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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Ultrastructural Alterations in the Gastric Mucous Epithelial Cells of Mouse Inoculated with Ehrlich Carcinoma Cells, Induced by 5-Fluorouracil, Mitomycin C or Acriflavine-Guanosine Compound (AG60)
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Dae-Kyoon ; Kim, Duk-Soo ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~11
This experiment was performed to evaluate the morphological responses of the gastric epithelial cells of the mouse, inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma cells in the inguinal area, following administration of 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin C or Acriflavine-Guanosine compound (AG60). In this study, each mouse was inoculated with
Ehrlich carcinoma cells subcutaneously in the inguinal area. From next day after inoculations, 0.2 mL of saline, 5-fluorouracil (30 mg/kg), mitomycin C (
) or AG60 (30 mg/kg) were injected to the animals every other day, respectively. Each animals were sacrificed after 7th injection and tissue were taken from the gastric mucosa. Thereafter, the ultrathin sections were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate. In the 5-fluorouracil-, mitomycin C- or AG60-treated mice, myelin figures and multivesicular bodies within the gastric mucous epithelial cells were observed more frequently than those of the normal control. In the 5-fluorouracil-treated mice, membrane structures containing a few mucous granules in the luminal space were observed. Indeed, bulging cytoplasmic process containing mucous granules protruding into the gastric lumen were observed in the mitomycin Ctreated mice. Therefore, this study suggested that AG60 as compared with 5-fluorourail and mitomycin C may effective medicine without damage to the secretion ability of gastric mucous epithelial cells.
Ultrastructure of the Matured Egg Envelope in Pond Smelt, Osmeridae, Teleostei
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Kim, Jae-Goo ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 13~20
The ultrastructure of the matured egg envelope in Pond smelt, Hypomesus nipponensis belonging to Osmeridae, Osmeriformes were investigated by routine light and electron microscopes. The matured egg have two egg envelopes and have a single micropyle, which is thought to the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. An outer egg envelope was surrounded by a follicular layer and outer surface of inner egg envelope have structure with high electron density. Also, the inner egg envelope consisted of 6 horizontal lamellae with higher electron density alternating with 5 interlamellae of lower electron density. Many grooves distributed on the outer surface of outer egg envelope, and the outer surface of inner egg envelope was covered by amorphous structures. In conclusion, the egg of teleost is surrounded by one egg envelope according to the studies on morphology of egg envelope up to the present. The fact that have two egg envelopes is a species specificity of Pond smelt and these ultrastructural characters of egg envelope can be utilized in taxonomy of teleost.
The Effects of Balneotherapy in Alkaline Reduced Spring Water on Skin Injury Induced by UV Irradiation in Hairless Mice
Yoon, Yang-Suk ; Kim, Dong-Heui ; Jin, Dan ; Park, Mi-Soon ; Chang, Byung-Soo ; Lee, Jee-Yeon ; Lee, Kyu-Jae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 21~29
Balneotherapy has been widely used for the treatment of skin diseases in the world. The purpose of this study was to determine the bath effect of the alkaline reduced spring water with the properties of high pH and low oxidation reduction potential (ORP) on the skin injury induced by ultra violet (UV) irradiation. For this purpose, hairless mice were irradiated with UV-B to cause skin injury, and individually taken a bath in spring water (experimental group) and tap water (control group) once a day for 40 min during 21 days. We observed histological changes of the back skin through macro- and microscopic methods compared to the control group. We found that skin injury of the experimental group was more quickly recovered than that of the control group. Under the light microscope, the experimental group showed that epidermal thickening (p<0.01) and the mast cell activation (p<0.001) were lower compared with the control group, in addition infiltration of inflammatory cells and degranulation of mast cells were less observed. These results suggest that regular bath in the spring water with the properties of high pH and low ORP has a positive effect on the skin injury induced by UV irradiation.
