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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Performance Evaluation of Trunked Land Mobile Radio System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 431~441
In this paper, a performance evaluation method for the Trunked Land Mobile Radio System, so called TRS(Trunked Radio System), is presented. The proposed evaluation method employs LCD(Lost Call Delayed) system model and Erlang-C distribution. In this system, queues are used to hold call requests that are initally blocked. When a user attempts a call and a channel is not immediately available, the call request may be delayed until a channel becomes available. For evaluating system performance, therefore, the probability that any caller is delayed in the queue for a waiting time greater than t seconds is derived and simulated by using such parameters as total number of available channels, traffic load and average duration of a call. Furthermore, the performance of the message and the transmission trunked channel assignment strategies is compared. The performance simulation results show that transmission trunking is shown to be more efficient than message trunking.
A Study on the Miniaturization of Microstrip Bandpass Filters by the Exact Synthesis
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 442~451
We described a miniaturization of microstrip filters by the exact synthesis. With the exact synthesis, we can design completely new circuits physically realizable. The complex procedure for the network synthesis could be reduced by using computer software. It is a new design procedure ensuring the creation of optimum networks which have minimum number of elements. The exact synthesis gives more possibilities to make wideband filters which require bandwidth of 50~100 %. S-plane Bandpass prototypes are made with non-redundant filter synthesis technique that has transmission zero locations at required frequencies. Because this method uses the transmission lines which lengths are
/4 at the stopband center frequency, we can reduce the size of the filter dramatically.
Low Phase Shift Attenuator Using the Half-Moon Radial Stub
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 452~461
In this paper, we present a computer-aided design(CAD) technique for minimizing the phase shift in microstrip PIN diode attenuators due to the junction capacitance in the equivalent circuit model of PIN diode. Microstrip PIN diode attenuators use the characteristics which the reactance of microstrip line changes from inductive to capacitive as the frequency sweeps across the band. Microstrip PIN diode attenuator designed utilizes the quarter-wavelength transmission line terminating with the half-moon radial stub, which is designed for negligible phase shifting effect over the intersted bandwidth. The attenuator has similar phase shift at 0 dB and 10 dB of attenuation within average
between 1.2GHz and 1.9GHz. The input and output return losses between 1.4 GHz and 1.9 GHz are less than 10 dB over the attenuation range of 0 dB and 10 dB.
Calculation of the Impedance of Waveguide with Two Discontinuities
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 462~475
In this paper, the accurate characterization of the input impedance of a rectangular waveguide with a conducting post and the other discontinuity is presented using mode matching method and the equivalent transmission line theory. By the proposed method, the input impedance of rectangular waveguide with a conducting post and the other discontinuity as a function of the radius and height of the post, the reflection coefficient of the other discontinuity, and the distance between the post and the other discontinuity is calculated. The simulated result shows good agreement with the experimental result by Marcuvitz.
Capacitive Equivalent Circuit Modeling for Coplanar Waveguide Discontinuities
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 486~487
This paper presents the pure capacitive lumped element equivalent circuits for several coplanar waveguide(CPW) discontinuities such as an open-end, an open-end with connected ground planes, a gap and an open-end CPW stub and gives their capacitive element values as a function of physical dimensions of the discontinuity and the frequency for a specific substrate. The capacitive element values are determined from the scattering parameters which are obtained using the finite-difference time-domain(FDTD) method. For an open-end, an open-end with connected ground planes and a gap, the numerical results of the FDTD are compared with the quasi-static results which are calculated using the three- dimensional finite difference method(3D-FDM).
