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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
The Implementation and Performance Analysis of Channel Card of Smart Antenna System in CDMA 1x Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~11
This paper presents an implementation of smart antenna system channel card that executes modulation/demodulation. Operations and performances of modules of implemented channel card is confirmed and field test of channel card shows the performance of smart antenna systems. Based on the analysis obtained from the field test in cdma2000 1x environments which contains multipath lading, it is confirmed that smart antenna system channel card provide exact beampattern to the DOA and performance of proposed channel card has better FER by 5∼8 times, compared to 2 antenna diversity system.
SAR Analysis and Design the Microstrip Patch Antenna on Dual-Band(PCS/IMT-2000)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 12~20
In this paper, the detection of 1 g and 10 g averaged SAR on human head caused by PCS/IMT-2000 handhold phones is analyzed and discussed. Planar structured Single-Semi-disc MPA and double-Semi-disc MPA is designed and resonance characteristics with variety of design parameters are analyzed. As a result, 2.0 ㎓ center frequency, at the bandwidth of single-semi-disc MPA and double-semi-disc MPA are 15.5 ％ and 31 ％, respectively. And monopole antenna with W4 length is designed and compared with double-semi-disc MPA in SARs. The SARs caused by double-semi-disc MPA on folder type handset are 0.811 W/kg and 0.507 W/kg and are about 32.7 ％ lower than monopole-1.206 W/kg and 0.7552 W/kg. While the radiation pattern of the monopole antenna is symmetrical, that of planar structured antenna is asymmetrical and SAR caused by double-semi-disc MPA is less than SAR by the monopole antenna.
Application of Block Turbo Code for Improving the Performance of 5 ㎓ IEEE 802,11a WLAN System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~28
In this paper we apply block turbo coding at the transmitter and iterative decoding algorithm at the receiver for different operating modes, based on the 5 ㎓ IEEE 802.1 la WLAN system, instead of convolutional coding and soft decision viterbi algorithm to improve forward error correcting performance. Experimental results showed that each coding scheme outperforms coding gains of up to 3.5 ㏈ at the BER of 10
Pulse Broadening of Optical Pulse Propagated through the Turbulent Atmosphere
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 29~35
When an optical pulse is propagated through the atmosphere space, it is attenuated and broadened by the effect of atmospheric turbulence. This pulse broadening is occurred by the fluctuation in the arrival time of pulse at an optical receiver. In digital optical communication, the attenuation is important factor but the pulse broadening is more important. In this paper, thus, we will find the broadening of pulse propagated through the turbulent atmosphere, present it as the function of the structure constant for the refractive index fluctuation, and simulate it to the turbulent strength and the transmission length.
A Compact and High Performance Lowpass Filter using Combined Characteristics of Slot and Open Stub
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 36~43
In this paper, we proposed a novel compact microstrip lowpass filter with an ultra-wide stopband and prominent cutoff sharpness using slot on the ground plane and microstrip shunt open stub. The microstrip shunt open stub and slot exhibit the different stopband response. The combined characteristics of these structures gives the ultra-wide stopband characteristics and the coupling effect between slots on the ground plane makes the prominent cutoff sharpness. The fabricated microstrip lowpass filter with the size of 20.1 mm
18.7 mm has -3 ㏈ cutoff frequency at 1.187 ㎓ and -20 ㏈ stopband from 1.33 ㎓ to over 20 ㎓ and the insertion loss in the passband is less than -0.4 ㏈ form DC to 1 ㎓.
Design and Fabrication of 2 GHz Doubly Balanced Star Mixer using Novel Balun
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 44~50
In this paper, a DBM(Doubly Balanced Mixer) of 2 GHz is implemented on FR4 substrate. The structure of doubly balanced mixer requires, in general, two batons and a quad diode. For balun, a novel planar balun using microstrip to CPS is suggested and designed. The suggested balun shows the phase imbalance of 180
and the amplitude imbalance of
0.2 ㏈ for 1.5 to 2.5 GHz. Using the balun, DBM is succesfully implemented, and the measured conversion loss of up/down converter show about 6 ㏈ over the bandwidth. The balun may be applicable for MMIC DBM with the process supporting backside via thourgh more study.
Design and Performance Evaluation of Multilevel LDPC Codes
;Yu Yi;Jia Hou;;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 51~59
We design multilevel coding(MLC) with a semi bit-interleaved coded modulation(BICM) scheme based on low density parity check(LDPC) codes. Different from traditional designs, we joint the MLC and BICM together by using the Gray mapping, which can transmit the multimedia data over several equivalent channels with different code rates. To get a good performance from signal-to-noise ratio(SNR) very close to the capacity of the additive white Gaussian noise(AWGN) channel, random regular LDPC code and a simple semi-algebra LDPC(SA-LDPC) code are discussed in MLC with parallel independent decoding(PID). Finally, the numerical results demonstrate that the proposed scheme could achieve both power and bandwidth efficiency for multimedia communication system.
Analysis of Rectangular Ring Microstrip Antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 60~67
In this paper, a rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna has been analyzed by using desegmentation method and evaluation impedance matrices from Green's functions fur rectangular segment and desegmentation method for analysis of planar electro-magnetic structures is discussed. As the rectangular ring cavity could be seen as a structure subtracted a small rectangular cavity from a large one, the overall impedance matrix was obtained by applying a multiport connection method to the individual impedance matrices expressed as a term of Green's function fer rectangular segment. The electromagnetic fields can be solved from a vector potential which is satisfied it's eight boundary conditions. The electric field distribution at each edges was expressed as a histogram table with exciting modes. These results can be used to analyze the operational modes for a rectangular ring microstrip antennas.
