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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Design of Internal FM Radio Antenna for Mobile Terminal
Han, Seung-Mok ; Min, Kyeong-Sik ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 493~500
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.493
This paper describes a design of internal frequency modulation(FM) radio antenna fur mobile terminal. In order to control of impedance at an operating frequency of the designed antenna, the lumped constant elements of R and L chip components are used. Patch and stubs located at antenna backside are added to control an exact resonance frequency and miniaturization. A fabricated antenna sire, the measured return loss, impedance, bandwidth, and gain are
mm, -23 dB at 99 MHz,
, 22 MHz(
MHz) below -10 dB, and -15 dBi, respectively. These measured results show a good agreement with simulated results. Especially, the measured gain of fabricated antenna is similar with value of a conventional ear-phone antenna in the designed frequency band. The measured radiation pattern agrees well with the calculated omni-directional pattern.
Multi-Turn Circular Loop Antenna for Portable Terrestrial DMB
Son, Won-Kuk ; Choi, Ik-Guen ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 501~505
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.501
In this paper, we present a multi-turn circular loop antenna for portable terrestrial DMB. In order to satisfy the two contradictory requirements of small antenna size and high receiving capability, the proposed antenna`s diameter and turns are fixed to be 4 mm and 80 turns, respectively and its quality factor
is set 1 in order to have high transfer function. The fabricated antenna length is 30 mm as small and its measured gain is -15 dBd. The antenna receiving power is verified by measurement very comparable with the receiving power of a commercial terrestrial DMB monopole antenna of length 190 mm.
A Joint SD-MRC Method for Downlink Performance Improvement at Coverage Boundaries of Cellular Systems
Lee, Sang-Dae ; Chang, Jae-Won ; Sung, Won-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 506~514
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.506
At coverage boundaries of cellular systems including the recent WiBro standard which operate with full frequency reuse for increased spectral efficiency, interference signals from the base stations(BS) of adjacent cells degrade the receiver performance. In this paper, a detection method for multiple-antenna mobile stations(MS) is proposed for downlink performance improvement at coverage boundaries of cellular systems. For the performance verification, we obtain the probability density function(pdf) of the effective signal-to-interference and noise ratio(SINR) according to the variation of the interference signals from adjacent cells as well as the number of MS antennas, and calculate the transmission efficiency. We also verify the performance of proposed method with simulation results, to demonstrate a significant performance improvement is achieved over the maximal ratio combining(MRC) and spatial demultiplexing(SD) methods in terms of the effective SINR and the spectral efficiency.
Design and Fabrication of the H-Type Slot Antenna with Bazooka Balun for a WiBro Repeater
Choi, Won-Jun ; Kim, Che-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 515~522
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.515
In this paper, a slot antenna with built-in Bazooka balun aimed for a WiBro repeater was designed and fabricated. The return loss and radiation pattern of the slot antenna were improved due to the introduced Bazooka balun. This balun brings about even radiation pattern and keeps the stabilized coverage of repeater And it is easy to unite this balun with the antenna body by providing the terminal of Bazooka balun with screw shape. H-type slot was used to reduce the size of the antenna, and the slot antenna was fabricated in the structural symmetry with respect to a feeding point to afford the omni-directional radiation pattern. The simulated results were obtained by MWS(Microwave Studio Simulator) of CST company, and the measurement on the proposed antenna was conducted in an anechoic chamber equipped with a network analyzer and a far field measurement system. The measured peak gain shows 5.75 dBi and the average gain is above -0.8 dBi. The return loss remains below -12.35 dB for all frequency bands in WiBro regarded as a good performance.
