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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study on Radial Electronic Shearography for Measuring Amplitudes of Vibration of Symmetrical Objects
Y.J. Kang ; Park, J.S. ; Park, K.W. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 9~16
In this paper, a newly radial electronic shearography system was developed in order to study vibration characteristics of symmetrical objects. We utilized the electro-optic holography theory for quantificational analysis and a porror prism for shearing two inages radially in this study. These image data obtained by this shearography give us various distributions of the gradient of vibration amplitude, and they are useful informations to study vibrational characteristics of symmetrical objects. Finally this developed system with phase stepping and modulation was applied to fans and disks to inspect characteristics of the vibration and the blance of symmetrical objects and obtained good results.
Developement of 3-D Vision Monitoring System for Tailored Blank Welding
Y.C. Jang ; Lee, K.D. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 17~23
A 3-D vision system is developed to evaluate blanks' line up and monitor gap and thickness difference between blanks in tailored blank welding system. A structured lighting method is used for 3-D vision recognition. Images of sheared portion in blanks are irregular according to roughness of blank surface, shape of sheared geometry and blurring. It is difficult to get accurate and reliable informations in the case of using binary image processing or contour detection techniques in real time for such images. We propoe a new energy integration method robust to blurring and changes of illumination. The method is computationally simple, and uses feature restoration concept, different to another digital image restoration methods which aim image itself restoration and may be used in conventional applications using structured line lighting technique. Experimental results show this system measuring repeatability is .+-. pixel for gap and thickness difference in static and dynamic tests. The data are expected to be useful for preview gap control.
The Optimization of Sizing and Topology Design for Drilling Machine by Genetic Algorithms
W.T. Baek ; H.G. Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 24~29
Recently, Genetic Algorithm(GA), which is a stochastic direct search strategy that mimics the process of genetic evolution, is widely adapted into a search procedure for structural optimization. Contrast to traditional optimal design techniques which use design sensitivity analysis results, GA is very simple in their algorithms and there is no need of continuity of functions(or functionals) any more in GA. So, they can be easily applicable to wide area of design optimization problems. Also, owing to multi-point search procedure, they have higher porbability of convergence to global optimum compared to traditional techniques which take one-point search method. The methods consist of three genetics opera- tions named selection, crossover and mutation. In this study, a method of finding the omtimum size and topology of drilling machine is proposed by using the GA, For rapid converge to optimum, elitist survival model,roulette wheel selection with limited candidates, and multi-point shuffle cross-over method are adapted. And pseudo object function, which is the combined form of object function and penalty function, is used to include constraints into fitness function. GA shows good results of weight reducing effect and convergency in optimal design of drilling machine.
Robot Deburring Automation -Systems Using Solid Rotating Burr-
B.S. Ryuh ; Y.S. Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 30~47
This paper encompasses a general technology in robot deburring automation using solid rotaing burr tools. Deburring is a cumbersome area in finishing technology, where design concept and system implementation is based on knowhows and experiences rather then theoretical development. In the field engineering it is diffcult to find a clue to where and how to start the system design. This paper presents a guide inselection of tool concept of geometry and material. Also, the concept of tool compliance system is introduced, which is one of the most important factor in robot deburring. Typical problems encountered in the field are classified into 20 categories and the solutions are suggested by the proven technology from the expertise. Special problems in polymer and diecasting areas are also briefly mentioned.
A Study on Damage Detection of Cutting Tool Using Neural Network and Cutting Force Signal
Lim, K.Y. ; Mun, S.D. ; Kim, S.I. ; Kim, T.Y. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 48~55
A useful method to detect tool breakage suing neural network of cutting force signal is porposed and implemented in a basic cutting process. Cutting signal is gathered by tool dynamometer and normalized as a preprocessing. The cutting force signal level is continually monitored and compared with the predefined level. The neural network has been trained normalized sample data of the normal operation and cata-strophic tool failure using backpropagation learning process. The develop[ed system is verified to be very effective in real-time usage with minor modification in conventional cutting processes.
Study on Propeller Grinding Applied by a High Stiffness Robot
Lee, M.K. ; Park, B.O. ; Park, K.W. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 56~65
This paper presents the robot program for propeller grinding. A robot manipulator is constructed by combining a parallel and a serial mechanism to increase high sitffness as well as workspace. The robot program involves inverse/direct kinematics, velocity mapping, Jacobian, and etc. They are cerived in efficient formulations and implemented in a real time control. A velocity control is used to measure the hight of a propeller blade with a touch probe and a position control is performed to grind the surface of the blade.
Grinding Characteristics of Diamond Burs in Dentistry
K.A. Lee ; Y.H. Lim ; M.Y. Choi ; Y.Y. Choi ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 66~72
This paper aims at reviewing the possibility application over normal or abnormal, detection used by AE and the wear characteristics of grinding process. In this study, when diamond bur in dentistry with chosen grinding conditions were tuned at grinding. The variation of grinding resistance and AE signal is detected by the use of AE measuring system. The tests are carried out in accordance with diamond burs and workpiece: arcyl and bovine. According to the experiment results, the following can be expected: AE has the possibility to detect the state normality and abnormality. Hpwever, the grinding resistance measuring can find it difficult to detect it. It can be accurately excepted from AE occurrence pattern in contact start point of diamond bur and bovine, grinding condition and derailment point. It is known that AErms is well compatible with grinding resistance. According to the increase of the material removal rate, the specific energy of the diamond bur is inclined to dectease and the grinding resistance has a tendency to increase.
