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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Dec 2000
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Sep 2000
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Aug 2000
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Jun 2000
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
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A Study on the Spatio-Temporal Processing Structure in Adaptive SLC
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 329~336
An important problem associated with adaptive sidelobe canceller(SLC) systems is that their performance deteriorates with an increase in jammers arriving from different directions. Generally the number of jammers which can be effectively cancelled is limited by the number of the auxiliary elements in a SLC system. But the single-auxiliary-element with tapped delay line adaptive filter can effectively cancel multiple jammers. Therefore this paper proposed the spatio-temporal processing structure cascading adaptive array and tapped delay line adaptive filter and showed that this could obtain more rapid convergence rate and an increase of DOF without increasing the number of element.
A Study of Spectral Domain Electromagnetic Scattering Analysis Applying Wavelet Transform
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 337~344
The wavelet analysis technique is applied in the spectral domain to efficiently represent the multi-scale features of the impedance matrices. In this scheme, the 2-D quadtree decomposition (applying the wavelet transform to only the part of the matrix) method often used in image processing area is applied for a sparse moment matrix. CG(Conjugate-Gradient) method is also applied for saving memory and computation time of wavelet transformed moment matrix. Numerical examples show that for rectangular cylinder case the non-zero elements of the transformed moment matrix grows only as O(
Application of Expanding-cell FDTD Method to Microstrip-to-Waveguide Transition
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 345~351
In this paper, we design and analyze a Ka-band microstrip line to rectangular waveguide transition using the expanding-cell FDTD method. The transition under investigation consists of a ridged waveguide, microstrip line, and
/4 Chebyshev impedance transformer. To improve the accuracyand efficiency, the expanding-cell FDTD method is applied to analyze the characteristics of a ridged waveguide impedance transformer. To verify the accuracy of the expanding-cell FDTD method, S parameters of the analyzed transition are compared with those of experimental data. The efficiency of the present approach is verified by comparing the computational time for expanding-cell and that for fine cell. The relation between the number of step and operation bandwidth is analyzed by comparing the characteristics of four and three step Chebyshev waveguide impedance transformer.
Simple Lower Bound for MPSK Symbol Error Probability
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 352~357
The symbol error probability for the coherent detection of MPSK signals in additive white Gaussian noise(AWGN) can be evaluated exactly for M=2 and M=4. The MPSK symbol error probability bounds obtained in the past are simple to calculate, but not accurate. More recently, very tight bounds have been proposed, but they are complex to calculate. In this paper to obtain a simple and accurate lower bound for coherent MPSK symbol error probability in AWGN, we consider the symbol error probability for MPSK in Nakagami fading case first. Then as the Nakagami fading index m approaches to infinity, we obtain the symbol error probability for the MPSK in AWGN.
Analysis of Rectangular Waveguide E-Plane Filters by the Method of Moments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 358~364
In this paper, an efficient moment-method technique is proposed for analyzing rectangular waveguide E-plane filters. Techniques are presented for the fast evaluation of Green's function and for the efficient evaluation of integrals arising in the E-plane of the rectangular waveguide. The structure boundary is represented by the piecewise linear segments. Simple pulse-expansion and point-matching technique are used. The entire E-plane filter structure is simulated by the method of moments. Three representative cases of the E-plane filter are analyzed and compared with results by other researchers.
Optical Noise Reduction Using Polarizers in Wireless Optical Interconnections
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 365~371
In this paper, we introduce a noise reduction method using polarizers in a wireless optical interconnections. If we use polarizers in a differential detector, the noise reduction capability is improved. In a case that two optical signal beams of similar wavelength are overlapped in space and crosstalk is a serious problems, we can detect each channel separately without crosstalk using two orthogonal polarizers. This method is very simple and easy to use.
Broad-Band Design of Ferrite Absorbers in Cross-Shaped Projection Type
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 372~378
The remarkable progress of electronics and radio communications technology has made our life abundant. On the other hand, the countermeasure of EMC becomes more important socially according to the increased use of electromagnetic waves. It had been required that the absorbing ability of an electromagnetic wave absorber is more than 20 dB, the bandwidth of which is required through 30 MHz to 1,000 MHz for satisfying the international standard about an anechoic chamber for EMI/EMS measurement. From November of 1998, however, the CISPR11 has accepted the extended frequency band from 30 MHz to 18 GHz in the bandwidth of EMI measurement. In this paper, we proposed the cross-shaped type and tapered cross-shaped type absorbers satisfying the above requirments and carried out broadband design using the equivalent material constants method. Futheremore, the results have been compared with FEM, and FDTD.
