Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
Machine Tool Technology; The Present and the Future(12)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 9~25
Successful implimentation of the new automobile industry policy for korean model cars.
Kim, Z.Q. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 26~30
The successful development of the automobile industry in Korea is the firstfruit of the epochmaking automobile policy in 1973: Top-Down mass production of Korean model cars. In Top-Down system, indigenous model, which is the most important and difficult part of the automobile industry, is devised first, followed by the mass production of the major parts, such as bodies, engines, etc. This system is in contrast to the prevailing Bottom-up system in the third-world, which assembles automobiles by gradually adding up simple domestic parts. The Government, faced with a vicious circle of depen- dence on assembly of foreign cars, high prices, small demand and low production, decided it was time to move to the mass production of the indigenous models. It was hoped that the efficiencies of low cost Korean models would be epochally improved by overcoming the sway of foreign models and by strengthening the production capabilities of the main parts. In contrast to these develop- ment planning, assembled vehicles numbered only 26,300 units in 1973. In the year of 1995, the total number of automobile production have already passed 2,534,000. As steady growth in worldwide demand is forecast, Korea will able to play a major role as an important automobile maker of the next century
Development of position correction system of door mounting robot based on point measure: Part I-Algorithm
Kim, M.K. ; H.J. Kang ; S.M. KiM ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 34~41
This work deals with finding a suitable position correction algorithm of industrial robot based on measuring particular points, which calculates two dimensional correction quantities and the must allow visually acceptable door-chassis assembly task. Three optimizing algorithms corresponding to three differ- ent error based performance indices are compared and selected to the best one, in terms of the predefined total uniformity, line uniformity and computational time. The selected algorithm(Total Error Minimization) is implemented for a simple door-chassis model to show its effectiveness.
Development of position correction system of door mounting robot based on point measure: Part ll-Measurement and implementation
S.D. Byun ; H.J. Kang ; Kim, S.M. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 42~48
In this paper, a position correction system of industrial robot for door-chassis assembly tast is developed in connection with the position correction algorithm shown in Part I. Tow notches and a hole of auto chassis are selected as the reference measure points and a vision based error detection algorithm is devised to measure in accuracy of less than 0.07mm. And also, the transformation between base and tool coordinates of the robot is shown to send the suitable correction quantities caaording to robot's option. The obtained algorithms were satisfactorily implemented for a real door-chassis model such that the system could accomplish visually acceptable door-chassis assembly task.
A study on the characteristics of hydraulic automatic gauge control system for a reversing cold mill
Kim, S.K. ; E.C. Jeon ; Kim, M.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 49~55
Recently, the necessity for more accurate automatic gauge control has increased of customers' requirement for cold rolled steel sheets with thinner gauge and better gauge quality. Therefore, many cold rolling mills replaced its electric screw down automatic gauge control system with a new hydraulic automatic gauge control system, to ensure closer gauge tolerance. In this paper, The performance of a hydraulic automatic gauge control system for cold rolling has been investigated under industrial conditions. It was investigated that variation of gauge deviation according to the final products thickness, cold rolling speed and pass number, in the actual rolling mill. As a result, it was found that the system enables strip thickness variation to be reduced substantially and caused by poor gauge deviation have been drastically decreased. The test results are as following. The more the exit steel strip thickness is thick, the smaller the aguge deviation rate is large, and the more it is thin, the large the gauge deviation rate is large. Because the gauge deviation is larger at accleration speed and deceleration speed than steady speed, so automatic gauge control system is better to adopt over 50m/min. automatic gauge control system reduces rapidly large thickness deviation.
Measurement of motion accuracy by two-dimensional probe on NC machine tools -1st report, Measurement of the circular motion accuracy-
E.C. Jeon ; S. Oyamada ; M. Tsutsumi ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 56~62
This paper presented a new measuring system to improve circular motion accuracy by using two-dimensonal probe and master ring for NC machine tools. This measuring system reduced the circular motion error conspicuously by eliminating the influence of the acceleration/deceleration range and compensating the friction force whose influences were significant while measuring the motion. Experimental results show that this system had enough accuracy to measure a circular motion for NC machine tools, compared with the circular test method and the r .theta. method.
