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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 2005
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2005
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study for Efficiency Improvement of Feedforward Power Amplifier by Using Doherty Amplifier
Lee Taek-Ho ; Jung Sung-Chan ; Park Cheon-Seok ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1059~1066
This paper reports an application of Doherty amplifier for efficiency improvement of feedforward power amplifier(FPA). For performance analysis, we measured 15 W average output power using WCDMA 4FA input signal with a center frequency 2.14 GHz. The applied Doherty amplifier presents the characteristics of high efficiency and low linearity in comparison to the class AB amplifier, and it was used as main amplifier of FPA fir efficiency improvement. To analyze the change of characteristic, tow Doherty amplifiers whose linearity and efficiency are different were applied. The applied FPAs are improved about
or more performance in efficiency, but decreased in linearity on 15 W average output power. We additionally modified the coupling factor(CF) of the error loop and the error amplifier capacity for linearity improvement. Aa a result, the efficiency improvement and high linearity resulted from the change of CF and error amplifier capacity. However, we think if the linearity of Doherty amplifier were more than 35 dBc, the FPA would improve the performance about
or more efficiency and maintain enough linearity.
A Circular Micro-Strip Patch Antenna Using a PBG
Lee Bong-Geol ; Jung Chun-Suk ; Woo Jong-Woon ; Ahn Sang-Chul ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1067~1074
Studied antenna's basic structure was circular micro-strip patch antenna. Bandwidth was broaden and back-radiation pattern was decreased because studied antenna had PBG on a ground for improvement in its defect which is skin-effects. And character of antenna according to different shape of PBG was observed. Finally, air-gap whose dielectric constant is lower than substrates was added between substrates sc respond frequency was higher despite small size antenna.
A MB-OFDM UWB Receive Design and Evaluation Using 4. Parallel Synchronization Architecture
Shin Cheol-Ho ; Choi Sangsung ; Lee Hanho ; Pack Jeong-Ki ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1075~1085
The purpose of this paper is to design the architecture for synchronization of MB-OFDM UWB system that is being processed the standardization for Alt-PHY of WPAN(Wireless Personal Area Network) at IEEE802.15.3a and to analyze the implementation loss due to 4 parallel synchronization architecture for design or link margin. First an overview of the MB-OFDM UWB system based on IEEE802.15.3a Alt-PHY standard is described. The effects of non-ideal transmission conditions of the MB-OFDM UWB system including carrier frequency offset and sampling clock offset are analyzed to design a full digital architecture for synchronization. The synchronization architecture using 4-parallel structure is then proposed to consider the VLSI implementation including algorithms for carrier frequency offset and sampling clock offset to minimize the effects of synchronization errors. The overall performance degradation due to the proposed synchronization architecture is simulated to be with maximum 3.08 dB of the ideal receiver in maximum carrier frequency offset and sampling clock offset tolerance fir MB-OFDM UWB system.
Design of Wideband Small Antenna for UWB Communication
Ko Ji-Whan ; Shin In-Ho ; Lee Young-Soon ; Cho Young-Ki ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1086~1098
Two types of small wideband antennas are proposed for UWB application. One type is small biconical structure fed by coaxial probe, which is easy to be installed on the circuit board. The other type is of planar bow-tie type fed by coplanar transmission line. Generally, the bandwidth of the latter type is significantly narrower than that of the former type. It is shown, however that the bandwidth of the latter type can be made to be comparable to that of the former, if some series inductive component is introduced in the center conductor line in the CPW transmission line by replacing some part of center line with narrower line of higher characteristic impedance. The series inductance component play an important role of neutralizing the capacitive component of the small bow-tie antenna, thereby making broadband impedance matching possible. The small planar bow-tie antenna was fabricated and experimented. The experimental results for return loss are observed to be in good agreement with simulated results. The radiation pattern is also investigated experimentally.
