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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 1995
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 1995
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 1995
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 1995
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 1995
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 1995
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 1995
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 1995
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 1995
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 1995
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 1995
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 1995
Selecting the target year
MACHINE TOOL TECHNOLOGY; THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE (9)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 5~18
Development of a Ddistributed Numerical Control System
Kim, S.H. ; S.W. ; S.B. ; J.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 19~29
The basic technology for a production system represented by design, machining, assembly, and inspection, is machining technology such as CNC machine tools. etc. Direct Numerical Control, that effeciently manages NC programs is developing into Distributed Numerical Control that increases the utilization of the machining cell. It has the ability of monitoring and control, in real time, for CNC and periperial equipment. In this study, we develop a Distributed Numerical Control system that has real time and multitasking operation capability for the machining cell with various CNC's. With the consideration of economy, generalization and extension, the system is interfaced with CNC machine tools and periperial device using RS-485 network and RS-232C communication methods.
Monitoring of Mechanical Seal Failure with Artificial Neural Network
Lee, W.K. ; Lim, S.J. ; Namgung, S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 30~37
The mechanical seals, which are installed in rotating machines like pump and compressor, are gengrally used as sealing devices in the many fields of industries. The failure of mechanical seals such as leakage,fast and severe wear, excessive torque, and squeaking results in big problems. To monitor the failure of mechanical seals and to propose the proper monitoring techniques with artificial neural network, sliding wear experiments were conducted. Torque and temperature of the mechanical seals were measured during experiments. Optical microstructure was observed for the wear processing after every 10 minute sliding at rotation speed of 1750 rpm and scanning electron microscopy was also observed. During the experiment, the variation of torque and temperature that meant an abnormal phenomenon, was observed. That experimental data recorded were applied to the developed monitoring system with artificial neural network. This study concludes that torque and temperature of mechanical seals wil be used to identify and to monitor the condition of sliding motion of mechanical seals. An availability to monitor the mechanical seal failure with artificial neural network was confirmed.
3-Dimensional Measurement of the Cylindrical Object Using Computer Vision
T.J. Jang ; K.S. Joo ; M.H. Han ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 38~44
This paper presents a method to measure the position and orientation of a Cylindrical Object(unknown the eiameter and length) lying on a floor, using a camera. The two extreme cross section of the cylinder will be viewed as distorted ellipese or circular are, while its limb edge will be shown as two straight lines. The diameter of the cylinder is determined from the geometric properties of the two straight lines, which in turn provides information regarding the length of the cylinder. From the 3-dimensional measurement, the 3D coordinates of the center points of the two extreme cross sections are determined to give the position and orientation of the cylinder. This method is used for automated pick-and-place operations of cylinder, such as sheet coils, or drums in warehouses.
Evaluation on the Driving Characteristics of a Precise Actuator Using Piezoelectric Elements
Kim, S.C. ; Kim, S.H. ; Kwak, Y.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 45~52
A prototype of a linear piezoelectric actuator is developed and its dynamic behaviors are investigated. The actuator consists of a driving tip with two stacked piezoelectric elements and a slider. Dynamic characteristics of slider over various vibration lici of the driving tip and changes of normal force acting on the vibratory tip are examined through experiments. The moving direction of slider can be controlled by changing a phase angle between input signals applied to piezoelectric elements. A change of phase difference between input signals also have a great influence on the vibration locus of driving tip. Changes of slider motion due to different vibration loci are examined by experiments.
Application of the explicit time integration finite element method to quasi-static metal forming problems
Y.H. Yoo ; D.Y. Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 53~63
In the analysis of metal forming problems, the explicit time integration finite element method, which does not have convergence problems, is frequently used. The present work is to assess the applicability of the explicit time integration finite element method to quasi-static metal forming problems. Compressing analyses of thin-walled tubes and solid cylinders are performed with different loading velocities. The computed buckled profiles of thin walled tubes are compared with the theoretical and experimental ones and it is found that at sufficiently low loading velocity, the explicit time integration finite element method accurately predict quasi-static buckled profiles. When loading volocity is increased, the computed buckled profiles of thin-walled tubes are very sensitive to loading velocity however the computed profiles of solid cylinders are less sensitive to loading velocity. In orther words, the geometrically self-constrained specimens like solid cylinders are less sensitive to loading velocity than the geometrically unconstrained specimens like thin-walled tubes. As a result, it is found that the geometrically self-constrained problems which include the greater part of metal forming problems can be efficiently analyzed with loading velocity control technique.
