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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 1995
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 1995
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 1995
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 1995
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 1995
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 1995
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 1995
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 1995
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 1995
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 1995
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 1995
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 1995
Selecting the target year
MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY;THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE(8)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 5~19
Sequencing Control By Group Concept For Mixed-Model Assembly Lines In JIT
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 20~26
An Experimental Study on Power Transmission Characteristics Flow Rate in Fluid Couplings
Park, Y.H. ; D.C. Moon ; M.O. Yum ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 27~35
The fluid coupling combined with a pump and a turbine have many merits compared with other couplings, their uses are increesing rapidly in various industrial fields at home and abroad in pursuit of high-speed more efficiency durability of various mechanic devices. The authorities concerned have recognized the improtance of the fluid coupling and supported its developement and now some trial products began to show up. As the structrue and characteristics of the fluid coupling have little similarity to other kinds of couplings and its fluid behavior is unique, so its characteristic analysis is expected to be difficult. Until now no satisfactory study on the characteristics of the fluid coupling seems to have been conducted at home, so a study on this field needs to be done urgently. The purpose of this research is to construct the experimental test set-ups and establish a series of performance test program for the domestically developed fluid couplings and to provide a software to store and utilize these experimental data which can be used to improve the performance of the fluid coupling and solve on the job problems confronted in operation. The performance test consists of taking measurment of torque, rpm and efficiency of the fluid coupling for three different amount of working fluid inside with various loads to the output shaft and finally infestigating the torque, rpm and efficiency characteristics of the fluid coupling with respect to these parameters. The results of this study can contribute valuable references to the development of variable speed fluid coupling and torque converter currently pursued by the domestic industry.
The Mechanics of Crack Formation Induced by Sliding on a Brittle Material
Kim, J.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 36~44
When sliding a hard cylinder along the surface of glass, periodic surface cracks appear on the flat surface due to tensile stresses induced by the slider. These cracks propagate into the substrate and will affect the fracture properties of a body. Crack spacings and the directions of crack propagation into glass were calculated numerically by applying the finite element method and linear elastic fracture mechanics. The calculated crack spacings were in the range of the experimental results. Stress intensity factors and crack extension angles depended on the radius of slider and the load, and from these two factors the possible directions of crack propagation were calculated. The calculated propagation directions were in good agreement with real crack propagation.
A study on the characteristics of the convex surface machining in CNC milling
H.S. Han ; Lee, D.J. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 45~51
In order to suggest the proper cutting conditons of the CNC milling machining for the free-form surface, some experments were carried out. In the experiments, the influence of cutting conditions on a inclined spherical surface were examined by geometrical analysis. In this study, the roundness and cutting force were measured to know the effect of several cutting conditions on the machined surface and the cutting characteristics were carefully investigated. The results obtained in this study are aw follows. 1) If the tool ha s enough rigidity, we can get better dimensional accuracy in up-ward cutting than down- ward cutting. 2) A great roundness error is appeared on the surface declined under 30 degress to the horizontal plane in circular machining by a bal end mill. 3) If the thrust force is increased, the stability of tool is decreased. And the phenomenon is apperared in great in down-ward cutting than up-ward cutting.
Estimation of Hardening Layer Depths in Laser Surface Hardening Processes Using Neural Networks
H.G. Woo ; H.S. Cho ; Y.H. Han ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 52~62
In the laser surface hardening process the geometrical parameters, especially the depth, of the hardened layer are utilized to assess the integrity of the hardening layer quality. Monitoring of this geometrical parameter ofr on-line process control as well as for on-line quality evaluation, however, is an extremely difficult problem because the hardening layer is formed beneath a material surface. Moreover, the uncertainties in monitoring the depth can be raised by the inevitable use of a surface coating to enhance the processing efficiency and the insufficient knowledge on the effects of coating materials and its thicknesses. The paper describes the extimation results using neural network to estimate the hardening layer depth from measured surface temperanture and process variables (laser beam power and feeding velocity) under various situations. To evaluate the effec- tiveness of the measured temperature in estimating the harding layer depth, estimation was performed with or without temperature informations. Also to investigate the effects of coating thickness variations in the real industry situations, in which the coating thickness cannot be controlled uniform with good precision, estimation was done over only uniformly coated specimen or various thickness-coated specimens. A series of hardening experiments were performed to find the relationships between the hardening layer depth, temperature and process variables. The estimation results show the temperature informations greatly improve the estimation accuracy over various thickness-coated specimens.
