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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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The Effect of the Injinhotang Extract on Hepatocarcinogenesis in Rats
Yoon, Jung-Sik ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 283~289
In order to examine the effect of Injinhotang extract on the liver cancer induced by N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) and carbon tetrachloride (
) in Rats. The animals were divided into three groups. The normal (Nor) group were fed basal diet. Control (Con) group were administered with NDEA (200 mg/kgb.w., i.p.) and
. Injinhotang extract (IJH) group treated with Injinhotang extract (260 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks after NDEA+
. Enzymic antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase levels were determined in all the groups of animals. The activities of SOD were significantly increased in the Con, but the activities of catalase were decreased in the Con, but the anti-oxidative enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase were increased in the IJH. In the immunohistochemistry observation, treatment of Injinhotang extract reduced the rates of p53 immunoreactivity. According to the electron microscopical observation, in the liver cancer cells were increased the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and dilated the rough endoplasmic reticulum in the Con compared with IJH. These results suggest that administration of Injinhotang extract suppress or retard NDEA and
-induced liver cancer.
Populations of Rod and Cone Photoreceptors in the Hamster Retina
Yu, Song-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Kyoung-Pil ; Lee, Eun-Shil ; Lee, Jea-Young ; Jeon, Chang-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 291~299
We report on a quantitative analysis of cone and rod photoreceptors in hamster retina. Cone and rod photoreceptors were counted in retinal whole mounts using differential interference contrast (DIC) optics microscopy after staining of cone photoreceptors were stained with peroxidase-labeled peanut lectin. Middle-to-long-wave-sensitive-(M/L-), and shortwave-sensitive-(S-) cone opsins were visualized by observed using confocal microscope after immunocytochemical procedure. The average cone density was 9,307
, giving a total of cones of 293,060 cone cells per retina. The peak density of cone cells (12,857
) was found 0.3 mm from the optic disk (OD) of the nasal retina. The average rod density was 300,082
, giving a total number of rods of 9,448,150 cells. The peak density of rod cells was found 0.3 mm from the OD of the dorsal retina. Of all photoreceptors studied, the total percentage of rods and cones were 96.99% and cones 3.01%, respectively. The mean ratio of rod and cone was 32.24 : 1. The cone photoreceptors of hamster contained both M/L- and S-cone opsins. The present results suggest that the hamster retina is strongly rod-dominated with some photopic property of vision.
Effects of Estrogen Receptor Agonist on Morphology in the Female Mouse Reproductive Organs
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Han, Ji-Yeon ; Cho, Hyun-Wook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 301~309
Estrogens induce pronounced structural and functional changes in male and female reproductive system, but the exact mechanisms of estrogen are not fully understood. In relation to estrogen's function, the present study was designed to identify effects of estrogen receptor agonist, 4,4',4"- (4-propyl-[1H]-pyrazole-1,3,5-triyl)tris phenol (PPT) in the reproductive organ of the female mouse. The PPT was subcutaneously given to adult female mice at a weekly dosage of 3 mg in a volume 0.06 mL of vehicle for 3, 5 or 8 weeks whereas controls received weekly injections of the castor oil vehicle. Effects of PPT on reproductive organs were analyzed using a light microscope. PPT induced decreases of body, ovary and adipose tissue weights with experimental time. Ovary diameter of PPT treatment group was reduced as compared with control group. The number of Graffian follicle and corpus luteum was reduced in PPT treatment group. The luminal diameter of uterus was increased in relation with decrease of myometrium and endometrium height by PPT administration. The number of uterine glands was decreased by PPT treatment. These data indicate that PPT treatment induced morphological change of female reproductive organs resulting in alteration of fertility.
The Efficacy Evaluation of Tourmaline-Ionized Water in Animal Study
Yoon, Yang-Suk ; Kim, Dong-Heui ; Qi, Xu-Feng ; Song, Soon-Bong ; Jung, Jong-Ho ; Joo, Kyung-Bok ; Teng, Yung-Chien ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 311~317
This study was performed using animals to confirm the effect of tourmaline-ionized water (TIW) the properties of which were changed by tourmaline energy and electric discharge. In the ICR mice fed high-fat diet, body weight increasing rate of the TIW-treated group (Exp) was generally decreased and moreover exhibited significance at 11th week (P<0.05) compared with the control (Con) group fed distilled water, although water intake of the Exp group was lower than that of the Con group. In the ICR mice with
-induced hepatotoxicity, AST and ALT activities of the Exp group were not significant but showed some decreasing trend, and histological damage of liver was less compared with thatof the Con group. On the study of ethanol-induced hangovers in Sprague-Dawley rat, blood alcohol concentration was significantly decreased (P<0.01), activity of GST, antioxidant enzyme related to the alcohol metabolism, was increased in liver tissue (P<0.05), and AST and ALT show a tendency to be decreasedin the Exp group. These results suggest that drinking TIWhas not only some obesity preventing effect but also an alcohol detoxification effect and liver protecting effect in vivo. It is supposed due to a structural change of water cluster and a property which maintains the changed structure through tourmaline energy and electric discharge. Therefore, TIW has a potentiality to be developed as functional water with several beneficial effects as well as for daily drinking, but further study on the mechanism related with efficacy will be necessary.
