Following a Tight Spinal Nerve Ligation
Kim, Yi-Suk ; Jo, Seung-Mook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~266
This study aim to disclose a possible mechanism for the neuronal cell death induced by peripheral nerve injury following a spinal nerve ligation (SNL) as a neuropathic pain model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (270~290 g) were used for this study. Pain threshold was evaluated for their response to mechanical (von Frey hairs) stimuli 1, 3, and 7 days after a tight ligation of L5 ventral ramus. In control group, the small ganglion cells were strongly stained with routine toluidine blue (TB), whereas the large ganglion cells showed a little bit weak stainity. Each large ganglion cell is surrounded by perineuronal satellite cells. In experimental groups, small ganglion cells showing apparent degenerative changes increased on 1 day, and showed a peak in degenerative cell number at 3 days group, and decreased gradually at 7 days group. We also found a small number of large-sized ganglion cells showing mild degenerative changes. However their satellite cells ware relatively intact with no typical findings throughout this experiment. Under the electron microscope, small ganglion cells showed various stage and typical features of the dark degeneration including mitochondrial swelling.
Comparative Morphology of the Tongue of Miniopterus schreibersi fuliginosus and Pipistrellus savii
Park, Ji-Won ; Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 267~276
A SEM study on morphology of lingual papillae of Korean long-fingered bat (Miniopterus schreibersi fuliginosus) and Savi's Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus savii) was conducted. Three kinds of lingual papillae were observed: filiform, fungiform, circumvallate papillae. Filiform papillae were divided into two types; the type 1 had a group of needle-like projections, and was distributed throughout the front half of the tongue; the type 2 had a smooth and thick body, and was found in rear half of the tongue. 35 to 45 fungiform papillae were found on the dorsal surface of the tongue in both species. They were observed along the lateral margins and were also found on front and rear end part of the tongue. There were two to three noticeably large fungiform papillae arranged in a straight line on the region between lingual prominence and circumvallate papillae. There were two circumvallate papillae close to the rear end of the tongue. They were large and round, each having two layers of pads. The overall morphology of lingual papillae of M. schreibersi fuliginosus and P. savii was found to be similar with other Chiroptera. However, few but noticeable differences were found among the filiform papillae and fungiform papillae. Type 2 filiform papillae differed in that bifid and trifid configuration were found in M. schreibersi fulginosus unlike in P. savii. In addition, numbers of large fungiform papillae located in the center of posterior region of the tongue were different with M. schreibersi have three while P. savii having only two.
Cross-sectional TEM Specimen Preparation of GaN-based Thinfilm Materials Using Alumina Dummy Filler
Oh, Sang-Ho ; Choi, Joo-Hyoung ; Song, Kyung ; Jeung, Jong-Man ; Kim, Jin-Gyu ; Yu, In-Keun ; Yoo, Suk-Jae ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 3, 2009, Pages 277~281
Practical difficulties for preparing a good crosssectional specimen of GaN-based materials for transmission electron microscopy have arisen due to large difference of mechanical properties between hard ceramic substrate and soft GaN-layered materials. Uneven polishing, sudden cracking, delamination, and selective sputtering during the conventional wedge polishing technique are often encountered as experimental hindrances. The preparation technique based on Strecker's method can be applied to overcome these difficulties, which eventually leads to mechanically stable TEM samples independent of the mechanical properties of materials. The basic idea is to use hard ceramic dummy filler for embedding the sample of interest into the dummy frame. In this study, we applied this technique into preparing cross-sectional TEM specimen of the GaN-based materials with mechanical instability and demonstrated usefulness of this hard dummy filler method in which the possible modifications of the sample of interest during the preparation must be avoidable. In addition, practical precautions during the preparation were discussed.