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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
A Novel Performance in Hairpin Oscillator using Aperture and PBG
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 437~443
Aperture has been employed on the ground plane in the hairpin resonator. Aperture has been fabricated by etching the part of the ground effected coupling coefficient and then quality factor of hairpin resonator has been increased. When the hairpin oscillator using aperture has been compared with the conventional hairpin oscillator using microstrip, it has been improved the phase noise about 19 ㏈c @100 ㎑. As a result of PBG connecting to the output of the employing aperture hairpin oscillator, the second and third harmonics are suppressed. In this paper, oscillator has been designed and fabricated in operating 5.8 ㎓ band. The output power has been obtained 0,67 ㏈m and the second harmonic has been suppressed about -53,67 ㏈c.
Performance Improvement of STBC-OFDM System with Advanced Transmit Diversity in Mobile Communications Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 444~450
In mobile communications environment, STBC-OFDM(Space Time Block Code-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) system with transmit diversity obtains the MRRC(Maximal Ratio Receiver Combining) diversity gain in time-invariant channel between two received symbols. But in time-variant channel, due to the interference between received symbols, MRRC diversity gain cant be obtained. So, when the mobile device with transmit diversity moves in high speed, the scheme to reduce the performance degradation due to the interference is needed. In this paper, we propose the receiver architecture with advanced transmit diversity, which improves the performance of STBC-OFDM system. The proposed architecture obtains the diversity gain without the change of transmit bandwidth at the receiver with the interference canceller using ZF(Zero Forcing) algorithm. Simulation results show performance improvement as doppler shift is increasing.
A Study on the Generation of Frame Synchronization Words for W-CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 451~460
The pilot bit pattern of W-CDMA system is used for the channel estimation and frame synchronization confirmation. This paper proposes the binary sequences for the frame synchronization for wideband code division multiple access (W-CDMA) system. We present the circuit for the generation of ideal frame synchronization property using the binary sequences called frame synchronization word(FSW). W-CDMA system uses compressed mode where up to 7 slots per one 10 msec frame are not transmitted to make measurements from another frequency without a full dual receiver terminal. It is shown that the proposed frame synchronization words also maintain the optimal frame synchronization property in the compressed mode by using the complementary mapping relationship of preferred pair. And we discuss the realization circuit for the generation of frame synchronization words by using the concept of preferred pairs, complementary mapping relationship, and maximal length sequence.
Aperture Coupled Circularly Polarized Patch Antenna for Polarization Diversity using Switching Elements
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 461~466
In this paper, the novel patch antenna for polarization diversity using switching element is presented. The proposed antenna consists of the square patch with a pair of truncated corners and a microstrip-feed line with power divider. A switching microstrip-line feed works at schottky diode ON / OFF that is placed at
/4 point from branch-off point of power divider. Polarization diversity has two types(LHCP. RHCP) as switching the schottky diodes. The measured 3 ㏈ axial ratio bandwidth for switching operation is about 2 %.
Theoretical Curve of Normalized Site Attenuation for Forced Resonant Type EMI Dipole Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 467~472
This paper presents the normalized site attenuation characteristics for frequencies below 80 ㎒ using forced resonant type EMI dipole antennas. The coupled integral equations for unknown current distribution are solved by the Galerkin's method of moments with piecewise sinusoidal functions. The results show that the forced resonant type EMI dipole antenna for frequencies below 80 ㎒ can be used effectively for the measuring normalized site attenuation. The calculated normalized site attenuation curves for the forced resonant type EMI dipole antenna are useful in determining the suitability of open area test sites.
Analysis of Near Field for Base Station Panel Antenna(4 X 2 Dipole Array)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 473~479
In this paper, power density in near field is calculated about analytic object which has comparatively large volume in considering used wavelength such as cellular base station antenna. Panel sector antenna which is used widespreadly in domestic cellular wireless communication system is modeled and electromagnetic field distribution in reactive near field region is calculated by FDTD (Finite Difference Time Domain) method. After that, antenna gain in far field region is obtain by near to far transformation. Power spectral density in radiated near field is calculated in applying to gain-based model with antenna gain in far field. Finally, compliance distance is obtained in considering the result from radiated near field calculation and basic restrictions on occupational and general public exposure limits in ICNIRP guideline. In the center of main radiating position, the result from gain-based model is -14.55 ㏈m and the result from surface scanning method is -15.75 ㏈m. When the losses from cables and connectors used in measurement are considered, the results from gain-based model and surface scanning method are nearly coincident.
A Design of Predistortion HPA using Frequency Up-Conversion Mixing Operation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 480~485
In this paper, a new predistortion linearizing method using frequency up-conversion operation of mixer is proposed. This linearizing method doesn't require any additional signal sources in spite of frequency up-conversion mixing operation. This method extracts the 2nd low frequency intermodulation distortion signal from input signals and uses the extracted 2nd low frequency intermodulation distortion signal as mixing signal source. To show validation of the proposed predistortion method, we made K-PCS power amplifier. On 2-tone signals amplification process, the (C/I) ratio of amplifier is improved 26 ㏈ (@Po=22 ㏈m/tone), where two tones are 1.8544 ㎓ and 1.8556 ㎓, respectively. And (C/I) ratio is improved more than to 20 ㏈ for 17 ㏈ output signal dynamic range. On IS-95A CDMA 1FA amplification process, the improvements of adjacent channel power ratio(ACPR) are 10.8 ㏈ and 6.4 ㏈ at
885 ㎑ and
1.25 ㎒ offset points, respectively.