Detection of localized defects in ball bearing using phase spectrum
J.H. Yoon ; Lee, J.M. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 63~69
Recently, vibrational signal processing as a tool of machinery diagnosis has been actively studying. In this study, a new scheme for detection and diagnosis of localized defects in ball bearings, using unwrapped phase spectrum of FFT is described. The characteristic phase spectra for such defects shows linearly varying patterns due to the repetitive impact signals generated by localized defects, i.e., one linear line for single defect and various linearly changing shape according to angle between the two defect located points. The effectiveness of this method is confirmed by computer simulation and experiments on bearing with single or double defects at different locations.
On-line control of product uniformity for quality improvement
S.D. Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 70~79
In off-line process optimization, process parameters are controlled such that the process is robust against changes in equipment conditions and incoming materials. The off-line methods, however, are not effective when the changes are so large that process parameters need to be adjusted. On-line control can respond to such large changes, but process uniformity has not been controlled on-line due to the difficulties in modeling. This paper is aimed at developing a new on-line control methodology where the uniformity is controlled effectively. The process variability is categorized based on the physical considerations, and the process parameters are classi- fied considering their effects on the categorized process variabilities. On-line control is performed with the properly selected process parameters so that robustness may not be degraded. The developed methodology is applied to the single wafer plasma etching processes, which resulted in both higher within-a-wafer uniformity and compens- ation of the incoming material non-uniformity.
Development and application of FEM/GEM program for evaluating formability of stamping dies
Kim, J.P. ; Y.T. Keum ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 80~93
A 2-dimensional FEM/GEM program was developed under the plane strain assumption using linear line elements for analyzing stretch/draw forming operations of an arbitrarily shaped draw-die. FEM formulation adopted a new algorithm for solving force equilibrium as well as non-penetration condition simultaneously. Also, a rigid-viscoplastic material model with Hill's normal anisotropic yield condition and rate-sensitive hardening law is assumed, along with the Coulomb friction law in the contact regions. For the case of numerical divergence at nearly final forming stages, geometric force equilibrium method(GEM) is also introduced. The developed program was tested by simulating the forming processes of cylindrical punch/open die, and the drawing processes of automotive oilpan and hood inner panel in order to verify the usefulness and validity of FEM/GEM formulation. The numerical simulation verified the validity and robustness of developed program.
Ductile fracture analysis on the surface and internal fracture of cold forged products
Kim, T.H. ; D.C. Ko ; Park, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 94~101
This paper presents an investigation of the ability of the scheme to simultaneously accomplish both prediction of fracture initiation and analysis of deformation in cold forged products. The Cockcroft-Latham criterion which is successfully applied to a variety of loading situations is used in the present investigation to estimate if and where surface and internal fracture occur during the deformation process. The numerical predictions and experimental results of two types of fundamental cold metal forming process taken into account are compared. Finite element simulation combined with fracture criterion has successfully predicted the site of surface or internal fracture initiation and corresponding to level of deformation observed experimentally.
Automation of deburring process using vision sensor and TSK fuzzy model
S.W. Shin ; C.S. Gal ; D.S. Ahn ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 102~109
In this paper, we present a new approach for the automation of deburring process. An algorithm for teaching skills of a human expert to a robot manipulator is developed. This approach makes use of TSK fuzzy mode that can wxpress a highly nonlinear functional relation with small number of rules. Burr features such as height, width, area, grinding area are extracted from image processing by use of the vision system. Grinding depth, repetitive number and normal grinding force are chosen as control signals representing actions of the human expert. It is verified that our proposed fuzzy model can accurately express the skills of human experts for the deburring process.
