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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Development of Automatic Support Structure Generation System for Effective Building of Stereolithographic Parts
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 7~17
Stereolithography is a process used to rapidly produce stereolithographic parts directly from three dimensional CAD models. However design methodologies to create components to be built by stereolithography are different from those required by conventional machining processes. As a typical case in point, the support structures are required to support a component at build stage, but are later removed once building and curing are complete. These structures are used to anchor the component to the platform and to prevent sagging or distortion. This paper deals with the Support Map data structure prepared to find the appropriate regions of supports. Interferences between supports and parts, and support structure themselves as well, are checked and thus the system are searching the statically stable regions to remove the surplus support structures. Cross shaped tooth profiles are designed for easy eliminating the support structures.
Selective Laser Sintering by
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 18~25
A prototyping process based on the technique of selective
laser sintering has been carried out using bronze powder. The integration of a
laser and a working table to create the opto-mechanical system has been constructed for making the multi-layer sintering. Three dimensional rapid prototyping process which has used the 40W
laser and bronze powder has been investigated experimentally The optimal scanning method has been found to minimize the deflection and distortion by using the thermal strain method which the laser scans in the x and v directions repeatedly. The method of spreading powder has been improved by using the rubber knife of which the flexibility causes less wave of spreading powder.
A Classification Techniques of Solder Joint Using Neural Network in Visual Inspection System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 26~35
This paper presents a visual inspection algorithm looking for solder joint defects of IC chips on PCBs (Printed Circuit Boards). In this algorithm, seven features are proposed in order to categorize the solder joints into four classes such as normal, insufficient, excess, and no solder, and optimal back-propagation network is determined by error evaluation which depend on the number of neurons in hidden and out-put layers and selection of the features. In the end, a good accuracy of classification performance, an optimal determination of network structure and the effectiveness of chosen seven features are examined by experiment using proposed inspection algorithm.
A Study on the Effect of Roughness of Rolling Roll in the Paintabilility of Strip
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 36~43
Surface roughness of cold rolled steel sheet as well as the coating technique itself is quite important in obtaining high image clarity of electronic products and car outer panels. Especially, surface characteristics of steel sheet have acquired increasing attention from the steel and automotive industries. While the influence of such characteristics on paintability formability and painted surface appearance is important in defining steel surface requirements for automotive industries. Therefore this paper is dedicated primarily to the issue of paint appearance and reviews for improvement of roughness and peak count about the surface of work roll for the actual temper mill. The conclusions were obtained as follows ; 1) Roughness and peak count about the surface of steel sheet is strongly affected by surface condition of work roll. 2) The electro-discharge textured roll has more uniform roughness distribution than shot blasted roll and it's painted appearance of steel sheet has more improvement than that of the shot blasted because it has more harmonic wave roughness, and the higher peak count of surface roughness.
Two-Step Neural Network Approach for Determining EDM(Electrical Discharge Machining) Parameters in Low Tool Erosion
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 44~51
Two-step neural network is designed for determining electrical discharge machining parameters in low erosion. The first neural network, which is used as a classification network, checks whether the current conditions are appropriate to electrical discharge machining in low tool erosion. If the conditions are appropriate to EDM in low erosion, suitable EDM parameters are generated by the second neural network. Theoretically known EDM conditions are produced and also utilized for training the second neural network. The trained neural network is tested how well suitable EDM machining conditions are generated under unknown machining situations Experimental result shows that the proposed two-step neural network approach could be effectively used for determining EDM parameters in low tool erosion. The results also have a practical contribution to EDM area in that it could be applied for maintaining low tool wear as well as obtaining maximum machining rates simultaneously.
Study on Tilt of 4-Wire Actuator in Optical Disc
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 52~60
In optical disc system, 4-wire actuator has undesired tilt which degenerates the performance of RF signal. This tilt occurs from moment around the axis parallel to the tangential direction of the disk. The main reason of the moment is the coupling effect between focus driving system and tracking driving system. This paper constructed tilt mechanism and analyzed tilt quantity due to the moment based on structural analysis and magnetic field analysis. And the experiment about tilt was executed. The results were compared and discussed about the difference. Then, the design method for reducing tilt angle was suggested.
Effects of the Grinding Conditions on the Shape of Center Ground Part
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 61~68
The form accuracy of parts has become an important parameter. Therefore, dimensional tolerance and geometric tolerance are used in the design stage to satisfy required quality and functions of parts. But the informations on the machining conditions, which can satisfy the assigned geometric tolerance in design, are insufficient. The objectives of this research are to study the effects of the grinding parameters such as traverse speed, work speed, depth of cut, and dwell time on the after-ground workpiece shape, and to find out the major parameters among them. The results are as follows, The effects of work speed and depth of cut on workpiece shape are negligible compared with the effect of traverse speed. There is an optimal dwell time depending on the traverse speed. The optimal dwell time is decreasing as the traverse speed is increased.
