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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 25, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 25, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 25, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 25, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Temperature Control for LED Lamps Using RF Communication
Choi, Hyeung-Sik ; Shin, Hee-Young ; Oh, Ji-Youn ; Lee, Sang-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 759~765
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.759
In this paper, a temperature control for LED (light emitting diode) lamp using a cooling fan is studied. An efficient temperature control scheme for the LED lamp using the fan wind at the lowest sound noise is studied. For the study, after measurement of the minimum sound noise of the fan and related temperature of the LED lamp through tests, experiments on temperature control of the LED lamp using the fan with various size of heat sinks was performed. To reduce the fan sound noise, a method of reducing the operation time with optimal size of the heat sink was studied. Also, a control of LED lamps using RF communication was studied.
Energy Harvesting Characteristics of Spring Supported Piezoelectric Cantilever Structure (SPCS)
Kim, Kyoung-Bum ; Kim, Chang-Il ; Jeong, Young-Hun ; Lee, Young-Jin ; Cho, Jeong-Ho ; Paik, Jong-Hoo ; Nahm, Sahn ; Seong, Tae-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 766~772
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.766
Spring supported piezoelectric cantilever structures (SPCS) were fabricated for vibration-based energy harvester application. We selected four elastic springs (A, B, C, and D type) as cantilever`s supporter, each elastic spring has a different spring constant (S). The C type of SPCS (
: 4,649 N/m) showed a extremely low resonance frequency of 81 Hz along with the highest power output of 38.5 mW while the A type of SPCS (
: 40,629 N/m) didn`t show a resonance frequency while. Therefore, it is considered that the lower spring constant lead to a lower resonance frequency of the SPCS. In addition, a tip mass (18 g) at one end of the SPCS could further reduce the resonance frequency without heavy degradation of power output.
Development and Evaluation of the Road Energy Harvester According to Piezoelectric Cantilever Structure and Vehicle Load Transfer Mechanism
Kim, Chang-Il ; Kim, Kyung-Bum ; Jeong, Young-Hun ; Lee, Young-Jin ; Cho, Jeong-Ho ; Paik, Jong-Hoo ; Kang, In-Seok ; Lee, Moo-Yong ; Choi, Beom-Jin ; Park, Shin-Seo ; Cho, Young-Bong ; Nahm, Sahn ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 773~778
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.773
A road energy harvester was designed and fabricated to convert mechanical energy from the vehicle load to electrical energy. The road energy harvester is composed of 16 piezoelectric cantilevers. We fabricated prototypes using a vehicle load transfer mechanism. Applying a vehicle load transfer mechanism rather than directly installing energy harvesters under roads decreases the area of road construction and allows more energy harvesters to be installed on the side of the road. The power generation amount with respect to the vehicular velocity change was assessed by installing the vehicle load transfer mechanism form and underground form. The energy harvester installed in the underground form generated power of 4.52 mJ at the vehicular velocity of 50 km/h. Also, power generation of the energy harvester installed in the vehicle load transfer mechanism form was 48.65 mJ at the vehicular velocity of 50 km/h.
Thermal, Electrical Properties for Epoxy/Microsilica/Nanosilica Composites
Kang, Geun-Bae ; Kwon, Soon-Seok ; Park, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 779~785
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.779
The epoxy/micro-and nano-mixed silica composites(EMNC) systems were prepared and the AC insulation breakdown strength was evaluated. Glass transition temperature (Tg) and crosslink density were also measured by dynamic mechanical analyzer(DMA) in order to correlate them with the electrical and mechanical properties, and the effect of silane coupling agent on the electrical properties was also studied. Electrical properties and crosslink density of epoxy/micro-silica composite were noticeably improved by addition of nano-silica and silane coupling agent, and the highest breakdown strength was obtained by addition of 0.5~5 phr of nano-silica and 2.5 phr of silane coupling agent, and the highest tensile and flexural strength were obtained by addition of 2.5 phr of nano-silica.
Analysis of the Temperature Influence on Insulation Characteristics in High Voltage Motor Stator Windings
Kong, Tae-Sik ; Ju, Young-Ho ; Kim, Hee-Dong ; Park, Tae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 786~790
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.786
A variety of diagnostic tests are widely applied in the field in industry to evaluate the condition of high voltage (HV) motor stator insulation. In this paper, the influence of temperature on the stator insulation diagnostic tests such as the insulation resistance, AC current, dissipation factor, and partial discharge measurements are studied and reported. The tests are performed with the HV motor stator winding temperature set between
intervals. It is shown that the AC current, dissipation factor, and partial discharge magnitude steadily increase with temperature, which suggests that temperature must be taken into account in the interpretation of the test results.
