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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 1999
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 1999
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 1999
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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A Study on a Reduced Crosstalk for the Design of 100 MHz High Speed Data Transmission Modular Jack
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~10
In this paper, a method of canceling and suppressing differential-mode crosstalk-noise signals caused by non-uniform coupling between two transmission lines in UTP(Unshielded Twisted Paris) modular jacks is discussed. Differential-mode crosstalk-noise signals in balanced transmission lines in UTP modular jacks were suppressed by inserting auxiliary capacitance between balanced transmission line pairs which are located closely enough to be effectively coupled each other. To verify the effectiveness of the inserted capacitances, precisely calculated auxiliary capacitances were applied to 10 pin modular jacks which are used in local area networks at 100 Mb/s with unshielded twisted pair-cables. The NEXT(Near-End Crosstalk) losses were measured to prove its applicability.
AICPS Management Network Integration
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 11~21
Physically, AICPS consists of HSSF(High Speed Switching Fabric) and various types of service interface modules to support services of homogeneous communication networks. Functionally, AICPS consists of UANS(User Access Network Subsystem) to connect users with communication networks, IDNS(Information Delivery Network Subsystem) to connect Information-Providers with information delivery network, and LOMS(Local Operations and Management System to manage AICPS. This paper describes the structures of LOMS, ONAS(Operational Network Access Subsystem), which interfaces between LOMS and HSSF, and describes reliability improvement algorithms and construction methods of nationwide management structure of AICPS.
A Study on the Design of RZ-SSB Transceiver in HF Aeronautical Telecommunication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 22~31
The conventional RZ-SSB demodulator consists of a limiter, FM demodulator and a linearizer. Since the conventional linearizer which cancels the high-order distortions must include Hilbert transformer, the performance of the demodulator are determined by the Hilbert transformer which is very complicated to realize in aeronautical telecommunication. This paper describes a method of designing RZ-SSB demodulator without Hilbert transformer. Since avionics systems are able to eliminate the inherent disadvantages in RZ-SSB, the results of this paper suggest that the RZ-SSB demodulator without Hilbert transformer is suitable for aeronautical telecommunication transceiver systems used in HF band.
A Study on the Design of Microstrip Antenna in 2 GHz Band
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 32~43
In this paper, the transformed QMSA to load a capacitor without limitation of the electric force on QMSA(Quarter-wavelength Microstrip Antenna) is designed. Bandwidth of the designed and manufactured antenna is 5.7% at the resonant frequency of 2.0 GHz and the resonant frequency and bandwidth versus change of any arbitrary feed point is observed. Since the size of wide slot width between the left and right parallel plate to load a capacitor is very wide bandwidth, will be suitable for very wide bandwidth communication. The radiation pattern characteristics of the designed antenna based on the dipole structure and the aperture structure analysis method. As calculation results, relative backward radation is - 5 dB.
Performance of Time-averaging Channel Estimator for OFDM System of Terrestrial Broadcasting Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 44~53
In this paper, we propose a pilot based time-averaging channel estimation method and analyze error performances for efficient transmission of OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) in multipath fading environment. Frequency domain channel estimations have been used in OFDM systems to compensate signal distortions due to fading on each subcarrier. The frequency domain estimation scheme uses scattered pilot to estimate channel response by simple interpolation. This implies that the estimated channel response includes signal distortions due to the noise. In this paper, we propose time-averaged channel estimation method to remove the distortion by noise. The proposed scheme can effectively remove noise components by taking time-average of the estimated channel response after estimating frequency domain channel. The computer simulations were performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed channel estimator. For the Rician channel, we compared the performance of the proposed method to that of a conventional one using channel estimation by gaussian interpolation when SER(Symbol Error Rate) =
, and compared to perfect channel estimation case. The proposed method showed differences of 0.07 dB, 0.6 dB compared to perfect channel estimation and improvements of 1.7 dB, 1.9 dB for 16 QAM, 64 QAM respectively compared to conventional method.
Signal to Noise Improvement in Optical Wireless Interconnection Using A Differential Detector
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 54~62
In this paper, we investigated the signal-to-noise ratio improvement in a differential detector, which is a function of the optical noise coupling ratio and the differential gain ratio. A differential detector consists of two photodiodes and a differential amplifier. The differential detector reduced the noise component and improved the signal-to-noise ratio by about 20 dB when the differential gain ratio equals to the optical noise coupling ratio. The differential detector is very effective in removing the environmental optical noise or interference from an adjacent optical channel. This method is also effective when the noise wavelength is similar to the signal.
Analysis of Cutoff Frequencies of TEM Cell using FDTD
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~69
In this paper, we analyze the cutoff frequencies of the TEM Cells by the FDTD, and introduce new boundary condition for the FDTD to identify the modes. Then, we confirm efficiency of the FDTD comparing results in previous papers. We also give our opinion from the results by FDTD to the arguments, which is resulted from different results about cutoff frequencies in the TEM Cells, especially the symmetric TEM Cells.
A Miniaturized VCO Using Multi-layer Ceramic Technology
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 70~77
A miniaturized voltage controlled oscillator using multi-layer ceramic technology at PCS frequency band is designed and fabricated. To improve the phase noise characteristics and to reduce the size, the strip line which is embedded in a high performance multi-layer ceramic substrate is used as an inductor of VCO. And the fabricated VCO is very small size (
). At the bias condition of 3.3 V and 9mA, the output power and phase noise in the operating frequency range of 1,720~1,780 MHz are -3.7 dBm and -95 dBc/Hz at 10 KHz offset from the carrier, respectively. The phase noise and size are better than the conventional VCO using glass epoxy substrate.
