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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Performance Improvement of 16-QAM for Employing Miller Coding Technique in Rayleigh Fading Environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 289~295
The purpose of this paper is to propose an improvement method of BER for coded 16-QAM under Rayleigh fading channel. To overcome the BER degradation due to the fading under mobile communication, we apply delay modulation technique which is efficient to get both a coding gain and approximately one-half those needed by Manchester coding on bandwidth requirements. Especially, the delay modulation scheme is insensitive to the
phase ambiquity common to NRZ-L and Manchester coding schemes. From the computer simulation, BER performance of our scheme has achieved about 3.8 dB improvement of about
, compared to Manchester coded 16-QAM.
Analysis of Broad-Band Electromagnetic Wave Absorber for Single Polarized Wave by the Equivalent Material Method and the FDTD Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 296~304
A design method of an electromagnetic wave absorber with ferrite fins in the second layer, which has very wide band frequency characteristics and is used for single-polarized wave absorption such as TV wave etc, has been designed. To examine the effectiveness of the Equivalent Material Constants Method
which is approximate method, the effective complex permittivity calculated by the Hashin-Strikman formulas and the EMCM are compared. Since, furthermore, the reflectivities by the EMCM in space and the FDTD method in an rectangular waveguide agreed well each other, it has been confirmed that the proposed electromagnetic wave absorber has excellent absorption characteristics in the frequency range of 30 MHz to 5830 MHz. Thus, it can be concluded that the EMCM is usefull to design and analyze the electro-magnetic wave absorber proposed here.
Matching Network Design for Improving the Bandwidth of Microstrip Antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 305~316
The impedance matching network with the simplfied real frequency technique (SRFT) is proposed as a method for bandwidth enhancement of microstrip antenna. The validity of the technique is based on the relative frequency insensitivity of the radiation pattern and gain characteristics as compared to the resonant behaviour of the input impedance. The most significant feature of this technique is that there is no need to find any analytical description of the antenna and generator, and it only utilizes directly real frequency generator and load data over the prescribed frequency band. Furthermore, it is not necessary to invent an analytic form of the system transfer function to assume a matching network topology in advance. In this paper, the transmission line model is used to investigate the rectangular microstrip antenna, and based on the Fano's bandwidth-enlargement theory, the SRFT is introduced to design the matching networks of microstrip antennas in order to obtain a constant gain over the frequency band of interest. Two representative microstrip antnnas with different structure are fabricated and tested. From these procedures, it is obtained that the proposed impedance matching networks of microstrip antenna improve the impedance bandwidth nearly three times compared to the antenna without them.
Error Performance Analysis of DS/CDMA-Trellis Coded QPSK Signal with MRC Diversity Reception in Wireless Data Communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 317~329
In this paper, we have analyzed the packet error probability of DS/CDMA-Trellis Coded QPSK modulation signal with MRC(Maximum Ratio Combining) diversity reception in Rician fading, multi-user interferences and multipath channel. And then we have evaluated the performance and capacity of DS/CDMA-Trellis Coded QPSK system using the MRC diversity reception as a function of direct power to indirect power ratio (
), the number of diversity branch(M), the number of multi-user(U), PN chip rate(PN), the number of multipath channel(
), and packet length(PL). From the results, we know that the coding gain of DS/CDMA-Trellis Coded QPSK system with 2 branch MRC diversity is about 6 dB against uncoded DS/CDMA BPSK system with 2 branch MRC diversity in Rician fading (
), 5 multi-user interferences, and 3 multipath channel. And, we know that coded QPSK signal designed for the AWGN channel also perform well on a Rician fading channel with MRC diversity reception. Consequently, we expected that proposed system structure is reliable to the wireless data communication system in Rician fading, multi-user interferences, and multipath channel.
Circularly Polarized Conical Horn Antenna for Both Transmission and Reception
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 330~337
In this paper, we fabricated a pair of circulaly polarized conical horn antennas for evaluating the scattering characteristics of a hemispherical reflector and of propagation characteristics in in-building environments, which is required for constructing a new wireless in-building communication system of microwave band consisted of a hemispherical reflector installed on the ceiling. The measurements show the fairly good features such that cross-polarization discremination more than 27 dB and axial-ratio less than 1.25 dB.