Optimum Shape Design Techniques on Direct Roller of Molten Metal Considering Thickness Control of Width Direction
C.G. Kang ; Kim, Y.D. ; Y.J. Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 73~85
The rolling force and roll deformation behavior in the twin roll type strip continuous casting process has been computed to estimate the thermal charcteristics of a caster roll. To calculation of rolling force, the relationship between flow stress and strain for a roll material and casting alloy are assumed as a function of strain-rate and temperature because mechanical properties of a casting materials depends on tempera- ture. The three dimensional thermal dlastic-plastic analysis of a cooling roll has also been carried out to obtain a roll stress and plastic strain distributions with the commercial finite element analysis package of ANSYS. Temperature fields data of caster roll which are provided by authors were used to estimated of roll deformation. Roll life considering thermal cycle is calculated by using thermal elastic-plastic analysis results. Roll life is proposed as a terms of a roll revolution in the caster roll with and without fine failure model on the roll surface. To obtain of plastic strain distributions of caster roll, thermomechan- ical properties of roll sleeve with a copper alloy is obtained by uniaxial tensile test for variation of temperature.
The Robot Inverse Calibration Using a Pi-Sigma Neural Networks
J.W. Jeong ; Kim, S.H. ; Y.K. Kwak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 86~94
This paper proposes the robot inverse calibration method using a neural networks. A high-order networks called Pi-Sigma networks has been used. The Pi-Sigma networks uses linear summing units in the hidden layer and product unit in output layer. The inverse calibration model which compensates the diff- erence of joint variables only between measuring value and analytic value about the desired pose(position, orientation) of a robot is proposed. The compensated values are determined by using the weights obtained from the learning process of the neural networks previously. To prove the reasonableness, the SCARA type direct drive robot(4-DOF) and anthropomorphic robot(6-DOF) are simulated. It shows that the proposed calibration method can reduce the errors of the joint variables from .+-. 5 .deg. to .+-. 0.1 .deg. .
Nonlinear Control Design for Reducing Shifting Torque in Automatic Transmission
Kim, D.H. ; Lee, K.I. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 95~104
We consider controller design problem to enhance shift quality for automatic transmission. A dynamic modeling related to shifting (mainly 2-3 up-shift) is constructed and nonlinear robust controllers are designed to reduce output torque during shifting. Suggesting a new hydraulic circuit enabling the direct clutch drive, the control activity is extended and more implementable than the conventional design. The designed robust controllers overcome the unmodeled dynamics and the uncertainty embending in the system. Moreover, the dynamic effect between the clutch pressure and the PWM valve duty is considered via singular perturbation technique.
A Study on the Cold Forging Process of Spur Gears
Park, J.C. ; Park, Y. ; Kim, K.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 105~113
In this study, the forging process of spur gears has been investigated. The forging process of spur gears has been classified into two type of operations, guiding one and clamping one in this investigation. Two type forgings of spur gears have been analysed by using upper bound method. The predicted values of the forging load were compared with those obtained from the forging experiments. The forging experiments were carried out with a commercial aluminium alloy. The forged parts obtained through the guiding type forging were campared with those obtained through the clamping type forging.
Improvement of Motion Accuracy Using Active Controlled Capillary in Hydrostatic Table
Park, C.H. ; Song, Y.C. ; Lee, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 114~120
For compensating the error motion of hydrostatic tables, we have introduced a way that the clearance of table is controlled corresponding to the amount of eror with the actively controlled variable capillary, named as ACC. In previous paper, through the basic test, it was confirmed that by the use of ACC, the error motion within 2.7
m of a hydrostatic table could be compensated with the resolution of 27nm, 1/100 contollable range, and with the frequency bandwidth of 5.5Hz, structurally. In this paper, we performed practical compensation of the linear and angular motion error of hydrostatic table using ACC. For improving the compensated motion accuracy, iterative control method is put into the control system. The experimental results show that by the simultaneous compensation of error, the linear and angular motion error are improved upto 0.25
m and 0.4arcsec, which are about 1/10 and 1/3 of the non-compensated motion errors respectively.
A Study on Wear Mechanism of CBN Ball Endmills
Park, S.W. ; Lee, K.W. ; Lee, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 121~126
The use of CBN tool material has been greatly increased because of the superior metal cutting performance for the machining of hardened steel. This paper presents some experimental results on the ball endmiling of harened steels. Three different hardnesses of STD11 workpieces were machined using CBN ball endimills, and the machining characteristics including cutting forces tool wear, and surface roughness of machined surface were compared. It has been found that the CBN ball endmill works better in the machining of harder workpieces. The microscopic examination explains that this unusual phenomenon is caused by the difference of microstructure of each workpieces.
