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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 41, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Biological Applications of White Light Scanning Interferometry
Kim, Ki-Woo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 223~228
White light scanning interferometry has been employed to analyze surface features of diverse specimens. Long established in the field of materials engineering, the technique provides quantitative three-dimensional data as well as qualitative morphological images. It uses white light that is split and reflected from a reference mirror and an object. Merged together, the light generates interference patterns representing topographical contours of the object surface. The amplitude of the z-axis data is differentiated by gray scale. The technique allows the rapid, noncontact, and wide-field measurements for morphometry of biological specimens including chondrocytes, tooth enamel, and plant leaves. Quantification of the dimension of surface structures such as width, length, and elevation angle could be achievable by white light scanning interferometry. The light reflection from plant leaves has been assumed to be sufficient for the technique. Without special specimen preparations like conductive metal coating, the technique can be increasingly used for quantitative three-dimensional surface measurements of biological specimens.
Occurrence of Nuclear Inclusions in Plant Cells
Kim, In-Sun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 229~234
The occurrence of nuclear inclusions has been reported in various plant groups from primitive ferns to higher flowering plants. Their presence within a group seems to be randomly distributed without any phylogenetic relationships among species. According to the current survey, nuclear inclusions have been widely documented in more than several hundreds of species from various families of plants. The morphology and internal structures of nuclear inclusions are diverse and at least five types of inclusions develop within plant nuclei; amorphous, crystalline, fibrous, lamellar, and tubular form. Among these types, crystalline inclusions are the ones that are the most frequently reported. The inclusions are not bound by membranes and appear to be related to the nucleoli, either spatially by a close association or by an inverse relationship in size during development. The idea that nuclear inclusions are of a proteinaceous nature has been widely accepted. Further link to nucleolar activity as a protein storing site has also been suggested based on the association between the nucleolus and nuclear inclusions. Various investigations of nuclear inclusions have revealed more information about their structural features, but characterizing their precise function and subunit complexity employing molecular analysis and 3-D reconstruction remains to be elucidated. Tilting and tomography of serial sections with appropriate image processing can provide valuable information on their subunit(s). The present review summarizes discussion about different nuclear inclusions in plants from previous works, giving special attention to their fine, ultrastructural morphology, function, and origin.
Alterations of Calcium-binding Protein Immunoreactivities in the Hippocampus Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Oh, Yun-Jung ; Kim, Baek-Seon ; Park, Dae-Kyoon ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, Duk-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 235~248
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in children and adults and is a major risk factor for the development of posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). Recent studies have provided significant insight into the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of epilepsy. Although the link between brain trauma and epilepsy is well recognized, the complex biological mechanisms that result in PTE following TBI have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, this study investigated in order to identify whether or not the abnormal expression of calcium-binding proteins in the lesioned hippocampus plays a role in neuronal damage by brain trauma and whether or not the expressions may change in the contralateral hippocampus during the adaptive stage as early time point following TBI. During early time point following TBI, both parvalbumin (PV) and calbindin D-28k (CB) immunoreactivities were decreased with in the lesioned hippocampus. However, these expressions were recovered to control levels as depend on time courses. On the other hand, PV immunoreactivity in contralateral hippocampus was transiently reduced as compared to the control levels, whereas CB expression was unchanged. These findings indicate that the alterations of the calcium-binding proteins, especially PV and CB, may contribute to the neuronal death and/or damage induced by abnormal inhibitory neurotransmission at early time period following brain trauma and the development of epileptogenesis in patients with traumatic brain injury.
Evidence for the Drp1-dependent Mitochondrial Fission in the Axon of the Rat Cerebral Cortex Neurons
Cho, Bong-Ki ; Lee, Seung-Bok ; Sun, Woong ; Kim, Young-Hwa ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 249~255
Neurons utilize a large quantity of energy for their survival and function, and thereby require active mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial morphology shows dynamic changes, depending on the cellular condition, and mitochondrial dynamics are required for neuronal development and function. In this study, we found that the length of mitochondria in the distal axon is significantly shorter than that of mitochondria in dendrites or proximal axons of cerebral cortical neurons, and the reason for this difference is the local fission within the axon. We also found that suppression of Drp1, a key regulator of mitochondrial fission, resulted in significant elongation of mitochondria in axons. Collectively, these results suggest that local mitochondrial fission within the axon contributes to region-dependent mitochondrial length differences in the axons of cortical neurons.