Analysis of Electromagnetic Scattering by a Resistive Strip Grating with Tapered Resistivity on Dielectric Multilayers
Uei-Joong Yoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 495~503
In this paper, the E-polarized electromagnetic scattering problems by a resistive strip grating with tapered resistivity on 3 dielectric layers are analyzed to find out the effects for the tapered resistivity of resistive strip and the relative permittivity and thickness of 3 die- lectric layers by applying the Fourier-Galerkin moment methods. The induced surface current density is expanded in a series of Jacobi-polynomial
(.) of the order
= 0 and
=1 as a kind of orthogonal polyomians, and the tapered resistivity assumes to vary linearly from 0 at one edge to finite resistivity at the other edge. The normalized reflected and transmitted powers are obtained by varying the tapered resistivity and the relative permittivity and thickness of dielectric layers. The sharp variation points are observed when the higher order modes are transferred between propagating and evanescent modes, and in general the local minimum positions occur at less grating period for the more relative permittivity of dielectric layers. It should be noted that the patterns of the normalized reflected and transmitted powers for the tapered resistivity are very much different from those of the uniform resistivity and perfectly conducting cases. The proposed method of this paper cna solve the scattering problems for the tapered resistive, uniform resistive, and PEC strip cases.
An Analysis on the RFI of Non-GSO/MSS System into M/W Radio Stations
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 504~515
In this paper, interference of non-GSO/MSS system into M/W radio stations has been analyzed as two aspects. One is that PDF(Power Flux Density) levels, which are received by M/W radio stations from non-GSO satellites, were simulated and compared with the threshold level specified in ITU-R SF.357. The other is that C/I values, which have been utilized in estimating interference between conventional fixed services, were simulated and analyzed by means of calculating excess time percent and duration below the C/I protection ratio. As the results, it was shown that interference levels received by M/W stations from non- GSO/MSS satellites don't exceed above the threshold level at all, even if changing parameters related with M/W stations. In addition, the excess percent time below the interference protection ratio is a long term of 32% in the case of Iridium interfering into a M/W stations route, but only a short term of 1.71% in the case of Globalstar interfering into a M/W stations route.
Propagation and Crosstalk Characteristic Analysis of Pulse Shaped Signals on the Coupled Microstrip Lines
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 516~524
The propagation properties of various pulse signal types(square pulse, Gaussian pulse, trapezoid pulse, RF pulse) on coupled microstrip lines are investigated. Numerical integration technique which has its accuracy and is easily simulated, is used to obtain the time domain response of pulse signals. Frequency-dependent characteristics of coupled microstrip line is obtained using Jansen's approximate equation. The propagation properties of pulse signal on coupled microstrip lines is analyzed regarding to its geometric structure (relative permittivity
substrate height h, strip width w of the microstrip line) and pulse width
of signal pulse. The simulation results show that space between two lines is very significant parameter in pulse distortion in comparison of any other parameters. The results of this paper are compatible to the trade-off determination of relative permittivity, substrate height, strip width and pulse width of signal pulse when a design of MIC and MMIC is necessary.
Sand Moisture Measurement with Microwave Technique in Free Space at X-Band Frequency
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 525~533
A nondestructive moisture measurement technique has been applied to improve the previous moisture measurement method in the building research. The experiment was done in free space using horns since it is the key element for continuous and non-destructive measurement. For this purpose a microwave bridge type analyzer at the frequency of 9.5 GHz was used to determine the moisture content of sands in the range of 1~12%. From this, the representative calibration curves were obtained. This shows that moisture measurement technique using microwave is applicabe to the measurement of moisture in non-metallic materials such as coal, pulp, foods, building materials, etc.
Microwave Imaging of a Large High Contrast Scatterer by Using the Hybrid Algorithm Combining a Levenberg-Marquardt and a Genetic Algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 8, issue 5, 1997, Pages 534~544
The permittivity distribution of a two-dimensional high-contrast object with large size, which leads to the global minimum of cost function, is reconstructed by iteratively using the hybrid algorithm of Levenberg-magquardt algorithm(LMA) plus Genetic Algorithm(GA). The scattered fields calculated in a cost function are expanded in angular spectral modes, of which only effective propagating modes are used. The definition of cost function based on the effective propagating modes enables us to formulate the minimum number of incident waves for the reconstruction of object. It is numerically shown that LMA has an advantage of fast convergence but can't reconstruct a high-contrast object with large size and GA can reconstruct a high-contrast object with large size but has an disadvantage of slow convergence, whereas an inverse scattering technique using the hybrid algorithm adopts only advantages of LMA and GA.