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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study on J-lead Solder Joint Inspection of PCB Using Vision System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 9~18
The components with J-lead. which are more integrated and smaller than ones with Gull-wing. are rapidly being used in electronic board such as the PCB, for they have the advantage of occupying a small space compared to the other components. However, the development of inspection system for these new components is not so rapid as component development. Component-inspection with J-lead using vision system is difficult because they are hidden from camera optical axis. X-ray inspection, which has the advantage of inspecting the inside of solder state, is used to J-lead inspection. However. it is high cost and dangerous by leaking out X-ray compared to vision system. Therefore, in this paper, we design vision system suited to J-lead inspection and then propose algorithm which have flexibility in mount and rand error.
Control of Convergence for Deflection Yoke Using Neuro-Fuzzy Model
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 19~27
Color Display Tube (CDT) used in computer monitors, consists of many components. Deflection Yoke(DY) among them supplies the vertical and horizontal magnetic fields so that the spatial trajectories of electron beams are deflected according to the synchronization signals. If the magnetic fields are not correctly formed, there will be color blurring or blooming by a mis-convergence of each beam and the color image on screen may not be clear. Therefore, in the manufacture of DY. its quality is strictly examined to get the desired convergence and the occurred mis-convergence can be cured by sticking ferrite sheets on the inner part of DY. However, because it needs expert's knowledge and experience to find the proper position of the sheet, this article introduces an intelligent controller that the knowledge-base represented by a neuro-fuzzy model is used to find the optimal position of the ferrite sheet for the convergence.
Study on Gear Meshing Force Signature Recovery Using Inverse Filter
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 28~33
In monitoring and diagnosing machinery with gear trains, gear meshing force are the important signature indicating the operating condition. The gear meshing forces, however, are extremely difficult to be measured while gears are rotating. One easy possible way is to measure vibrations which are produced and transferred by the gear meshing forces. While the gear meshing forces are traveling, the force waveforms are shaped by the path transfer function. In the paper, the way to recover the source waveform by eliminating the path effects is discussed using inverse filter.
The Analysis of Measuring Error in OMM System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 34~42
This paper describes an analysis of measuring error of on the machine measuring(OMM) system which directly measures machined surface dimensions using scanning probe on a CNC milling machine. 21 inch TV shadow mask mould clamped to a pallet was measured using PTP(point to point) measuring algorithm in OMM system and the results were compared with those using coordinate measuring machine(CMM). The OMM error was evaluated by probe error, stylus contact error, center shift error, repeatability, work-piece clamping error and etc. The results show that elastic deformation of the pallet is most affecting factor on the measuring error, thus pallet design and clamping method need very careful cosiderations.
Adaptive Identification Method of EDM Parameters Using Neural Network
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 43~49
Adaptive neural network approach is presented for determining Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) parameters. Electrical Discharge Machining has been widely used with its capability of machining hard metals and tough shapes. In the past few years, EDM has been established in tool-room and large-scale production. However. in spite of it's wide application, an universal selection method of EDM parameters has not been established yet. No attempt has been tried before to suggest a logical method in determining essential machine parameters considering the machining rate and resulting surface roughness integrity. The paper presents a method, which is focusing on determining appropriate machining parameters. Depending on the electrode wear and surface roughness, an adaptive neural network is designed for providing suitable machining guideline.
An Expert System of the Very Thin Sheet Metal Press Die Automated Design for VFD Grid
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 50~58
A proper model of expert system for the very thin sheet metal press die design has been suggested. Using the suggested model, an expert system of the very thin sheet metal press die has been developed. This study contains that the results from the developed system for three kinds of specimens have the adaptability in the actual site. In addition, the possibility for expansion of this system has been discussed. The developed system, which is based on the knowledge base, has been included in a lot of expert's technology in the practice field. C-language under the HP-UNIX system and CIS customer language of the EXCESS CAD/CAM system have been used as the overall CAD environment. Results from this system will provide effective aids to the designer in this field.
A Study on the Oil-Jet Lubrication Characteristics of a Motor-Integrated High-Speed Spindle System with
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 59~64
In this study, a motor-integrated high-speed spindle system with
25,000rpm is developed by introducing the oil-jet lubrication method, ceramic angular contact ball bearings, a built-in motor and so on. And oil-jet lubrication experiments fur evaluating the system performance are performed under various operation conditions. Especially, in order to establish the oillet lubrication conditions related to the development of a high-speed spindle system, the effects of oil supply rate and rotational spindle speed are investigated on the temperature rise, temperature distribution, motor current and so on.
