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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
Development of a Self-Activated Cable Spooling System for Seaborne Winch
S.H. Cho ; Park, R.S. ; S.W. Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 15~21
In this paper, a self-activated cable spooling system for seaborne winch is developed . The system consists of a hydraulic servo driving unit and a cable position measurement mechanism. To realize the cable spooling system, it is carried out the mathematical modelling of the system and designed the proportional controller through the system aalysis and the simulation. The cable spooling system is tested and evaluated to validate the performance of the controller. The test results shows a good traceability of the cable spooling system under disturbance of cable tension.
Three Dimensional Profile Measurement System for Flexible and Porous Sculptured Surfaces by Using Optical Microscope
Park, H.G. ; Kim, S.W. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 22~29
This paper describes a three dimensional profile measurement method for sheet metal products which have flexible and porous sculptured surfaces. Shadow masks are used as measuring objects for practical implementation or this study. The shadow masks are located inside the fluorescent glasses of monitors for televisions or computers and used to prevent electron guns from interfering between pixels. Three dimen- sional surface profiles are measured by adopting a software autofocusing technique to capture focused images. The experimental results show that the method is very effecive and suitable for sheet meal prod- ucts with flexible and porous surfaces.
A Study on the Development of Aluminum Piston by Forging Process
Kim, Y.H. ; Bae, W.B. ; Kim, H.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 30~36
In this study, the development of an aluminum forged piston was tried to substitute the cast piston, in which there were internal defects such as blow hole and shrink pipe. A gasoline engine piston was chosen as an example for developing the forged piston. Before aluminum forging, model, material (plasticine) test was carried out to investigate the forgeability and internal flow pattern of the forged piston at room temperature. From the result of model material test, an aluminum piston to be forged was redesigned. The aluminum pistion was forged in hot process. The quality of a forged piston was compared with that of a cast piston in the point of mechanical properties, internal defect and microstructure. It was proved that the forged piston was superior to the cast piston.
An Experimental Study on Deep Collapse of Steel Tubes under Pure Bending
KiM, C.S. ; Chung, T.E. ; Kang, S.Y. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 37~44
In this paper the bending collapse characteristics of square and rectangular steel tubes were studied with the pure bending test machine which apply pure bending moment without imposing shear and tensile forces. Under pure bending moment, delayed buckling modes occur and depend on test length and shape of section. For delayed mode, the endrgy of bending moment is absorbed by strain hardening energy. The pre- dictions of maximum moment and moment-rotation angle curve from those concepts are in good agreement with experimental observations.
The Influence of Effective Strain on the Globular Microstructure by SIMA Process for Semi-Solid Forging
Park, H.J. ; Lee, B.M. ; Park, J.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 45~51
For semi-solid forging, it is necessarily required to prepare a workpiece with globular microstructure. Among several processes to obtain golbular microstructure, SIMA process is very simple and advantageous with respect to equipment. This paper presents the influence of effective strain on the globularization with aluminium 2024 alloy in cold working stage by SIMA process. Upsetting and forward extrusion are tested for cold working and induction heating is also carried out for reheating to obtain golbular microstructure. Microstructure is observed with an optical microscope. And finite element simulations to obtain effective strain in cold working stage are performed by using commercial finite element code, DEFORM.
Design of Linear, Exponential and Bell Type Discrete Filters for Acceleration and Deceleration of Servo Motors
D.S. Shin ; S.C. Chung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 52~60
This paper proposes the effective method of the software based motion control by using lenear, exponential and bell type discrete filters for acceleration and deceleration of servo motors. Recursive filters are designed in discrete time domain which can reduce computation time and vibration of motors due to load disturbance. Also it deals with the method which decides the time constants of filters when a machine tool is driven at rapid, cutting and jog feedrate. Validity of the proposed method is verified by corner cutting experiments.
A Study on the Effect of Shot Peened Treatments on the Strength of Carburized Gears
S.K. Lyu ; H.J. Jeon ; B.H. Moon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 61~67
Hardened layer and compressive residual stress created by carburized treatment effect on bending strength of gear massively. Also, shot peening treatment improves the strength of carburized gear as it does the hardness and residual stress of surface layer. In these days shot peening techniques are welcomed as one of physical improvement ways around the surface of materials. It is used widely because qualitative analysis of shot peening has become possible and surface treatment can be done with very little costs comparaed to other surface improvement methods. Therefore this study investigates the effect of shot peening in surface shape and bending fatigue strength after doing many kinds of shot peening treatments, then doing fatigue test and also explained characteristics of shot peening gear.