Bistatic Scattering Cross-Section of a Spherical Conductor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 338~346
In-Building communication network is realized by spherical reflector installed on the ceiling and a pair of circularly polarized antennas. Before realizing the system, the scattering characteristics of a spherical conductor is computed and experimented. In this paper, the computational results using vector spherical wave equation and experimental results of the scattering characteristics of a spherical conductor are dicussed. From the results, the omnidirectional scattering level is confirmed and polarity difference over 13 dB is ensured in light region. With the base on omnidirectional scattering pattern of spherical conductor in light region, spherical reflector is effectable in as Wireless In-Building communication network
Simulation and Verification of the Received Signals in Rician Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 347~358
The possibility of modeling the complex and diversified radio environment using Rician channel has been considered. The signals received in Rician channel have been simulated using the computer simulator. The PDF(Probability Density Function of the Envelope amplitude), PSD(Power Spectral Density), LCR(Level Crossing Rate), ADF(Average Duration of Fades) and BER(Bit Error Rate) of the simulated signal have been compared with those of theory. They were shown to be in good agreement.
Parameters of the Electric and Magnetic Fields Due to Cloud-to-Ground Lightnings
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 359~368
One of the topics concerning the electromagnetic compatibility of modern electronic circuits is to take protection from transient overvoltages caused by not only cloud-to-ground lightnings but also induced lightning discharges. In this paper, the vertical electric and horizontal magnetic fields from cloud-to-ground lightnings were measured and analyzed. The electric and magnetic fields waveforms associated with cloud-to-ground lightnings have several subsidiary peaks which decrease with time. There were not much differences between the electric and magnetic field due to long distance cloud-to-ground discharges. Average values of 10~90% rise times of electric fields are
for the positive cloud-to-ground lightning and
for the negative cloud-to-ground lightning, respectively. Also, in the positive and negative cloud-to-ground lightning discharges, the zero-to-zero crossing times in the wave tail of magnetic fields are significantly longer than those of the electric fields.
A Study on the Propagation Characteristics of Polarization Diversity in rural and Residential Areas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 369~377
In this paper, we performed the comparisons between polarization diversity using dual polarization antennal which has
slanted linear polarization characteristics and conventional space diversity in rural and residential areas. The analysis was done by evaluating the diversity gain improvement and cross correlation coefficients between two received signals through each diversity branch. From the results, we could confirmed that space diversity has bigger diversity gain than polarization diversity by 1~2 dB, and there is a little difference of
in cross correlation coefficients by analyzing CDF under portable mobile phone environments.
An Analysis of a Coaxial-to-Cavity Filter Including a Discended Probe and a Tuning Post by Finite Difference Time Domain Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 378~385
A three-dimensional finite difference time domain (3-D FDTD) algorithm of calculation for the characteristics of coaxial-to-cavity filter including a discended probe and a tuning post is presented. In the arrangement the inner coaxial conductor protrudes into the cavity and operates as a probe radiator. And the height of the rectangular tuning post determines the resonant frequency. The validation of this method is confirmed by comparing the calculated values with experimental results for the designed filter.
Fabrication of IF SDLA for Radar Applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 386~398
In this paper, a high dynamic range IF logarithmic amplifier was designed and fabricated by the successive detection technique for radar systems. The fabricataed IF successive detection logarithmic amplifier(SDLA), a hybrid MIC type, achieves a logarithmic linearity of
1.4 dB and a dynamic range of 80 dB over 0.5 GHz to 1.5 GHz. The tangential signal sensitivity is -76 dBm, the NF is smaller than 5.5 dB, and the input VSWR is 2.0 : 1. This IF SDLA can be applied to radar systems by reducing the size and power consumption.
A Study on Design and Fabrication Method of Tap-Offs with Broad-Band Characteristics of for CATV Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 399~409
In this paper, the broad-band design theory for weakly-coupled Tap-Off for CATV systems has been described and the transmission line impedance matching method has been proposed. The fabricated weakly-coupled Tap-Offs based on the above theory and method have been much improved in the frequency characteristics compared with conventional ones. Thus, the useful bandwidth of weakly-coupled Tap-Offs have been extended from 5 to 2000 MHz. It is also recognized that turn numbers of the coils composing the transformer are not integers but 0.9, 1, 1.9, 2, 2.9, etc., in the actual circuits. Further, the practical measurements of the frequency characteristics for a fabricated weakly-coupled Tap-Off show very good agreements with theoretical results, and hence, the validity of the proposed design theory and transmission line impedance matching method have been confirmed.
Characteristics of Millimeter-Wave Propagation in Rain Environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 3, 1998, Pages 410~418
Rain-attenuation and cross-polarization models for millimeter-wave propagation are discussed and compared with measurements in the various countries. Rain-rate conversion model which converted <
minutes rain-rate data to one minute rain-rate data, which is applicable for domestic environments are also discussed. Using the converted domestic rain-rate data, probability distributions of rain attenuation and cross-polarization discrimination are computed for various models, and the results are compared with each other.