Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
Machine Tool Technology; The Present and the Future(14)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 15~29
Analysis of flexure stiffness and stiffness test in DTG
Youn, J.O. ; Kim, J.H. ; Lee, J.G. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 30~37
The objective of this research is to explore the analysis and test method for the reliable design and fabrication of a high precision dynamically tuned gyroscope. The tuning frequency is decided by the calculation of mass moment of inertia of rotor and gimbal and the stiffness of flexures. Due to the complex geometry of the flexure, calculation of the stiffness of the suspension flexure is difficult. In this paper, three analytical methods for obtaining the stiffness of the flexure are porposed and a special testing method is used for checking the accuracy of the computed results.
Performance estimation of the noise reduction by window function on a single tone
M.Y. Baek ; Kim, B.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 38~43
Windowing routines have as their purpose the reduction of the sidelobes of a spectral output of the FFT or DFT routines. Windowing routines accomplish this by forcing the beginning and end of any sequence to approach each other in value. Since they must work with any sequence they force the beginning and ending samples near zero. To make up for this reduction in power, windowing routines give extra weight to the values near the middle of the sequence. The difference between windows is the way in which they transition from the low weights near the edges to the higher weights neqr the middle of the sequence. Signal-to-noise ratio(SNR) can be determined by the ratio of the output noisy signal variance to the input noisy signal variance of a window. Standard deviation of noise is reduced by windowing. Thus, the windowing operation improved the SNR of the noisy signal. This paper shows a performance estimation of windowing on a single tone with added Gaussian noise and uniform noise.
A study on the warpage and post-deformation in heat resistance test of automotive plastic components
Kim, H.Y. ; Kim, J.J. ; Kim, J.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 44~52
A procedure predicting warpage and post-deformation due to heat resistance test is presented. The procedure is applied to the injection molding processes of automotive plastic components, which are the door trim and the instrument pannel. The warpage of products is obtained from the residual stress after filling, packing and cooling process, and the post deformation due to the heat resistance test is calculated in the structural analysis of the product at the ejection temperature with the initial condition of residual stress, the boundary conditions and heat resistance conditions. The analyses give some useful guide lines in the design of automotive plastic parts which should satisfy heat resistance regulation.
Temperature Effect On Warm Deep Drawability of Rectangular Cup Using Local Heating of Dies
Kim, D.H. ; Park, D.H. ; S.S. Kang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 53~59
Warm deep drawing of single-action dies using local heating has appeared to be an alternative attractive production method of multi-operation die sets generally used at room temperature in deep drawing of rectangular cup. Uniaxial tensile tests and deep drawing tests of various materials are carried out and the effect of temperature on tensile properties and drawability are examined at temperatures up to 200 .deg. C under three kinds of lubricants of teflon film, vinyl film and drawing oil. Good formability is achieved when punch and die temperature were differentiated intentionally in order to get large tensile strength(TS) at punch shoulder protion and small TS at die side. Throughout the experiments, it has been shown that the limiting drawing height of STS316L was increased with heating die and blank holder at 100 .deg. C, but that of STS430 wasn't. When vinyl or teflon film was attached on the plates, the drawability was increased considerably.
A scheme on roundness lmprovement in internal grinding of bearing inner race
Kim, J.S. ; M.C. Kang ; J.C. Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 60~66
Precision of bearing race is very important to maintain the clearance between ball and inner race. In internal grinding of bearing race, its roundness is dependent on shoe wear, accuracy of jig, dressing method and grinding conditions. In this study, the characteristics of shoe wear and eccentricity of workpiece were investigated experimentally. When wear of fornt shoe wear reaches at 100.mu. m and that of rear shoe reaches at 114 .mu. m, eccentricity of inner race is increased to 1.4 .mu. m. Roundness of race is mainly related to wear of rear shoe and ring type shoe is recommended to improve roundness of race.
A Study on Characteristics of Automatic Flatness Control System of Contact Type
Kim, M.K. ; E.C. Jeon ; Kim, S.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 67~73
The necessity for more accurate automatic flatness control(AFC) system has increased of customers' requirement for cold rolled steel sheet. Therefore, many cold rolling mills replaced its AFC system with a measuring roll of the contact type form the non-contact type. In this paper. The performance of AFC system of contact type has been investigated under industrial conditions. It has two kinds of actuator: roll bender, spot cooling system. The test results are as follows: The more strip thickness is thick, the smaller the I value, and the more it is thin, the bigger the I value. And a complex distribution of strip tension was controlled, for example, not only a pocket wave but also a simple center wave and edge wave. Because the tension deviation is larger at acceler- ation speed and decelerationspeed than steady speed, AFC system of contact type is better to adopt over 50m/mim. AFC system reduces rapidly large flatness deviation. The maximum I value of strip has been decreased to 13 I, and sticker, defects caused by poor flatness, have been decreased about 60%.
