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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
Detection of the Cutting Tool's Damage by AE Signals for Austempered Ductile Iron
Jun, T.O. ; Park, H.S. ; Ye, G.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 25~31
In this paper, three different types of commercial tools -P20, NC123K and ceramic- have been used to cut austempered ductile iron(ADI). In the austempered condition the materials are hard, strong and difficult to machine. Thus, we selected a optimum tool material among three different types of used tools in machining of austempered ductile iron. It was used acoustic emission (AE) to know cutting characteristic for selected tool and investigate characteristic of AE signal according to cutting condition and relationship between AE signal and flank wear land of the ceramic tool. The obtained results are as follows ; (1) The ceramic tool among three different types of tools is the best in machining austempered ductile iron. (2) In case of ceramic tool, the amplitude level of AE signal(AErms) is mainly affected by cutting condition and it is proportional to cutting speed. (3)There have been the relationship of direct proportion between the amplitude level of AE signal and flank wear land of the tool. (4) It was observed that the value of AErms was only affected by cutting speed. Therefore it is possible to in-process detec- tion of ceraic tool's wear in case the initial value of AErms at each cutting speed decided.
Enhancenent of Wear Resistance of TiN Coated High Speed Steel Tools through Improving some Coating Processes
Lee, Y.M. ; Son, Y.H. ; Kim, H.S. ; Back, J.Y. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 32~37
Using the are ion plating(AIP) process, TiN coating was deposited onto high speed steel substrates. The effects of coating thickness, titanisum interlayer and shield on wear resisting capability of the coated tools were investigated. In order to promote good adhesion between the substrate and the TiN coating a thin Ti interlayer was deposited. A shield was set up also between Ti target and high speed steel substrates to prevent molten droplets from reaching the substrate. Three series of varying thickness of TiN coated layer were prepared with or without the Ti interlayer, and with or without the shield. The tools with the Ti layer and the shield showed longer tool lifes than those of other series of tools and the commercially available TiN coated HSS tools, by up to 70%.
Aluminum Wire Bonding by Longitudinal Vibration of Ultrasonic Transducer
Lee, G.B. ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 38~45
In recent years, ultrasonic has been widely applied in measurement and industrial fields and its application range has been expanded as a result of continuous research and development. Wire Bonding Machine, an instrument fabricating semi-conductor, makes use of ultrasonic bonding method. Specially, the method utilizes the longitudinal vibration of ultrasonic transducer composed of piezoelectric vibrator and horn. This work investigates the design conditions affecting the dynamic characteristics through the theretical and experimental analysis. It conducts separately the system identification of piezoelectric vibrator in time domain and the modal analysis of horn in frequency domain. The integrated modeling is conducted via a combbination of dynamic identification of piezoelectric vibrator and theroretical analysis of horn. Then comparison is made for theroretical and experimental results of the dynamic characteristics of the ultrasonic transducer comprised of piezoelectric vibrator and horn. Form the results of the comparison we develop the design technique of ultrasonic transducer using dynamic characteristics analysis and propose the possibility of ultrasonic bonding considering the optimal conditions for the longitudinal vibration of ultrasonic transducer and other conditions.
A Global Planarization of Interlayer Dielectric Using Chemical Mechanical Polishing for ULSI Chip Fabrication
H.D. Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 46~56
Planarization technique is rapidly recognized as a critical step in chip fabrication due to the increase in wiring density and the trend towards a three dimensional structure. Global planarity requires the preferential removal of the projecting features. Also, the several materials i.e. Si semiconductor, oxide dielectric and sluminum interconnect on the chip, should be removed simultaneously in order to produce a planar surface. This research has investihgated the development of the chemical mechanical polishing(CMP) machine with uniform pressure and velocity mechanism, and the pad insensitive to pattern topography named hard grooved(HG) pad for global planarization. Finally, a successful result of uniformity less than 5% standard deviation in residual oxide film and planarity less than 15nm in residual step height of 4 inch device wafer, is achieved.