A Fine Manipulator with Compliance for Wafer Probing System
Park, K.B. ; Kim, S.H. ; Y.K. Kwak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 68~79
A six DOF fine manipulator based on magnetic levitation is developed. Since most of magnetic levitation system are inherently unstable, a proposed magnetically levitated fine manipulator is implemented by use of an antagonistic structure to increase stability. From mathematical modeling and experiment, the equations of motion are derived. In addition, a six DOF sensing system is implemented by use of three 2-axis PSD sensors. A model reference-
controller is applied to the system for the position control, In application of the fine manipulator, a wafer probing system is proposed to identify nonfunctional circuts. The probing system requires compliance to avoid destruction of DUT(device under test). A feedfor- ward-PD controllers are presented by the terms of the position accuracy, the settling time and the force accuracy.y.
Electrical discharge machining of
Wang, D.H. ; Woo, J.Y. ; Ahn, Y.C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 80~89
Die sinking electrical discharge machining(EDM) was conducted for ceramic composite of 33 weight percent TiC based on AI
ceramic matrix according to the change of current and duty factor(DF). Material removal rate(MRR) was increased as the current and the duty factor increased, but better surface mor-pholoty was obtained in the region of lower current and duty factor. From the scanning electron microscopy(SEM) photographs and the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDX) of the EDMed surface, EDM trace formed by one discharge spark was analyzed. Although the bending strength after EDM was highly decreased, reliability obtained by weibull analysis was increased twice. The bending strength was recovered or more by barrel polishing after EDM. From the FEM analysis of temperature for one spark, the possible melting region of AI
and TiC was obtained.
A Finite Element Model for Predicting the Microstructural Evolution in Hot Rolling
H.J. Cho ; Kim, N.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 90~100
A full three-dimensional thermo-coupled rigid-viscoplastic finite element method and the currently developed microstructural evolution system which includes semi-empirical equations suggested by different research groups were used together to form an integrated system of process and micro- structure simulation of hot rolling. The distribution and time histroy of the momechanical variables such as temperature, strain, strain rate, and time during pass and between passes were obtained from the finite element analysis of multipass hot rolling processes. The distribution of metallurgical variables were calculated on the basis of instantaneous thermomechanical data. For the verification of this method the evolution of microstructure in plate rolling and shape rolling was simulated and their results were compared with the data available in the literature. Consequently, this approach makes it possible to describe the realistic evolution of microstructure by avoiding the use of erroneous average value and can be used in CAE of multipass hot rolling.
The sectional analysis of auto-body panel stamping process and three-dimensional shape composition
D.W. Jung ; D.Y. Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 101~107
A sectional analysis of auto-body panel stamping is carried out by using the rigid-plastic FEM based on the membrane theory. The auto-body panel material is assumed to possess normal anisotropy and to obey Hill's new yield criterion and its associated flow rule. A method of contact treatment is proposed in which the skew boundary condition for arbitarily shaped tools is successively used during iteration. Deformation of each section of trunk-lid panel is simulated and composed to get the three-dimensional shape by using CAD technique. It was shown that the composition of the two-dimensional section analysis gives almost the same results as the full three-dimensional analysis.
The design of a robust controller for nonlinear systems with input saturation
H.S. Choi ; M.H. Lee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 108~115
This paper presents a robust controller design for uncertain nonlinear systems with input saturation. In actual application, the robust controller may require a high input torque so that it faces input saturation due to power limitation of the system. The satruation problem may cause instability of the system. To improve this problem, a robust controller using a fuzzy logic control is proposed. The proposed controller keeps state errors bounded. To validate the proposed controller, an invert pendulum and its control system is set up. The experimental result shows bounded angular position errors under saturated input torques.