Research of Flow Velocity and BTA According to the Streaming Electrification of Vegetable Insulating Oils
Choi, Sun-Ho ; Bang, Jeong-Ju ; Huh, Chang-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 791~797
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.791
Mineral insulating oils are an important insulating materials in oil-filled transformer. However, the mineral oil is the cause of the environmental problem. The vegetable oils are substitutes for mineral oil because of its biodegradability characteristic. As large size and high rating of the transformer increases, the losses increase at a faster rate. So insulating oil is forced circulation in the oil-filled transformer by using oil pumps. The flow electrification occurs when insulating oil was forced to be circulated. To check the flow electrification, had conducted experiments varying factors. As a result, the streaming electrification could see the changes according to flow velocity, oil temperature and insulation materials.
Properties of EMNC according to Addition Contents Variation for Nanosilica (1) -For Thermal Properties
Choi, Woon-Shik ; Park, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 798~804
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.798
This paper focuses on thermal properties of a newly prepared composite material by nano-silica and micro-silica mixture. Nano-silica and micro-silica mixture composites were made by dispersing surface treated nano-silica(average radius: 10 nm) and micro-size silica in epoxy resin. To investigate the effects of nano-silica and micro-size silica mixture(ENMC), the glass transition temperature (Tg), coefficients of thermal expansion(CTE) and elastic modulus of DMA properties by DSC, TMA and DMA devices were measured for the ENMC according to increase nano-silica addition contents and EMC. All properties of the neat epoxy were improved by the addition of micro-silica, which was improved much further by the addition of surface treated nano-silica to the EMC system.
Electrical Properties of Al
Transparent Conducting Films
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Seo, Yong-Jun ; Sung, Chang-Hoon ; Park, Keun-Young ; Cho, Ho-Je ; Heo, Si-Nae ; Koo, Bon-Heun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 805~810
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.805
Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) have wide range of application areas in transparent electrode for display devices, Transparent coating for solar energy heat mirrors, and electromagnetic wave shield.
is intrinsically an n-type semiconductor due to oxygen deficiencies and has a high energy-band gap more than 3.5 eV. It is known as a transparent conducting oxide because of its low resistivity of
and high transmittance over 90% in visible region. In this study, co-doping effects of Al and Y on the properties of
were investigated. The addition of Y in
was tried to create oxygen vacancies that increase the diffusivity of oxygen ions for the densification of
. The addition of Al was expected to increase the electron concentration. Once, we observed solubility limit of
single-doped with Al and Y.
was used for the source of Al and Y to prevent the evaporation of
and for the charge compensation. And we observed the valence changes of aluminium oxide because generally reported of valence changes of aluminium oxide in Tin - Aluminium binary system. The electrical properties, solubility limit, densification and microstructure of
co-doped with Al and Y will be discussed.
The Characteristics of Multi-layer Structure LED with Mg
O Thin Films
Son, Ji-Hoon ; Kim, Sang-Hyun ; Jang, Nak-Won ; Kim, Hong-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 811~816
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.811
The effect of co-sputtering condition on the structural properties of
thin films grown by RF magnetron co-sputtering system was investigated for manufacturing ZnO/MgZnO structure LED.
thin films were grown with ZnO and MgO target varying RF power. Structural properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The ZnO thin films have sufficient crystallinity on the high RF power. As RF power of ZnO target increased, the contents of MgO in the
film decreased. LED was manufactured using ZnO/MgZnO multi-layer on p-GaN/
substrate. Threshold voltage of multi-layer LED was appeared at 8 V, and it was luminesced at wave length of 550 nm.
Electrical Properties of Wet Bars in Water-cooled Generator Stator Windings
Kim, Byeong-Rae ; Kim, Hee-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 817~823
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.817
Insulation breakdown of water-cooled generator stator windings occurs frequently due to leakage of cooling water and absorption into the insulation material. Leakage and absorption problems of water-cooled stator windings are often found during regular preventive maintenance. To evaluate cooling water leakage and absorption, diagnostic tests were performed on two water-cooled turbine generators, which have been in service for 13 and 17 years, respectively. The test results of the measured electrical properties such as dissipation factor(
), capacitance and AC leakage current for water-cooled generator stator windings with wet bars are reported in this paper.