Monitoring Systems of a Grinding Trouble Utilizing Neural Networks(2nd Report)
J.S. Kwak ; Kim, G.H. ; J.B. Song ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 57~63
Monitoring of grinding troble occurring during the process is classified into the quantitative data which depends upon a sensor and the qualitative knowledge which relies upon an empirical knowledge. Since grinding operation is highly related with a large amount of functional parameters, it is actually deficulty in copying wiht the grinding troubles through the process. To cope with grinding trouble, it is an effective monitoring systems when occurring the grinding process. The use of neural networks is an effective method of detection and/or monitroing on the grinding trouble. In this paper, four parameters which are derived from the AE(Acoustic Emission) signatures are identified, and grinding monitoring system utilized a back propagation learning algorithm of PDP neural networks is presented.
Measurement of the 3-Dimensional Shapes of Specular Objects by Using Double Pass Retroreflection
Park, W.S. ; Y.K. Ryu ; H.S. Cho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 64~72
This paper is aimed to develop an optical method for measuring 3-dimensional shapes of specular objects having curved surfaces. The existing methods measuring the shapes of specular objects have several common disadvantages: they may not work properly if the surface is highly specular like mirror surface or if the reflectance property is not uniform over the surface. And, they often require the a priori knowledege about the surface reflectance. To overcome these disadvantages, the measurement using double pass retroreflection method is proposed in this paper. For this measurement principle, an experimental measuring system is designed and prepared which is composed of a galvanometer scanner, a beam splitter, a laser source, a CCD camera, and a reflector made of retroreflective material. To verify the effectiveness of the measurement system a series of experiments are performaed for various specular objects. The results observed from the experiments show that the developed optical sensing system can be an effective mean of measuring the 3-D shapes of specular objects.
Optimization of Machining Process Using an Adaptive Modeling and Genetic Algorithms(1) -Simulation Study-
T.J. Ko ; Kim, H.S. ; Kim, D.G. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 73~81
This paper presents a general procedure for the selection of the machining parameters for a given machine which provides the maximum material removal rate using a Genetic Algorithms(GAs). Some constraints were given in order to achieve desired surface integrity and cutting tool life conditions as wel as to protect machine tool. Such a constrained problem can be transformaed to unconstrained problem by associating a penalty with all constraint violations and the penalties are included in the function evaluation. Genetic Algorithms can be used for finding global optimum cutting conditions with respect to the above cost function transformed by pennalty function method. From the demonstration of the numerical results, it was found that the near optimal conditions could be obtained regardless of complex solution space such as cutting environment.
Optimization of Machining Process Using an Adaptive Modeling and Genetic Algorithms(ll) - Cutting Experiment-
T.J. Ko ; Kim, H.S. ; B.W. An ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 82~91
In this study, we put our object to carry out adaptive modeling of cutting process in turning system, and to find out the optimal cutting conditions to maximize material removal rate under some constraints. We used a back-propagation neural network to model the cutting process adaptively and a genetic algorithm to find out optimal cutting conditions. The experimental results show that a back-propagation neural network could model the cutting process effciently, and optimized cutting conditions for maximizing the material removal rate were obtained through the adaptive process model and genetic algorithms. Therefore, the proposed approach can be applied to the real machining system.
A study on Contact Pressure Measurement of SM45C/STS410 Materials by Means of Ultrasonic Waves
Yi, W. ; Yun, I.S. ; Jeong, E.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 92~99
The contact pressure in jointed plates was measured by means of an improved ultrasonic technique. In order to get calibration curve, the relationship between contact pressure and ratio of boundary and bottom echo of normal beam probes were obtained for the calibration blocks with various surface roughness. The ratio of boundary and bottom echoes were measured for the upper/under plates locally compressed with uniform pressure, and the distribution of contact pressure was obtaines. The measured pressure has a good agreement with results of FEM analysis. Thus the proposed ultrasonic method in this work is very useful to measure the contact pressure.
An Experimental Study on the Detection of Tool Failure Using Telemetering Technique
Kim, W.S. ; Lee, J.H. ; Kim, D.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 100~105
In this paper presents a new technique (stain-telemetering) for detection of coated tool failure in face milling processes. In the cutter body, the strain signals received from the transmitter are transformed into frequency modulation(FM) signals in face milling processes. The receive which is placed near by the Vertical milling machine receives the FM signals, then the signals are sent to a computer, which shows the tool failure. In this paper, A on-line monitoring of the tool failure detection system based on the strain-telemetering apparatus has been represented.