Constraint satisfaction algorithm in constraint network using simulated annealing method
J.H. Cha ; I.H. Lee ; J.J. Kim ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 116~123
We have already presented the constraint satisfaction algorithm which could solve the closed loop porblem in constraint network by using local constraint propagation, variable elimination and constraint modularization. With this algorithm, we have implemented a knowledge-based system (intelligent CAD) for supporting machine design interactively. In this paper, we present newer constraint satisfaction algorithm which can solve inequalities or under-constrained problems in constraint network, interactively and effi- ciently. This algorithm is a hybrid type of using both declarative description (constraint representation) and optimization algorithm (Simulated Annealing), simultaneously. The under-constrained problems are represented by constraint networks and satisfied completely with this algorithm. The usefulness of our algorithm will be illustrated by the application to a gear design.
Stability and frequency response analysis of multipurpose vehicle using linear vehicle model
B.K. Kim ; W.S. KiM ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 124~129
The purpose of this study is to predict the stability and frequency response of multipurpose vehicle. The vehicle model has seven degrees of freedom. The motion equations are derived by using Lagrangian equation and linearized. The positions of eigenvalues of model which are dominated by lateral velocity, yaw rate, roll rate of sprung mass are used to predict the stability of motion. The resonse of sprung mass to steering wheel is simulated in time domain. It is predicted that the roll response of sprung mass would rather be improved by modifying the position of eigenvalues. The responses of sprung mass to steering wheel are also simulated in frequency domain. The magnitude and phase plots of gains are evaluated in driver's steering input frequency range.
A study on the analysis of vehicle dynamic characteristics for the improvement of suspension system
I.H. Lee ; W.S. Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 130~138
In this study, to improve the ride and handling characteristics of the vehicle whose hard points have been already fixed, a tuning method of load spring, damper and stabilizer bar is described. For the suspension system of vehicle, optimized design is necessary to satisfy the incompatible two dynamic characteristics which are the ride isolation property between unsprung mass and sprung mass to reduce the excitation from the road and the accurate correring response property to specific steering inputs. To accomplish above aims, we may approach by experimental method, but it requires to sacrifice much time and cost. This paper, therefore, provides a process of suspension development to improve the ride and handling properties by using computer simulation with saving time and cost, and as results, comparaes the dynamic characteristics of the tuned vehicle with the base vehicle not tuned.
Optimization of control parameters for speed control of a hydraulic motor using genetic algorithms
J.H. Hyun ; C.H. Ahn ; C.O. Lee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 139~145
This study is concerned with the optimizing method of control parameters for a hydraulic speed control system by using genetic algorithms which are general purpose search algorithms based on natural evolution and genetics. It is shown that the genetic altorithms satisfactorily oiptimized control gains of the PI speed control system of an electrohydraulic servomotor and that optimization of control para- meters can be achived without much experience and knowledge for tuning. It is also shown that optimal gains may be determined from fitness distribution curves plotted in given gain spaces.
Development of methodology for evaluating tribological properities of Ion-implanted steel
B.H. Moon ; B.Y. Choi ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 14, issue 9, 1997, Pages 146~154
Ion implantation has been used successfully as a surface treatment technology to improve the wear. fatigue and corrosion resistances of materials. A modified surface layer by ion implantation is very thin(under 1 m), but it has different mechanical properties from the substrate. It has also different wear characteristics. Since wear is a dynamic phenomenon on interacting surfaces with relative motion, an effective method for investigtating the wear of a thin layer is the observation of wear process in microscopic detail using in-situ system. The change of wear properties produces the transition of wear mode. To know the microscopic wear mechanism of this thin layer, it is very important to clarify its microscopic wear mode. In this paper, using the SEM and AFM Rribosystems as in-situ system, the microscopic wear of Ti ion-implanted 1C-3Cr steel, a material for roller in the cold working process, was investigated in repeated sliding. The depth of wear groove and the speciffc wear amount were changed with transition of microscopic wear mode. The depth of wear groove with friction cycles in AFM tribosystem and specific wear amount of Ti ion-implanted 1C-3Cr steel were less about 2-3 times than those of non-implanted 1C-3Cr steel. The microscopic wear mechansim of Ti ion-implanted 1C-3Cr steel was also clarified. The microscopic wear property was quantitatively evaluated in terms of microscopic wear mode and specific wear amount.