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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Dec 2000
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Sep 2000
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Aug 2000
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Jun 2000
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Optimum Size for the Inset Cut Feed of Microstrip Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 143~150
In this paper, an optimum size for the inset cut feed of microstrip antennas has been determined by using the finite-difference time domain method. At first, the return losses of microstrip antennas having various shapes and types of the inset cut feeds have been computed numerically for a given frequency and a substrate. Then an optimum size of the inset cut feed has been determined by iterative computation procedure for a given condition. It was found that the optimum width of the inset cut feed is about 0.42 times of the width of 50Ω feed line and the optimum length of the inset cut feed is about 0.36 times of the length of the antenna patch. These results are proved by the experimental data obtained from the measurements of many fabricated antennas. It was also found that the optimum size of the inset cut feed is independent on the frequency, the height and the dielectric constant of the antennal substrate.
A Model for Rain Cross-Polarization Applicable upto Millimeter Wave Band
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 151~157
The ITU-R model for cross-polarization, which is accurate enough in real rainfall environments, is proposed in this paper. By comparing this with measurement data and the ITU-R model, we have also derived a prediction model for rain cross-polarization applicable upto millimeter wave band.
Performance of Trellis coded 8PSK System in L/Ka-band Land Mobile Satellite Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 158~165
In this paper, the transmission channels of L-band and Ka-band multi-media satellite communication systems for the land mobile satellite(LMS) communication service are modeled. Trellis coded(TC) 8PSK is proposed as a power and bandwidth efficient digital transmission scheme for the LMS system, and its error probability performance is analyzed. Block interleaving and deinterleaving are applied to the transmitter and receiver of LMS system respectively in order to compensate for the BER performance degradation of TC-8PSK caused by multipath fading. Viterbi equalizer is also employed in the receiver for channel equalization, and the corresponding BER performance improvement is analyzed.
A Study on the Doppler Compensation Technique of 2-Step Kalman Filter in Mobile Satellite Communication System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 166~176
In this paper, the LEO system signal degradation is mainly due to fading and doppler shift, so that the analysis of the signal degradation and compensation techniques are very important. This paper propose a Kalman filter based two step Automatic Frequency Control(AFC) to combat large and time variant frequency offset in low earth orbit satellite communication systems. The proposed Kalman AFC method estimates a frequency offset in two steps, I. e., coarse and fine estimations, extending the frequency acquisition range to even for than the symbol rate. Furthermore, it can track well a time variation of frequency offset. It is shown that the proposed compensator is able to compensate for doppler shift more than several KHz.
Design of a Broad-band Electromagnetic Absorber Using the Improved Partial Initialization Genetic Algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 177~185
The broadband EM absorbers composed of dielectrics and magnetic materials are designed. The performance of the partial initialization genetic algorithm(PIGA) is improved with three factors such as partial initialization ratios, initialization starting points and scale factors. At the frequency range over 3∼10 GHz, the optimized electromagnetic absorbers designed by using the improved PIGA. The design results obtained by enhanced PIGA's are superior to that of the using GA presented by E. Michielssen with regard to the total depth of composite materials, the depth of magnetics and maximum reflection coefficients.
Analysis of Characteristics of Ku/C Band Modified Square Loop Frequency Selective Surface
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 186~196
In this paper, modified square loop frequency selective surface for dualband communication antenna systems is proposed, and the scattering characteristics is discussed. The analysis for the problem of scattering by periodic structures with a dielectric slab is formulated using the spectral-domain immittance approach and Floquet's theorem. The method of moments which uses rooftop subdomain basis function is employed to solve the equations. Numerical results include the comparison between the transmission characteristic of general square loop and that of modified square loop. Also, the transmission characteristics of modified square loop for arbitrary incident angle and polarization is presented. To verify analysis results, modified square loop frequency selective surface was fabricated and the calculated results were compared with the measured results. The measured results showed good agreement with the calculated results.
Design of Predistortive Mixer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 197~205
The back-off input power level method is generally used for design of high linear mixer. In this paper, the predistortive mixer design method which attaches the predistortor in front of mixer is proposed to compensate the nonlinear characteristics of mixer and the predistortor has inverse nonlinear characteristics of mixer. The proposed method improves C/I ratio of mixer by 22 dB (@Po=-20 dBm/tone), 21.7 dB(@Po=-17 dBm/tone) with two tones of RF at 1852.5MHz, 1857.5MHz and LO at 2015MHz, respectively.
