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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
A study on the non-contact measurement for the temperature of shadow mask of Cathode Ray Tube using InSb photo sensor
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 15~20
This paper presents the experimental study of the non-contact temperature measurement for the shadow mask of cathode ray tube using InSb sensor. At present, High resolution of CRT(Cathode Ray Tube) is needed broadly; therefore, the measurement of temperature distribution of shadow mask in CRT during operation is important to analyze the thermal deformation of shadow mask. Most of the studies could not measure the temperature distribution of shadow mask precisely. We studied the temperature dis- tribution of shadow mask using InSb photo sensor for 17" cathode ray tube (CRT). Experiments using ther- mocouple are performed to validate the results of non-contact measurement. The results agree well with those results of non-contact method using InSb sensor.nsor.
Form grinding characteristics of Sr ferrite
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 21~27
This paper aims to clarify the effects of grinding conditions in form grinding of Sr-ferrite with the electro-plated diamond wheel. The main conclusions obtained were as follows. (1) The flexural strength and surface roughness of ferrite became the best at the peripheral wheel speed of 1700 m/min. (2) In the case of the depth of cut larger than 0.4mm, crack layers is induced in the ground surface, and the fracture type of chips exhibits slight ductile mode in the depth of cut smaller than 0.2mm. (3) Whe the depth of cut exceeds 0.6mm, the wheel life becomes extremely severe due to the large chipping and brack- age in the diamond grains. However, at the depth of cut .leq. 0.05mm, the diamond grain shows abrasive wear. (4) The decrease of flexural strength and the increase of surface roughness is in proportion to the increase of the feed rate. (5) Most effective nozzle setting angles with various delivery conditions of the grinding fluid, such as nozzle position .PHI. , flow rate Q, etc., were made clear.
A study of burr formation on microgrooving for fresnel lens mould
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 28~34
The side burrs and shape distortion resulting from the micromachining of an array of V-shape microgrooves in fresnel lens mould were experimentally invesigated. The focus of this study is on the influence of depth of cut and prism angle on the burr growing rate. The main experiments were con- ducted on the single prism cutting for the convinient of measuring the burr shape and cutting force. From the observation of the burr shape and burr growing rate, it was found that there exits a critical depth of cut below which the burrs are more or less irregular and weak. But above that critical value, the burrs are re- latively clear and stiff.
Developement of planetary differential type traction drive
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 35~40
The traction drive has advantages of having high efficiency and transmitting the power without blacklash. However, when high ratio of speed reduction is desired, excessively large size is required. In this study, a new type of traction drive is invented, designed and manufactured so that stable speed reduction mech- anisms are available by adopting a cross roller type drive. It has a simple structure, but produces high speed reduction ratio. Power loss is observed, and also, driving torque and torque transfer efficiency are calculated. Pre-loads are needed in order that the traction drive transfers power without slipping, and the spacer is enlarged due to the pre-loading. After all, the key point of pre-load mechanism is that the spacer's diameter becomes larger as pre-loads are applied.
Application of laser spot welding
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 41~49
Laser spot welding offers a unique combination of high speed. precision and low heat distortion, compared with conventional resistance spot welding. This combinatin of advantages is especially attractive for the automotive industry. Until now automobile fabrication is widely used resistance spot welding, however, because of geometric and structural problem, spot welding is required many welding machine in that reason by substituting spot welding with laser welding, it save the equipment cost. In the present study we measured ultimate strength and observed bead cross section of laser welded specimen and compared with that of the resistance spot welding results in order to adapt laser welding in automobile industry. Also for strength esti- mation we calculated the residual stress of laser welded zone. All calculations are performed with the ABAQUS code on a workstation.
Electronic and mechanical engineering division
J.N. Lee ; S.H. Park ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 50~56
Cutting force prediction in the ball-end milling process of barious cutting area using Z-map
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 57~65
In this study, a cutting force in the Ball-end milling process is calculated using Z-map. Z-map can describe any type of cutting area resulting from the previous cutting geometry and cutting condition. Cutting edge of a ball-end mill is divided into infinitesimal cutting edge elements and the position of the ele- ment is projected to the cutter plane normal to the Z axis. Also the cutting area in the cutter plane is obtained by using the Z-map. Comparing this projected position with cutting area, it can be determined whether it engages in the cutting. The cutting force can be calculated by numerical integration of cutting force acting on the engaged cutting edge elements. A series of experiments such as contouring and upward/downward ramp cutting was performed to verify the calculated cutting force.
