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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 1999
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 1999
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 1999
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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Sliced Channel Allocation Method for Multirate Communtiaction Environments using DAMA Scheduler
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 157~168
In this paper the new channel allocation method which is important in designing mobile radio system, is proposed. If the channel is allocated by time-frequency-code sliced and using DAMA scheduler, the blocking probability is lower than TA channel allocation method. With traffic load
=0.8 and 2% of blocking probability, TFS method can allocate 36 slices compared to 11 slices in TA method. At traffic load
=0.9 and 1% of blocking probability, the maximum available slices are 13 in TA method, but in TFS method 40 slices are allocated to user, so TFS method is better frequency availability by 3.75 times than TA method. TFS method could be suitable for system planning to multirate communication users.
The Desing of GaAs MESFET Resistive Mixer with High Linearity
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 169~179
In this paper, a GaAs MESFET single-ended resistive mixer with high linearity and isolation is designed. The bias voltage of this mixer is applied only gate of GaAs MESFET to use the channel resistance. The LO is applied the gate and the RF is applied the drain through 7-pole hairpin bandpass filter to obtain the proper isolation thru LO-RF. The IF is extracted from the source with short circuit and lowpass filter. Using extracted equivalent circuits for LO and RF, conversion loss is calculated and compared with result of harmonic balance analysis. Measured conversion loss of this S-band down converter mixer is 8.2~10.5dB by considering the measured 3.0~3.4dB RF 7-pole hairpin bandpass filter loss and IP3in is 26.5dBm at Vg=-0.85~-1.0V in distortion performance.
A Novel Conformal FETD Method for Modeling Arbitrary Dielectric Surfaces
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 180~186
Conformal methods such as staircase approximation and effective medium theory have been used to model arbitrary dielectric surfaces in Cartesian FDTD(finite-difference time-domain) grids. However, the staircase approximation doesn't guarantee accurate results and the effective medium theory cannot be applied for frequency dispersive medium. In this paper, a simple conformal method is introduced for analyzing arbitrary dielectric surfaces. These arbitrarily shaped dielectric surfaces make nonuniformly filled FDTD cells. E(H)-field in a nonuniformly filled FDTD cell is calculated by considering the cell as the combination of two kinds of uniformly filled cells whose material boundaries are normal and parallel to the E(H)-field in the cell. TM scattering from a rotated 2-D dielectric and a ferrite square cylinder is analyzed to show the accuracy of the proposed method.
Design and Fabrication of a 3.2 GHz Low Noise Dielectric Resonator Oscillator using Small-Signal S-Parameter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 187~195
A series feedback DRO operating at 3.2 GHz applicable to the spectrum analyzer as the second local oscillator, is designed and fabricated. We can obtain a low noise by utilizing the small signal S-parameter of the transistor and adjusting the reflection coefficient from the coupling coefficient between dielectric resonator and microstrip line. The results show that output power is 10.50 dBm, a stable low phase noise is -116 dBc/Hz at a 10 kHz offset frequency and a harmonic characteristic is 19.33 dBc.
A Study on the Interference for Sharing between the NGSO/MSS System and the M/W Station
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 196~206
In this paper, we have estimated the interference effects between the NGSO/MSS system and the fixed-service M/W system for sharing the NGSO/MSS system into the frequency band operated by the existing M/W system. Between above two systems, the interference effects must be analyzed in the following three points. That is, PFD(Power Flux Density) level must be obtained in the case of the interference from NGSO satellites into M/W stations, C/I(Carrier-to-Interference Ratio) and the coordination contour in the case of the interference between NGSO/MSS feeder link and a M/W station, and the interference power level and coordination contour in the case of the interference between NGSO/MSS service link(handsets) and M/W stations. Therefore, in order to obtain above three criteria, we have developed the analytical model, introduced the related equations and estimated the system performance by means of the simulation and the theoretial analysis. It is expected that the results will be utilized in setting the criterion for sharing between the NGSO/MSS system and the M/W station.