Morphology and Ultrastructure of Gill for Lateolabrax japonicus
Kang, Chung-Bae ; Kim, Jin-Koo ; Kim, Jae-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 319~324
Morphology of the gill in Lateolabrax japonicus was investigated after staining the gill, as a result, we found the gill is composed of gill raker, gill arch, gill filament and gill lamellae. The number of gill raker was 7~10 in the upper and 13~18 in the lower. Ultrastructure of the gill in Lateolabrax japonicus were examined by means of the light and transmission electron microscopes. The gill have primary filament and secondary filament (lamellae). The following cells are identified and described: pavement cell, pillar cell, blood cell, mucose cell and chloride cell etc. Simple epithelial layer consists of squamous epithelium contained large nucleus, intracellular organelles etc. and the surface is covered with some of microridges. The lamella pillar structures are characterized by the axial microtubules and lateral membrane interdigitations. The mucous cells were globular in shape, and had almost the mucous granules of same size with various electron density. Chloride cells contain a lot of mitochondria and specifically developed tubular systems.
Microscopic Study of Decomposition-Inhibition Effect in Grapefruit-seed Extract in Rat Kidney
Hwang, Kyu-Sung ; Choi, Ki-Ju ; Nam, Yong-Seok ; Lim, Do-Seon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 325~332
It has been well known that grapefruit seed extract (GSE) have effects on the deodorization and a wide range disinfectant. But anybody do not research about the decomposition-inhibition effect of GSE. The present study was performed to investigate the decomposition-inhibition effect of GSE by measuring the microscope and electroscope observation with passage of time. A total of 30 healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats weighting from 230 gm to 250 gm were used as experimental animals. One group that do not treated by GSE named control group and the other group that treated by 55% GSE named Experimental group. Under ether anesthesia, right kidney was obtained. Put each sample in
incubator, we obtained each sample after 0 day, 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days and 5 days. 4
of paraffin sections were obtained, stained H-E stain and observed by use of a microscope. Morphological change in tissue was similar to control 1 day group and experimental 3 days group. Therefore, decomposition-inhibition effect of GSE continued about 2 days and it protected necrosis. According to above results, the author suggest that 55% GSE is an effective decomposition inhibitor until 2 days on
Ultrastructural Differentiation of the Vacuole in Mesophyll Tissues of Orostachys
Kim, In-Sun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 333~340
In the present study, ultrastructural features of the mesophyll tissue have been investigated in Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)-performing succulent Orostachys. A large central vacuole and numerous small vacuoles in the peripheral cytoplasm were characterized at the subcellular level in both developing and mature mesophyll cells. The most notable feature was the invagination of vacuolar membranes into the secondary vacuoles or multivesicular bodies. In many cases, tens of single, membrane-bound secondary vacuoles of various sizes were found to be formed within the central vacuole. multivesicular bodies containing numerous small vesicles were also distributed in the cytoplasm but were better developed within the central vacuole. Occasionally, electron-dense prevacuolar compartments, directly attached to structures appearing to be small vacuoles, were also detected in the cytoplasm. One or more huge central vacuoles were frequently observed in cells undergoing differentiation and maturation. Consistent with the known occurrence of morphologically distinct vacuoles within different tissues, two types of vacuoles, one representing lytic vacuoles and the other, most likely protein storage vacuoles, were noted frequently within Orostachys mesophyll. The two types coexisted in mature vegetative cells but did not merge during the study. Nevertheless, the coexistence of two distinct vacuole types in maturing cells implies the presence of more than one mechanism for vacuolar solute sorting in these species. The vacuolar membrane is known to be unique among the intracellular compartments for having different channels and/or pumps to maintain its function. In CAM plants, the vacuole is a very important organelle that regulates malic acid diurnal fluctuation to a large extent. The membrane invagination seen in Orostachys mesophyll likely plays a significant role in survival under the physiological drought conditions in which these Orostachys occur; by increasing to such a large vacuolar volume, the mesophyll cells are able to retain enormous amounts of acid when needed. Furthermore, the mesophyll cells are able to attain their large sizes with less energy expenditure in order to regulate the large degree of diurnal fluctuation of organic acid that occurs within the vacuoles of Orostachys.
