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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
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A Study on the Analysis of the Microstrip Line by Using Inner Source at the FDTD Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 567~577
When continuous and discontinuous microstrip is analyzed with FDTD(Finite Difference Time Domain) method, we used Berenger's 3D-PML as absorbing boundary condition, and IST(Inner Source Technique) was used for source excitation instead of front excitation that is existing method. In the case using IST, we have observed that analyzed characteristic is not affected by the reduced computational domain of the side and top face in which evanescent field and radiation field is exist. Also, if we control the position of the inner source, we could effectively reject the influence of the reflective wave by mean of imperfective boundary condition. In this paper, by using IST, we have calculated dispersive characteristic and characteristic impedance of the microstrip. And we have calculated magnitude and phase of the scattering coefficient, and obtained equivalent circuit of the open microstrip end.
A Study on the Performance Evaluation of Polarization Diversity in Heavy Density Urban
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 578~588
In this paper, we analyzed the propagation characteristics of polarization diversity in the view of diversity gain, cross correlation coefficient and average received signal strength, and compared it with those of space diversity. From the results, we could confirm that in the care of line of sight(LOS), space diversity gain is bigger than polarization diversity gain by 2 dB and the diversity gain of mobile transmitting with 90 degree is bigger than that of mobile transmitting with 45 degree by 1 dB. However, in the area of non-line of sight(NLOS), the diversity gains were all most the same in two diversity schemes and in specular cases, polarization diversity showed better performances. Also it was verified that under the NLOS conditions, diversity gain of mobile transmitting with 45 degree was at least 1 dB bigger than that of mobile transmitting with 90 degree
A Study on The Performance of ATM Cell Transmission over Wireless Link
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 589~602
While ATM technology results in considerable advantages(less overhead, increased throughput) in an optical networks, It causes severe problems(single and burst error) when ATM is transmitted over an error-prone channel, such as wireless link. In this paper we describe our investigation on ATM over wireless network. we first evaluate performance of ATM data transmission over a wireless link. Secondly we analyze performance improvements of Forward Error Correction(FEC) or ARQ(Automatic Repeat reQuest) scheme applied to wireless ATM link and provide performance comparison between FEC and ARQ through the use of packet error rate and throughput. Lastly we suggest error control architecture to overcome the impact of the bit error characteristics of a wireless link on wireless ATM network.
A Study on Resonance Frequencies of a Whispering Gallery Mode Dielectric Resonator Considering Electromagnetic Coupling Phenomena with an Excitation Part
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 603~613
Resonant characteristic of Whispering modes(W. G. mode) on a dielectric disk resonator is influenced by an external circuit that is placed near the disk to excite this type of modes. In order to evaluate this phenomenon, we divide the disk resonator as two parts; a coupling part in which the mode coupling occurs and on uncoupled region. In the coupled part, we regard the part of the disk as a curved waveguide which is loaded with matched circuit, and derive a coupled mode equation for nonparallel dielectric waveguides. From the coupled mode equation, we calculate coupling coefficients and a coupled electromagnetic field. By using the complex coupling coefficients, we can calculate power transfer. We also calculate a resonant frequency in consideration of the mode coupling phenomenon. The calculated resonance frequence is confirmed by experiment for the resonance characteristics. As the results, it is found that the discrepancy between the theoretical and the experimental resonance frequencies is about 1.28% and the discrepancy between theory and experiment of FSR is about 0.6%
Propagation and Radiation Characteristics of Elliptical Corrugated Waveguide
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 614~620
In this paper, we analyze theoritically the propagation and radiation characteristics for elliptical corrugated waveguides. The solutions of wave equations in an elliptic cylinder system are obtained in terms of Mathieu functions of 1st and 2nd kind. The electromagnetic fields in the elliptical corrugated waveguide can be represented by series and products of angular and radial Mathieu functions. By using impedence matching at the boundary between the inner region and the slot region, characteristic equations are derived. Then the characteristic equation is solved for
mode which is dominant mode in the elliptical corrugated waveguide and the fields in the aperture is calculated. And the propagation pattern for the elliptical corrugated waveguides is calculated through the field equivalence principle
Finite Element Analysis on the Characteristics of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Lossy Tunnel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 621~629
Propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves in lossy tunnels are analysed using Finite Element Method with edge basis function. According to the analysis lossy dielectric wall on the tunnel highly affects the characteristics of the waves in the tunnel. Also higer modes are separated using mode orthogonality principle, and the propagation characteristics of higer modes are investigated. To verity the numerical results, miniatures of the tunnels are constructed and measurements of the waves are accomplished.
The Characteristic Analysis of Microstrip Slot antennal with T-Shaped Feed Line
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 630~639
In this paper, a T-shaped microstrip feed line is proposed for a better impedance matching to the microstrip slot antenna in a various range of slot widths. It was found that the bandwidth of this antenna is proportional to the slot width. It was also found that the radiation resistance of this feed line structure is quite constant and low regardless to the slot width. A slot antenna with T-shaped microstrip feed line is analyzed by using the FDTD method. At first, the propagation process of the reflected wave and the electric field distribution in the time domain is calculated respectively. The antenna parameters also are optimized to get maximum band width, return loss, input impedance, and radiation pattern in the frquency domain by Fourier transforming the time domain results. From the computed results, the optimum slot antenna is designed and fabricated. When the slot width is 16 mm, approximately 35% of bandwidths are obtained without a matching circuit. These computed results using FDTD method were in relatively good accordance with the measured values.