Analysis of Dynamic Fracture Behavior by Using Instrumented Charpy Impact Test
Lee, O.S. ; Kim, S.Y. ; S.K. Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 64~71
This investigation evaluates dynamic fracture characteristics of two alloy steels (STD-11 and STS-3) and a gray cast iron (GC-30). The dynamic fracture toughness of crack initiation and some of the dynamic fracturing characteristics were evaluated by using the instrumented Charpy impact testing procedures. It was found from experimental results for three kinds of materials that inertia force is directly proportional to impact velocity. The duration time of inertia force was found to be constant regardless of impact velocities in steel specimens.
An Analysis of Cutting Force in Micromachining
Kim, D.S. ; C.H. Kahng ; Y.K. Kwak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 72~80
Ultraprecision machining technology has been playing a rapidly increasing and important role in manufacturing. However, the physics of the micromachining process at very small depth of cut, which is typically 1 .mu. m or less is not well understool. Shear along the shear plane and friction at the rake face dominate in conventional machining range. But sliding along the flank face of the tool due to the elastic recovery of the workpiece material and the effects of plowing due to the large effective negative rake angle resultant from the tool edge radius may become important in micromachining range. This paper suggests an orthogonal cutting model considering the cutting edge radius and then quantifies the effect of plowing due to the large effective negative rake angle.
A Study on the Modeling of Solenoid Valve for Anti - lock Brake System
C.S. Song ; H.J. Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 81~90
Anti-lock Brake System has been developed to reduce tendency for wheel lock and improve vehicle control during sudden braking on slippery road surfaces. This is achieved by controlling the braking pressure avoiding wheel lock, while retaining handling and brake performance. This paper is concerned about characteristics of a solenoid valve in hydraulic modulator for controlling brake pressure. First, it was modeling the electromagnet by the permeance method. Second, it was modeling the commercial Maxwell poackage program. And then, a experiment was performed in order to justify modeling. The result of modeling coincided with teh result of experiment and commercial packabe program. As a result, these modelings will be able to use in analysis of dynamic character- istics of the solenoid valve for braking.
Design Analysis in a Cavity with Leadframe during Semiconductor Chip Encapsulation
S.J. Han ; Y.J. Huh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 91~99
An effort has been made to more accurately analyze the flow in the chip cavity, particularly to model the flow through the openings in the leadframe and correctly treat the thermal boundary condition at the leadframe. The theoretical analysis of the flow has been done by using the Hele- Shaw approximation in each cavity separated by a leadframe. The cross-flow through the openings in the leadframe has been incorporated into the Hele-Shaw formulation as a mass source term. The temperature of the leadframe has been calculated based on energy balance in the leadframe. The flow behavior in the leadframe has been verified experimentally. In the experiment, a transparent mold and clear fluid have been used for flow visualization. Comparisons were made between the calculation and experimental results which showed a good agreement.
In-Process Monitoring of Chatter Vibration using Multiple Neural Network(II)
Kim, J.S. ; M.C. Kang ; Park, C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 100~108
The In-process minitoring of the chatter vibration is necessarily required to an automatic manufacturing system. In this study, we constructed a multi-sensing system using tool dynamoneter, accelerometer and AE(Acoustic Emission) sensor for a more credible detection of chatter vibration. And a new approach using a multiple neural network to extract the features of multi-sensor for the recognition chatter vibration is proposed. With the Back-propagation training process, the neural network memorize and classify the features of multi-sensor signals. As a result, it is shown by multiple neural network that the chatter vibration can be monitored accurately, and it can be widely used in practical unmanned system.
Vibration Excitation Mechanism of Commercial Vehicle Driveline
Park, B.Y. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 109~119
A driveline incorporating universal joints when driving through an angle can excite various components in a vehicle with second order excitation of torsional and bending vibrations, being transmitted either audibly(noise), or physically(vibration). For a certain range of vehicle dpeed noises can be radiated from the cab wall, in which resonances occur by the excitations transmitted from the driveline as a vibration source. In this paper, the excitation mechanism of cab noises is studied especially for the vehicle speed range of 65 .approx. 75 km/h through the simulation for torsional vibrations of the driveline and for bending vibrations of the cab of an 11 Ton grade Cargo Truck, and verified additionally by vibration and noise measurements. As a result, it is found that the uncomfortable noises in the cab are caused mainly by the abrupt increase of the joint angle of driveline near the axle differential resulted from the excessive clearance alignment of the leaf spring gate.
