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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Design of Elliptical Lobe Type Gear with Involute Profile
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 7~14
Noncircular gears have been used for obtaining the modified anglualr velocity ratio between parallel axes. The elliptical gear, which is a kind of noncircular gears, makes use of ellipse as a pitch curve, and is applied for the measurement of the discharge of liquid. The applications of an elliptical gear are more advantageous than any other mechanism as like a crank-slider linkage or a cam mechanism in view of the accuracy and the reliability to transmit the prescribed motion. In this paper, acceding to the theoretical involute tooth profile, two pairs of the elliptical gears were manufactured by using CNC wire electronic discharge machine. The proper ranges of the operating pressure angle and of module not to generate under cutting are studied on the change of the eccentricity, because it is the eccentricity of the pitch curve that determines most of the characteristics of the elliptical gear and then the vibration analysis is executed for the verification of harmonious rotating.
Active Suspension System Control Using Optimal Control ＆ Neural Network
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 15~26
Full car model is needed for investigating as a entire dynamics of vehicle. In this study, 7DOF of full car model's dynamics is selected. This paper proposes the output feedback controller based on optimal control theory. Input data and output data from the optimal controller are used for neural network system identification of the suspension system. To do system identification, neural network which has robustness against nonlinearities and disturbances is adapted. This study uses back-propagation algorithm to train a multil-layer neural network. After obtaining a neural network model of a suspension system, a neuro-controller is designed. Neuro-controller controls suspension system with off-line learning method and multistep ahead prediction model based on the neural network model and a neuro-controller. The optimal controller and the neuro-controller are designed and then, both performances are compared through. For simulation, sinusoidal and rectangular virtual bumps are selected.
Machining Characteristics of Ni-based Heat Resisting Alloy
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 27~35
Ni-based heat resisting alloys are commonly used for high temperature applications such as in aircraft engines and gas turbines. In this work, the machinability of Nimonic 263 alloy is investigated with respect to optimum tool type and cutting conditions for both continuous and discontinuous machining as well as weld region. Among the five types of tools tested, K25 tool experienced the least of damage in machining the weld region. Furthermore, despite their superior high temperature hardness, Si-Al-O-N and CBN tools peformed poorly in machining Nimonic 263.
Searching and Prediction of Cutting Characteristics Using Cryogenic Tool
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 36~43
We experimented turning SCM440, called difficult-to-cut materials in general, using tungsten carbon tool(PIO) in order to elevate machinability by a new cutting method. The cutting tool designed and made to study was cooled to -17
in about 1 minute by liquid nitrogen. Then, we operated cryogenic cutting by cooling tool with liquid nitrogen and stuided the effect about cutting force, chip thickness, surface roughness, behavior of tool wear and cutting temperature. In addition, we investigated the possibility that sur face roughness of workpiece can be predicted analyzing cutting characteristics.
A Study on Life Assessment for In-Service High-Temperature Components Using Image Processing Technique
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 44~50
The creep life fraction can be evaluated by the degree of grain deformation since the grain of Cr-Mo base metal deforms in the direction of stress. The grain deformation method using image processing technique is developed for life assessment of in-service high-temperature components. The new assessment model of grain deformation method is presented to apply to in-service components and is verified by interrupted creep test for ex-serviced material of 1Cr-0.5Mo steel. The proposed model, which is irrespective of stress direction, is to evaluate mean of the absolute deviation for the measured ratios which are diametrical maximum to minimum dimensions for grains.
An Estimating Reliability of Machine Elements Subjected to Fluctuating Load Considering Static and Dynamic Allowable Safety Factors
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 51~57
It is common to assume identical allowable safety factors in static strength defined by mean stress and in fatigue, defined by stress amplitude. Under the load with asymmetrical cycles the safety factor is not the same. In this paper, with the consideration of unequal allowable safety (actors a general method for estimating fatigue reliability of a machine element under a combined state of stress is derived based on the theory proposed by Prof. Kececioglu and a normal distribution. The calculation of fatigue reliability fur limited life is discussed with example.
Sectional Analysis of Sheet Metal Stamping Processes Using Bending Energy Augmented Membrane Element and Continuous Contact Treatment
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 58~67
A sectional analysis of sheet metal forming process with an arbitrary tool shape is proposed in the present work. To improve the numerical convergence in the conventional membrane sectional analysis, the Bending Energy Augmented Membrane (BEAM) elements had been developed. The BEAM elements particularly improve the stability and convergence of the finite element method for the case of deep drawing. In this work, the FERGUBON spline (C
-continuous) was used to fit the deformed mesh to smooth the given curves and calculate the local curvature of the deformed sheet. The fittings of the deformed sheet and tool surface profile ensure the stability and the convergence of the finite element analysis of highly nonlinear stamping processes. A center floor section and front fender section are analyzed to show the accuracy and robustness of the approach. The results obtained by the proposed approach are compared with the available experimental data.