Structure Determination of Nano-crystalline,
, using Precession Electron Diffraction
Song, Kyung ; Kim, Youn-Joong ; Kwon, Ki-Hyun ; Kim, Jin-Gyu ; Moon, Sun-Min ; Cho, Nam-Hee ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 341~348
The crystal structure of nano-crystalline,
, with the average particle size of 100 nm was investigated using electron diffraction techniques. We characterized the precession electron diffraction system and then carried out the structure determination using precession electron diffraction and conventional selected area electron diffraction. As a result, it was revealed that
nano-crystalline exist as a mixture of tetragonal structure and cubic structure by precession electron diffraction technique. In addition, it could be turned out that
nano-crystalline is a core-shell structure consisted of a tetragonal phased core and a cubic phased surface layer by theoretical calculation. The thickness of the cubic surface layer was approximately 8.5 nm and the lattice parameters of cubic and tetragonal phases were a=3.999
, respectively. Finally, it is expected that precession electron diffraction is more useful technique for structure determination of complicated nano-crystalline materials because of its higher spatial resolution and minimization of dynamical scattering effect.
Three Dimensional Reconstruction of Structural Defect of Thin Film Transistor Device by using Dual-Beam Focused Ion Beam and Scanning Electron Microscopy
Kim, Ji-Soo ; Lee, Seok-Ryoul ; Lee, Lim-Soo ; Kim, Jae-Yeal ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 349~354
In this paper we have constructed three dimensional images and examined structural failure on thin film transistor (TFT) liquid crystal display (LCD) by using dual-beam focused ion beam (FIB) and IMOD software. Specimen was sectioned with dual-beam focused ion beam. Series of two dimensional images were obtained by scanning electron microscopy. Three dimensional reconstruction was constructed from them by using IMOD software. The short defect between Gate layer and Data layer was found from the result of three dimensional reconstruction. That phenomena made the function of the gate lost and data signal supplied to the electrode though the Drain continuously. That signal made continuous line defect. The result of the three dimensional reconstruction, serial section, SEM imaging by using the FIB will be the foundation of the next advanced study.
Effects of Momordica Charantia L. Water Extracts on the Rat Liver and Kidney with Acute Toxicated by Lead
Lee, Hyun-Hwa ; Cheong, Min-Ju ; Huh, Jin ; Song, Seon-Young ; Boo, Hee-Ock ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 355~363
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effect of Momordica Charantia L. water extracts, one of the natural chelator, on the biochemical and enzyme activity changes in the rats liver and kidney caused by lead acetate. Rat approximately 250 g in weight were grouped into the control, lead acetate treated, and the Momordica Charantia L. boiling water extracts treated after lead acetate groups. Lead acetate (1,000 ppm) and Momordica Charantia L. water extracts (5%, 10%) were delivered drinking water. Serum AST, ALT and BUN were measured, histological alteration of liver and kidney were examined by light microscopy. Momordica Charantia L. extract group was decreased serum AST, ALT and BUN level induced by lead. Optical observations of liver tissue, lead group were observed necrosis of hepatic cells and infiltration of inflammatory cells, but Momordica Charantia L. extract group was observed only slight infiltration of inflammatory cells around the central vein. Optical observations of kidney tissue, lead acetate induced atrophy and necrosis of glomerulus and infiltration of inflammatory cell around renal tubule. For the group treated with Momordica charantia L. extract, the glomerulus was similar to the control, some around the renal tubule was observed infiltration of inflammatory cells. In conclusion, Momordica Charantia L. water extract may protect the lead-induced toxicity on liver and kidney.
Morphological Changes of Pre-Astronaut's Hair During Spaceflight Training - A Case Report -
Lee, Weon-Kun ; Chang, Byung-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 39, issue 4, 2009, Pages 365~371
This study was investigated to observe morphological changes of two pre-astronauts' hair, male and female by electron microscopy and to analyze its tensile strength by using rheometer. The surface of those two pre-astronauts' hair, which were very rough and irregular, contained separated scales and destroyed remnants of cuticular cells. Also, there were many holes on the cytoplasm of the cuticular cells which forms the cuticle layer. The destruction begins when the endocuticle where the holes form gets destroyed. And then, The tensile strength of female pre-astronaut's hair was 14.60 mm which is 10% reduced, compared to that of the normal healthy hair. Thus, this result thought to be due to the prolonged change of the biorhythm and psychological instability of the pre-astronauts.