Iterative Tuning of PID Controller by Fuzzy Indirect Reasoning and a Modified Zigler-Nichols Method
Kim, S.D. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 74~83
An iterative tuning technique is derived for PID controllers which are widely used in industries. The tuning algorithm is based upon a fuzzy indirect reasoning method and an iterative technique. The PID gains for the first tuning action are determined by a method which is modified from the Ziegler-Nichols step response method. The first PID gains are determined to obtain a control performance so close to a design performance that the following tuning process can be made effectively. The design paramaters are given as time-domain variables which human is familiar with. The results of simulation studies show that the proposed tuning method can produce an effective tuning for arbitrary design performances.
Development of Diagnosis System of Mold Oscillation in a Continuous Slab Casting Machine
Park, J.C. ; Lee, S.J. ; H.I. Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 84~94
In order to prevent shell sticking by providing sufficient lubrication between the strand and the mold, the mold oscillation has been used. Now it is well known that the shape of the oscillation curve has a decisive effect on the surface quality of the cast product. Besides, oscillation parameters such as stroke and frequency are also very important. In order to guarantee that parameters which have been found to be optimal for a certain grade of steel do not change with time, periodical checks of the physical condition of the whole equipment are necessary. The portable mold oscillation analyzer with integrated computer, developed by POSCO, records the movement of the mold in every spatial direction. The system uses the gap sensors to measure the mold movement (displacement ) in the two horizontal directions according to the mold narrow and broad faces and the vertical strokes in the four corners of mold. The gap sensor is a non-contacting minute displacement measuring device using the principle of high frequency eddy current loss. The mold oscillation diagnosis system integrates the gap sensors, their converters and the industrial portable computer with plug-in data acquisition boards. The all programs, such as the fast Fourier transformation module (amplitude and phase spectrums) and harmonic analysis module, was coded by LabVIEW
software as the graphical language. In an own 'expert module' which is included in the diagnosis program, one can obtain much information about the mold oscillation equipment.
A Study on the Development of Computer-Aided Automatic Design System for Gears
H.Y. Cho ; Kim, S.C. ; J.C. Song ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 95~103
This paper describes a computer aided design system for spur and helical gears. To establish the appropriate program, an integrate approach based on a rule-base system was adopted. This system is implemented on the personal computer and its environment is a commercial CAD package called AutoCAD. This system includes a main program and five sub-modules such as data input module, tooth profile drawing module, strength calculation module, and drawing edit module. In the main program, all the sub-modules are loaded and the type of gear and tooth profile are selected. In the data input module, the variables which are necessary to the design of gear are selected from the database. In the drawing module, from the calculated results, the required gear tooth is produced on the screen. The developed system that aids gear designer provides powerful capabilities for gear design.
Estimation of Formability for Sheet Metal Forming of Electronic Parts
Lee, B.C. ; Kang, S.Y. ; Moon, J.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 104~114
For the improvement of productivity, the reduction of cost and time for manufacturing is mandatory, especially in the field of electromic industry. The study is concerned with a practical means of systematic assistance to formability estimation and selection of reliable design specification for electronic sheet metal parts. The objective of this research work is to develop a simulation system which hops to analyze the target processes with the finite element method and to acquire available design data quickly and exactly. The simulation system developed in the study consists of design verification, selection of optimal combination of parameters, knowledge acquisition and graphical user interface(GUI). Design verification is automatically carried out by using the finite element method. A data base management system and nomograms are utilized for knowledge acquisition. The developed system has been applied to some major sheet metal forming operations such as flanging, embossing, bending and blanking. According to the simulated results, the validation of the target processes has been confirmend. Analysis data, estimation rules of formability and graphical representation of the analysis have been employed for the designer's understanding and evaluation, thus providing a practical means of robust design and evaluation of forma- bility for producing electronic sheet metal parts.
A study on the 3-D CNC cutting planning and simulation by Z-Map model
S.Y. Song ; Kim, S.I. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 115~121
Recently, the Z-Map model has been used widely to represent the three dimensional geometric shape and to achieve the cross-section and point evaluation of the shape. In this paper, the CNC cutting planning and simulation modules for product with three dimensional geometric shape are realized based on the Z-Map model. The realized system has the various capabilities related to the automatic generation of tool path for the rough and finish cutting processes, the automatic elimination of overcut, the automatic generation of CNC program for a machining center and the cutting simulation. Especially, the overcut-free tool path is obtained by using the CL Z-Map models which are composed of the offset surfaces of the geometric shape of product.