Synthesis and Analysis of Zn Nanopowders by Wire Explosion In Liquids
Cho, Chu-Hyun ; Kim, Doo-Hun ; Choi, Si-Young ; Kang, Chung-Il ; Moon, Gap-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 824~829
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.824
Zn wires have been electrically exploded in methanol or distilled water using the pulsed power technologies. The nanopowders produced by the explosions have been observed by using SEM and TEM, and analyzed its phase by using EDS and XRD. The nanopowders produced in distilled water showed ZnO phase only. On the other hands, the nanopowder produced in methanol showed mixed phases with Zn and ZnO. The HR-TEM images of the nanopowders produced in methanol showed that the some particles have been coated with carbon like materials. It is considered that the carbon coatings could be depended on the positions of the particles during the plasma state formed by explosion.
Operational Characteristics of Pulsating Heat Pipes for the Application to the Heat Dissipation of LED Lighting
Bang, Kwang-Hyun ; Kim, Hyoung-Tak ; Park, Hae-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 830~836
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.830
An efficient cooling system is essential for the electronic packaging such as a high-luminance LED lighting. A special heat transport technology, Pulsating Heat Pipe (PHP), can be applied to the cooling of LED lighting. In this paper, the operational characteristics of the PHP in the imposed thermal boundary conditions of LED lighting were experimentally investigated. The experimental PHP was made of copper tubes of internal diameter of 2.1 mm. The working fluids of ethanol, FC-72, water, acetone and R-123 were chosen for comparison. The results showed that an optimum range of charging ratio exists for high cooling performance; 50% for most of the fluids. Among the five working fluids, water showed the highest heat transfer rate of 260 W. Two distinguished characteristics of pulsating direction were identified. It is also identified that high vapor pressure gradient is one of key parameters for better heat transfer performance.
Support of Automatic Calibration for Computerized Puretone Audiometer Using Linux Real-time Spectrum Analyzer
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Shin, Bum-Joo ; Song, Bok-Deuk ; Kim, Jin-Dong ; Jeon, Gye-Rok ; Wang, Soo-Geon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 837~843
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.837
Compared to conventional pure-tone audiometer(PTA), the computerized one has several advantages such as relatively lower price, better flexibility, and easy operation. In addition, the computerized PTA can be easily extended to support automatic calibration. In this study, the support of automatic calibration in the computerized PTA has been addressed using the Linux realtime spectrum analyzer and network. In terms of accuracy, the new automatic calibration machine was compared to the existing manually operated one. According to the comparison, normal operation and high accuracy were observed within the scope of the international standard.
Effect of Curing Method on the Reliability of Silicone Encapsulant for Light Emitting Diode
Kim, Wan-Ho ; Jang, Min-Suk ; Kang, Young-Rae ; Kim, Ki-Hyun ; Song, Sang-Bin ; Yeo, In-Seon ; Kim, Jae-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 844~848
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.844
Encapsulant curing in terms of convection oven leads to thermal induced stress due to nonuniform thermal conductivity in LED package. We have adopted infrared (IR) light for silicone curing in order to release the stress. The light uniformity irradiated on an encapsulant surface is confirmed to be uniform by optical simulation. Shear strength of die paste using IR compared to convection oven is increased 19.2% at the same curing time, which indicates curing time can be shortened. The indentation depth difference between center and edge of silicone encapsulant in terms of convection oven and IR are 14.8% and 3.4%, respectively. Curing by IR also shows 2.3% better radiant flux persistency rate of LED at
after 1,000 h reliability test compared to convection curing.
Enhancement of Light Extraction in White LED by Double Molding
Jang, Min-Suk ; Kim, Wan-Ho ; Kang, Young-Rea ; Kim, Ki-Hyun ; Song, Sang-Bin ; Kim, Jin-Hyuk ; Kim, Jae-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers, volume 25, issue 10, 2012, Pages 849~856
DOI : 10.4313/JKEM.2012.25.10.849
Chip on board type white light emitting diode on metal core printed circuit board with high thixotropy silicone is fabricated by vacuum printing encapsulation system. Encapsulant is chosen by taking into account experimental results from differential scanning calorimeter, shearing strength, and optical transmittance. We have observed that radiant flux and package efficacy are increased from 336 mW to 450 mW and from 11.9 lm/W to 36.2 lm/W as single dome diameter is varied from 2.2 mm to 2.8 mm, respectively. Double encapsulation structure with 2.8 mm of dome diameter shows further significant enhancement of radiant flux and package efficacy to 667 mW and 52.4 lm/W, which are 417 mW and 34.8 lm/W at single encapsulation structure, respectively.