Finite element analysis of casting processes considering molten-metal flow and solidification
S.I. Yoon ; Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 110~122
Finite element analysis tool was developed to analyze the casting process. Generally, casting process consists of mold filling and solidification. Both filling and solidication process were simulated simultaneously to investigate the effects of process variables and to predict the defect. At filling process, thermal coupling was especially considered to investigate thermal history of material during the filling stage. And thermal condition at the final stage of filling is used as the initial conditions in a solidification process for the exact simullation of the actual casting processes. At mold filling process, Lagragian-type finite element method with automatic remeshing scheme was used to find the material flow. A perturbation method with artificial viscosity is adopted to avoid numerical instability in low viscous fluid. At solidification process, enthalpy-based finite element method was used to solove the heat transfer problem with phase change. And elastic stress analysis has been performed to predict the thermal residual stress. Through the FE analysis, solidification time, position of solidus line, liquidus line and thermal residual stress are found. Through the study, the importance of combined analysis has been emphasized. Finite element tools developed in this study will be used process design of casting process and may be basic structure for total CAE system of castings which will be constructed afterward.
A study on the reliability and life of hypoid gear axle
S.Y. Han ; Kim, H.S. ; S.M. Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 123~131
This paper presents the development of an algorithm for the reliability and life of a hypoid gear axle system (located in the last section of power train) in heavy vehicles. The algorithm is developed about expecting the reliability and service-life for applied loads on each component in the system using the Weibull's probabilistic distribution and the extended Palmgren's model. The probabilistic method is used to results. Also this model is involved in predicting the failure which is related to the number of load cycles with the approaching load. Then the precious evaluation of the reliability and life in the axle system can be effectively carried out. Thus the general procedures of a reliability and life design, including the mathematical formulation and numerical examples, are illustrated for a hypoid gear axle system.
A study on an analysis of torsional vibration of a driveline of heavy duty truck
Hwang, Won-Gul ; Kim, Ki-Sei ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 132~140
This paper developes a torsional vibration model of heavy duty truck drive line for simulation of a driving rattle, which causes very annoying noise to driver at the full load driving condition. Test results show a peak in the fit plots at the frequency of the 2nd harmonics of propeller shaft revolution. A 10 d.o.f. lumped parameter nonlinear torsional vibration model is constructed and engine torque variation is calculated from P- .theta. diagram. Time responses are simulated and compared with the test results, which show fairly good agreement. The effects of paramenter change are investigated, and the optimum configuration is proposed.
Cutting Force Prediction during Wavy Cutting with a Worn Tool
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 141~149
Development of smart CAD/CAM system for machining center based on B-Rep solid modeling techniques(l) (A study on the B-Rep solid modeler using half edge data structure)
H.G. Yang ; Kim, S.I. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 150~157
In this paper, to develop a smart CAD/CAM system for systematically performing from the 3-D solid shape design of products to the CNC cutting operation of products by a machining center, a B-Rep solid modeler is realized based on the half edge data structure. Because the B-Rep solid modeler has the various capabilities related to the solid definition functions such as the creation operation of primitives and the translational and rotational sweep operation, the solid manipulation functions such as the split operation and the Boolean set operation, and the solid inversion function for effectively using the data structure, the 3-D solid shape of products can be easily designed and constructed. Also, besides the automatic generation of CNC code, the B-Rep solid modeler can be used as a powerful tool for realizing the automatic generation of finite elements, the interfer- ence check between solids, the structural design of machine tools and robots and so on.
Development of smart CAD/CAM System for Machining Center Based on B-Rep Solid Modeling Techniques(ll) (A study on the 3-D CNC Cutting Planning Method Using Solid Model)
H.G. Yang ; Kim, S.I. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 3, 1996, Pages 158~164
In this paper, the CNC cutting planning module for product with three dimensional solid shape is realized to develop a smart CAD/CAM system which performs systematically from the shape design of procuct by the B-Rep solid modeler to the CNC cutting of product by a machining center. The three dimensional solid shape of product can be easily designed and constructed by the Euler operators and Boolean operators of the solid modeler. And the various functions such as the automatic generation of tool path for the rough and finish cutting processes, the automatic elimination of overcut, the automatic generation of CNC code for the machining center and do on, are established. Especially, the overcut-free tool paths are obtained by splitting the CL solid which is composed of the offset surfaces of the solid shape of product.