A Study of Wideband Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antenna with Dual-Polarization
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 379~387
In this paper, to transmit and receive the differently polarized wideband signals simultaneously with a single antenna system, the wideband, dual-frequency and dual-polarized(WDFDP) microstrip array antenna is proposed and designed. This antenna operates simultaneously at 14.25 GHz and 12.50 GHz. To extend to two dimensional array, microstrip feed line and coaxial probe through via-hole are used. The experimental results show that the proposed WDFDP microstrip antenna can be used in the compact portable terminals with a single antenna system and the characteristic of the resonators in this antenna produces a greatly enhanced bandwidth.
Radiation Characteristics of Dielectric-Coated Conducting Cylinder Loaded with Periodic Corrugation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 388~402
The radiation characteristics of leaky antenna from the dielectric-coated conducting cylinder with periodic corrugation are investigated theoretically for the infinite and finite periodic structures. For the infinite periodic structure, mode-matching method is applied. The integral equation is derived for the finite periodic structure by use of the Fourier transform and mode expansion and a simultaneous linear equation is obtained. The influences of the corrugation slot width, corrugation depth, dielectric thickness, cylinder radius, and finite corrugation number on the radiation characteristics (leakage constant, phase constant, and radiation pattern) are investigated. The results of the finite periodic corrugations are compared with those of the infinite extent structure and good agreement is found. To reduce high side lobe levels of the uniform finite periodic structure, tapering process on the beginning and end section of antenna and nonuniform quasi-period slot arrays are considered. Especially, for the corrugation period, width and depth used for a corrugated surface wave antenna, through the proper tapering process, end-fire radiation pattern with reduced side lobe levels is given.
Analysis of Parameters for Polarization Diversity Scheme in Microcell
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 403~409
In this paper, we measured and analyzed cross polarization discrimination(XPD), signal correlation coefficient(
) and received signal level decrease, for the application of polarization diversity scheme in the up-link of microcell environments. We experimented in a dense building area, a dense residence area, a market area, a school area and etc at 1.9 GHz. Cross polarization discrimination (XPD) is about 6~11 dB, signal correlation coefficient(
) is below 0.7 and received signal level decrease is smaller than 3 dB. The results of comparing polarization diversity with space diversity show that polarization diversity gain is about 2~5 dB higher in the various area. As a results, polarization diversity scheme is more effective than space diversity scheme in microcell environments.
The Measurement and Analysis of Path Loss in Millimeter-Wave Band for Different Progation Environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 410~418
In this paper, path losses in millimeter-wave band for different propagation environments are measured, and the results are analyzed by modeling the median, maximum, and minimum values of the measurement data for each site, which are recorded for 5 minutes, with a linear regression model. The measurement data shows that in urban and suburban environments, extra path loss must be taken into account for line-of-sight path, even in millimeter wave band.
FDTD Analysis of Lossy Multiconductor Transmission Lines Terminated in Linear Loads
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 419~428
Multiconductor transmission line(MTL) equations are solved by FDTD(Finite-Difference Time-Domain) method to predict crosstalk and fields to transmission line coupling on lossy multiconductor transmission lines terminated in arbitrary linear loads. Skin effect losses as well as dc losses are included in the analysis. In order to increase computational efficiency, the convolution integral of internal impedance of conductors and the line currents is computed by using Prony method. For boundary conditions of MTLs terminated in linear loads, state-variable formulation is adopted. The simulated results by FDTD method are compared with the measured ones obtained by using TEM cell. The predictions are in good agreement with the measurements. In addition, it has been found that skin effect losses as well as dc losses of the conductors should be included for accurate predictions on relatively high loss transmission lines such as PCB. It has also been found that dc losses and skin-effect losses affect late-time responses and early-time responses, respectively.
Performance Analysis of Noncoherent FH-BFSK System in Partial-Band Noise Jamming
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 429~436
In this paper, the performance of a orthogonal noncoherent FH-BFSK communication system in the presence of partial band noise jamming is analyzed. Also bit error rate(BER) is studied when jamming bandwidth ratio to overall spread spectrum bandwidth,
, changes according to processing gain(PG). The performance is investigated by numerical analysis and computer simulation of SPW. Even if PG is high, required performance could not gain because error floor occurs when JSR is 10 dB and SNR is under 10 dB. PG can be obtained to acquire a required BER according to
when SNR is above 12 dB.