A research on the technique for the vibration analysis of fuid-filled, strength member embedded and semi-infinite cylindrical shell
I.B. Ham ; S.R. Bae ; W.B. Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 127~134
Abstract: A technique to analyze the vibrations of internally fluid-filled, semi-infinite cylindrical shell which has strength members embedded in the shell wall under the axial static tension conditon is presented by using the characteristic wave propagation theory based on the transfer matrix calculated from the finite element matrices of a short module section, with spatial Laplace Tranform technique, and is verified by comparison with the measured results of the test performed on a real module model, and the effects of the embedded strength members on the vibrational response is calculated and discussed.
A Study on the Design of Automotive Tire Profile for High Speed Durability Improvement
J. Hwang ; S. Namgung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 135~142
New approach to determine thd design of automotive tire profile was introduced. In this study, design technology for tire profile was combined with a finite element method to improve high speed durability. Static and dynamic behavior analysis of new concept tire was compared with conventional tire profile. To obtain the improved tire performance, appropriate design values, ie. design methodology, section profile selection, material properties, are needed.
Determination of the Static Rigidity of the End Mill Using Neural Network
Lee, S.K. ; S.L. Ko ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 143~152
The deflection of an end mill is very important in machining process and cutting simulation because it affects directly workpiece accuracy, cutting force, and chattering. In this study, the deflection of the end mill was studied both experimentally and by using finite element analysis. And the moment of inertia of cross sections of the helical end mill is calculated for the determination of the relation between geometry of radial cross section and rigidity of the tools. Using the Bernoulli-Euler beam theory and the concept of equivalent diameter, a deflection model is established, which includes most influences from tool geomety parameters. It was found that helix angle attenuates the rigidity of the end mill by the finite element analysis. As a result, the equivalent diameter is determined by tooth number, inscribed diameter ratio, cross sectional geometry and helix angle. Because the relation betweem equivalent diameter and each factor is nonlinear, neural network is used to decide the equivalent diameter. Input patterns and desired outputs for the neural network are obtained by FEM analysis in several case of end milling operations.
Fabrication of Thermally-Driven Polysilicon Microactuator and Its Characterization
Lee, J.H. ; Lee, C.S. ; Yoo, H.J. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 153~159
A thermally-driven polysilicon microactuator has been fabricated using surface micromachining techniques. It consists of P-doped polysilicon as a structural layer and TEOS(tetraethylorthosilicate) oxide as a sacrificial layer. The polysilicon was annealed for the relaxation of residual stress which is the main cause to its deformation such as bending and buckling. And newly developed HF GPE(gas-phase etching) process was also employed to eliminate the troublesome stiction problem using anhydrous HF gas and CH
OH vapor, and successfully fabricated the microactuators. The actuation is incurred by the thermal expansion due to the current flow in the active polysilicon cantilever, which motion is amplified by lever mechanism. The moving distance of polysilicon microactuator was experimentally conformed as large as 21 .mu. m at the input voltage level of 10V and 50Hz square wave. The actuating characteris- tics are also compared with the simulalted results considering heat transfer and thermal expansion in the polysilicon layer. This microactuator technology can be utilized for the fabrication of MEMS (microelectromechanical system) such as microrelay, which requires large displacement or contact force but relatively slow response.
Determination of Dynamic Fracture Toughnesses for very Brittle Materials
Lee, O.S. ; H.S. Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 160~165
The instrumented Charpy impact test is generally used to evaluate the dynamic fracture toughnesses for varying engineering materials. However, the test is known to be difficult to evaluate the dynamic fracturetoughnesses for very brittle materials because of the small crack initiation load which may be engulfed by the inertia load of the instrumented tup. To evaluate the dynamic fracture toughnesses of very brittle materials, such as chalk or plaster,it is thus, necessary to develop a load sensitive instrumented tup. In this study, a polymer tup, which has very small Young's modulus comparing to one of the conventional steel tup, is used for the instrumented Charpy impact test, and a proper testing method to evaluate the dynamic fracture behavior of very brittle materials is developed. The results show that the developed method can measure rapidly changing loads from the moment of contact between the tup and the specimen to dynamic crack initiation of the very brittle materials.
Influnce Coefficient of Two-Plane Flexible Rotor Balancing Model Having a Rigid Cylinder
O.S. Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 166~173
Influence coefficients on two-plane flexible rotor balancing model are derived by using the transfer matrix method. The model has a rigid uniform cylinder at mid-span of flexible shafts. Both faces of the rigid cylinder are used as the balancing planes. Calculated influence coefficients show that there exist the rotating speed ranges which are useless or insensitive for the balancing. Gyroscopic effect and damping are considered in the study and their effects are discussed.
Hybrid Self-Tuning Control of a Single rod Hydraulic Cylinder with Varying Payload
Kim, M.S. ; Kim, J.T. ; Han, K.B. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 12, 1997, Pages 174~181
A proposed hybrid self-tuning control scheme for single rod hydraulic cylinder which has varying loads is presented here. An adaptive controller is developed for the system that use feedforward and P feedback control for simultaneous parameter identification and tracking control. Through experimental results, the performance comparison of the hybrid self-tuning controller with a constant gain P contro- ller clearly shows its superior ability in handling load changes in quiescent states.