Design of Binary Constant Envelope System using the Pre-Coding Scheme in the Multi-User CDMA Communication System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 486~492
In this paper, we newly propose the binary CA-CDMA(constant amplitude CDMA) system using pre-coding method to solve the high PAPR problem caused by multi-user signal transmission in the CDMA system. 4-user CA-CDMA, the basis of proposed binary CA-CDMA system, makes binary output signal for 4 input users. It produces the output of binary(
2) amplitude by using a parity signal resulting from the XOR operation of 4 users data. Another sub-channel or more bandwidth is not necessary because it is transmitted together with user data and can be easily recovered in the receiver. The extension of the number of users can be possible by the simple repetition of the basic binary 4-user CA-CDMA. For example, binary 16-user CA-CDMA is made easily by allocating the four 4-user CA-CDMA systems in parallel and leading the four outputs to the fifth 4-user CA-CDMA system as input, because the output signal of each 4-user CA-CDMA is also binary. By the same extension procedure, binary 64 and 256-user CA-CDMA systems can be made with the constant amplitude. As a result, the code rate of this proposed CA-CDMA system is just 1 and binary CA-CDMA does not change the transmission rate with the constant output signal(PAPR = 0 ㏈). Therefore, the power efficiency of the HPA can be maximized without the nonlinear distortion. From the simulation results, it is verified that the conventional CDMA system has multi-level output signal, but the proposed binary CA-CDMA system always produces binary output. And it is also found that the BER of conventional CDMA system is increased by nonlinear HPA, but the BER of proposed binary CA-CDMA system is not changed.
FDTD Verification of an Improved Conversion Model for an Open-Ended Coaxial Probe
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 493~498
The complex permittivities of methanol measured from 0.2 to 2.0 ㎓ using an open-ended coaxial probe revealed the large deviation from the given data in literature. In this paper, it was investigated whether the given or measured complex permittivity is similar to the real value of our methanol used for experiment. The FDTD method was applied to confirm the effect of our conversion model excluding the effect of sufficiently small measurement error. The complex permittivities reconverted from the computed reflection coefficient by employing our improved conversion model were not similar to the given value but measured value. These results assured the accuracy and stability of our measurement-and-conversion process.
Analytical Evaluation of MoM Matrix Elements Based upon a New Closed-Form Greenos Functions
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 499~508
An efficient method of moments(MoM), which can lead to the analytical evaluation of the matrix elements, is proposed to analyze microstrip structures. The present method is formulated in conjunction with use of a new closed-form spatial-domain Green's functions which are derived by use of the integral formula for semi-infinite integrals of Bessel functions. It is observed that the computational efficiency such as the amount of calculation and computation speed has been improved due to the present MoM scheme by a factor of about 4 in comparison with the previous method. To validate the proposed method, several numerical examples are presented.
Implementation of High-Quality Si Integrated Passive Devices using Thick Oxidation/Cu-BCB Process and Their RF Performance
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 509~516
High-performance Si integrated passive process was developed using thick oxidation process and Cu-BCB process. This passive process leads to low-cost and high-quality RF module with a small form factor. The fabricated spiral inductor with 225 um inner diameter and 2.5 turns showed the inductance of 2.7 nH and the quality factor more than 30 in the frequency region of 1 ㎓ and above. Also WLCSP-type integrated passive devices were fabricated using the high-performance spiral inductors. The fabricated low pass filter had a parallel-resonance circuit inside the spiral inductor to suppress 2nd harmonics and showed about 0.5 ㏈ insertion loss at 2.45 ㎓. And also the high/low-pass balun had the insertion loss less than 0.5 ㏈ and the phase difference of 182 degrees at 2.45 ㎓.
Compensation Characteristics Dependence on Variation of Fiber Dispersion in WDM Systems with Optical Phase Conjugator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 517~524
In this paper, we investigated the compensation characteristics of distorted NRZ format and RZ format signal dependence on dispersion variation of each transmission section in 8-channel WDM system. The WDM system have two transmission sections of unequal length with respect to optical phase conjugator(OPC) position. We select highly-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber(HNL-DSF) as a nonlinear medium of OPC in order to convert wideband signal waves to conjugated waves. First, we confirmed that RZ is better than NRZ as a modulation format for maintenance or stable performance, when total dispersion or both sections in WDM system is different each other. Also, we confirmed that total dispersion of the short length section must be smaller than that of the long length section in order to excellently compensate for NRZ format signal.
Multicast Routing Algorithm for QoS Improvement in the Wire/wireless Integrated Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 5, 2004, Pages 525~532
In this paper, we proposed a multicast routing algorithm for QoS improvement in the wire/wireless integrated environment. We analyzed requests and characteristics of QoS, and then proposed a new algorithm that can improve QoS by adding node mobility to wire environment. This new algorithm constructs a dynamic multicast tree that can prevent a loss of packet and save the bandwidth. As a result of simulations comparing to another multicast algorithms, we showed that this new algorithm can simply and dynamically adjusts the construction of multicast tree with little delay and the most reducible bandwidth resources.