Effect of Annealing Cycle of the Steel Sheet in the Mechanical Properties
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 69~77
Development on the mechanical properties of steel sheet for the automobile body panel is very important in the BAF(Batch annealing furnace) annealing process. Because of the heat treatment method in the BAF, mechanical properties were decided on the heat treatment method of the coil. So, we tested on the development of mechanical properties according to heat treatment method at the annealing furnace using the In atmospheric gas(
: 25%) and the HNx atmospheric gas(
: 95%) We confirmed the following characteristics, mechanical properties were changed under the influence of the annealing cycle and the atmospheric gas. And, we have some result according to heat treatment method. Elongation of the mechanical properties in the HNx BAF is higher than the Ax BAF. But tensile strength and hardness is higher than the HNx BAF.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Galvalume Steel Sheet
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 78~84
The problem of autobody corrosion has been addressed over the past decade by the increasing use of zinc and zinc alloy coated steels in automotive application. This paper describes the evaluation of formability, weldability and painted corrosion performance of galvalume steel sheet. This paper presents an overview of the program and some initial test results on the weldability, lifetime of the electrode tip shape of the spot welding and corrosion protection. Galvalume steel sheet improved corrosion performance and spot weldability of galvalume steel sheet was not changed under the influence of the variation of welding current. And tip shape has influenced on the lifetime of tip for galvalume steel sheet.
Rapid Tooling : Challenge to Net Shape by Powder Casting
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 85~90
The business of manufacturing is increasingly becoming time-compressing, precise and long-life oriented, owing to various needs from the consumers and harsh global competition. With the emergence of the layer laminate manufacturing method, it is possible to produce prototypes directly from 3D CAD and additive process, the production time and cost have shortened dramatically. However there are some problems like surface-step, dimensional deviation and warp. A newly developed powder casting is suitable for rapid-manufacturing metallic tools. Powder casting can serve as a promising rapid tooling method because of high density characteristics and low dimensional shrinkage below 0.1％ during sintering and infiltration. By this process, we have realized significant time savings bypassing the wait for prototype tooling and cost savings eliminating the expense of conventional prototype tooling process.
Crack Analysis of Creep Material Containing Rigid Inclusion with Line Crack Shape
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 91~97
The analysis model is the infinite body consisted of power law creep material containing a rigid inclusion with line crack shape subjected to the arbitrarily directional stress on an infinite boundary. The crack analysis is performed using the complex pseudo-stress function. The strain rate intensity factor is determined in the closed form as new fracture mechanics parmeter which represents the magnitudes of stress and strain rate near the tip in power law creep material.
CD/DVD Compatible Optical Pickup Actuator Design
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 98~103
Recently, DVD/CD compatible driver is needed for DVD and CD is widely used as a new optical data restoring device. The optical systems of DVD and CD driver are different because they have different optical feature. If only one objective lens is used, the change of an aperture or a dual focal length of the lens is required. This method, however, increases the number of parts and results in loss of the power of laser light. Hence, we propose a dual lens actuator design that can read DVD and CD respectively. Albeit magnetic spring is important mechanism in the dual lens actuator design, there has not been the systematic approach to design the mechanism in the preceding researches. In this article. the guideway to design magnetic spring is presented by using the qualitative theoretical approach and the finite element analysis.
Characteristics of Feed Mechanism in NC Lathe
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 104~118
In this paper, the motion of ballscrew and shape of workpiece are the main objective variables varying with load conditions. To verify feed mechanism in NC lathe, the monitoring system is designed and cutting condition variables are spindle speed depth of cut and feed. During machining, rotation number of ballscrew motion of ballscrew in direction to gravity center and cutting force are measured. After machining, the roughness of workpiece is measured.
Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Analysis of Nonsteady State Shaped Drawing Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 119~128
In this paper, nonsteady state shaped drawing process has been investigated using the three-dimensional rigid-plastic finite element method. In order to analyze the shaped drawing process, a method to define straight converging die considering straight die part, die radius part and bearing part has been proposed. In addition, the modeling of initial billet and the generation procedure of mesh system have been suggested. The three-dimensional rigid-plastic finite element simulation has been performed for a square sectional drawing process and its result has been confirmed in comparison with the existing experimental one. Also, for the same process conditions, the effect of perimeter ratio in the shaped drawing process has been investigated.