A Study on a Direct-Type Proportional Flow Control Valve Utilizing Flowforces
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 68~75
A one-stage direction and flow control valve was studied theoretically and experimentally. A direction and flow control valve maintains a constant flow rate by changing the spool-orifice area under the variation of valve pressure drop, since the spool-orifice area is varied by the action of flowforces on the spool. A direction and flow control valve has the advantage of simple and low-cost structure compared to a conventional flow control valve utilizing a pressure regulating spool which regulates the pressure drop caused by flow through the metering orifice. The static and dynamic characteristics of a one-stage direction and flow control valve was analyzed. Experimental results on the flow control characteristics of the manufactured valve show satisfactory agreement with simulation results.
An Experimental Study on Sealing Performance Improvement for Oil Mist Luibrication Environment
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 76~82
Sealing an oil-air mixture plays important roles to have an enhanced lubrication for high speed spindle. Current work is emphasized on the investigation of the air jet effect on the protective collar type labyrinth seal. To improve the sealing capability of conventional labyrinth seal, air jet is injected against through the leakage flow. It has a combined geometry of a protective collar type and an air jet type. In this study, both of a numerical analysis by CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) and experimental measurements are carried out to verify sealing improvement. Both of the turbulence and the compressible flow model are introduced in CFD analysis. The sealing effect of the leakage clearance and the air jet magnitude are studied for various parameter in the experiment. The results of pressure drop in the experiment match reasonably to those of the simulation by introducing a flow coefficient. Effects of sealing improvement are explained as decreasing of effective leakage clearance by air jetting. Thus, sealing effect is improved by amount of air jetting even though clearance becomes larger.
Control of Left Ventricular Assist Device Using Neural Network Feedforward Controller
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 83~90
In this paper, we present neural network for control of Left Ventricular Assist Device(LVAD) system with a pneumatically driven mock circulation system. Beat rate(BR), Systole-Diastole Rate(SDR) and flow rate are collected as the main variables of the LVAD system. System modeling is completed using the neural network with input variables(BR, SBR, their derivatives, actual flow) and output variable(actual flow). It is necessary to apply high perfomance control techniques, since the LVAD system represent nonlinear and time-varing characteristics. Fortunately. the neural network can be applied to control of a nonlinear dynamic system by learning capability In this study, we identify the LVAD system with neural network and control the LVAD system by PID controller and neural network feedforward controller. The ability and effectiveness of controlling the LVAD system using the proposed algorithm will be demonstrated by experiment.
Design and Implementation of an On-the-Machine Measuring and Inspection Module
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 91~97
Design methodology of Interactive Measuring Part Program Generating Tools(IMPPGT) realized on the FANUC 15MA using touch trigger probes and interactive macro functions of the CNC was described in this paper. Measuring G codes were designed according to geometric form, precision attributes, relations between parts, datum hierarchies, and relevant technological data by using measuring arguments. Menu driven measuring and inspection functions of the IMPPGT were studied and implemented on the CNC through the macro executor and ROM writer. Using the developed measuring G code system on the machine tool, untended measurement and inspection operation was able to be realized in precision FMS lines.
Analysis of Vibration Characteristics by Using Electro-Optic Holography Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 98~104
Recently. a new technique called Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry(ESPI) has been developed to overcome the drawbacks of existing holography. This technique enable real-time interference fringes to be displayed directly on TV monitor without recourse to any form of photographic processing. This research was carried out for the purpose of applying the vibration analysis method employing Electronic Speckle Pattern Interference technique to the vibration analysis of uniform rectangular cantilever plate. The natural vibration frequencies found by ESPI were in fair agreement with theoretical eigen frequencies acquired using theoretical formula G. B. Warburton proposed.
A Study on the Diagnosis of Cutting Tool States Using Cutting Conditions and Cutting Force Parameters(II) -Decision Making-
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 105~110
In this study, statistical and neural network methods were used to recognize the cutting tool states. This system employed the tool dynamometer and cutting force signals which are processed from the tool dynamometer sensor using linear discriminent function. To learn the necessary input/output mapping for turning operation diagnosis, the weights and thresholds of the neural network were adjusted according to the error back propagation method during off-line training. The cutting conditions, cutting force ratios and statistical values(standard deviation, coefficient of variation) attained from the cutting force signals were used as the inputs to the neural network. Through the suggested neural network a cutting tool states may be successfully diagnosed.
