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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 1999
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 1999
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 1999
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
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The Design of Elliptic Function Bandpass Filter using Ceramic Coaxial Resonators
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 805~814
In this paper, elliptic function bandpass filters using ceramic coaxial resonators are designed. Since elliptic function filters have better performance of frequency selectivity than those based on Butterworth or Chebyshev, therefore it is possible to make better use of limited frequency resources. Elliptic function bandpass filters using ceramic coaxial resonators are designed for reducing it's size, weight, cost and for easy manufacturing and tuning. From measurements, an accurate resonator model is obtained and the coupling coefficient values are extracted. Based on these results, elliptic function bandpass filters are designed. The experimental results have shown that the 8th order elliptic function filter of 959 MHz center frequency with 28 MHz bandwidth using coaxial ceramic resonators have about more tan 17 dB return loss, 5 dB insertion loss, more than 20 dB attenuation at
Phase Locked VCDRO for the 20 GHz Point-to-point Radio Link
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 816~824
Design and performance of 18 GHz phase locked dielectric resonator oscillator(PLDRO) for Point-to-point radio link using analog phase locked loop is described which achieve high stability and low SSB phase noise. The module consists of an 18 GHz voltage controlled dielectric resonator oscillator(VCDRO), buffered amplifier, analog phase detector which are integrated to form a miniature hybrid circuit. In addition, containing a low phase noise VHF PLL has been designed to lock any other conventional N times frequency of crystal oscillator. The module achieves stable phase locked state, exhibits output power of 21 dBm at 18.00 GHz, -34 dBc harmonic suppression and -75 dBc/Hz phase noise at 10 kHz offset frequency from carrier.
Distribution of the Phase Error and the Envelope of the Received Signal over Nakagami Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 825~834
In this paper we derive the probability density function of the phase error and that of the envelope of the received signal over Nakagami fading channel. Using the new probability density functions we analyze the performance of coherent BPSK, noncoherent FSK, DPSK and noncoherent ASK on Nakagami fading by means of new methods.
Implementation of FM-DS/SS System Using Synchronous Oscillator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 835~846
In this experiment I have made FM-DS/SS system replacing 170.120 MHz by utilizing FM transmitter and receiver. In the transmitter, the result shows that the modulated FM-DS/SS signal is a typical
spectrum by using the clock(1.329 MHz) of PN divided from FM carrier. In the receiver, SO(Synchronous Oscillator) was applied to despread. Like figure 1, 2, and 4 when I applied SO, which consists of sliding correlator, to synchronous a favorable properties could be obtained in the receiver of FM-DS/SS system. In this paper, I used SO in order to take synchronous in the construction of FM-DS/SS system, and to support it I presented the result of the experiment on synchronous curve and properties of OS.
Dispersion Analysis of Higher-Order Modes for Planar Transmission Lines Using the 2-Dimensional Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 847~854
In this paper, we have analysed frequency-dispersion characteristics of higher-order modes for uniform planar transmission lines, using the 2-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method. The method presented in this paper uses both informations of amplitude and phase of the electromagnetic spectrum to determine resonant frequencies, while methods previously reported use the magnitude only. This algorithm is very useful when a resonant mode has a relatively small magnitude, where the identification of the resonant mode is quite difficult. Numerical results show that a strip line supports few higher-order modes within the frequency range of 20 GHz, but there occur many higher-order modes in the structure of grounded coplanar waveguide, where resonant frequencies of the first higher-order mode is very close to those of the fundamental mode and there occur lots of very adjacent higher-order modes. As in this example, for the analysis of planar transmission lines which support many resonant modes very close each other, the method presented in this paper can be applied very efficiently.
An Efficient Fading Estimation and Compensation Techniques for Transmission of Trellis Coded 16 QAM in Wireless Communication Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 855~865
This paper presents the improvement of BER performance using fading compensation method for 16 QAM-TCM to reduce the effects of multi-path fading in mobile radio environments. We propose the multi-pilot symbol aided fading compensation technique using Gausian interpolation method for inter-symbol interference or fading distortion occured in frequency selective fading channel. The proposed system is combined coding and modulation scheme for improving the reliability of a digital transmission system without increasing the transmitted power or the required bandwidth. In the fading compensation, the pilot symbols from a known sequence is multiplexed into the data symbols at regular intervals to from a frames for transmission. And we use a modified bit reversal block interleaver to randomize burst errors. The results show that significant improvements in the bit-error rate performances can be achieved by the proposed techniques.
Design and Fabrication of Stripline Circulator Including Structure of Ring Resonator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 866~878
In this paper, stripline circulator including a ferrite resonator which is consisted of a circular disk and two annuli disks is designed and fabricated. Using RGF(Recursive Green Function) technique, electromagnetic field of port and input impedance is presented. The circulator characteristics are compared according to the ferrite arrangement, bias field intensity and port width. The pass-band frequency of the fabricated circulator using the designed data is from 1.55 GHz to 2.95 GHz, the reflection coefficient
of input port is -30 dB, and the transmission coefficient
between input port and isolation port is -28 dB at resonating point 2.38 GHz.
Performance Analysis of Type-I Hybrid ARQ System Considering Transmission Delay Time
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 879~888
A Study on the ARQ scheme of data error control is important for more reliable information transmission. Since performance difference is large by the long transmission delay time in satellite communication, the performances of SR ARQ and conventional type-I hybrid ARQ with fixed code rate are investigated by using the parameters of packet length, channel capacity, BER, and transmission delay time especially. BCH code is used in type-I hybrid ARQ for FEC method. This paper presents the throughput analyses according to such various parameters as BCH code rate, window size, data rate and round-trip delay time. Especially we derive a performance equation of type-I hybrid ARQ with the factor of the transmission delay time using the equation of SAW ARQ. Also, the performance of type-I hybrid ARQ specially considering transmission delay time is analyzed through numerical analysis and computer simulation so we can get a important characteristics variation.