Prediction of Microstructural Evolution in Hot Forging of Steel by the Finite Element Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 129~138
The objective of this study is to demonstrate the ability of a computer simulation of microstructural evolution in hot forging of C-Mn steels. The development of microstructure is strongly dependent on process variables and metallurgical factors that affect time history of thermodynamical variables such as temperature, strain. and strain rate during deformation. Then finite element method is applied for the prediction of microstructural evolution, and it should be coupled with heat transfer analysis to consider the change of thermodynamical properties during forming process. In this study, Yada's recrystallization model and rigid-thermoviscoplastic finite element method are employed in order to analyze microstructural evolution during hot forging process. To show the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method, experiments are accomplished and the results of experiments are compared with those of simulations.
Thermally-induced Mechanical Behavior of the Press-fitted Cylindrical Structure
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 139~148
Internal and external heat sources will cause to deform to machine elements in the contact joint of structure, which results in the change of contact pressure distribution different from initial assembly. Heat induced variations of contact pressure will change the static and dynamic properties such as contact stiffness, damping as well as contact heat conduction in the structure In order to design and control the intelligent machine tool operating in variant conditions more sophisticatedly, the good prediction for the changes of prescribed properties are strongly required especially in the contact elements adjacent to the rotational or linear bearing. This paper presents some computational and experimental results in regard to static and dynamic characteristics of the press-fitted bush and shaft assembly which is a model of the bearing innerrace and shaft assembly. In the condition of heat generation on the outer surface of the bush, the effects of changes in the negative clearance and the heat flux on pressure distribution and dynamic properties are investigated. Results of this study show that the edge effect of the bush and the initial clearance have effects on the transient dynamic characteristics significantly.
A Study on the Defect Classification and Evaluation in Weld Zone of Austenitic Stainless Steel 304 Using Neural Network
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 149~159
The importance of soundness and safety evaluation in weld zone using by the ultrasonic wave has been recently increased rapidly because of the collapses of huge structures and safety accidents. Especially, the ultrasonic method that has been often used for a major non-destructive testing(NDT) technique in many engineering fields plays an important role as a volume test method. Hence, the defecting any defects of weld Bone in austenitic stainless steel type 304 using by ultrasonic wave and neural network is explored in this paper. In order to detect defects, a distance amplitude curve on standard scan sensitivity and preliminary scan sensitivity represented of the relation between ultrasonic probe, instrument, and materials was drawn based on a quantitative standard. Also, a total of 93％ of defect types by testing 30 defect patterns after organizing neural network system, which is learned with an accuracy of 99％, based on ultrasonic evaluation is distinguished in order to classify defects such as holes or notches in experimental results. Thus, the proposed ultrasonic wave and neural network is useful for defect detection and Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Evaluation(UNDE) of weld zone in austenitic stainless steel 304.
Development of Motion Generator Based on Implementation of Active Impedance
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 160~166
In this research a 2-dimensional motion generator composed of two linear motors was developed. The inertia, damping and/or stiffness characteristics of the motion generator can be changed on the real-time basis by properly regulating the force generated by the linear motors. That is, active impedance is implemented without actual change in the physical structure of the motion generator. Control of the motor force is carried out by controlling the input currents supplied to the linear motors based on the combination of the PI controller and feedforward controller. This motion generator can be used to measure a kinesthetic sense associated with the human arm and thus to develop the products for which the kinesthetic sense is taken into account.
Unoccluded Cylindrical Object Pose Measurement Using Least Square Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 167~174
This paper presents an unoccluded cylindrical object pose measurement using a slit beam laser in which a robot recognizes all of the unoccluded objects from the top of jumbled objects, and picks them up one by one. The elliptical equation parameters of a projected curve edge on a slice are calculated using LSM. The coefficients of standard elliptical equation are compared with these parameters to estimate the object pose. The hamming distances between the estimated coordinates and the calculated ones are extracted as measures to evaluate a local constraint and a smoothing surface curvature. The edges between slices are linked using error function based on the edge types and the hamming distances. The linked edges on slices are compared with the model object's length to recognize the unoccluded object. This proposed method may provide a solution to the automation of part handling in manufacturing environments such as punch press operation or part assembly.
Real-time Target Tracking System by Extended Kalman Filter
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 7, 1998, Pages 175~181
This paper describes realtime visual tracking system of moving object for three dimensional target using EKF(Extended Kalman Filter). We present a new realtime visual tracking using EKF algorithm and image prediction algorithm. We demonstrate the performance of these tracking algorithm through real experiment. The experimental results show the effectiveness of the EKF algorithm and image prediction algorithm for realtime tracking and estimated state value of filter, predicting the position of moving object to minimize an image processing area, and by reducing the effect by quantization noise of image.