A Study of Wideband Method for the Millimeter-wave Planar Antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 206~216
In this paper, the linear tapered slot(LTS) antenna and linear constant tapered slot(LCTS) antenna are optimized for millimeter-wave antenna by the finite difference time domain(FDTD) method and then fabricated and measured. The microstrip-to-slot transition is proposed with the widen
/4 open stub as feeder for wide bandwidth of 16.5GHz(
). The results of the calculation and measurement, the bandwidth of LTS antanna is 8.3GHz(26.47%) and 7.1792GHz(22.4%) respectively. Also, the bandwidth of LCTS antenna is 8.1GHz(26.47%) and 6.3243GHz(20.43%) respectively.
Analysis of a Rectangular Ceramic Dielectric Antenna Using Finite Element Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 217~227
A rectangular ceramic dielectric antenna, placed on the top of a ground plane and fed by coaxial probe, is analyzed by using the finite element method. To verify the proposed code, a rectangular ceramic dielectric antenna was fabricated and the characteristics of antenna were measured. The numerical data obtained is in good agreements with experimental result. Thus we checked the validity of our FEM code, and it can be possible to extend the analysis of the arbitrary 3-D antenna on a ground plane fed by coaxial probe.
Optical Noise Reduction Using Approximate Average Noise Detection in Wireless Optical Interconnection
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 228~233
In this paper, we introduce a differential detection method using approximate average noise detection, which improves the noise reduction efficiency in a wireless optical interconnection. Approximate average noise detection reduces the output voltage fluctuation that may result from the instantaneous change of the coupling coefficients with the movement of some objects or human beings. This method is very useful for noise reduction in an environment with optical noise whose spatial distribution varies instantaneously.
A Study on the Radiated Noise from Power Line during EFT Immunity Test
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 234~241
During the EFT immunity test, the fast transient voltage is injected to the power or signal line. The radiated noise from these lines influences the near-by EUT, and consequently, the reliability of the test result can be jeopardized. The measured data of the field strength and wave shape of the noise were compared with the result of the mathematical analysis using transmission line model. When the tests were performed by the conditions the same as stated in IEC 61000-4-4, the results showed that the magnitude of the radiated electric field strength was about 2.4KV/m, and it can cause severe interference to the intended operation of EUT.
Analysis of Parameters Affecting the Attenuation by Rain in Ka and mm-wave Bands
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 242~251
Design of wireless link in Ka and mm-wave bands is critically affected by rain attenuation. In this paper, we compared and analyzed the main distributions of rain drop size to estimate the rain attenuation which can be used in domestic environment. Mie scattering theory was checked to agree with Rayleigh theory in its low frequency limit and agree with optical scattering theory in its high frequency limit. We intended to provide more specific criteria to estimate rain attenuation with a generalized approach.
Performance Improvement of DS-CDMA BPSK/QPSK in the Presence of Phase Estimation Error in the Rician Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 252~258
In this paper, we improve error performance for BPSK and QPSK when the carrier recovery signal is not perfect in the multipath Rician fading channel based on DS-CDMA system. In the case, we use the MRC(Maximal Ratio Combining) diversity and convolutional coding technique in order to overcome this carrier phase error and Rician fading. With results of analysis, we know that the appropriate use of MRC diversity and convolutional code reduced considerably performance degradation due to phase error.
Estimation of Discharge Current Waveshapes in Short Gap Discharge by Radiated Electromagnetic Fields
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 259~267
This paper presents the method for an estimation of discharge current waveshapes in short gap discharge by radiated electromagnetic fields. The method of current waveform estimation described is using the one antenna method(single field method) and two antennal method(complex field method) with a measured electric or magnetic fields at given field point by a time domain antenna. In order to verify the availability of the estimation theory, the discharge current waveshape estimation was performed by one and two antenna methods using the measured electric fields of Wilson & Ma and compared with experiments.