Analysis of Beam Scan Characteristics of Offset Reflector Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 207~217
When the feed of an offset reflector antenna is displaced from the focal point, the phase distortion results in the aperture field distribution, which in turn gives rise to a deviation of maximum beam, a decrease in gain, and an increase in sidelobes. In order to study these scan characteristics, an offset reflector antenna with the defocused feed is analyzed by a series expansion method using the Zernike polynomials, which can be used to calculate radiation pattern fast and exactly. And from the analyzed results, scan loss data in terms of reflector geometry are presented. And also, the BDF (beam deviation factor) expression is derived with offset reflector configuration analytically, and calculated results and simple formula of BDF are presented for determining beam deviation characteristics.
A Study on the Selection of Measuring Mode in the Permittivity Measurement Using a Circular Cylindrical Cavity
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 218~226
This paper describes resonant mode selection with which the relative permittivity can be measured exactly. To measure the relative permittivity, a circular cylindrical cavity filled with dielectric material is used. When the circular cylindrical cavity is filled with the dielectric material, the air gap occurs on account of machining error. Accurate relative permittivity can be obtained by using less sensitive mode in resonant frequency variation by the air gap. As a result, Average 0.009% resonant frequency variation in the vertical and the radial direction appears at
mode. It is interesting that the frequency variation by the air gap at
mode turns out to be the least sensitive.
Internal Resistive Source Modeling Technique for the Efficient Analysis of Planar Microwave Circuits Using FDTD
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 227~236
The finite difference time domain method (FDTD) is widely applied to the analysis of various microwave circuits. However, previous source modeling techniques have a lot of constraints and difficulties to apply for general geometries. Therefore, the internal resistive source modeling technique is suggested for efficiently analyzing various types of microwave circuit in this paper. Its efficiency is proved by comparing the computation time with that of hard source modeling. Accuracy is also verified by comparing the scattering parameters with those of previous source modeling methods and measurements for several microwave circuits.
The Design of Miniaturized Waveguide Bandpass Filters with Improved Spurious Characteristics
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 237~246
A miniaturized waveguide bandpass filter is designed by combining a corrugated lowpass structure and a highpass configuration based on the cut-off effect of waveguides. It is smaller than the conventional waveguide bandpass filter composed of half-wavelength resonators and has wider spurious free characteristics. Optimized design data for a seven-order waveguide bandpass filter with the symmetrical structure are given at the center frequency of 10 GHz with 800 MHz bandwidth. Measured bandwidth of the center frequency of 9.97 GHz is 840 MHz and measured insertion loss is 0.97dB, The length of the bandpass filter is 64.38mm. The first spurious response is produced at 26.1 GHz.
Leaky Wave Radiation from Dielectric-Coated Parallel-Plate Waveguied Periodic Slot with Finite Thickness : H-polarization
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 247~256
The leaky wave emanated from the dielectric-coated parallel-plate waveguide with finite periodic thick slot in its upper plate is investigated theoretically for H-polarization case. For this structure, fields in slot regions are expressed as a summation of the parallel-plate waveguide TM modes, and in other regions are expressed in the spectral domain by use of the inverse Fourier transform. Boundary conditions at the interfaces are enforced, and the simultaneous linear equations are derived. The influences of the slot width, slot thickness, thickness of a dielectric coating, and finite slot number on the radiation characteristics (phase constant, leakage constant, radiation pattern) are examined. The results of the finite periodic slot are compared with those of the infinite extent structure and good agreement has been found.
Efficient Computation of the Impedance Matrices for Layered Medium Problems Using the Spline-type Divided-difference Interpolation Technique
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 257~266
In this paper, a spline-type divided-difference interpolation technique is proposed to efficiently evaluate the impedance matrix elements in the MoM analysis of layered medium problems. This method is combined with the fast computational method of the basis-expanded and tested dyadic Green's functions (expressed in the spectral domain integrals) in a recent literature. For the sake of its validity, the proposed method is applied to analyze the characteristics of a microstrip gap discontinuity, a microstrip filter, and an aperture coupled patch antenna. Numerical results obtained by this approach are in good agreement with those of other approaches.