A Study on the Micro Turning Machinability of A1-Mg Alloy Using Polycrystalline Diamond Tool
J. Hwang ; S. Namgung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 122~130
In this study, machinability of some aluminum-magnesium alloy are experimentally investigated using polycrystalline diamond tool with turning, and evaluated some independent cutting variables affected micrometal cutting characteristics as cutting force, specific cutting resistance, shear angles. To know the effect of cutting parameters of single point diamond machining, experiments were performed to measure cutting forces for high speed turning of aluminum alloy 6061-T6, SM45C and FC20 with poly- crystalline diamond and coated cemented carbide tool. Independent cutting variables were changed to a variety of cutting speed, feed rate, rake angles, material properties of workpiece and tool. Futhermore. Some useful informations are obtained in this study can guide micro metal cutting of aluminum alloy with diamond tool.
Repetitive Control of Track Following Error in a Hard Disk Drive
D.Y. Jeon ; I.Y. Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 131~138
This paper suggests a servo control algorithm to reduce the repeatable tracking error which is not explicitly taken into account in the design of a conventional PID controller of a computer hard disk drive. The robust stability of the repetitive control system with multiplicative modelling error is analyzed, and the controller was implemented using a fixed point DSP(Digital Signal Processor). Experimental results show that the repetitive errors are suppressed effectively by the proposed controller.
Design of Self-Tuning PID Controller Using GPC Method
K.S. Yoon ; Lee, M.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 139~147
PID control has been widely used for real control systems. Particularly, there are many researches on control schemes of tuning PID gains. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no result for discrete-time systems with unknown time-delay and unknown system parameters. On the other hand, Generalized predictive control has been reported as a useful self-tuning control technique for systems with unknown time-delay. So, in this study, based on minimization of a GPC criterion, we present a self-tuning PID control algorithm for unknown papameters and unknown time-delay system. A numerical simulation was presented to illustrate the effectiveness of this method.
A Study on the In-Process Measurement of Rotary Body by Optical Technique
E.Y. So ; Y.H. Im ; B.H. Ryu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 148~156
Automatic product system is gradually increasing according to development of industrial society. On-line measurement makes a important role in view of economic and effective side in industrial product system. Syncronization system is developed to measure screw thread which is rotating. In-process measuring of rotating body have a lot of difficuties even thoufht using various method containing high speed camera. So, now we suggest one of the new method which is not so expansive. In this study, digital value was produced through the image processing algorithm from acquired orignal image. As a result, we have a good agreement between measuring values calculated from image conture and measuring values acquired from profile project by means of experiment, respectively.
Development of Fine Blanking Die with Fluid Chamber and its Application to Procuction of Circular Blanks in a Hydraulic Press
Kim, J.H. ; Ryu, J.G. ; Chung, W.J. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 157~163
This paper is concered on the development of low-cost fine blanking die with two fluid chambers of which the pressure can be controlled by a hydraulic unit and its application to producting circular blanks in a conventional hydraulic press, not in a special triple-action press usually adopte in fine blanking operation. Four important working parameters affecting on the precision accuracy of products such as existence and position of Vee-ring, stripping force and counter punching force are primarily considered for experiments. Finite element analysis by suing ABAQUA software is approxi- mately made for blanking of circular specimen with a flat stripper plate and then compared with experimental measurements. The the theoretical prediction of camber height which represents deflection of a dish-shaped specimen after blanking seems to give a qualitatively good agreement. It is shown through experiments the the camber height decreases with decreasing stripping force and also with increasing counter punching force, but particularly depending on the latter much more than the former.
Micro Cracking and Elastic/Plastic Transition Radii Associated with Indenting on Ceramics by Diamond Indenter
Park, G.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 13, issue 5, 1996, Pages 164~172
In hard and brittle materials as advanced ceramics indented by a hard indenter, the indenter's transition radius, was defined as critical radius which distinguishes the occurrence of the first plastic deformation from the elastic cracking as the first damaging event, is analytically and experimentally investigated. The analytical result is shown that the critical load, which not enlarge pre-existing cracks as the form of median crack beneath a indenter, is constant, and is determined by the order of
are the fracture toughness of materials and the applied pressure by indenting, respectively). And the size of transiton radii were experimentally obtained with the similar values to the analytical results.lts..