Analyses of structural dynamic characteristics and end milling in a vertical machining center
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 66~74
In a high speed and high precision vertical machining center, chatter vibration is easily generated due to unbalanced masses in rotating parts and changtes of cutting forces. In this paper, modal test is performed to obtain modal parameters of the vertical machining center. In order to predit the cutting force of endmilling process for various cutting conditions, a mathematical model is given and this model is based on chip load, cutting geometry, and relationship between cutting forces and the chip load. Specific cutting constants of the model are obtained by averaging forces of cutting tests. The interactions between the dy- namic characteristics and cutting dynamics of the vertical machining center make the primary and the secondary feedback loops, and we make use of the equations of system to predict the chatter vibration. The chatter prediction is formulated as linear differential-differene equations, and simulated for several cases. Trends of vibration as radial and axial depths of cut are changed are shown and compared.
Diagnosis of tool wear and fracture using cutting force signal characteristics and histogram analysis
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 75~81
Automatic monitoring the cutting state is one of the important problems to increase the reliability of modern machining processes. In this study, cutting force signals were used in order to monitor the tool wear and fracture in the turning process. Turning experiments were performed using cemented carbide insert tools(K20) and STS304 steel as a workpiece. Cutting force signal characteristics and histogram analysis method were used to recognize the cutting states. It was found that tool wear and fracture can be diagnosed from the cutting force signal coefficient of variation(C.V.) and histogram analysis.
Development of a high precision CNC lathe for mirror surface machining
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 82~88
In this paper, the development of a precision CNC lathe prototype for mirror surface machining is presented. To obtain high precision machining accuracy, a hydrostatically supported precision spindle and a sliding guideway with turcite pad are adopted as the motion elements. The machining accuracy of the prototype machine, and the motional accuracy of its motion elements are tested and evaluated to confirm the validity of the application of these elements on the prototype. The hydrostatic spindle shows 0.09 .mu. m of rotational accuracy and the guideway shows about 0.8 .mu. m/170mm of horizontal straightness. The sur- face roughness of cupper and aluminium cylinder machined by the prototype machine with diamond tool are 0.07 .mu. m and 0.10 .mu. m Rmax respectively. From these results, it is verified that the prototype lathe is avail- able for high precision machining.
A study on the optimal sizing and topology design for Truss/Beam structures using a genetic algorithm
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 89~97
A genetic algorithm (GA) is a stochastic direct search strategy that mimics the process of genetic evolution. The GA applied herein works on a population of structural designs at any one time, and uses a structured information exchange based on the principles of natural selection and wurvival of the fittest to recombine the most desirable features of the designs over a sequence of generations until the process converges to a "maximum fitness" design. Principles of genetics are adapted into a search procedure for structural optimization. The methods consist of three genetics operations mainly named selection, cross- over and mutation. In this study, a method of finding the optimum topology of truss/beam structure is pro- posed by using the GA. In order to use GA in the optimum topology problem, chromosomes to FEM elements are assigned, and a penalty function is used to include constraints into fitness function. The results show that the GA has the potential to be an effective tool for the optimal design of structures accounting for sizing, geometrical and topological variables.variables.
High precision position synchronous control in a multi-axes driving system (II)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 98~106
In this paper, a new method of position synchronizing control is proposed for multi-axes driving system. The proposed position synchronizing control system is constituted with speed and synchronizing controller. The speed controller is aimed at the following to speed reference. Furthermore, it is designed to guarantee low sensitivity under some disturbance as well as robustness against model uncertainties using
technique. The synchronizing controller is designed to keep minimizing the position error using PID control law which is considered to reduce the dimension of transfer function in the control system. Especially, the proposed method can be easily conducted by controlling only slave axis speed, because it, has variable structure which is decided to master and slave axis by the sign of synchronizing error. Therfore, the master axis which is smaller influenced than another axes by disturbance can be controlled without reducing or increasing its speed for precise position synchronization. The effectiveness of the proposed method is sucessfully confirmed through many experiments.s.