Effective Removal of Undesired signals in Measurements of Radar Target Characteristics
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 889~899
A technique to obtain an exact frequency characteristics of desired targets in radar measurements is presented. The pulsing network composed of two RF switches was installed between the Network Analyzer and the antenna, and the backscattering from a metal sphere was measured at X-band. It is shown that the pulsing effectively eliminated undesired returns from antenna and other circuitry of the systems. The antenna return was suppressed by more than 60 dB, and the signal-to-noise ratio was improved drastically. The pulsed frequency data were processed to extract the responses of the desired target. The result agrees well with the theoretical backscattering characteristics of the sphere. The methods presented here are applicable to RCS measurements in compact ranges, and also to the backscattering measurements of distributed targets outdoors.
Design and Implementation of LNA and BPF for RF System in Digital TRS Base Station (I) ; Receiving Part
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 900~909
The receiving part of the RF system for the digital TRS base stations is developed in this paper. Based on the system specifications, the structure of the RF system is accomplished and its block diagram is drawn. The RF system is implemented according to these block diagrams. Subsequently the RF band-pass filter, the low noise amplifier, the automatic level controlled attenuator, the frequency synthesizer and other components for the system are designed and implemented, and a main board to integrate these modules is also manufactured. To lower the noise floor of the system and suppress the RF spurious noise, a PCB layout is performed carefully. For each module consisting of the RF system and the entire system, the performance tests are accomplished to check the specifications.
A Study on the Effectively Improvement of Thermal Runaway Phenomenon by Optimal Resistor without RF Input Signal of SSPA
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 910~916
This paper presents the effective improvement of the thermal runaway phenomenon in high power SSPA when the RF input signal is not provided. The total gate resistors are optimized by the experiments and deducing the variation of velocity and currents of thermal runaway, which is based on manufacturer's recommendation. Especially, it is solved the complex thermal runaway that related gate resistors with the gate voltage variable circuit. The result of this paper is able to apply for improving the thermal runaway in existence of high power SSPA for WLL, cellular system and PCS repeater.
Parameters of the Magnetic Field Waveform Radiated from Cloud Lightning Discharges
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 917~926
In this paper, the recording device for measuring the magnetic field waveforms associated with the cloud lightning discharges was made by the loop-type magnetic field sensor, and the measuring system of a distance between lightning stroke point and observatory site was proposed. The parameters including the time interval of superimposed pulses, zero-to-zero crossing time and the percentage depth of the dip for the positive and the negative magnetic field waveforms were statistically analyzed as a function of the distance between the lightning discharge point and the observatory site. The results could be summarized as follows; Several superimposed pulses were observed at the initial front part of the magnetic field waveform produced by cloud lightning discharges, and the mean time interval between superimposed pulses was about
. Also, the bipolar characteristic appeared significantly and the percentage depth of the dip was about 57~65%. It was known that the zero-to-zero crossing time of the electromagnetic fields is gradually decreased as a distance between lightning discharge point and observatory site is increased.
A Characteristic Analysis of the RF Sensitivity for Electro-explosive Device
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 927~934
A measuring system was integrated for the testing of live EED with continuous wave RF stimulus at low frequency range(1~250 MHz) and pulsed RF stimulus at high frequency range(8~10 GHz). The test system, set-up method and test procedure for the RF sensitivity of EED are described in this paper. The Bruceton method is applied to obtain distribution statistics such as mean firing level, standard deviation of the distribution and confidence levels for various applied firing signals.
Applications of Haar Wavelet Based Multiresolution Time-Domain Method to Microwave Structures
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 935~950
A multiresolution time-domain analysis scheme is derived for the analysis of microwave structures by using Haar wavelets to discretize the Maxwell's curl equation. This technique requires less computational effort than the conventional FDTD method because larger space grid can be used in the simulations. To validate this scheme, several 2-D·3-D microwave structures are simulated and the results are compared with those of the conventional FDTD scheme.
Comparison and Analysis of the MC DS-CDMA/MPSK and DS-CDMA/MPSK Systems in Nakagami Fading
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 951~958
Multicarrier modulation or orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) is a promising technique for mobile communications systems, since it has a strong immunity to multipath fading without employing complicated adaptive equalization. In this paper, performance of MC DS-CDMA/MPSK(multi-carrier direct sequence-code division multiple access/mary phase shift keying) and DS-CDMA/MPSK(direct sequence-code division multiple access/mary phase shift keying) with coherent detection for a CDMA system over Nakagami fading channel analysis. For a given bandwidth, it is shown that MC DS-CDMA/MPSK eventually outperforms DS-CDMA MPSK with random sequences.
Direction-of-Arrival Estimation Using Linear Prediction Method in Conjunction with Signal Enhancement Approach
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 10, issue 6, 1999, Pages 959~967
In this paper, we propose a Linear Prediction Method(LPM) in conjunction with signal enhancement for solving the direction-of-arrival estimation problem of multiple incoherent plane waves incident on a uniform linear array. The basic idea of signal enhancement is that of finding the covariance matrix of given rank that lies closest to a given estimated matrix in Frobenius norm sense. It is well known that LPM has a high-resolution performance in general applications, while it provides a lower statistical performance in lower SNR environment. To solve this problem, the LPM combined with signal enhancement approach is herein proposed. Simulation results are illustrated to demonstrate the better performance of the proposed method than conventional LPM.