A Study of Passive Intermodulation Distortion on RF Connectors
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 268~277
Nowadays, the interference between neighbor basestations is getting higher as mobile communication services expand, then the increase of the interference causes IMD(Intermolulation Distortion) problems for not only active devices but also passive devices. In this paper, we have designed and assembled several adapters having variable plating thickness and materials to analyze PIMD(Passive Intermodulation Distortion) mechanisms for coaxial cables which is one of the representative passive RF devices. The measurement results of the assembled adapters show that IM level depends on conductivity of plating materials, plating thickness, device structure, aging effect and so on. Furthermore, we have obtained PIMD mechanisms and some control methods of PIMD from the results.
Reactance Loaded Dipole Antennal Elements for Beam Tilting with Forced Resonance
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 278~285
This paper presents the basic characteristics of the beam tilting dipole antenna element in which one reactance element is used for the impedance matching at the feed point. The radiation pattern is tilted by the properly determined driving point position, and the loading reactance is used to obtain forced resonance without great changes in tilt angle. The numerical results demonstrate that the reactance element should be loaded in the region where the driving point is placed to obtain forced resonance of the antenna with little changes in beam tilt angle. In case the proposed forced resonant beam tilting antenna with
length is driven at
from the center, the main beam tilt angle o.5 57.7 degrees, the highest power gain of 8.6 dB are obtained.
Performance Analysis of DSRC(Dedicated Short Range Communication) Physical Layer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 286~293
This paper treats performance analysis and improvement of DSRC physical layer which is discussed for standardization at the ISO TC-204 WG-15. DSRC is a short range wireless communication for which distance is less than 100m between RSU and O BE, since DSRC requires cheap and simple modulation technique, ASK is being developed as standard modulation system among PSK, FSK and ASK in our country. This paper analyzes the performance of DSRC physical layer system which is at the first stage of development under Rician fading channel, more sepcifically, the validity of the system and the performance limitations are shown. Both equalizer and antenna diversity techniques are simulated to improve the ASK system performance.
A Novel Method to Reduce Local Oscillator Leakage
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 294~301
One of the most important design parameters in a microwave radio transmitting system is to reduce spurious response from the output spectrum of the transmitting system. A Local oscillator (LO) is seldom totally pure and at the least contain some LO harmonic signals. A LO or any oscillator is a transmitter if provided with a suitable radiator, conduction, or leakage path. Where mixer is employed in the output of the LO mixer generated spurs can be increased by RF amplifier. To reduce LO leakage, notch filter or band pass filter has been conventionally used. In this paper, the leakage reduction(LR) signal, which has the same magnitude and the opposite phase with respect to LO leakage signal, is added to the output of mixer of the wireless LAN system. The LO leakage is reduced by 30 dB more than the conventional methods do. The proposed method is potentially suitable for low-cost, reliable, and simple application of monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs)
The Design and Implementation of TV Tuner for the Digital Terrestrial Broadcasting
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 302~312
Digital TV tuner for 8-VSB modulation was developed with satisfying the requirements of ATSC. Double frequency conversion and active tracking filter was used in order to suppress IF beat and image band, which results in reducing the interference between adjacent channels and multi-channels. The implemented digital TV tuner has excellent performance such as the wide dynamic range, good flatness in passing band, and low phase noise. The developed tuner is available to handle the digital and analogue television signal at the same time.
Derivation of the Transient. Solution of the Horizontal Interfacial Electric Field Generated by a Tiny Horizontal Current Source on a Uniaxially Anisotropic Half-Space Dielectric
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 2, 2000, Pages 313~321
This paper deals with a kind of the half-space interfacial problem in time domain, requiring the calculation of the horizontal electric field generated by a tiny impulsive current source located horizontally at the interface between an isotropic upper half-space and a uniaxially anisotropic lower half-space. With the Cagniard-de-Hoop method adapted for our interfacial case, we obtain the explicit-form solution for this electric field. We also investigate the impulse radiation in the radial direction. The impulse components of Dirac
-function type in transient waveforms are important for the understanding of the interfacial far-field characteristics. The uniaxial case is a generalization of the isotropic one, and the explicit solutions of the uniaxial problem in this paper reduce to the solutions of the isotropic problem if the anisotropy is removed.