An Extended TRL Calibration Method
Kim Yusin ; Lee Chang-Seok ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1099~1105
TRL error correction method is widely used for measuring high frequency device mounted on PCB. In order to correct error more precisely, the characteristic impedance of standard transmission line should be known mounted for error correction. The capacitance per the unit length of transmission line is calculated by using standard transmission line which terminate resistor additionally at previous method and the characteristic impedance of standard transmission line is calculated with fitting method according to frequency, but the characteristic impedance extracted by a manufacturing inaccuracy is influenced. In this study, a novel method can reduce the manufacturing inaccuracy using measured s-parameters and can extract more accurate characteristic impedance than the previous method.
A Study on the Design of Dual-Band Mixer for WLAN 802.11a/b/g Applications
Park Wook-Ki ; Go Min-Ho ; Kang Suk-Youb ; Park Hyo-Dal ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1106~1113
This paper presents a dual-band mixer for multi-standards of IEEE 802.1la/b/g using a single local oscillator, so as to improve the defects of legacy systems. Those systems have duplicate local oscillators and mixers to handle dual band signals, increasing complexity of system and power loss. The proposed circuit shows 11.6 dB, 16.8 dB of conversion loss and 8.77 dBm, 12.5 dBm of IIP3(Input 3rd Intercept Point) for respective bands when the two RF inputs of 2.452 and 5.260 GHz are down-converted to the identical 356 MHz If frequency. The RF-LO isolations are measured 36 dB, 41 dB at each frequencies and over 50 dB of LO-IF isolations are achieved at all cases.
Design of the Low Noise Amplifier and Mixer Using Newly Bias Circuit for S-band
Kim Yang-Joo ; Shin Sang-Moon ; Choi Jae-Ha ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1114~1122
In this paper, the study of a design, fabrication and measurement of the receiver MMIC LNA, mixer for S-band application is described. The LNA is designed by 2-stage common source. The mixer is composed of active LO and RF balun to integrate on a chip and applied a newly proposed bias circuit to compensate the process variations of active devices. The LNA has 15.51 dB-gain and 1.02dB-Noise Figure at 2.1 GHz. The conversion gain of the mixer is -12 dB, IIP3 is approximately 4.25 dBm and port-to-port isolation is over 25 dB. The newly proposed bias circuit is composed of a few FETs and resistors, and can compensate the variation of the threshold voltage by the process variations, temperature changes and etc. The designed chip size is
An Improved PAPR Reduction Using Sub-block Phase Weighting (SPW) Method in OFDM Communication System
Kim Sun-Ae ; Kang Yeong-Cheol ; Suh Jae-Won ; Ryu Heung-Gyoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1123~1130
In this paper, we propose an improved side information processing scheme which is important in the sub-block phase weighting(SPW) method for the peak-to-average power ratio(PAPR) reduction. SPW method is to divide the input OFDM subchannels into several subblocks and to multiply phase weighting with each subblocks, properly for the reduction of the peak power. SPW method is similar to the conventional PTS method when the number of sub-carriers, signal modulation format and the number of subblocks are the same. However, unlike the conventional PTS(Partial Transmit Sequence) and SLM(Selected Mapping) method using many stages of IFFT(Inverse Fast Fourier Transform), SPW method only needs one IFFT. Although PAPR can be reduced by SPW method, complex computation burden still remains. In this paper the flipping algorithm and the full iteration algorithm are used f3r the phase control method. Through the computer simulation, we analyze and discuss the properties and the performance of the suggested method.
A New SPW Scheme for PAPR Reduction in OFDM Systems by Using Genetic Algorithm
Kim Sung-Soo ; Kim Myoung-Je ; Kee Jong-Hae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1131~1137
An orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) system has the problem of peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) due to the overlapping phenomena of many sub-carriers. In order to improve the performance of PAPR, we propose in this paper a new genetic sub-block phase weighting(GA-SPW) using the SPW technique. Not only the selecting mapping(SLM) and the partial sequence(PTS) but also the previously proposed SPW becomes more effective as the number of sub-blocks and phase elements increases. However, all of them have limitation on the number of sub-blocks since the searching repetition increases exponentially as the number of sub-blocks increases. Therefore, in this research, a new GA SPW is proposed to reduce the amount of calculation by using Genetic algorithm(GA). In the proposed method, the number of calculations involved in the iterative phase searching yields to depend on the number of population and generation not on the number of sub-blocks and phase elements. The superiority of the proposed method is presented in the experimental results and analysis.
