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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Manufacture of an Acousto-Optical Spectrometer for Radio Astronomical Observations
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~12
The acousto-optical spectrometer as a new type backend of the receiver system for radio astronomical observations is manufactured for radio signal analysis. We studied on the effect of Acousto-Optic and Acousto-Optic devices and designed the optics system. We manufactured the optical mount and the CCD detector for deflected beam and interface card. This acousto-optical spectrometer consisted of a laser, optics, acousto-optic deflector, CCD detector and Interface card. This system use He-Ne laser as a light source and use optics to get parallel beam and to focus the deflected beam. Acousto-optic deflector converts IF signal to ultrasonic wave and deflect the laser beam according to the Bragg deflection. The ultra wide band acousto-optic deflector has 1 GHz bandwidth and a total of 2,048 channel Charge Coupled Device for signal detection. In this study, we discuss the theoretical description on the effect of Acousto-optics, the design of the optics, manufacture of optical mount, CCD detector, interface card and we presented the results of experiment. As a result of measurement, we have 1,000 channels bandwidth from CCD channels.
Design and Fabrication of the Oscillator Type Active Antenna by Using Slot Coupling
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 13~21
In this paper, the oscillator type active antenna used as an element of active phased array antenna is designed and fabricated using slot coupling. The radiating element and active circuit are fabricated on each layer respectively and coupled electromagnetically through slot on the ground plane. This structure can solve the problems such as narrow bandwidth of microstrip antenna, spurious radiation by active circuits, and spaces for integration of the feeding circuits which are caused by integrating antennas with oscillator circuits in the same layer. The active antenna in this paper, the oscillation frequency can be tuned linearly by controlling the drain bias voltage of FET. The frequency tuning range is between 12.37 GHz to 12.65 GHz when bias voltage is varied from 3V to 9V, thus frequency tuning bandwidth is 280 MHz (2.24%). The output power of antenna is uniform within 5dB over frequency tuning range. Therefore this active antenna can be used as an element of linear or planar active phased array antennas.
Analysis of the Signal Degradations and Its Compensation Techniques in the LEO Mobile Satellite Communication
;S. Sampei;N. Morinaga;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 22~34
In LEO system, the signal degradation is mainly due to fading and Doppler shift, so that the analysis of the signal degradation and compensation techniques are very important. As the Doppler shift compensator, the block demodulator has been known to be useful in compensating for the time-varing Doppler shift, but its compensating ability is about several hundreds Hz in 32 ksymbols / s QAM (QPSK) signal transmission. Therefore, in this paper, to compensate for severe fading and Doppler shift more than several kHz, we use a conventional pilot symbol-aided fading compensator, and propose the Doppler shift compensator. It is shown that the proposed compensator is able to compensate for Doppler shift more than several kHz. And a pilot symbol-aided fading compensator is shown to be a suitable scheme for severe Rician fading (
) as well as Rayleigh fading. Also, it is shown that the equal gain combiner improves greatly the QAM performance even if the fading or Doppler shift becomes deeper or larger.
Design of the Beam Tilted Series-fed Microstrip Array Antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 35~41
A series-fed microstrip array antenna of beamwidth
, squint angle
and SLL -15 dB below is designed. Series-fed arrays are formed by interconnecting all the elements by high-impedance transmission lines and feeding the power at the first element and it is a traveling-wave antenna which is terminated with a matched load. Radiation patterns and impedance matching of the antenna are analyzed by Ensemble 4.0, which is a popular software package for designing printed antennas and arrays. The squint angle of beam can be controlled by the spacing between the elements. The major advantages of series-fed array antennas are that feed arangement is compact and the losses associated with the feeding network are less than those of a corporate feed type. The antennas are fabricated on the RT/Duroid Laminates of 62 mil thickness. The experimental results are very close to the specifications to be designed.