A Study on the Vary Small K-band Triple-mode Cavity Resonator Bandpass Filter for Digital Microwave Communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 267~276
A 2 stage 6-pole bandpass filter (BPF) is designed and implemented by using K-band triple-mode cavity. The BPF has an 100MHz bandwidth at the center frequency of 18.5GHz and the response of the filter is Chebyshev function. The cavity filter uses two orthogonal
modes and one
mode. To obtain a Chebyshev response, the intercavity coupling between the adjacent cavities is accomplished by H-field component of TE modes parallel to slot plate. In this paper, the size and location of intercavity slot are determined by the detailed coupling equation from H-field of TE resonant modes in circular cavity. The measured results agree well with the theoretical one.
Electromagnetic Interactions between a Cellular Phone and the Human Body and Synthesis of a Bone-Equivalent Material
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 277~290
A simulation using the finite-difference time-domain method to analyze the electromagnetic interactions between a cellular phone and the human body was conducted, and a synthesis of a bone-equivalent material to make a human head phantom was performed. A test model of the cellular phone was fabricated to measure its reflection coefficient and radiation pattern in the free space. Various effects of the human body on the characteristics of the phone, such as input impedance, reflection coefficient, radiation pattern, and radiation efficiency are analyzed as the distance between the head and the phone antenna varies. When the phone was operated close to the head, the resonant frequency of the antenna decreased by up to 12%. With the output power of 0.6W, as long as the distance was larger than 30mm, the 1-g averaged peak SAR was below the ANSI/IEEE safety guideline, 1.6 W/kg. To synthesize the bone-equivalent material, an epoxy with hardener and a graphite powder were used as basis ingredients, and a small amount of a conducting epoxy was added to control the conductivity of the material. A material having a relative permittivity of 18.04 and a conductivity of 0.347, which are close to those of the bone at 850 MHz, was synthesized.
Control of One Dimensional Inverse Scattering Pattern and Its Applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 291~301
A method for the synthesis of one-dimensional nonlinear distribution function is presented for the desired inverse scattering pattern. This method is based on the inverse transform of the solution of the Riccati equation derived from one-dimensional inverse scattering problem. Since the solution is analogous to the array factor or normalized space factor in collinear array antenna, the synthesis method for field pattern is applied for the construction of the involved line-source nonlinear distribution function. The suggested method is carried out under the optimization process, and is numerically verified by synthesizing the dispersive transmission line profile within the specified frequency band and control of scattered field on resistive strip.
A Study on the Branch Composition of an Optimum Polarization Diversity by Considering XPD in Indoor Radio Environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1999, Pages 302~311
In this paper, in order to suggest an optimal polarization diversity composition method in indoor radio wave propagation environments, the variation of the cross polarization discrimination(XPD) was theoretically analyzed by a computer simulation and compared to the actual measured data. From the results, it can be seen that the cross polarization discrimination of the case, a circularly polarized antenna was used at the transmitting end as well as the vertical and horizontal polarized antenna branches were used at receiving end (CV-CH), is lower than that of the case, horizontal polarized antenna at the transmitting end as well as the horizontal and vertical polarized antenna branches at the receiving end(HH-HV), and that of the case, vertical polarized antenna at the transmitting end as well as the vertical and horizontal polarized antenna branches at the receiving end(VV-VH). In this paper, to get more effective CV-CH polarization diversity composition, the amount of cross polarization discrimination values at the signals received by horizontal polarized antenna is compensated and the polarization diversity effect through the cumulative probability distribution is estimated. From the evaluation results, it was found that the polarization diversity effect was better at the compensated case than at the uncompensated case. On the other hand, it can be known that the polarization diversity effect is getting better as the cross polarization discrimination values are getting lower, and also be known that the effect can be improved if a transmitting antenna is composed of the ellipse polarized antenna by adjusting the axial ratio of the circularly polarized antenna and, a receiving antenna is made up of the vertical and horizontal polarized antenna branches.