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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on Design of Band Pass Filter using Ring Resonators
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 533~539
In this work, in order to realize a band pass filter with wide-band characteristics for mobile communications, 2 GHz band pass filter was designed using ring resonator with stub. The three stage wide-band BPF was designed and fabricated. For broadband design, the ring circumference was divided by 4 sections with 1/8 wavelength and 2 sections with 1/4 wavelength which have different line impedances. The characteristics of the proposed BPF were highly improved by using three stage ring resonator. The characteristic impedance values of each sections were obtained by Powell's least square algorithm where differentiations are not needed. The measured results showed a good agreement with the theoretical results as well as ADS simulation.
Design of 5 W Current-Mode Class D RF Power Amplifier for GSM Band
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 540~547
In this paper, a current - mode class D(CMCD) power amplifier over 70 % power added efficiency at 900 ㎒ is designed and implemented. Based on push-pull class B structure, main power loss due to charge and discharge of output capacitance in switching mode power amplifier is minimized by applying a parallel harmonic control circuit. Experimental CMCD amplifier with 73 % power added efficiency at 3.2 W and 72 % power added efficiency at 5 W are achieved respectively. In addition a characteristic of switching mode power amplifier whose output power is proportional to magnitude of U power is verified.
A Design of Microstrip Directional Coupler with the Improved Directivity Characteristic
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 548~553
In this paper, single, two, and three-section microstrip directional couplers are implemented for realizing the high directivity characteristics. The achievement of the high directivity with microstrip configuration is carried out by the distributed capacitor to decrease the even and odd mode phase difference. Capacitive compensation is performed by gap coupling of open stub formed in sub-coupled line. Therefore, insertion loss and power handling capability are not affected by the gap coupling. The proposed structure is easy to fabricate and incorporate another microwave device due to the planner microstrip. We designed and fabricated single, two, and three-section directional coupler with 20 ㏈ coupling. In spite of microstrip structure, the capacitive compensation structure shows 30 ㏈, 27 ㏈, and 25 ㏈ of directivity in single, two, and three-section directional couplers, respectively.
A Miniaturized 2-pole Bandpass Filter with Attenuation Poles
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 554~559
A novel miniaturized 2-pole band pass filter(BPF) is proposed and it has an overlapped hairpin and slot structure on the upper and bottom plane of microstrip lines. Due to the overlapped structure of a hairpin and a slot, the size of the proposed BPF is quite smaller than that of a general BPF having coupled lines. The size of the proposed BPF is reduced to 33 % comparing with the conventional λ/4 coupled BPF. The attenuation is improved by controlling the attenuation poles properly using the proposed structure. The proposed 2-pole BPF is fabricated with a narrow bandwidth(69 ㎒) at center frequency, 1.9 ㎓ which is difficult to make that narrow bandwidth in the conventional coupled lines due to impractical spacing. The design method in this paper can be applied to the design of other microwave circuits to reduce the size and improve the performances.
Design of Broadband 12 ㎓ Active Frequency Doubler using PHEMT
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 560~566
In this paper, active frequency doubler with broadband characteristics from 6 ㎓ to 12 ㎓ was designed and fabricated using PHEMT. The designed frequency multiplier has a bias point near pinch-off and a proposed series RC circuit between bias line and input matching network far the improvement of stability. With 0 ㏈m input power, second harmonic of 1.7 ㏈m at 12 ㎓ -27.5 ㏈c suppression of 6 ㎓ fundamental, -18 ㏈c suppression of 18 ㎓ 3rd harmonic, and the 3 ㏈ output bandwidth of 1,8 ㎓ have been measured.
On the AGC Design of Wireless Communication Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 567~572
This paper shudies an automatic gain control(AGC) algorithm used in wireless communication cellular systems. The AGC design includes the selection of the appropriate analog-to-digital converter(ADC) and keeping the input power to the ADC constant to minimize the quantization noise generated from the analog-to-digital conversion process. In this paper the process to determine the required precision or the An is illustrated and the method to set the design parameters of the AGC is proposed. And the validity of the proposed algorithm is verified by computer simulation.
A Characteristics of RF Sensitivity for a Firing Fuse
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 573~578
EED consists of bridgewire, explosive charge, lead pins and metal case. If a firing signal is injected to EED， the explosive charge in EED is initiated by heating of bridgewire. Electromagnetic waves radiated from high power transmitters or radars can also cause unexpected firing of EED. Therefore, EMC design and test requirements for EED in military specifications are established and applied. This report describes the characteristics of RF sensitivity fur a firing fuse which is used fur EMC test instead of a real EED installed in aircraft. RF firing level of the fuse was predicted using transmission line(TL) theory. n sensitivity and RF sensitivity specified in military specifications were measured.