U-Shaped RFID Tag Antenna with Isotropic Radiation Characteristic
Lee, Sang-Woon ; Cho, Chi-Hyun ; Lee, Kee-Keun ; Choo, Ho-Sung ; Park, Ik-Mo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 523~532
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.523
In this paper, we proposed a U-shaped RFID tag antenna with isotropic radiation characteristic for the stable operation of RFID system. The proposed antenna is composed of a U-shaped half wavelength dipole and a rectangular-shaped feed. In order to have good impedance matching with a tag chip, the commercial tag chip is attached to the lower center of the feed. A gain deviation characteristic of the U-shaped tag antenna can be further improved by inserting a rectangular slit in the lower center of the U-shaped antenna body. On the condition of VSWR<2, the tag antennas of two structures satisfy the Korea UHF RFID bandwidth and showed the gain deviation of less than 1.63 dB and 0.74 dB for without slit and with slit, respectively. On the condition of VSWR<5.8, the U-shaped tag antenna showed the gain deviation of less than 3.8 dB and 1.2 dB for without slit and with slit, respectively.
A Study on the Optimum Synthesis of Beam Patterns and Excitation Current Weights for Monopulse Tracking Linear Array Antennas
Park, Eui-Joon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 533~540
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.533
In the sum and difference pattern synthesis problem of the equi-spaced monopulse tracking linear array antennas, an efficient numerical approach to deriving the relative excitation current weights of antenna elements is presented for the desired patterns. This method is based on the optimum perturbation of null points which are inherent to the Schelkunoffs polynomial representing the pattern array factor. Accordingly, opposite to the conventional method in which the excitation weights are directly optimized, this method is advantageous in that the patterns with the desired individual sidelobe levels(SLLs) and the corresponding excitation weights are easily synthesized by the control of null points. Furthermore, it is showed that two types of difference patterns can be synthesized as imposing the different initial values of null points in the optimization process. The proposed method is numerically validated by synthesizing the patterns with the arbitrary SLLs and substituting the extracted results into the array factor equation.
Equivalent Circuit Design of Broadband 90° Phase Shifter
Sung, Gyu-Je ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 541~546
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.541
A novel, simple and broadband
phase shifter was proposed and fabricated by the LTCC process. It is composed of a
transmission line between two
shorted transmission lines. Design equations for the proposed
phase shifter are derived by the method of admittance parameter analysis. Based on design equations,
phase shifter was designed and fabricated to operate in the C-band with
of phase deviation.
The Gain and Phase Mismatch Detection Method with Closed Form Solution for LINC System Implementation
Myoung, Seong-Sik ; Lee, Il-Kyoo ; Lim, Kyu-Tae ; Yook, Jong-Gwan ; Laskar, Joy ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 547~555
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.547
This parer proposed the path mismatch detection and compensation algorithm with closed form for linear amplification with non-linear components(LINC) system implementation. The LINC system has a merit of using the high efficient amplifier by transferring the non-constant envelop signal which is high peak to average signal ratio into constant envelop signal. However, the performance degradation is very sensitive to the path mismatch such as an amplitude mismatch and a phase mismatch. In order to improve the path mismatch, the error detection and compensation method is introduced by the use of four test signals. Since the presented method has the closed form solution, the efficient and fast detection is available. The digital-IF structure of LINC system applied by the proposed error detection and compensation algorithm was implemented. The performance was evaluated with the IEEE 802.16 WiMAX baseband sinal which has 7 MHz channel bandwidth and 16-QAM. The Error Vector Magnitude(EVM) of -37.37 dB was obtained through performance test, which meets performance requirement of -24 dB EVM. As a result, the introduced error detection and compensation method was verified to improve the LINC system performance.
Response Characteristics of the Scattered Signal of a Microwave Reflectometry
Baang, Sung-Keun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 556~561
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.556
The characteristics of microwave reflectometry, which is based on the technologies of FM radar and is applied as a non-invasive method to examine the properties including density distribution of inhomogeneous media, is investigated. The microwave reflectometry system requires not only an optimized system hardware but as well as the understanding of system response from the media under test in order to provide the system solution describing the object under test quantitatively. The introduction of microwave reflectometry especially in the area of applied plasma physics has been relatively new and the number of usage is found to be increasing gradually. The experimental method to characterize the microwave system as a device to examine the properties of plasma is explained. The microwave reflectometry signals consist of the cutoff signals which originate from the region where most of the reflected power comes from and the scattered signals which result as an interaction of the microwave and the density perturbations. This paper describes the experimental results of the scattered signal from the microwave reflectometry, such as the wavenumber dependence and the sensitivity on density perturbation, and the comparison of the characteristics with those from the numerical simulations and those from the cutoff signals.