Fine Structure of the Sperm in the Myotis daubentonii ussuriensis
Kim, Hyun-Hee ; Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 31~35
The fine structures of the sperm morphology in the Myotis daubentonii ussuriensis were observed by transmission electron microscope. The results showed that the sperm head revealed bullet shaped, the width was showed a slender more than toward the posterior region to anterior region of nucleus. The sperm head was about
in length, being about
in width. The nuclear length was
, occupied most of the sperm head. The nucleus and acrosome were separated by the apical body. The neck region was composed the basal plate, capitulum and segmented columns. The segmented columns were about 12 to 14 in number and connected with the outer dense fibers of the middle piece. The mitochondria sheath were arranged like the thread of a screw, and the total number of mitochondrial gyres were 57. The satellite fibers were observed irregularly among the outer dense fibers in the middle piece. Except the middle piece they are not observed in the principal and end pieces of the tail. In general, the tail show axoneme composed of a 9+2 microtubular pattern, and microtubules of the end piece were arranged irregularly.
Concentration Effect of Estrogen Receptor-
Selective Agonist on the Morphology of Reproductive Organs of the Male Mice
Han, Ji-Yeon ; Cho, Young-Kuk ; Cho, Hyun-Wook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~45
Known as a female hormone, estrogen, has an effect on the male reproductive organs. The estrogen has to combine with the estrogen receptor to communicate a signal. Propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) is an estrogen receptor alpha selective agonist with a 410-, or 1,000-fold relative binding affinity for estrogen receptor alpha versus estrogen receptor beta. In this study, adult male mice were treated weekly with subcutaneously injections of PPT (0.01 mg, 0.1 mg, 1mg and 4 mg) suspended in castor oil (as control) for 8 weeks and observed histologically changes in testis, efferent ductule and epididymis. In the high concentrations of PPT 4 mg treatment group, a remarkable reduction was observed in the weight of the body, testis and epididymis. Microscopic examination revealed a reduction in seminiferous tubular diameter of the testis, and epithelial cell height of the epididymis in treated group during the experiment. In addition, as the diameter of the efferent ductule increased gradually, the height of epithelial cells was decreased. PPT 4 mg treatment group caused inhibition of spermatogenesis due to atrophied germinal epithelium in the testis, and decrease of adipocyte size attached to the epididymis. Sperm was not observed in the caudal epididymis of PPT 4 mg treated group. In conclusion, the injection of high concentrations of PPT into adult male mice induced physiological changes, such as an inhibition of spermatogenesis, and also histological changes within the reproductive organs.
The Effect of LhGH on Hair Regeneration in C57BL/6CrN Mouse
Kim, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Tae-Keun ; Min, Byoung-Hoon ; Kim, Soo-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 47~53
Hair is an appendage of skin which protects the body from outer physical and chemical stimuli. Hair is generated from the hair follicle lying on a sunken basal layer of epidermis. Hair cycling, which regenerates hair follicles throughout the life time of the organism. Numerous kinds of factors which exist at the hair follicle have been reported to regulate hair cycling, Human growth hormone secreted from pituitary gland, initially demonstrated to accelerate organ's growth, has been reported to play a role in the biology of organ size determination. We investigated the effect of 6-histidines residues tagged at amino-terminus of human growth hormone using light and electronmicroscopic methods. Human growth hormone encapsulated in nano-liposome (LhGH) was used to find how LhGH affects hair follicle cycling of mouse (C57BL6/CrN). Distilled water as a negative control, 3% Minoxidil as a positive control, and LhGH were applied to mouse for weeks. LhGH increased the number of exposed hairs per given areas (
). This result was also confirmed using a different breed of mice which show natural hair loss in an old age (about 17 months after birth). When LhGH was applied for 3 weeks after natural hair loss, natural hair loss on these mice was prevented, However, the control group mice on which LhGH was not applied showed further hair loss. This result indicates that LhGH may stimulate hair cycling of mouse. In clusion, it is cleat that the LhGH increased the number of hair on mice and help the depilated skin to grow new hair follicles again.