A Study of Broadband Propagation Characteristics for The Future Mobile Communications (II) - The Improvement of Broadband Propagation Characteristics using Polarization Diversity under Indoor Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 78~89
In this paper, to improve bandwidth amplitude fluctuation for the broadband signal in indoor propagation environment, we measured and analyzed broadband signal using a vertically polarized, horizontally polarized and circularly polarized antenna, conducting by frequency sweeping method in NLOS (Non-Line-of-Sight) environment. And, to investigate the optimum condition for the improvement of broadband propagation characteristics we also examined the effects of both human motions and transmission antenna height in the NLOS environment. As a result, in the case of NLOS environment, it was found that the amplitude deviation characteristics in frequency bandwidth can be improved by polarization diversity reception. Especially, we found that it is the best effective one to make polarization diversity reception branches, which install the circularly polarized antenna at transmitting end and install the polarized diversity branches received vertical or/and horizontal polarized wave at receiving end. The affection of a human motions is not so much in LOS and NLOS environment, but it can lead to the cause of burst error in indoor digital radio communications as the fade of signal strength become more deeper. And also, when raise the transmitting antenna up to the ceiling, the LOS and NLOS environment could be coexisted. In this case, it can be also inferred that frequency bandwidth amplitude deviation must be fundamentally improved by using polarization diversity reception technique to make the possibility of high transmission rate.
Design and Fabrication of a Wideband Single-Balanced-Mixer using Planar Balun
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 90~98
This paper presents a wideband single-balanced mixer using a diode which can be used in RF receiver of microwave measurement systems. For wideband characteristic, local oscillator(LO) signal is provided to diode with low loss using a coplanar waveguide-to-slotline balun. For high isolation characteristic radio frequency (RF) port and intermediate frequency (IF) port are designed using directional coupler. This mixer presents 30.5~31.17dB conversion loss whose flatness is within 1dB for 9 kHz~2.6 GHz wideband RF signal, and above 30 dB isolation for LO signal.
Performance Analysis of Symbol Timing and Carrier Synchronization in Block Burst Demodulation of LMDS Uplink
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 99~108
In this paper, we propose
/4 QPSK scheme with block modulation algorithm, which can reduce preamble in order to transmit ATM cell efficiently in the uplink channel of LMDS, and also designed a new carrier recovery circuit which can improve carrier synchronization performance of block demodulation algorithm. The
/4 QPSK scheme employing the proposed block modulation algorithm achieved efficient frame transmission by making use of a few preamble when carrier synchronization, symbol timing synchronization and slot timing synchronization were performed by burst data of ATM cell in LMDS environment. For performance evaluation of the proposed method, a simulation analyzing the variation of carrier synchronization, symbol timing synchronization and slot timing synchronization using LMDS environment and burst mode condition was executed. In the simulation, the proposed method showed a good performance even though the reduced preamble as a few aspossible when carrier synchronization, symbol timing synchronization and slot timing synchronization is performed.
Analysis of Log-Periodic Dipole Antennas above Lossy Grounds
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 109~121
In this paper, HF band LPDA(Log-periodic Dipole Antenna) and MLPDA(Modified Log-periodic Dipole Antenna) above lossy grounds were analyzed using moment method by considering the practical media parameter of lossy grounds, not assuming free space or perfect ground approximation. The radiation pattern and gain of LPDA and MLPDA as functions of frequency, antenna height from ground, and antenna tilt angle are presented, and the lossy ground effect on antennas characteristics are described. MLPDA was found to exhibit a smaller variation for gain and radiation pattern and a higher maximum beam direction relative to LPDA. It was shown that media parameter of lossy grounds and antenna height have a direct influence on the antenna gain of both LPDA and MLPDA.
Design and Characteristics of Shaped ADE Reflector Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 122~132
In this paper, a shaped small-size ADE(Axially Displaced Ellipse) reflector antenna of 30 cm in diameter operating from 37 to 40 GHz was designed. The experimental antenna was manufactured, and the radiation characteristics evaluated. In the procedure of antenna design, aperture field distribution was assumed to uniform + parabolic distribution. And the variations of beam width, aperture efficiency, and sidelobe level as functions of aperture field distributions were investigated, and these results presented to be used in antenna design. The measured gain and sidelobe level of experimental antenna were found 39.9 dBi(efficiency : 61.9%) and -18.8 dB for 40 GHz. These values show good agreement in design goal of efficiency more than 60% and sidelobe level less than -20 dB.
3D Propagation Prediction Model for Indoor Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 133~141
In this paper, we present an indoor propagation prediction model which is based on a three-dimensional ray-tracing technique. In this model, instead of considering all obstacles such as furnitures and fixtures, etc., only main obstacles to the propagation such as walls, ceiling and floors are modeled as slabs with finite thickness and conductivity, and the significant phenomena of propagation are considered, so we can calculate simply and predict accurately the propagation losses. The propagating rays are considered to be reflected and transmitted specularly at the boundaries of obstacles, and diffracted at edges. The reflection and transmission losses on flat obstacles are calculated by using ray tracing method, and the diffraction losses at edges are calculated by using the uniform theory of diffraction (UTD) for finite conductivity media. The results simulated for some cases by this propagation model good agree with the measured value of pathloss.
Design of a Ka-Band Microstrip Array Antenna for Satellite Communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 1, 1999, Pages 142~149
In this paper, Aperture-coupled microstrip array antenna was designed and manufactured for satellite communication at Ka-Band. We analyzed a microstrip radiation element and designed power divider using
g/4 transformer and T-junction power divider. A manufactured Aperture-coupled
microstrip array antenna has a resonant frequency of 20 GHz. The experimental results are as followings : resonant frequency of 19.62 GHz, VSWR 1.0692, return loss -29.61 dB, Bandwidth 1.76 GHz and -3 dB beamwidth