A Study on the Cutter Runout Compensation by PI Control in End Mill Process
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 65~71
This paper presents in-process compensation methodology to eliminate cutter runout and improve machined surface quality. The cutter runout compensation system consists of the micro-positioning mechanism with the PZT (piezo-electric translator) which is embeded in the sliding table to manipulate the radial depth of cut in real time. For the implementation of cutter runout compensation methodology. cutting force adaptive control was proposed in the angle domain based upon PI (proportional-integral) control strategy to eliminate chip-load change in end milling process. Micro-positioning control due to adaptive acuation force response improves the machined surface quality by compensation or elimination of cutter runout induced cutting force variation. This results will provide lots of information to build-up the precision machining technology.
Evaluation System for the Correlation Coefficient of the Assemblability and Assembly Cost of Products in Bolting
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 72~84
This paper studies the relationship between assemblability and assembly time. After analyzing characteristic factors of bolts and parts, seven different kinds of assemblability parameters were determined according to assembly process, and assemblability was also evaluated. MTM (Method-Time Measurement) and Work factor methods were used for an estimation of assembly time. It shows the relationship can be found on the basis of characteristic factors of parts and bolts by relational graphs and numerical formulas.
Minimum Tooth Number of Elliptical Gears with Involute-Trocoidal Profile
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 85~92
This present paper describes a mathematical model of profile shifted elliptical gears, and this model is based on the concepts of envelope theory and conjugate geometry between the blank and the straight-sided rack cutter. The geometric model of the rack cutter includes working regions generating involute curves and fillets for trocoidal curves, and furthermore the addendum modified coeff. is considered for avoiding undercutting. The addendum modified coeff. is changed linearly along with pitch curves and must be the same absolute value at both major semi-axis and minor semi-axis. If undercutting is at all pronounced, the undercut tooth not only are weakened in strength, but lose a small portion of the involute adjacent to the base circle, then this loss of involute may cause a serious reduction in the length of contact. A very effective method of avoiding undercutting is to use the so-called profile shifted gearing. Non-undercutting condition is examined with the change of eccentricity and addendum modified coeff. in elliptical gears and then the minimum number of tooth is proposed not to gernerate undercutting phenomenon.
Synthesis of an On-Line 5 Degrees of Freedom Error Measurement System for Translational Motion Rigid Bodies
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 93~99
Although laser interferometer measurement system has advantages of measurement range and accuracy, it has some disadvantages when measurement of multi degrees of freedom of motion are required. Because the traditional error measurement methods for geometric errors (two straightness and three angular errors) of a slide of machine tools measures error components one at a time. It may also create an optical path difference and affect the measurement accuracy. In order to identify and compensate for geometric errors of a moving rigid body in real time processes, an on-line error measurement system for simultaneous detection of the five error components of a moving object is required. Using laser alignment technique and some optoelectronic components, an on-line measurement system with 5 degrees of freedom was developed for the geometric error detection in this study Performance verification of the system has been performed on an error generating mechanism. Experimental results show the feasibility of this system for identifying geometric errors of a slide of machine tools.
Tool Fracture Detection in Milling Process (I) -Part 1 : Development of Tool Fracture Index-
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 100~109
In order to increase productivity through unmanned machining in CNC milling process, in-process tool fracture detection is required. In this paper, a new algorithm for tool fracture detection using cutting load variations was developed. For this purpose, developed were tool condition vector which is dimensionless indicator of cutting load and tool fracture index (TFI) which represents magnitude of tool fracture. Through cutting force simulation, tool fracture index was shown to be independent of tool run-outs and cutting condition variations. Using tool fracture index, the ratio of the tool fracture to feed per tooth could be indentified.
Tool Fracture Detection in Milling Process (II) -Part 2: Tool Fracture Detection in Rough Milling Using Spindle Motor Current-
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 110~119
Dynamic cutting force variations in milling process were measured indirectly using spindle motor current. Magnitude of the spindle motor current is independent of cutting direction. Quasi-static sensitivity of the spindle motor current is higher than that of the feed motor current. Dynamic sensitivity of the spindle motor current is lower but cutting force was correctly represented by spindle RMS current in rough milling. In rough milling, chipping and tool fracture were well detected by the proposed tool fracture index using spindle motor current.