Development of mechanistic model for cutting force prediction considering cutting tool states in face milling
Lee, S.S. ; Kim, H.S. ; Lee, Y.M. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 63~73
A mechanistic force system model considering the flank wear for the face milling process has been developed. The model predicts variation of the cutting forces according to flank wear in face milling over a range of cutting conditions, cutter geometries and cutting process geometries including relative positions of cutter to workpiece and rounouts. Flycutting and multitoth cutting teste were conducted on SS41 mild steel with sintered carbide tool. In order to verify the mechanistic force model considering the flank wear of cutting tools, a series of experiments was performed with single and multitooth cutters in various cutting conditions. The results show good agreement between the predicted and measured cutting force profiles and magnitudes in time and frequency domains.
A Cmparion of Data Structures for Non-manifold Solid Modelers
C.C. Heon ; H.S. Hung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 74~81
Several non-manifold data structures have been compared, which are radial-edge data structure, partial-face data structure, vertex-based data structure, and Yamaguchi's data structrue. All the entities in the data structures are classified into common entities and special entities. The entities are also classified as model entities, primitive entities bounding entities, and coupling entities. The four data structures for nonmanifold solid modelers are compared in terms of accessing efficiency, storage requirements, and inclusion of circulation. The results of comparison will serve as the basis to develope a nonmanifold modeler.
Defect Identification through Frequency Analysis of Vibration -In Case of Rotary Machine_
Y.S. Jeong ; G.N. Wang ; Kim, G.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 82~90
This paper pressents a condition-based maintenance (CBM) method through bibration analysis. The well known frequency analysis is employed for performing machine fault diagnosis. The statistical control chart is also applied for analyzing the trend of the bearing wear. Vibration sensors are attached to prototype machine and signals are continuously monitored. The sampled data are utilized to evaluate how well the fast fourier transform(FFT) and the statistical control chart techniques could be used to identify defects of machine and to analyze the machine degradation. Experimental results show that the propowed approach could classify every mal-function and could be utilized for real machine diagnosis system.
An Upper-Bound Analysis of the Square-Die Forward Extrusion of Regular Polygonal-Shaped Tubes from hollow-Cylindrical Billets at Final Stage
Kim, D.K. ; J.R. Cho ; W.B. Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 91~97
In this study, a deformation model for the regular polygonal-shaped tubes from hollow-cylindrical billets is proposed and a kinematically admissible velocity field is obtained from this deformation model. The final stage upper-bound extrusion load and the average extruded length are determined by minimizing the total power consumption with respect to chosen parameters. Experiments have been carried out with hard solder billets at room temperature. The theoretical predictions of the extrusion load are in good agreements with the experimental results and there is generally reasonable agreement in average extruded height between theory and experiment.
A Study on the Damage of CFRP Laminated Composites Under Out-of-Plane Load
Kim, M.S. ; Park, S.B. ; D.C. Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 98~109
An investigation was performed to study the inner damage of laminated composite plates subjected to out-of-plane load. During the investigation, inpact velocity and equivalent static load relationship was derived. Reddy's higher-order shear deformation theory(HSDT) and Hashin's failure criteria were used to determine inner stresses and damaged area. And impact testing was carried out on laminated composite plates by air gun type impact testing machine. The CFRP specimens were composed of [ .+-. 45 .deg. ]
and [ .+-. 45 .deg. /0 .deg. /90 .deg. ]
stacking sequences with 0.75
(mm) dimension. After impact testing. As a result, a relationship holds between damaged area and impact energy, and a matrix cracking was caused by the interlaminar shear stress in the middle ply and was caused by the inplane transverse stress in the bottom ply.
Improvements of Mass Measurement Rate for Moving Objects
Lee, W.G. ; Kim, K.P. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 110~117
This study presents and algorithm and related techniques which could satisfy the important properties of check weighers and conveyor scales. The algorithm of Recursive Least Squares Regression is applied for the weighing system simulated as a dynamic model of the second order. Using the model and the algorithm, model parameters and then the mass being weighed can be determined from the step input. The performance of the algorithm was tested on a check weigher. Discussions were extended to the development of noise reduction techniques and to the lagged introduction of objects on the moving plate. It turns out that the algorithm shows several desirable features suitable for real-time signal processing with a microcomputer, which are high precision and stability in noisy environment.