A Multiresolution Wavelet Scattering Analysis of Microstrip Patch antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 640~647
Microstrip patch antennas are analyzed by a multiresolution wavelet method. The spectral Green's dyad of the structure is obtained and its joint spatial-spectral domain representations are presented. Based on the joint spatial-spectral domain representation, we show that the spectral-domain wavelets are useful in the analysis of this problem. We obtain the matrix equations of the integral equations of this Green's dyad by using the method of moment(MoM), and efficiently solve the problem using the spectral domain wavelet transform concepts in conjuction with the conjugate gradient method. The results for a single-layered square patch are compared with those of conventional MoM and CG-FFT.
The Effect of Ground Plane Gap on the Radiated Emission
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 648~658
In this paper, the effect of the gap in the ground plane on the electromagnetic interference (EMI) is analyzed quantitatively. Because of a lot of advantages compared to other numerical techniques, the FDTD (finite difference time domain) is applied to the EMI effect modeling. The analyzed model is the simplified PCB (printed circuit board) which has a microstrip and ground plane. The inductance induced by the gap is modeled and calculated by gridding the whole PCB based on the FDTD algorithm. When external cables are attached to the PCB, the common-mode current is induced along the attached cable and the resulting electric field strength is calculated and presented along with the FCC and CISPR EMI limits. The results show that the radiated field strength highly depends on the size of the ground plane gap. The numerical simulation results can be used as a reference in the practical PCB design with the ground plane gap.
Crosstalk and Noise Reduction in Wireless In-house Optical Interconnection Using Differential Amplifiers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 660~667
In this paper, we used differential amplifiers to reduce crosstalk in a wireless in-house optical interconnection in which two channel beams are overlapped. Experimental results show that environmental optical noise is also reduced using the same principle. This method is realized very easily with differential amplifiers without any optical filters or electrical filters. It is very useful in short distance optical interconnections
Analysis of Millimeter Wave Microstrip Patch Antennal Using FDTD Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 668~677
This paper is to verify the availability of the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method for the analysis of millimeter wave microstrip patch antenna. Using this method, the size of the microstrip patch antenna resonating at 32.153 GHz is optimized and the input impedance, the voltage standing wave ratio and the radiation pattern are calculated. The resonance frequencies of the microstrip patch antenna are calculated by MOM and FDTD method and then compared with the measured results, showing the difference of 12.27% and 1.27% respectively. Also, the bandwidth of this Ka-band patch antenna is about 8% which is similar to the case of X-band.
An Anisotropic Perfectly Matched Layer(APML) for Mesh Truncation in The Finite Difference Time Domain Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 678~686
This paper describes an anisotropic perfectly matched layer (APML) for mesh truncation of the Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD) method. The APML method can classified by a split type and an unsplit type, in case of the split type be made up 12 equations or 8 equations largely, and in case of the unsplit type be made of 6 equations. Therefore the latter is more simple as compare with the former. For the APML method presented in this paper is the latter, is directly derived from the time domain equations of Maxwell and extend to the three dimensional problem for the method suggested by Chen. Especially, in the edge and corner parts except the planes, the APML method effectively treated as compound with the Chen's method and Gedney's method newly. The results of the numerical method in this paper show the radiation patterns and the time responses of electromagnetic fields of the wire antennas according to wavelengths and the APML results are compared with Mur's first order absorbing boundary condition and Kraus's analytical results. Eventually, Mur's first order condition have many errors at the edge and corner. On the other hand, in comparison with Kraus's analytical results, it is quite good agreement, and the validity of present method is confirmed.
Measurements of Electric and Magnetic Fields in the Vicinity of Transmission Lines and Electric Appliances
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 687~697
In spite of increasing public concern about the human exposure to electric and magnetic fields(EMFs), there is little information about the EMF levels in the vicinity of power facilities and of home appliances. To provide such information, a nationwide survey for EMFs near overhead transmission lines has been conducted. The median values of the electric fields and magnetic fields of 153 transmission lines were 0.47 kV/m and 11.6 mG, respectively. The maximum values were 3.16 kV/m and 125 mG. These were low values in comparison with any EMF guidelines or standards of advanced contries. Measurements of the magnetic fields of typical home appliances and daily human exposure records have been also conducted. These magnetic field values were comparable to those of the transmission lines.
Inverse Scattering Technique with Series Expanded Field of Dielectric Cylinders in Angular Spectral Domain
The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, volume 9, issue 5, 1998, Pages 698~707
For inverse scattering problems reconstructing cross-sectional permittivity distributions of dielectric cylinders, the angular spectral inverse technique using the moment method with pulse basis function suffers from large reconstruction error even if very small noise due to requiring the higher spectral informations on the larger cross-section of the cylinder. To reduce the number of higher-order spectra, this paper presents an improved inverse technique in angular spectral domain applying the moment procedure with a series-expansion basis function for the induced field in each enlarged cross-sectional cell. By choosing adequate spectra and averaging over the enlarged cells with a suitable weighting function, the reconstruction profiles reveal fine enough to suppress the noise effect significantly.