FDTD Modeling using 3D CAD File of Hand-Held Mobile Phone
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 437~444
In this paper, we propose a method that directly converts 3D CAD files for handheld phones designed by a commercial CAD S/W, PATRAN, to FDTD modeling with 1mm resolution. To qualify the accuracy of this method, we compared the calculation of radiation pattern using 3D transient far zone transformation with the measured results by gain comparison method in anechoic chamber and the difference is less than 0.5 dB. The calculation of magnetic field distributions on the front of handheld phones has been done to find a factor contributes to SAR. The result showed up the H-field in the width direction of the phone gives more dominant effect than the field in the length or inside to the front direction.
A Study on Development of High Q Active Inductor to be Used in High Frequency Band
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 445~453
In this paper, the method of designing an active inductor for MMIC is proposed. The proposed tunable active inductor is composed of a cascade FET with feedback capacitors and resistors. Because of a very low series resistance in the proposed inductor, a very high Q factor can be obtained. Also it has an excellent characteristics suitable for high frequency band. The inductance value can be changed by controlling feedback capacitors, resistors and a bias voltage respectively. When the feedback resistor and parallel resistor within circuits are varied, the inductance value is changed from 0.2 nH to 1.7 nH in the range 1 to 15 GHz. Also we designed bandpass filter using the proposed active inductor and it shows the insertion loss of 0.4 dB and return loss, 20 dB.
A Study on the Curvilinearly Shaping Method for Wide-Band Wire Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 454~463
A method is presented to alter the geometry of the conventional linearly shaped wire antenna for increasing its bandwidth. The synthesis is two-demensionally symmetric and is based on the minimization of frequency-dependence of the boresight far-field electric field intensity. The current distribution on the wire is calculated by Galerkin method using pulse functions. The shaping limitation for wide-band characteristics is still found because of standing waves due to reflected waves from antenna ends. The limitation overcome by a distribution of resistive loads near ends of wire. The antenna loaded resistively has flat characteristics satisfying a power gain of
dBi and VSWR of at most 2 over 10:1 bandwidth. The results are verified by comparing with similar results for the conventional linear V-dipole.
A Study on the Transient Analysis of Coupled Lines and Ability of Crosstalk Suppression Inherent to Nonuniform Lines
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 464~473
The method is presented which predicts voltage waveforms at each nodes inter-connected arbitrarily on the coupled transmission lines by extracting the node connection condition to be included in the modal telegrapher's equation, hence analyzing the mechanism of waveform propagation on transmission lines. It is shown that it is also possible to analyze efficiently the coupled nonuniform lines. And then the nonuniformity of coupled lines is demonstrated for suppressing the crosstalk spikes using the one-dimensional inverse-scattering control theory. The predicted waveforms by presented method are analyzed and verified by comparison with those by the generalized S-parameter technique.
A Study on the Practice Method of Planar Antenna for LMDS
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 474~483
In this paper, the planar LTS and Vibaldi antenna operating at 28 GHz for LMDS is optimized by finite difference time domain(FDTD) method and then fabricated and measured. We designed LTS and Vivaldi antenna with corrugation structure for reducing sidelobe, then these antenna are optimized by FDTD, and then fabricated and measured. In a results of the measured values, sidelobe level of LTS and Vivaldi antenna with corrugation structure is 4 dB lower than that of LTS and Vivaldi antenna.
The Capacity Analysis of SSB/BPSK-DS/CDMA with Sussessive Interference Canceller
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 484~491
It is necessary to apply SSB modulation method with high bandwidth efficiency to the DS-CDMA mobile communication systems in order to accommodate the increasing number of voice users as well as the broad band and high data rate service in the future. Even though the bandwidth efficiency increases if SSB modulation is applied to BPSK-DS/CDMA, its performance gets degraded because of the increased multiple access interference. Therefore for eliminating the increased multiple access interference, the SSB/BPSK-DS/CDMA with successive interference canceller(SIC) is proposed and its performance and capacity are analyzed. With the limited system bandwidth, it is shown that the SSB/BPSK-DS/CDMA with SIC can accommodate more capacity than the conventional BPSK-DS/CDMA with SIC.
A Study on the Output Signal Characteristics of Microwave Transistor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 3, 2000, Pages 492~498
When multi-carriers are applied to the high power amplifier(HPA) having nonlinear characteristics, the HPA output has unwanted IMD signals. The IMD signal is noise in the HPA. The magnitude and phase of the main and IMD signal of HPA output are changed as the input signal power is changed. If we know exactly the magnitude and phase characteristics of the main and IMD signal, we can design a more adequate linearizer and understand the characteristics of transistor. In this paper the magnitude and phase of the main and IMD signal of HPA output are measured and analyzed for variation of the input power.