Performance Analysis of DS/CDMA with Diversity and Channel Coding in a Land-Mobile Satellite Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 42~51
The satellite channel with a line-of-sight signal component is modeled by a shadowed Rician fading channel. We adopt a direct-sequence / code division multiple access (DS / CDMA), which has the advantage to suppress the multipath effect and increase the user capacity. The performance which is evaluated by bit error probability is subjected to the influence of branch number, multi-user number, and spreading code-length. As the result of the analysis, performance advance is achieved with multi-user number decreasing, number of brnaches increasing, and spreading code-length increasing as chip duration is constant. To use both of diversity combining scheme and channel coding is more efficient for performance improvement than the case using diversity combining scheme only. The use of BCH coding and convolutional coding shows better consequence than Hamming coding. Totally, the performance degradation for heavy shadowing is much larger than that for light and average shadowing as heavy shadowing decreases LOS signal.
A Study on the Fabrication Technologies for the 23 GHz 2-Stage LNA
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 52~60
A 23GHz 2-stage LNA was designed using MPIE numerical analysis and microwave CAD EEsof softwares. The basic circuit was designed by EEsof tools but analyzed more precisely using numerical MPIE tools and modified. The matching sections of the input and output terminals were designed with paralledl coupled filter-type lines, these matching sections perform impedance matching and DC blocking, more over have the advantages of small discontinuities and small errors in the design process. The FET chip is directly attached to the ground metal. The designed LNA gives 15.2dB gain and 2.7dB noise figure. without considering 1.8dB loss of connectors. These results validate our design process and matching schemes and fabrication technologies over the 20GHz frequency range.
Design and Implementation of Base Station Transceiver for Wideband CDMA PCS System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 61~72
The implementation of base station transceiver for Wideband CDMA(Code Division Multiple Access) PCS(Personal Communication Service) system using spread spectrum CDMA technology is presented in this paper. The receiver that requires wide dynamic range and high sensitivity and the transmitter that has good spurious emission supression were designed and implemented with 5 MHz RF channel bandwidth. This paper shows the some factors that should be considered and simulated using the RF simulation S/W with commercial and customized components. The implemented transceiver based on the simulation gave good results that satisfied the functional specifications of the transceiver.
Implementation of Milllimeter-Wave Antennas for Vehicular Radar Applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~82
This paper discusses the design and implementation of parabola, lens, and
rectangular microstrip patch array antennas at 77GHz for vehicular radar applications. The parabola size was
cm and the f/D was 0.263. Open waveguide(WR-12) was utilized as the feed antenna. Two types of lens antennas with f/D=0.5 were investigated ; one was a plano-convex and the other was a double-convex. A patch array antenna was designed using a transmission line model and experimented. Comparing the theoretical values with the measured ones for four antennas, the results were agreed well in 3 dB BW and radiation patterns, while the gain of the patch array antenna was degraded as much as -25 dB due to the feed network and microstrip-to-coax-to-waveguide transition losses.
Characteristics of Time-Changing Electric and Magnetic Fields at a High Voltage Laboratory
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 83~93
This paper deals with measurements and evaluation of the time-changing electric and magnetic fields at a high-voltage laboratory. The electromagnetic disturbances originate mainly from ground faults and on/off operations of electric power equipments. The electronic circuits and control devices are very sensitive to electromagnetic interferences. It is necessory to evaluate the levels of interferences for a given electromagnetic environment. The electric field was observed by the electric field sensor having the bandwidth of the range from 40 Hz to 200 MHz, and the time-changing magnetic field was measured by the loop sensor of which the output is directly proportional to the incident signal. Also, the frequency components of the time-changing electric and magnetic fields induced by an oscillatory transient current and a chopped impulse voltage were analyzed by terms of the fast Fourier transformation, and those give the information about the levels of the electromagnetic interferences and the design of the electromagnetic shielding enclosures.
Phase Noise Reduction in Oscillator Using a Low-frequency Feedback Circuit Based on Aactive Bias Circuit
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 1, 1997, Pages 94~99
There are several factors that have influence on the phase noise of an oscillator. But one of the major factors is the flicker noise of a transistor, since the phase noise of an oscillator is generated by mixing the carrier with the low frequency noise near the DC having the characteristic of 1/f. In this paper, we have presented a method on reducing the phase noise of an oscillator by using a low-frequency feedback circuit based on an active bias circuit, and have fabricated a DRO for a DBS receiver. Measurement results show that the phase noise is -92 dBc/Hz at the 10 KHz offset frequency, and from these results we have found out that the reduction method is very effective.