A Study on Calculation of NFD and Protection Ratio of Fixed Radio Relay System for Analyzing Adjacent Channel Interference
Suh Kyoung-Whoan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1138~1146
This paper makes a study of a formulation of net filter discrimination(NFD) and its computation for analyzing adjacent channel interference and suggests a systematic algorithm for calculating protection ratios of co-channel and adjacent channel applicable to frequency coordination in the fixed radio relay networks. It is shown that adjacent channel protection ratio can be derived from two factors: One is NFD depending upon receiver filter characteristic as well as transmitter spectrum mask and the other is co-channel protection ratio given by a function of fade margin, modulation scheme, and allowable interference. Actually to show the computing procedure from transmitter spectrum mask and receiver filter characteristic, NFD has been obtained for channel bandwidth of 29.65 and 40 MHz at 6.2 and 6.7 GHz band, respectively. According to the results, NFDs at the first adjacent channel of 29.65 and 40 MHz provide 27.4 and 28.9 dB, respectively. From these data, adjacent channel protection ratios corresponding to each channel bandwidth yield 47.5 and 46.3 dB for a given 64-QAM and 60 km. The proposed method gives some merits of an easy calculation, systematic extension, and applying the same concept to frequency coordination in millimeter radio relay networks.
PAPR Reduction Method Using SLM-based WHT and DSI
Kim Sang-Woo ; Kim Namil ; Ryu Heung-Gyoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1147~1154
In this paper, we propose some PAPR(Peak to Average Power Ratio) reduction methods using WHT(Walsh Hadamard Transform) to reduce high PAPR generated in OFDM system because of multi carrier modulation. These proposed methods are the methods which has additional PAPR reduction performance without a loss of bandwidth efficiency and a large increment of calculation complexity than common PAPR reduction methods by combining the WHT with some common methods. In this paper, we propose two PAPR reduction methods made by combining a SLM(Selective Mapping) and DSI(Dummy Sequence Insertion) with a WHT. From simulation result, we can find that the PAPR reduction methods using a WHT can get about 1 dB additional PAPR reduction performance than common PAPR reduction methods; they are SLM and DSI. And, because our proposed methods have not only PAPR reduction effect, but also frequency diversity effect, more stabile data transmission is possible in nonlinear HPA and multipath fading channel.
A Modified Generalized Chebyshev LPF Design with Improved Stopband
Kim In-Seon ; Kim Kwang-Soo ; Lim Jong-Sik ; Ahn Dal ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1155~1163
In this paper, we suggest the new method to considerably enlarge stopband without increment of filter sire and loss. The proposed low pass filter looks like outward configuration with the published Modified Generalized Chebyshev (MGC) low pass filter, but the element values completely differ from each other. The published MGC fille, had been considered only the second attenuation pole to reject(or suppress) the harmonic, whereas the stopband of the proposed filter is superior to the published MGC filter because not only the second attenuation pole but also the third harmonic of the first attenuation pole is made use of profitably. We fabricate a low pass filter according to the proposed theory. From the measurement of the fabricated filter, we can confirm that the stopband of the proposed filter is reached above 4 times wider than the conventional Generalized Chebyshev(GC) filter and above 1.7 times wider than the published MGC filter.
Design of Dual-Band, Dual-Polarized Microstrip Patch Antenna with Two Input Ports
Jeong Hae-Young ; Lee Kwang-Chun ; Lee Sung-Jun ; Choi Ik-Guen ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 16, issue 11, 2005, Pages 1164~1170
This paper presents a dual-band, dual-polarized microstrip patch antenna with simple dual-probe feed. The inter-port isolation and cross-polarization are greatly improved by designing feed structure with annular gap between patch and feed-probe. Measured results show that the antenna's inter-port isolation and cross-polarization in each -10 dB return loss bandwidth of
are greater than 21 dB, greater than 22.2 dB and greater than 27 dB, greater than 19 dB, respectively. The antenna gain is about 6.9 dBi in both frequency bands.