Active vibration control of a flexible cantilever beam using Filtered-x LMS algorithm
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 107~113
This paper presents the active control of a flexible cantilever beam vibration. The cantilever beam was excitied by a steady-state harmonic and white noise point force and the control was performed by one piezo ceramic actuator bonded to the surface of the beam. An adaptive controller based on filtered-x LMS algorithm was used and the controller was defined by minimizing the square of the response of error sensor. In the experiment, gap sensor was used as an error sensor while the sinusoidal or white noise was applied as a disturbance. In the case of sinusoidal input, more than 20 dB of vibration reduction was achieved over all range of the natural frequencies and it takes 5 seconds to control the vibration at first natural frequency and 1 second at other natural frequencies. In the case of white noise input, 7 dB of vibration reduction was achieved at the first natural frequency and good control performance was achieved in the considered whole frequency range. Results indicate that the vibration of a flexible cantilever beam could be controlled effectively when the piezo ceramic actuator was used with filtered-x LMS algorithm.
Automated initial process planning system for three-axis NC machining of sculptured surfaces
J.K. Kang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 114~121
In this paper, the automated initial process planning for 3-axis NC machining of sculptured surfaces is persented. The solution algorithms determining three process planning functions, i.e. machining feasibility, setup orientation and feasible machine selection are developed. The machining feasibility is determined by means of BSM(Binary Spherical Map) which derives its solution quickly in algebraic form, and the setup orientation is determined so that the cutting force is minimized. Finally, the feasible machine is determined by computing the minimum motion ranges of each control axisl. The developed algorithms are tested by numerical simulations, convincing they can by readily implemented on the CAD/CAM system as a process planner.
Investigation of ultraprecision machining characteristics by molecular statics simulation method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 122~129
Machining technology has emerged to the point of performing atomic-scale fabrication. In tail paper atomic-scale machining characteristics are investigated by using Molecular Statics simulation method. The cutting model used in this work simulates machining with tools such as an AFM. It is shown that built-up edge formation and cutting forces depend on tool tip geometry. Also, the material flow during cutting is shown for various cutting conditions such as depth of cut, rake angle, and edge radius of tool.
Experimental investigation on the flow control in non-axisym- metric flat die extrusion-II
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 130~136
The velocity distrubution at the exit of extrusion die depends on the width of bearing land very much. When uniform bearing land without flow guide is used, the material which is extended through the same die does not, deflect to the constant direction, but when the flow guide is equipped and then the volume compensation is done accurately, the material deflects to one constant direction. Therfore, the part of problem can be known exactly, and extrusion products of straight shape can be produced by the corrected bearing land width.
Development of spine motion analyzer
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 137~146
External linkage type spine motion analysis was developed for relative trunk motion respect to the pelvis. A special programs for calculation of the relative angular motion and for graphical display were also developed. The developed device assured its accuracy and conveniency after application to 15 normal vol- unteers. Compare to the normal subjects, 18 patients treated with fixations and decompression surgery showed relatively large coupling motion. Optimal trajectory of the trunk motion derived from mathematical model in flexion and extension matched well with measurement for normal subjects.
Optimal motions for a robot manipulator amid obstacles by the concepts of penalty area
J.K. Park ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 147~155
Optimal trajectory for a robot manipulator minimizing actuator torques or energy consumptions ina fixed traveling time is obtained in the presence of obstacles. All joint displacements are represented in finite terms of Fourier cosine series and the coefficients of the series are obtained optimally by nonlinear programming. Thus, the geometric path need not be prespecified and the full dynamic model is employed. To avoid the obstacles, the concept of the penalty area is newly introduced and this penalty area is includ- ed in the performance index with an appropriate weighting coefficient. This optimal trajectory will be useful as a geometric path in the minimum-time trajectory planning problem.
Control of nonlinear production-distribution process with limited decision policy
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 3, 1997, Pages 156~165
In the practical control systems, the dynamic range of actuatiors is limited(or saturated) when actuators are driven by sufficiently large signals. This gives rise to a nonlinearity as a result of actuator saturation. For example, the upper limit is imposed on productive capability by available factory space and capital equipment. Other examples of those kinds of actuator saturations are a maximum torque of the actua- ting motors and a throttle position in an aircraft speed control A saturating actuator may lead not only to a large overshoot during start-up and shut-down, but also to deterioration of the performance due to the uncertainties. That is, the speed of response is decreased and, possibly, the system output may not follow the lalrge reference inputs. The large-overshoot may be accompanied by rest wind-up(or called by integra- tor wind-up) which comes from controllers with integral action in saturation operation regions. Eventually, as the overshoot increases, the system has a limit cycle or becomes oscillatorily unstable. Due to these cir- cumstances, many studies are focused on the stability and robustness of the nonlinear systems with satu- rating actuator in the time-domain as well as in the frequency-domain.