Assembly Sequence Planning for Multiple Robots Along a Conveyer Line
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 111~117
In order to increase productivity of an assembly system composed of multiple robots along a conveyer line, an efficient sequence planning is necessary because the assembly time is dependent upon the assembly sequence. In this paper, a two-robot assembly system is considered in which two robots operate simultaneously and transfer parts from the part feeders to the workpiece on the conveyer one by one. In this case, the distance from the feeder to the workpiece varies with time because the workpiece moves at a constant speed on the conveyer. Hence, the sequence programming is not a trivial problem. Also, the two robots may interfere with each other kinematically and dynamically due to the simultaneous operation, so the sequence should be programmed to avoid the interferences. In this paper, the task sequence optimization problem is formulated and is solved by employing the simulated annealing which has been shown to be effective for solving large combinatorial optimizations.
Design Methodology of Preform for Reducing Tool Wear in Cold Forging
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 118~124
The die wear is one of the main factors affecting die accuracy and tool lifetime. It is desired to reduce die wear by developing simulation method to predict wear based on process variables, and then optimizing the process. Therefore, this paper describes methodology of preform design for minimizing wear of finisher die in multi-stage cold forging processes. The finite element method is combined with the routine of wear prediction. The cold forging process is analyzed using developed simulation method. In order to obtain preform to minimize die wear, the Flexible Polyhedron Search(FPS) algorithm is used. The optimal preform shape is found from iterative deformation analysis and wear calculation.
Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Analysis of Burr Formation at the Exit Stage in Orthogonal Cutting
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 125~133
The objective of this study is to propose a new approach for modelling of burr formation process during orthogonal cutting when the tool exits the workpiece. This approach is based on the rigid-plastic finite element method combined with the ductile fracture criterion and the element kill method. This approach is applied to orthogonal cutting process to predict the fracture location and the fracture angle as well as the cutting force. To validate this approach, orthogonal cutting tests inside SEM(scanning electron microscope) at very low speed are carried out using A16061-T6 to observe the behavior of the material during the chip and the burr formation. The results of the experiment are compared with those of the finite element simulation.
Robust Discrete-Time Observer Design
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 134~140
The authors have shown that the performance of discrete-time observer-based monitoring systems can be represented by the performance index k
(P) (condition number of the eigensystem P of the observer matrix in terms of L
norm). The observers with the minimized performance index can be defined as robust observers in the sense that the observer performance can be guaranteed in harsh environments. In this paper, based on the performance index, a design methodology for the robust discrete-time observer is developed. Similar to the continuous-time case, the methodology determines the structure and eigenvalues of the observer matrix simultaneously. A complete design procedure is given for single-output case and is illustrated with a spindle-driver example. The simulation results demonstrate the improved performance compared with a traditional pole-placement observer technique.
A New Technique Development for Measuring Plastic Strain of Precision Machined Surface
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 141~147
A plastically deformed layer in the precision machined surface affects in various forms the physical properties of machined components such as the fatigue strength, the dimensional instability, microcracks and the stress corrosion cracking. These physical properties, so called surface integrity, are very important for designing highly stressed and critically loaded components. Typical plastic strains in the precision machined surface are very difficult to measure, since they are located within a very short distance from the surface and they change very rapidly. A new way is suggested to determine the residual strain in plastically deformed materials by analyzing the plastically deformed layer after a subsequent recrystallization process. This investigation is to explore a new technique for measuring plastic strain in machining applications, and in particular, to and the effect of cutting parameters(rake angle, depth of cut, specific cutting energy), on the plastic strains and strain energy.
A Study on the Metal Transfer Considering Fluid Flow in GMAW
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 4, 1998, Pages 148~155
It is commonly known that, in GMAW, the characteristics of metal transfer and the size of molten drop are highly dependent on the welding current. These changes in the characteristics of metal transfer has a considerable effect on the weld quality, and a lot of studies have been made on metal transfer modes for that reason. In this study, two cases were investigated; the one in which the metal transfer proceeds with gravitational force, surface tension, and no electromagnetic force, and the other in which the process has electromagnetic term in addition, where the current density in the fluid has been assumed to have Gaussian distribution on any given cross-section and it acts vertically. Using fluid flow analysis, this study has observed the whole process of the development and break-up of the molten drop, and it also showed that transitional processes, drop rate, and the drop size in each metal transfer mode can be estimated.