Tool Wear Monitoring in Milling Operation Using ART2 Neural Network
S.I. Yoo ; T.J. Ko ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 120~129
This study introduces a tool wear monitoring technology in face milling operation comprised of an unsupervised neural network. The monitoring system employs two types of sensor signal such as cutting force and acceleration in sensory detection state. The RMS value and band frequency energy of the sensor signals are calculated for te input patterns of neural network. ART2 neural network, which is capable of self organizing without supervised learning, is used for clustering of tool wear states. The experimental results show that tool wear can be effectively detected under various cutting conditions without prior knowledge of cutting processes.
A Study on the Machined Surface Morphology of Laminate Composite
D.H. Wang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 130~138
Machined graphite/epoxy surfaces were studied by using SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), surface profilometry and its analysis to determine suitable surface describing parameters for machined unidirectional and multidirectional laminate composite. The surface roughness and profile are found to be highly depdndent on the fiber layup direction and the measurement direction. It was possible to machine 90 .deg. and -45 .deg. plies due to the adjacent plies, which were holding those plies. It was found that the microgeometrical variations in terms of roughness parameters
(Maximum Damage Depth) region and
are better descriptors of the machined laminate composite surface than commonly used roughness parameters
The characteristics of surface profiles in laminate composite are well represented in CPD (Cumulative Probability Distribution) plot and PPD (Percentage Probability Density) plot. Edge-trimmed multidirectional laminate surfaces are Gaussian and random for profiles measured along the tool movement direction, they are periodic and non-Gaussian in the direction perpendicular to the tool movement.t.ent.t.
Fuzzy Control for An Electro-hydraulic Servo System
H.H. Joo ; Lee, J.S. ; W.S. Jang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 139~148
In this paper an electro-hydraulic servo system is designed by using a fuzzy control algorithm. In order to drive an optimal fuzzy control system, a simulation program for the control system has been developed. By this program the fuzzifier and defuzzifier, a fuzzy inference method, a fuzzy relational matrix, and a fuzzy inference method are investigated. As a result, Larsen inference method, 9*9 fuzzy relational matrix, and center of area defuzzifier are turned out the best as parameters. Finally this method is compared with the conventional PID algotithm, and showed that the fuzzy control performs better than PID algorithm. The fuzzy control performs very well adap- tation against uncertain disturbances.
A development of the surface roughness model in face milling operation
D.K. Baek ; T.J. Ko ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 149~156
This paper presents the surface profile of machined workpiece in face milling operation. The roughness model of feed direction is considered the cutting condition, the profile and run-out of inserts. For the dynamic model the cutting system can be modeled as avibratory system. The dynamic model of surface roughness is considered the relative displacements between tool and work- piece which can be obtained from the cutting system. These model can predict various surface roughnesses. i.e. maximum and arithmetic mean surface ruughnesses. Therefore, the developed model can be used for the monitoring of surface roughness.
A Study on Dynamic Characteristic Analysis of Straight Bevel Gear
S.K. Lyu ; G.S. Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 157~164
Straight belvel gear is used mainly for steering system, final reduction and differential gear in the automobile. The more high load, high velocity driving bevel gear, the more unsafe and unpleasant. In thid study, we get a kinematic equation by modelling straight bevel gear pair with simple elastic system, the dynamic characteristic analysis about this system, we got the dynamic load factor of tooth surface. Comparing the value of dynamic load factor by calculation with the measured value of Terauchi's experimental results is similar. We think it useful to analysis the vibration and the noise of straight bevel gear in operation with the analytic method of dynamic load of straight bevel gear using in this study.
Design of an Arm Section for a Direct Drive SCARA Robot having the Minimum Cycle Time
Kang, B.S. ; Park, K.H. ; Kwak, Y.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 165~172
Many algorithms to enhance a speed performance of a robot have been studied, but it's rare to consider disign aspect of a robot arm for time optimal problem. In this paper, section demensions of a robot arm and a velocity profile of an end-effector were optimally designed to minimize the cycle time. Capacity of actuators, deflections of end-effector, and a fundamental natural frequency of the robot arm were constrained in optimal design. For a given path with a trapezoidal velocity profile, torques of each joint were calculated using the inverse kinematics and dynamics. For the SCARA type robot which is mainly used for assembly tasks, the time optimal design of each robot arm id presented with the above constraints.
A Study on Housing Design in Conception of Dynamic Characteristics
S.K. Lyu ; H.J. Jeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 12, issue 12, 1995, Pages 173~179
This paper descrived housing design in conception of dynamic characteristics. The vibration and noise in power train system of automobile are important on the environment matter. The vibration caused by meshing teeth of gear is transmitted to the gear box faces through shafts and bearings. Shape of housing is used different radius of curvature(R=0 to 80 mm). The velocity responese, sound power and radiation efficency on the surface of gear box are calculated. The sound power and radiation efficency are compared with different radius of curvature.