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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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The Spermatogenesis of Chinese minnow, Leuciscinae, Teleostei
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Chang, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Wan-Jong ; Lee, Myeong-Seon ; Teng, Yung-Chien ; Kim, Seok ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~8
The ultrastructure of spermatogenesis and sperm in Chinese minnow, Rhynchocypris oxycephalus belonging to Leuciscinae was investigated by light and electron microscopes. The whitish testis was located between intestine and air bladder. The size of testis was major axis 2.3 cm, minor axis 6 mm. The testis contained numerous testicular cysts, and spermatogenesis was non-synchronized in these testicular cysts. In the case of spermatogonium, the nucleus was comparatively large ellipsoidal, and mitochondria showed a marked development. The size of primary spermatocyte was smaller than that of spermatogonia, and secondary spermatocyte was smaller than primary spermatocyte. The chromatin of spermatocyte was highly condensed according to their development. The nucleus with electron-dense was round shape. In spermiogenesis, flagella started to be formed and chromatin was more condensed. The mitochondria were rearranged in a middle piece. The sperm was formed by loss of cytoplasm. The head of mature sperm was a spherical shape and have not acrosome. The microtubules of flagella were arranged 9+2 structure. Also, the tail of sperm have not lateral fins.
The Oogenesis of Coreoleuciscus splendidus, Cyprinidae, Teleostei
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Kim, Wan-Jong ; Teng, Yung-Chien ; Kim, Seok ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 9~14
Coreoleuciscus splendidus is a teleost belonging to Gobioninae, Cyprinidae. The oogenesis was investigated by light microscope. The ovary was located between intestine and air bladder, a grayish and ellipsoidal shape with the major axis 20 mm and the minor axis 5 mm. Cytoplasm of oogonia was basophilic and many nucleoli were located at inside of nuclear membrane. In primary oocytes, yolk vesicles were distributed only in the marginal area and egg envelope was not formed on the outside of an egg. In secondary oocytes, the egg envelope was formed and yolk vesicles in the cytoplasm were increased than the earlier stage. The basophilic substance of cytoplasm was changed to acidic. In case of matured egg, thickness of egg envelope and size of egg were increased. The yolk vesicles were changed to yolk mass in accordance with development. In conclusion, the oogenesis of C. splendidus was characterized by the increase in cell size, the formation and accumulation of yolk, and the decrease of basophilic substance in the cytoplasm. The oogenesis of C. splendidus is similar with other Cyprinidae fishes. But further study on ultrastructural study of fertilized egg envelope will be necessary to get the species specificity.
Histochemically-reactive Zinc in the Rat Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) Neurons: Zinc Selenium Autometallography
Kim, Yi-Suk ; Jo, Seung-Mook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~19
The present study was designed to demonstrate ionic zinc in the rat DRG by means of zinc selenium autometallography(
). Ganglion cells varied in size from 15 to 100
. The smaller neurons were strongly stained with AMG, whereas the larger cells were weakly stained. Each large ganglion cell was surrounded by perineuronal satellite cells, showing apparent AMG staining. We demonstrated for the first time the existence of zinc-containing satellite cells in the rodent DRG. Using electron microscopy, fine AMG grains were observed scattered in the somata of the DRG neurons, especially small cells. However, much lower concentrations of the AMG grains occupied in the large cells, and these were mostly localized in lysosome-like organelles. These results indicate that zinc may be involved in sensory transmission in the DRG level.
A Simulation Study of Atomic Resolution TEM images for Two Dimensional Single Layer and Bilayer Graphene Crystal
Kim, Hwang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~28
In a simulation study of atomic resolution transmission electron microscope images of single layer and bilayer graphene, it is demonstrated that the conventional Bloch wave formulations can be used when high-order Laue zone reflections are properly taken into account in the theory. The simulated images for bilayer graphene show 3-fold rotational lattice symmetry rather than the 6-fold one under certain conditions. This result can be understood as revealed the 3-fold rotational lattice symmetry of bilayer graphene in three dimensions along . For single layer graphene the observed phase images showing 3-fold rotational lattice symmetry were particularly noted. This phenomenon has been explained by an assumption of the re-configuration of electron density on the surface of graphene. And the matching images have been obtained as simulated with up to the second order Laue zone reflections only, reflecting the re-configuration of electrons on the surface.