Design of Initial Billet using the Artificial Neural Network for a Hot Forged Product
Kim, D.J. ; Kim, B.M. ; Park, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 118~124
In the paper, we have proposed a new technique to determine the initial billet for the forged products using a function approximation in neural network. A three-layer neural network is used and a back propagation algorithm is employed to train the network. An optimal billet which satisfied the forming limitation, minimum of incomplete filling in the die cavity, load and energy as well as more uniform distribution of effective strain, is determined by applying the ability of function approximation of the neural network. The amount of incomplete filling in the die, load and forming energy as well as effective strain are measured by the rigid-plastic finite element method. This new technique is applied to find the optimal billet size for the axisymmetric rib-web product in hot forging. This would reduce the number of finite element simulation for determining the optimal billet of forging products, further it is usefully adopted to physical modeling for the forging design
A Study on Chargin and Discharging Characteristics of Variable Volume with Compressed Air
Kim, D.S. ; Kim, H.E. ; B.S. Kang ; B.J. Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 125~131
Pneumatic System has been mainly used as main equipment for actuation and control of fluid force in manufacturing industry. For velocity control of piston, meter-out restriction method is used in many cases. In this systems, meter-out restriction method is adopted for analysing the Dynamic Charging and Discharging Process which is Variable Volume Chamber. Experiments has been conducted for different supply pressure condition. As a experimental result, charge side chamber pressure rises to supply pressure rapidily and discharge side chamber pressure decreases. Also, when the air in the cylinder is discharged, tempdrature of air decreases steeply. Restriction of the Cylinder sometimes freeze and it dose not function. The result will be useful for the analysis of pneumatic system.
An Analysis of the Wave Propagation of the flow-induced Elastic Stress Waves in the Layered Structure and it's 1 D.O.F. Modelling
Lee, J.K. ; Lee, U.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 132~139
Turbulent boundary layer pressure fluctuation exerted on the surface of a structure can give rise to a elastic stress wave on the surface of the structure. The stress wave so called surface wave, will not only propagate along the surface of structure but also penerate into the structure. To reduce the transmission of stress wave into the structure the elastomer layer is usually attactched on the surface of structure. The transfer function, which is defined herein as the ratio of stress waves at the surface and bottom of the elastomer layer, is derved by use of the cylindrical coordinates system. The elastodynamics of the elastomer layer subjected to the turbulent boundary layer pressure fluctuation is represented by the simplified one degree-of-freedom model for easy prediction of the stress wave transmission as well as efficient design of the elastomer layer.
Development of Cross-sectional Information Conversion System from STL file for Stereolithography
Park, H.T. ; Kim, J.A. ; I.H. Paik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 140~147
This paper deals with conversion from the STL file to the Slice to the Slice cross-sectional information for Stereolithography. The STL file is widely used for Stereolithography, but it is very difficult to convert STL file into Slice file directly. Because it consists of an ordered list of triangular net without any topological information other than the orientation of each facet. So, The system is accomplished by data flow through several intermediate stages such as Reference. SL1. .SL2L. .SL3. and .SLC file. The data processing is performed in 5 steps: 1) Create a Reference file including common information. 2) Modify STL file within the effective range of SL machine. 3) Calculate a point of intersection between plane equation and line equation. 4) Sort z values in ascending order using quick sort algorithm. 5) Search the adjacent points and formulate a closed loop usingsingly linked linear list. The system is developed by using Borland C++ 3.1 compiler in the environment of Pentium PC, and verified to be satisfactory by making some prototypes of electric household appliances.
Feature Classification and Representation Method for Components of Injection Mold
Y.M. Kyoung ; K.R. Ryu ; K.K. Cho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 11, 1995, Pages 148~158
This paper describes a hierarchical structure for feature definition and classification, and feature representation method based on frame structure for process planning of prismatic machined components of injection mold. The concept of Volume Removal Directions and Vertical Faces is proposed to develop a method to define and to classify features for components of injection mold systematically. A method for classifying features by the combination of volume removal directions and vertical faces is developed, and also a feature representation method by using frame structure to represent design and manufacturing information is presented.