Design of a Low Noise Ultraminiature VCO using the InGap/GaAs HBT Technology
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 68~72
The integrated voltage-controlled-oscillator(VOC) operating at 1.75 ㎓ is designed using the InGaP/GaAs HBT process. The proposed noise removal circuit and FR-4 substrate structure in this letter show the better characteristic of the phase noise and reduce the size of the VCO. The frequency tuning range of the VCO is about 200 ㎒ and the phase noise at 120 ㎑ offset is -119.3 ㏈c/㎐. The power consumption of the VCO core is 11.2 ㎽ at 2.8 V supply voltage and the output power is -2 ㏈m. The calculated figure of merit(FOM) is 191.7, which shows the best performance compared with the previous FET or HBT VCO.
Dielectric Waveguide Filters Design Embedded in PCB Substrates using Via Fence at Millimeter-Wave
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 73~80
In this paper, the implementation and embedding method of the existing air-filled waveguide-filters at millimeter-wave on general PCB substrate is introduced by systematically inserting the vias inside waveguide and mathematically manipulating the simple equations obtained ken the classical circular-post waveguide filter design. All the metal structures placed vertically such as side wall fur perfect ground plane and circular-post for signal control in the air-filled WR-22 waveguide are replaced with several types of via for constructing the bandpass-filter. Side wall and poles inside waveguide are realized by placing a series array of via and tuning the via diameter. The lengths of x, y, z axis are reduced in proportion to root square of employed substrate dielectric constant and especially the length of z axis can be more reduced due to the characteristics of the wave propagation. Because the mass production on PCB is possible without fabricating a large-scaled metal waveguide of WR-22 as input/output ports at millimeter-wave regime, the manufacturing cost is reduced considerably. Finally, when using multilayer process like LTCC for small-sized module, it is one of advantages to use only one layer f3r the filter fabrication. To evaluate the validity of this novel technique, order-3 Chebyshev BPF(Bandpass-Filter) centered at 40 GHz-band with a 2.5 ％ FBW (Fractional Bandwidth) were used. The employed substrate has relative dielectric constant of 2.2 and thickness of 10 mil of Rogers RT/Duroid 5880. Accroding to design and measurement results, a good performance of insertion loss of 2 ㏈ and return loss of -30 ㏈ is achieved at full input/output ports.
Performance Analysis of Error Correction Codes for 3GPP Standard
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 81~88
Turbo code has been adopted in the 3GPP standard, since its performance is very close to the Shannon limit. However, the turbo decoder requires a lot of computations and the amount of the memory increases as the block size of turbo codes becomes larger. In order to reduce the complexity of the turbo decoder, the Log-MAP, the Max-Log-MAP and the sliding window algorithm have been proposed. In this paper, the performance of turbo codes adopted in the 3GPP standard is analyzed by using the floating point and the fixed point implementation. The efficient decoding method is also proposed. It is shown that the BER performance of the proposed method is close to that of the Log-MAP algorithm.
Multiple Meander Strip Monopole Antenna with Broadband Characteristic
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 89~95
In this paper, we proposed a multiple meander strip monopole antenna. Using meander strip structure, we could broaden the impedance bandwidth and reduce the antenna height. The proposed antenna has broad bandwidth, from 2.9 ㎓ to 10.85 ㎓, for VSWR
2 and has vertically polarized omnidirectional conical beam radiation pattern, which is suitable for UWB wireless systems.
A Wireless Optical Differential Detector using a Beam Splitter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 96~102
In this paper, optical noise is reduced by a differential detector, which is composed of a beam splitter and two photodiodes whose spectral responses are different each other. In this configuration, the automatic gain control circuit is not required for noise cancellation because the noise intensities at the two photodiodes are kept equal by a beam splitter. The signal to noise ratio in a differential detector with a beam splitter was improved to be 14 ㏈ higher than in a single photodiode with optical filtering.
A New Modeling Methodology of TFBAR
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 103~109
In this paper, a new modeling methodology of thin film bulk acoustic resonator(TFBAR) is presented and the formulations of each lumped element in the model are also introduced. The new model is based upon the Mason model that is a reasonable model to explain the physical characteristics of unit TFBAR. After simplifying the modified Mason model with an additional dielectric loss term, the new model similar to Modified Butterworth-Van Dyke(MBVD) model is complete. The proposed model has three optimization variables which is half of the MBVD model. As a result, the curve fittings for the measured data are much faster and more accurate than any other conventional models. Moreover, it is very useful to design the bandpass filters or voltage controlled oscillators due to the design parameters, such as resonant and anti-resonant frequency, which can reflect the intentions of designer in the model.
Design of a Ka-Band Orthomode Transducer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 110~118
In this paper, a method is presented for the design of an orthomode transducer(OMT) operating at 21/31GHz frequency bands. A square waveguide is used in the common port while the WR-34 standard rectangular waveguide is used in the straight port. The straight port is connected to the common port via a multi-stage quarter-wave impedance transformer. The side port is coupled to the common port through a slot formed along the center line of the common square waveguide. An impedance transformer is employed to match the impedance of the coupling slot with that of the WR-51 waveguide at the output of the side port. Dimensions of the OMT are iteratively optimized employing the theory of waveguide. The validity of the proposed method is verified by fabricating and testing the designed orthomode transducer.