Protective Effect of Lithospermum erythrorhizon on Galactosamine Induced Liver Injury
Lee, Hyun-Hwa ; Yoon, Jung-Sik ; Song, Seon-Young ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 29~35
The present study was carried out to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of water extract of Lithospermum erythrorhizon on acute hepatotoxicity induced in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by a single dose of galactosamine (400 mg/kg, i.p). The animals were divided into four groups. The animals in the Con group were fed basal diet. GalN group were administered with galactosamine. LE200 and LE500 groups treated with water extract of Lithospermum erythrorhizon (such as 200 and 500 mg/kg/day, p.o) for 7 days before galactosamine injection. In the change of AST, ALT, ALP, GGT and LDH contents, as compared with GalN group, LE200 group were significantly decreased. According to the electron microscopical observation, liver cells were increased the lipid droplet, change of mitochondria in the GalN compared with LE200. These results suggest that administration of water extract of Lithospermum erythrorhizon suppress or retard galactosamine induced acute liver injury.
Age Determination by Tooth Wear and Histological Analysis of Seasonal Variation of Breeding in the Big White-Toothed Shrew, Crocidura lasiura
Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Yoon, Myung-Hee ; Choi, Jung-Mi ; Kim, Hyun-Dae ; Lim, Do-Seon ; Park, Jin-Ju ; Choi, Baik-Dong ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 37~45
Captured wild specimens of the big white-toothed shrew, Crocidura lasiura were classified into three age classes by tooth wear and height of molars, and seasonal variations of breeding and reproductive organs were examined. Juveniles had not tooth wear in molars and height of the third molars were lower than the first and second molars, and had only non-breeding condition. Young adults had little tooth wear and the third molars reached to the first and second molars, and old adults had heavy tooth wear in molars, young adults and old adults had breeding or non-breeding condition according to the season. On the basis of histological examination, seasonal variations of breeding were confirmed that breeding condition of young and old adult males were continued from early February to early October although the breeding activity was the highest in April, that of females were continued from the end of March to October, males reached sexual maturity earlier than females. Whereas the breeding condition seems to cease for non-breeding season because of the deficiency of food resources, soil invertebrates. Young and old adult males of the breeding season had large testes with enlarged seminiferous tubules that were filled with numerous germ cells, and expanded caudal epididymides with a vast number of spermatozoa, and were more than 10.0 g in the body weight and 0.03 g in the testis and epididymis weight. The females of the breeding season were pregnant condition with 4~6 litters or had the Graafian follicles and the corpus lutea in the ovary, and were more than 9.6 g in the body weight.
VirtualDub as a Useful Program for Video Recording in Real-time TEM Analysis
Kim, Jin-Gyu ; Oh, Sang-Ho ; Song, Kyung ; Yoo, Seung-Jo ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 40, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~51
The capability of real-time observation in TEM is quite useful to study dynamic phenomena of materials in a certain variable ambience. In performing the experiment, the choice of video recording program is an important factor to obtain high quality of movie streaming. Window Movie Maker (WMM) is generally recommended as a default video recording program if one uses "DV Capture" function in DigitalMicrograph
(DM) software. However, the image quality does not often satisfy the condition for high-resolution microscopic analysis since the severe information loss in the final result occurs during the conversion process. As a good candidate to overcome this problem, Virtual-Dub is highly recommended since the information loss can be minimized through the streaming process. In this report, we demonstrated how useful VirtualDub works in a high-resolution movie recording. Quantitative comparison of the information quality between the images recorded by each software, WMM and VirtualDub, was carried out based on histogram analysis. As a result, the image recorded by VirtualDub was improved ~13% in brightness and ~122% in contrast compared with the image obtained by WMM at the same imaging condition. Remarkably, the gray gradation (meaning an amount of information) becomes wider up to ~115% than that of the WMM result.