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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Dec 2000
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Oct 2000
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Sep 2000
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Aug 2000
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Jun 2000
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Apr 2000
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Analysis on the Planar Bowtie Antenna for IMT-2000 Handset
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 681~688
In this paper, a planar antenna that is small and light, is designed and analyzed aiming handset antenna of IMT-2000. Employing the Ensemble simulator based on a MoM, design-parameters are found to determine a resonant frequency. Therefore, it is analyzed with the Ensemble simulation and FDTD numerical for resonating at the allocated frequency for IMT-2000 in the fixed antenna dimension of 21
wing angle that is a design parameter. Analyzing with FDTD method, Though the results of FDTD are very exact, this analysis introduces errors due to the staircasing approximation in the slope of bowtie. To reduce this error, it is divided to 4-ranges where the cell contains the boundary of perfect conductor/free space. Then, each range is calculated by different by different equation, which modify the H-field to add the component of the area and length of the cell filled with free space. Therefore, the modified FDTD algorithm provided with a narrow bandwidth of return loss calculated with a standard FDTD algorithm that can be extended to the desired ranges.
Performance Analysis of a Cascaded Interference Canceller using Dead Zone Decision for DS/CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 689~696
In this paper, the cascaded co-channel interference canceller using the dead zone decision is proposed to reduced the co-channel interference in the DS/CDMA communication with the multipath fading and its performance is analyzed. The cancellation scheme creates the replica of the co-channel interference using the data decision of correlator output and removes it at the next stage. The canceller uses the dead zone decision which is detecting strong signal to obtain a good performance in the mobile communication. The results of performance analysis show that the proposed cancellation scheme has the improved performance and the number of user is increased 4 times compared with the conventional receiver, and increased 17% compared with the hard decision. And also the perfect power control is required along with increasing the number of user.
New Harmonic Suppressed Microstirp Ring Bandpass Filters
Park, Hyun-Joo ; Kim, Jae-Hyuk ; Park, Ji-Yong ; Lee, Jong-Chu ; Kim, Jong-Heon ; Lee, Byung-Je ; Kim, Nam-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 697~706
In this paper, new bandpass filters that are composed of microstrip ring resonators with the center frequency of 5.775 GHz and the bandwidth of 100 MHz are presented. For the suppression of the unnecessary harmonics, lowpass filters are inserted into the feedlines and ring resonator itself, respectively These bandpass filters show good microwave characteristics with the harmonic suppression ratio of about 39 dB and 35 dB, respectively. Also, the varactor-tuned microstip ring bandpass filter with harmonic suppression is suggested and the tuning bandwidth of more than 450 MHz is obtained.
Flicker Noise Analysis in The Third-order of The PLL System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 707~714
In this paper, using third-order system of the PLL we'll analyze the aspect of flicker noise appearing troubles in the low frequency band. Since it is difficult to analyze mathematically flicker noise in the third-order system of the PLL, introducing the concept of pseudo-damping factor using the optimized second-filter has made an ease of the access of the flicker-noise variance. we'll show a numerical formula of flicker variance in the third-order system of the PLL which is compared with that of 1/f noise variance in the second-order system of the PLL.
A Study on the Design and Fabrication of X-band Dielectric Resonator Oscillator using Phase Looked Loop
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 715~722
In this paper, the PLDRO is designed and implemented for X-band. It is comprised of tunable high Q resonator with a varactor diode for frequency tuning, loop filter and a 1/8 prescaler which up to 10GHz. Also, it is implemented a TCXO and a VCO signal into the phase detector and achieved a highly stable signal source. From the measurement, the designed PLDRO has the output power of 2.5dBm at 8GHz and phase noise of -64.33dBc at 10KHz offset from carrier. Its characteristic is 26 dBc. This PLDRO has much better temperature stability.
Robust Code Acquisition System in Rayleigh Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 723~730
In this paper, we perform a performance analysis of serial acquisition scheme using AWGN rejection filter in Rayleigh fading channel and propose robust acquisition scheme using Reference filter, which is utilized to vary threshold at fading rate, in Rayleigh fading channel. AWGN rejection filter is utilized to evaluate running average for compensating channel gain. The JAKE model, which a channel model, is used for the analysis. The simulation result shows that the mean acquisition time of the proposed acquisition system is minimized than acquisition system using AWGN rejection filter and serial-search acquisition system.
Radix-trellis Viterbi Decoding of TCM/PSK using Metric Quantization
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 731~737
In this paper we propose a decoding algorithm of Ungerboeck TCM/PSK in the concept of Radix-trellis, which has been applied to the decoding of convolutional codes for the high speed decoding. As an example we choose 16-state trellis coded 8-ary PSK. For Radix-4 and Radix-16 trellis decoding, we explain the path metric(PM) and the branch metric(BM) calculation. By using the simulation, we evaluate the bit error rate(BER) performance according to the number of binary digits for I-Q value, PM and BM registers. The proper number of binary digits of each register has been derived.