Design of a CP Spiral RFID Reader Antenna in UHF Band
Lee, Chu-Yong ; Choo, Ho-Sung ; Park, Ik-Mo ; Han, Wone-Keun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 562~571
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.562
In this paper, we propose a novel structure of a spiral antenna with a CP characteristic for RFID reader in UHF band. Since the proposed antenna can be built by printing on a FR-4 substrate, it is appropriate for low-cost mass-production. The antenna is designed to operate in UHF band of
MHz. The CP bandwidth is Increased enough to cover an overall UHF RFID band by using a spiral structure for the antenna arm. The matching bandwidth is broadened by using a quarter-wave transformer between the fred and the antenna body. The proposed antenna has advantages of its easy gain and pattern control with a small antenna size. The measured antenna performance shows the matching bandwidth of 13%, the CP bandwidth of 23%, and the gain of 6.5 dBi. This verifies that the proposed antenna is appropriate for RFID antennas in UHF band.
Method to Obtain the Antenna Efficiency of a Base Station in the Middle Frequency Band
Bae, Su-Won ; Kwon, Se-Woong ; Lee, Woo-Sung ; Moon, Hyun-Wook ; Yoon, Young-Joong ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 572~579
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.572
To predict the system coverage in the middle frequency(MF) band, it is required to know the antenna efficiency at a base station. However, calculating the accurate efficiency is difficult since the efficiency may change according to the area where the antenna is installed. Thus, this paper proposes a method to obtain the antenna efficiency of a base station in the MF band from the measurement. This method uses the measured field strengths and the attenuation model in the MF band. Therefore, an attenuation model which is used in the proposed method is presented at first. Then, the process of the proposed method is followed using detailed explanations. Finally, antenna efficiencies of base stations which are currently operating are obtained by applying the proposed method and the usefulness of the obtained results are verified by comparing with ideal efficiencies.
A Study on the Coverages of Reference Stations of the Differential Global Positioning System Using a Modified Effective Ground Conductivity in the Middle Frequency Band
Bae, Su-Won ; Kwon, Se-Woong ; Lee, Woo-Sung ; Moon, Hyun-Wook ; Yoon, Young-Joong ; Lee, Yong-An ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 580~586
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.580
The prediction of a system coverage is required to install or operate a base station of the differential global positioning system(DGPS). However, the predicted results differ from the measured results when those are analyzed using ITU-R effective ground conductivity values. Thus, in this paper, the coverages of DGPS reference stations are analyzed using the modified effective ground conductivity values. The modified effective ground conductivity is based on the effective ground conductivity of ITU-R and modified to minimize the error between the measured electric fields and the predicted electric fields by using a statistical method. Then, the DGPS system coverages are analyzed by using the modified effective ground conductivity values, and the system stability is verified with a various analysis.
Optimizing Simulation of Wireless Networks Location for WiBRO Based on Wave Prediction Model
Roh, Su-Sung ; Lee, Chil-Gee ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 19, issue 5, 2008, Pages 587~596
DOI : 10.5515/KJKIEES.2008.19.5.587
For Wireless internet service in Metropolitan area, optimum location selection for base station and cell planning are critical process in determining service coverage by accurate prediction of Wave Propagation Characteristics. Due to different kinds of characteristics in service area such as lay of land, natural feature and material, height and width of artificially made building, it has a great impact on the transmission and distance recovery of wireless network service. Therefore, these facts may cause substantial barriers in predicting & analyzing the expected level of service quality and providing it to subscribers. In this thesis, we have simulated the process to improve quality and coverage of the service by adjusting the location of Base station and the antenna angle that influence the service after the basic location of base station is selected according to the wave prediction model. Based on this simulations test, we have demonstrated the results in which subscribers would get higher quality of wireless internet service along with bigger coverage and the improved quality in the same service coverage area through optimization process of base station.