Local A Posteriori Error Estimates for Obstacle Contact Problems
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 120~127
Differential inequalities occurring in problems of obstacle contact problems are recast into variational inequalities and analyzed by finite element methods. A new a posteriori error estimator, which is essential in adaptive finite element method, is introduced to capture the errors in finite element approximations of these variational inequalities. In order to construct a posteriori error estimates, saddle point problems are introduced using Lagrange parameters and upper bounds are provided. The global upper bound is localized by a special mixed formulation, which leads to upper bounds of the element errors. A numerical experiment is performed on an obstacle contact problem to check the effectivity index both in a local and a global sense.
3-D Form Generation Mechanism in the Centerless Grinding Process (I) -Infeed Grinding-
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 128~136
A mathematical model for investigating the form generation mechanism in the centerless infeed grinding process is described. For 3-D modeling of form generation, contact points are assumed to be on least squares contact lines at the grinding wheel, regulating wheel, and work-rest blade. Using force and deflection analysis, the validity of this assumption is shown. Based on the 2-D simulation model developed in the previous work and the least squares contact line assumption, a 3-D model is presented. To validate this model, simulation results were compared with the experimental works. The experiments and computer simulations were carried out using three types of cylindrical workpiece shapes with varying flat length. The experimental results agree well with the simulation. It can be seen that the effect of flat end propagated to the opposite end through workpiece reorientation.
3-D Form Generation Mechanism in the Centerless Grinding Process (II) -Thrufeed Grinding-
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 137~144
A mathematical model for investigating the form generation mechanism in the centerless thrufeed grinding process is described. The length of the contact line and the magnitude of the grinding force between the grinding wheel and workpieces vary with the change of the axial location of the current workpiece during grinding. Thus, a new coordinate system and a grinding force curve of previous and/or following workpieces are introduced to treat the axial motion. Experiments and computer simulations were carried out using three types of cylindrical workpiece shapes. To validate this model. simulation results are compared with the experimental results.
A Mechanistic Model for the Prediction of Cutting Forces in Band Sawing
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 145~152
In this research, in order to predict the cutting force using a mechanistic model, specific cutting force was firstly obtained through the cutting experiments. Band sawing process is similar to a milling, that is multi-point cutting. Therefore it is not easy matter to evaluate specific cutting force. Thus, the thickness of workpiec was made smaller than one pitch of the saw in terms of fly cutting in the face milling process. Then the cutting force was predicted by analyzing the geometric shape of a saw tooth The tooth shape used in the research was raker set style that was generally used in band sawing. And a set of teeth is comprised of three teeth, those are ranked as left, straight and right. The mechanistic model was developed in this study considered those shapes of each tooth. From the validation experiments, the predicted cutting forces coincided well with the measured ones. Therefore the predicted cutting forces can be used for the adaptive control of saw engaging feed rate in the band sawing.
The Development of String type Tele-operation Controller for 3D Environment
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 153~160
A master-slave system for tele-operation had been developed and tested for several decades. In this paper the master robot is composed of several wires and provides position information of the handle which is driven by a operator within the master robot work space. A PC is used for the command calculation for a slave robot. This paper deals with the relation between the number of strings and D.O.F of the master robot, control method of the slave robot during the operation and the monitoring method over the working area by the computer graphics simulation. The D.O.F of the master robot can be modified by adding or subtracting some strings. The controller of the slave robot uses the advanced PD control method to keep the performance against varying working load.
Inference Mechanisms for Configuration Design Expert System of Machine Tools
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 161~166
As a part of the configuration design expert system of machine tools, inference mechanisms are constructed in this paper. In addition to procedural inference, the method of multivariable inference is considered as an efficient approach to deal with the cases of highly coupled condition. We propose a generalized multi-variable inference procedure. The procedure is applied to the type selection module of the configuration design expert system of machine tools in order to demonstrate the efficiency and validity.
Analysis of Macroscopic Forming Process on the Basis of Microscopic Crystal Plasticity
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 5, 1998, Pages 167~175
A mathematical formulation is presented to model anisotropy from the deformation textures developed in a forming process. In this work, a micro-mechanical-based polycrystalline analysis is implemented into a consistent finite element method for the anisotropic, viscoplastic deformation of polycrystalline metals. As suggested by Taylor, the deformation of each grain in an aggregate is assumed to be same as the macroscopic deformation of an aggregate or a macro-continuum point. Algorithms are developed to represent the plastic anisotropy, such as the anisotropic yield surface and R-value, from the predicted deformation texture. As applications, the evolution of texture in rolling, upsetting and drawing/extrusion processes are simulated and the corresponding changes of mechanical properties such as yield surface and R-value are predicted.