Analytic Derivation of Single Transmission Line Parameters for Weakly Coupled Meander Line
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 738~747
In this paper it is shown that the meander line at the low frequency can be thought as the single transmission line whose characteristic impedance is approximately equal to that without coupling. But the length is contracted from that without coupling. The approximate contraction ratio is derived for weak coupling and is compared with the circuit simulation results and the EM simulation results. The formula are in good agreement with the simulation results in weak coupling.
Wide Bandwidth Circularly Polarized Aperture Coupled Microstrip Antenna using Cross-slot
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 748~754
A novel single feed wide band CP stacked microstrip antenna using crossed slots has been designed, fabricated and measured. For the single rediating element the designed 10dB return loss bandwidth is 34.5%99.45~13.54 GHz), 3dB axial ratio bandwidth is 18.7%(11.17~13.39GHz), and 6 dB gain bandwidth is 29%(10.21~13.64GHz). For the 2
2 array designed using a sequential rotation method, the 10dB return loss bandwidth is 35.9%(9.69~13.94GHz), 3dB axial ratio bandwidth is 34.6GHz (9.93~14.03GHz), and 6dB gain bandwidth is 27.4%(10.35~13.6GHz). For the fabricated 8
8 array antenna, the 10dB return loss bandwidth is 27.3%(10.17~13.41GHz), 3dB axial ratio bandwidth is 27.9GHz(10.1~13.4GHz), and the radiation pattern is good agreement with theory. This antenna can be used for broadband applications for communications or broadcasting in Ku band.
Analysis of Rectangular DRA(Dielectric Resonator Antenna) using Dielectric Waveguide Model)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 755~762
In this work, we present the resonant frequencies, Qrad, and impedance bandwidth of rectangular dielectric resonator antenna(DRA)for a broad range of aspect ratios using Dielectric Waveguide Model. These presented data are compared with simulation and measurement. The DRA having relative permittivities of 37.84 and 90 have been fed by a coaxial cable and fed using a aperture-coupled method for comparisions. The approximate resonant frequencies are shown to have the prediction error of about 8% and impedance bandwidth is found to have large prediction variation according to feeding method. The data presented in this paper can be used when the aspect ratios of DRA have to be determined for a given resonant frequency and impedance bandwidth.
Examination of the Radiative Transfer Model for Computing Microwave Polarimetric Scattering Coefficients of Vegitation Canopies
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 763~772
The Radiative Transfer Model(RTM) for computation of microwave polarimetric backscattering coefficients of a various types of vegitation canopies has been examined in this paper. Leaves in the vegitation canopy are modeled by rectangular resistive sheets, which sizes and orientations are randomly distributed. Surface roughness and soil moisture of soil surface are considered in this computation. The backscattering coefficients of grasslands are computed for various values of radar parameters and canopy parameters. A polarimetric scatterometer radar system at 15 GHz has been used for measurement of the scattering coefficient from a grass canopy and a cabbage canopy. The computation results obtained by the RTM for the canopies are compared with the measurement for examination of the RTM.
A Broadband Eccentric Annular Ring Microstrip Slot Antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 773~781
We proposed an eccentric annular ring microstrip slot antenna for improving a narrow bandwidth of the conventional annular ring microstip slot antenna. The proposed antenna has an asymmetric slot and a normal microstrip feedline. This antenna is analyzed and optimized by using the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. The impedance bandwidth of the optimized antenna is more than 1 octave that is much broader than the conventional annular ring microstrip slot antenna for the same size.
A High Power SP3T MMIC Switch
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 782~787
The monolithic single-pole three-throw(SP3T) GaAs PIN diode switch circuit for the broadband and high power application was designed, fabricated and characterized. To improve the power handling capability, buffer layers of the diode employ both low temperature buffer and superlattice buffer. The diode show the breakdown voltage of 65V and turn-on voltage of 1.3V. The monolithic integrated switch employed microstrip lines and backside via holes for low-inductance signal grounding. The vertical epitaxial PIN structure demonstrated better microwave performance than planar type structures due to lower parasitics and higher quality intrinsic region. As the large signal characteristics of the fabricated SP3T MMIC switch, the insertion loss was measured less than 0.6dB and the isolation better than 50dB when the input power was increased from 8dBM to 32dBm at 14.5GHz.
Precise Impedance Measurement of Coaxial Loads using Air Line Impedance Standards
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 788~795
In this paper, a method for the precise impedance measurement of coaxial loads using an offset open and short as the reflection standards and reference air lines with different lengths as the impedance standards is proposed. Measured input impedances of power sensors and thermistor mounts obtained from SWR bridges(5~400MHz) and a vector network analyzer(100~1,000MHz) are presented in the frequency range of 5MHz to 1,000 MHz.