A Comparative Study of Algorithms for Multi-Aspect Target Classifications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 579~589
The radar signals are generally very sensitive to relative orientations between radar and target. Thus, the performance of a target recognition system significantly deteriorates as the region of aspect angles becomes broader. To address this difficulty, in this paper, we propose a method based on the multi-aspect information in order to improve the classification capability ever for a wide angular region. First, range profiles are used to extract feature vectors based on the central moments and principal component analysis(PCA). Then, a classifier with the use of multi-aspect information is applied to them, yielding an additional improvement of target recognition capability. There are two different strategies among the classifiers that can fuse the information from multi-aspect radar signals: independent methodology and dependent methodology. In this study, the performances of the two strategies are compared within the frame work of target recognition. The radar cross section(RCS) data of six aircraft models measured at compact range of Pohang University of Science and Technology are used to demonstrate and compare the performances of the two strategies.
Design of 4-Pole Low Noise Active Bandpass Filter Improving Amplitude Flatness of Passband
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 590~598
An active capacitance circuit which employs series feedback network for the implement of negative resistance and low noise operation is analyzed in depth and its application to low noise active RF BPF's is discussed. Whereas many authors reported a lot of circuits that embody negative resistance circuit most of them have concerns for the equivalent resistance and reactance value at the center frequency. In this case, it could be possible to face a problem that the negative resistance circuit becomes unstable, or have poor flatness in passband because of insufficient forecast for the negative resistance values as the frequency goes higher or lower. In this paper, we extracted the exact equivalent values of this circuit and analyzed the RF characteristics with the varying the values of active devices and feedback circuits and presented the method that the flatness of passband can be improved. We have designed a 4-pole active BPF, which has the bandwidth of 60 ㎒, 0.67 ㏈ insertion loss, 0.3 ㏈ ripple, and noise figure of 3.0 ㏈ at 1.99 ㎓ band.
Design and Implementation of a Novel Frequency Modulation Circuit using Phase Locked Loop Synthesizer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 599~607
In this paper, using phase locked loop(PLL) synthesizer, we introduce a novel but simple and low cost frequency modulation(FM) circuit of a flat peak frequency deviation fur modulation signal whose frequency covers from outside to inside of the loop-bandwidth of PLL. The FM circuit was basically designed to compensate an amount of feedback of the loop filter in PLL. The circuit also includes the capability of the adjustment of peak frequency deviation and of blocking the intereference with the loop filter. The designed circuit was successfully implemented and showed the flat frequency deviation as expected in the design. In addition, the novel measurement method of the wideband FM modulation index is suggested verified With the suggest measurement, it can be successfully shown the designed circuit has the expected frequency deviation.
Design and fabrication of a Novel 60 GHz GaAs pHEMT Resistive Double Balanced Star MMIC Mixer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 608~618
In this paper, modifying the diode star double balanced mixer of Maas, a novel resistive 60 GHz pHEMT MMIC star mixer is suggested. Due to star configuration, troublesome IF balun for ring configuration FET mixer is not necessary. In addition, the sysematic design method of dual balun through EM simulation is suggested rather than the design by inspection as Maas. The mixer circuit is fabricated as MMIC on CPW base using 0.1 um GaAs pHEMT Library of MINT in Dongguk University. The size is 1.5
and its performance is adjustable by DC supply. It can be operated as both up and down converters and it shows the conversion loss of about 13∼18 ㏈ over the full V-band frequencies.
Characteristics of Compensation for WDM Transmission with Equally Spaced Channels using Mid-Span Spectral Inversion
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 619~626
In this paper, we investigated the compensation characteristics of distorted 16-channel WDM signal due to chromatic dispersion self phase modulation(SPM) and four-wave mixing(FWM). The bit rate and uniform frequency spacing of WDM channels are assumed to be 40 Gbps and 100 ㎓, respectively. The compensation method used in this approach is mid- span spectral inversion(MSSI), Highly-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber(HNL-DSF) is used as a nonlinear medium of optical phase conjugator(On) in order to widely compensate WDM signal band. We confirmed that applying MSSI in WDM channels within special input power level compensates overall interferenced channels mainly due to FWM. But for long wavelength WDM channels having lower conjugated light power with respect to signal light power, compensation quality is deteriorated as dispersion coefficient of fiber becomes higher. Consequently, we confirmed that it is effective D apply MSSI with HNL-DSF as a nonlinear medium of OPC to WDM transmission link with relative small dispersion in order to compensate equally spaced WDM channels.
A Survey of Essential Considerations in the Desist of Downlink Beamforming of Smart Antenna System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 15, issue 6, 2004, Pages 627~633
Downlink beamforming is very important in recent mobile communications which requires wireless internet, VOD(Video-On-Demand), multimedia services. This paper addresses and analyzes the essential considerations fur downlink beamforming of smart antenna system to provide wanted characteristics. Major considerations in this paper are HPA power allocation for downlink beamforming, received power at mobile terminal, concept and performance of auxiliary pilot channel, importance and moth of array calibration, and throughput comparison of downlink and uplink. All above mentioned items are investigated in this paper.