Features of Plastids within Reduced Spirodela polyrhiza
Kim, In-Sun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 55~60
Reduced plants of Spirodela polyrhiza consisting only of fronds, stalks and roots form turions during dormancy. In development, mature fronds produce offspring fronds by vegetative reproduction, and turions arise laterally from the mother frond before dormancy. The turion primordium is derived from the frond, while the frond primordium forms within the turion tissue. In the present study, cellular features, especially those of the plastids, of the above four tissue types have been examined and compared using electron microscopy. Proplastids, found to be numerous in the frond and turion primordia, differentiated into chloroplasts rapidly upon growth. The proplastids were small and the thylakoidal membrane system was rudimentary, howerver the chloroplasts exhibited variation by cell type. Chloroplasts were found within cells of the frond, stalk and root tissue. The thylakoidal membrane system, which formed grana stacks, was moderately developed within frond chloroplasts, while only a few were present in those of the stalk and root cortical cells. One to two starch grains were accumulated within frond chloroplasts, but little to none were found in stalk and root cortical chloroplasts. Contrary to other types of root chloroplasts, those found in the root cap cells developed chloroplasts similar to the frond type. Unlike proplastids of the turion primordia, numerous large amyloplasts occupied most of the turion cell volume. Moreover, the turion cell produced quite large starch grain (s) within the amyloplasts. Accumulation of the starch grains continued until they occupied the most of the stroma and in some cases, individual starch grains reached up to
in length. None to little, if any, thylakoidal or internal membranous systems were seldom detected in these amyloplasts. Although the degree of cellular and tissue differentiation was rather minimal within their reduced body, the functional differentiation of Spirodela polyrhiza was very efficient, as is the case in other advanced species.
Morphological Study of Storage Granules of Cotyledon Cells in Cannabis sativa cv. Chungsam
Lee, Na-Young ; Kim, Dong-Min ; Kim, Eun-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 61~67
The purpose of this study is to investigate the hemp (Cannabis sativa cv. Chungsam) seed structure and ultrastructure of food reserves by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. We examined the seed coat and embryo consisting of a hypocotyl-radicle axis and two cotyledons. The seed coat consisted of exotesta and endotesta. The exotesta was a mechanical layer with lignified and elongated cells, while endotesta of the underlying layers of the exotesta was consisted of two separated cell layers. The collapsed outer layer of endotesta showed the unique reticulate structures. In cotyledon cells, protein and lipid bodies occupied most of cytoplasm. Protein bodies varied in diameter from 1.8 to
and possessed a protein matrix containing electron-dense globoid crystals. Numerous lipid bodies ranged from 0.8 to
in diameter were distributed around the protein bodies. During the early stages of breakdown, protein bodies rapidly changed their shape into the granular feature, however, lipid bodies were gradually degradated and fused each other. The degeneration process of protein bodies and lipid bodies of cotyledon cells might be correlated with the reports which hemp seeds rapidly lose their ability to germinate.
Whole Mount Preparation of Primary Cultured Neuron for HVEM Observation
Kim, Hyun-Wook ; Hong, Soon-Taek ; Oh, Seung-Hak ; Park, Chang-Hyun ; Kim, Hyun ; Rhyu, Im-Joo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 69~73
High-voltage electron microscope (HVEM) has higher resolution and penetration power than conventional transmission electron microscope that could be load thick specimen. Some researchers have taken this advantage of HVEM to explore 3-dimensional configuration of the biological structures including tissue and cells. Whole mount preparations has been employed to study some cell lines and primary culture cells. In this study, we would like to introduce useful whole mount preparation method for neuronal studies. The plastic coverslips were punched, covered by formvar membrane and coated with carbon. The neurons obtained embryonic 18 rat hippocampus were seeded on the prepared cover slip. The coverslips were fixed, dried in freeze drier and kept in a descicator until HVEM observation. We could observe detailed neuronal structures such as soma, dendrite and spine under HVEM without conventional thin section and heavy metal stain. The anaglyphic image based on stereo paired image (
) provides three dimensional perception of the neuronal dendrites and their spines. This method could be applied to sophisticated analysis of dendritic spine under the various experimental conditions.
Accuracy Improvement of Lattice Parameters Measured from Electron Diffraction Data
Lee, Sang-Gil ; Song, Kyung ; Kim, Jin-Gyu ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 1, 2011, Pages 75~79
For quantitative analysis of nano-crystal structure, we reported the accuracy improvement method of lattice parameters measured from electron diffraction. For calculation of Au lattice parameters used as a standard crystal structure, it was considered two different acquisition methods (detector and enegy-filter) and three different calculation methods (conventional, least-square and regression fit). As a result, the measurement reliability could be enhanced by using CCD camera which gives higher performance, while energy-filtering did not affect the improvement the camera constant accuracy. Also, the accuracy of lattice parameters could be improved up to
order by regression fitting with correction formula. Finally, it is expected that the combination of regression fitting and intensity extraction from energy-filtered precession electron diffraction gives a solution of quantitative structure analysis for unknown nano-crystals.