Microanatomical Structure of the Digestive Diverticulum of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae)
Ju, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Jung-Sick ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 257~263
The microanatomy and ultrastructure of the digestive diverticulum of Mytilus galloprovincialis were described using light and electron microscopy. The digestive diverticulum of tawny color was surrounded the stomach and connected to stomach by a primary duct. Digestive diverticulum is composed of numerous digestive tubules. The epithelial layer of a simple digestive tubule, which is simple, is composed of basophilic cells and digestive cells. Basophilic cells are columnar in shape, and has a well-developed endoplasmic reticula, tubular mitochondria, Golgi complex and membrane-bounded granules of high electron density in the cytoplasm. Whereas digestive cells are columnar in shape, with development of microvilli and cilia on the free surface. Pinocytic vasicles, active lysosomes and numerous mitochondria were observed in the apical cytoplasm of digestive cells. The results of this study suggest that basophilic cell and digestive cell of the digestive tubule are specialized in the extracellular and intracellular digestion, respectively.
Morphological Changes of Accessory Genital Organs Induced by Treatment with Different Concentration of Estrogen Receptor Agonist in the Male Mouse
Cho, Young-Kuk ; Han, Ji-Yeon ; Cho, Hyun-Wook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 265~276
The aim of the present study is to validate the effects of treatment with different concentration of estrogen receptor alpha agonist, propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) on the weight and histological structure in the accessory reproductive organs (ventral prostate, seminal vesicle and preputial gland) of male mouse. Treated groups received different doses of PPT 0.01 mg, 0.1 mg and 1.0 mg per week respectively, for 3, 5, and 8 weeks. In general, the weight of reproductive organs was increased in PPT 0.01 mg and 0.1 mg treatment, however decreased in PPT 1.0 mg treatment. Epithelial tissues in the ventral prostate were changed from simple columnar epithelium to squamous or cuboidal epithelium in the treated groups. On week 3, PPT groups caused decrease of epithelial cell height in the ventral prostate. Lumen of the seminal vesicle was narrowed in the treated group. Epithelial cell height of seminal vesicle was reduced in the PPT treatment. Acinus tissue of preputial gland in PPT 1.0 mg treatment was dramatically atrophied than that of control group. These results are useful as a reference to determine the administration concentration of PPT in experiments for understanding the physiological functions of estrogen in the male.
Microscopic Study of Decomposition-Inhibition in Stabilized
Gas in Skeletal Muscle of Rat
Hwang, Kyu-Sung ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Ahn, Yong-Soon ; Lim, Do-Seon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 41, issue 4, 2011, Pages 277~284
This study was conducted to determine the antiseptic effect of stabilized chlorine dioxide (S-
) on muscle tissue of rats. Skeletal muscle of 8-week old Sprague-Dawley rats was used. Light and transmission electron microscopic findings were observed in the control group, which was not treated with stabilized chlorine dioxide, and in the experimental group, which was treated with a stabilized chlorine dioxide powder in aqueous solution. According to the LM and TEM observations, the day 1 control group showed the initiation of endomysium collapse resulting in an unclear boundary of muscle fibers, and partial collapse of the mitochondrial membranes. All endomysium had collapsed, and bacteria were observed among muscle fibers in the day 2 and later groups. Shapes of muscles were not distinguishable in day 3 or later groups. In contrast, the day 1 and 3 experimental groups revealed detailed structure of typical muscles, but partial collapse of the mitochondrial membranes was observed in the day 3 and later groups. Subsequently, connective tissues collapsed and structures in the shape of concentric circles were observed. In summary, the day 1 control group showed the initial collapse of tissues, and shapes were not distinguishable in the day 3 and later groups because most of the tissues had collapsed. In contrast, the day 3 experimental group showed partial collapse, but the overall shapes of muscles were maintained as time went on, confirming the antiseptic effect of stabilized chlorine dioxide on muscles.