A 30 GHz Band Low Noise for Satellite Communications Payload using MMIC Circuits
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 796~805
A 30GHz band low noise amplifier module, which has linear gain of 30dB and noise figure of 2.6dB, for 30GHz satellite communication transponder was developed by use of MMIC and thin film MIC technologies. Two kinds of MMIC circuits were used for the low noise amplifier module, the first one is ultra low noise MMIC circuit and the other is wideband and high gain MMIC circuit. The pHEMT technology with 0.15
of gate length was applied for MMIC fabrication. Thin film microstrip lines on alumina substrate were used to interconnect two MMIC chips, and the thick film bias circuit board were developed to provide the stabilized DC bias. The input interface of the low noise amplifier module was designed with waveguide type to receive the signal from antenna directly, and the output port was adopted with K-type coaxial connector for interface with the frequency converter module behind the low noise amplifier module. Space qualified manufacturing processes were applied to manufacture and assemble the low noise amplifier module, and space qualification level of environment tests including thermal and vibration test were performed for it. The developed low noise amplifier was measured to show 30dB of minimum gain,
0.3dB of gain flatness, and 2.6dB of maximum noise figure over the desired operating frequency range from 30 to 31 GHz.
A Study on the Beam-forming of the Linear Array Antenna using Grating Lobe
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 806~812
In this paper, we theoretically studied on the large antenna array whose element had wider than one wavelength. And we also verified the adaptedness through the experiments. Using grating lobes, we could make antenna have sharp HPBW. Not only HPBW but also SLL could be controlled by giving optimal space for antenna array. In order to verify this method, we designed 4 horn antenna array and measured the radiation patterns at 9 GHz. Each horn antenna has the dimension of 64.3
and HPBW of 27
. The space between antennas is longer than one wavelength so that it may have the grating lobes in visible region. As a result of experiments, we could get HPBW of 4.3
when giving 2.5λ, 2.7λ and 3.0λ of the spacing respectively. We concluded this could be useful making the antenna with narrow HPBW.
An Empircal Model of Effective Path Length for Rain Attenuation Prediction
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 813~821
The engineering of satellite communication systems at frequencies above 10GHz requires a method for estimating rain-caused outage probabilities on the earth-satellite path. A procedure for predicting a rain attenuation distribution from a point rainfall rate distribution is, therefore, needed. In order to predict rain attenuation on the satellite link, several prediction models such as ITU-R, Global, SAM, DAH model, have been developed and used at a particular propagation condition, they may not be appropriate to a propagation condition in Korean territory. In this paper, a new rain attenuation prediction method appropriate to a propagation condition in Korea is introduced. Based on the results from ETRI measurements, a new method has been derived for an empirical approach with an identification on the horizontal correction factor as in current ITU-R method, and the vertical correction factor has been suggested with decreasing power law as a function of rainfall rate. This proposed model uses the entire rainfall rate distribution as input to the model, while the ITU-R and DAH model approaches only use a single 0.01% annual rainfall rate and assume that the attenuation at other probability levels can be determined from that single point distribution. This new model was compared with several world-wide prediction models. Based on the analysis, we can easily know the importance of the model choice to predict rain attenuation for a particular location in the radio communication system design.
Automatic Alignment of a Differential Detector to the Optical Signal in a Wireless Optical Interconnection
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 822~829
In this paper, we introduce a differential detector that automatically aligns itself to the signal beam in order to prevent the voltage variation that may result from minute misalignment of the light source. In this system, a photodiode-array recognizes the central point of the signal beam, and drives motors that correspond to the x and y axes. The photodiode-array aligns itself to the central point of the signal beam, and eliminates the optical noise effect with differential detectioin method. It is very useful in wireless optical interconnections.
Measurement Procedure and Analysis of Terrestrial DTV Field Test in Taejeon
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 830~838
This paper represents measurement prodcedure and analysis of terrestrial DTV field test results over Taejeon city area. Thirty three points were selected as measuring points. Signal power, noise power, Segment Error Rate, RMS delay spread and equalizer performance was measured. The video and audio quality of DTV was good over half of test sites. Equalizer, could correct signal ghost and improve S/N up to 13.7 dB. From this test, the test procedure for DTV will be estabilished.
Electromagnetic Field Distribution Analysis on Reverberation Chamber using Electromagnetic Diffusion Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 11, issue 5, 2000, Pages 839~848
This paper presents the results of an electromagnetic field analysis for a reverberation chamber that is an alternative method of a shielded anechoic chamber, which is widely used for the analysis and measurement of electromagnetic interference and immunity test. Inside the defined test volume of the rectangular and triangular type, the Schroeder Quadratic Residue Diffuser was employed. FDTD(Finite-Difference Time-Domain) simulation method was applied to produce the field characteristics inside those reverberation chambers. According to the results, field uniformities on the aforementioned two types of reverberation chambers were correlated within
4.4dB tolerances, and rectangular type reverberation chamber shows an independent polarization result.