Design of STS304 Extrusion Die for Wear Reduction
Kim, T.H. ; Kim, B.M. ; Park, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 106~113
Using stainless steel as the cold forged parts especially the outer parts of automobile is gradually increasing because it can bear up against the erosion and the wear. During cold forging of the stainless steel the working pressure acting on die surface are very high therefore the wear on die surface can be greatly increased. In cold forging processes, die failure must be considered before die design. One of the main reasons of die failure in industrial application of metal forming technologies is wear. The die wear affects the tolerances of forged parts, metal flow and costs of processes etc. The only way to to control these failures is to develop methods which allow prediction of the die wear and which are suited to be used in the desing stage in order to optimize the process. In this paper, the rigid-plastic finite element method was combined with the wear prediction routine and then the forward extrusion process using stainless steel was analysed simultaneously. To minimize the die wear the FPS algorithm was applied and the optimal conditions of die configuration are suggested.
Finite Element Simulation of Sheet Metal Shearing by the Element Kill Method
D.C. Ko ; Kim, C. ; Park, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 114~123
The major objective of the present paper is to estabilish analytical technique in order to closely understand and analyze the actual shearing process. First of all, isothermal and non-isothermal FE-simulation of the shearing process are carried out using finite element software DEFORM. Based on preliminary simulation using DEFORM, the finite element program to analyze two dimensional shearing process is developed. The ductile fracture criterion and the element kill method are also used to estimate if and where a fracture will occur and to investigate the features of the sheared surface in shearing process. It can be seen that the developed program combined with the ductile fracture criterion and element kill method has enabled the achievement of FE-simulation from initial stage to final stage of shearing process. The effects of punch-die clearance on shearing process are also investigated. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed technique the simulation results are compared with the known expermental data. It is found that the results of the present work are in close agreement with the published experimental results.
Dynamic Material Property of Mn-B Alloy High-Strength Steel
C. Chang ; S.I. Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 124~131
The dynamic material property of Mn-B ally high-strength steel is investigated through the rod impact test which is one of simple test methods for the analysis of the material behavior under high-strain-rate. Rod impact test is performed to produce the deformed shape of rod and analyzed by the one-dimensional theory based on conservation law and the two-dimensional hydrocode AUTODYN-2D. The dynamic yield stress is determined and compared with the static yield stress to investigate the strain-rate sensitivity of Mn-B alloy high-strength steel.
A Study on the Modeling and Control of a Flexible One-Link Manipulator Moving in a Vertical Plane
Kim, J.D. ; S.H. Oh ; C.Y. Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 132~142
This paper presents a technique to model and control a manipulator which has a flexible link and moves in a vertical plane. The flexible link is modeled as an Euler-Bernoulli Beam. Elastic deformation of the flexible link is represented using the assumed modes method. A comparison function which satisfies all geometric and natural boundary conditions of a cantilever beam with an end mass is used as an assumed mode shape. Lagrange's equation is utilized for the development of a discretized model. This paper presents a simple technique to improve the correctness of the developed model. The final model including the shortening effect due to elastic deformation correlates very well with experimental results. The free body motion simulation shows that two assumed modes for the representation of the elastic deformation is proper in terms of the model size and correctness. A control algorithm is developed using PID control technique. The proportional, integral and derivative control gains are determined based on dominant pole placement method with a rigid one-link manipulator. A position control simulation shows that the control algorithm can be used to control the position and residual oscillation of the flexible one-link manipulator effectively.
Computational Estimation of Process Parameters in Structural Reaction Injection Molding
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 143~151
Static Obstacle Crossing Locomotion of a Four-Legged Walking Machine
Park, S.H. ; G.J. Chung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 11, 1996, Pages 152~162
A four-legged Walking Machine can move on the plain terrain with mobility and stability and stability, but if there exist any obstacles on the terrain of the motion direction, it takes extra time to cross those obstacles and the stability should be considered during motion. The main objective is the study a Quadruped which can cross obstacles with better mobility, stability and fuel economy than any other wheeled or tracked vehicles. Vertical step, isolated wall and ditch are the basic obstacles and by understanding those three cases perfectly, a Quadruped can move on any mixed rough terrain as 4-legged terrestrial vertebrates move. Each leg of a Quadruped has a limited walk space called a walking volume and this is very important to deter- mine the crossing capability in a static analysis. A Quadruped can be simplified with links and joints. By applying the research method, a quadruped can determine the control procedures as soon as it receives the terrain information from scanner and finally can move with mobility and stability.