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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Process Design of a Hot Forged Product Using the Artificial Neural Network and the Statistical Design of Experiments
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 15~24
In this research. we have proposed a new technique to determine .the combination of design parameters for the process design of a hot forged product using artificial neural network(ANN) and statistical design of experiments(DOE). The investigated problem involves the adequate selection of the aspect ratio of billet, the ram velocity and the friction factor as design parameters. An optimal billet satisfying the forming limitation, die filling, load and energy as well as more uniform distribution of effective strain, is determined by applying the ability of artificial neural network and considering the analysis of mean and variation on the functional requirement. This methodology will be helpful in designing and controlling parameters on the shop floor which would yield the best design solution.
Design and Application of Forced Cooling System in Steam Turbine
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 25~32
The forced cooling system is designed to shorten the overhaul time of steam turbine, which is important in view of economic concern of utility companies, Forced cooling of the hot turbine is achieved by suction of air flow into the turbine after the turbine shuts down. The heat transfer process by suction of air flow can cause thermal stress due to the thermal gradients. In this paper, the analysis of heat transfer is performed to calculate the air flow rate. Based on the prediction of cyclic fatigue damage and the experience, the cooling equipment is designed for shortening the cooling time of steam turbine.
Robust Decoupling Control of Ship Propulsion System with CPP
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 33~42
If a ship diesel engine is operated by consolidated control with Controllable Pitch Propeller(CPP), the minimum fuel consumption is achieved together with the demanded ship speed. For this, it is necessary that the ship is operated on the ideal operating line which satisfies the minimum fuel consumption and that the pitch angle of CPP and throtle valve angle are controlled simultaneously. In this point of view, this paper presents a controller design method for a ship propulsion system with CPP based on the decoupling control theory. To do this, Linear Matrix Inequality(LMI) approach is introduced for the control system to satisfy the given
control performance and robust stability in the presence of physical parameter perturbations. The validity and applicability of this approach are illustrated by simulation in the all operating ranges.
A Study on Optimum Cutting Conditions and Tool Life in Deep Hole Drilling for SM55C by BTA Drill
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 43~49
The deep hole drilling has an increasing demands because of its wide range applications and its good productivity. The BTA drills are capable of machining for having a large length to diameter ratio in single pass to higher degree of accuracy and surface finish. It's really necessary that the investigation for the deep hole drilling by the BTA drill because its required quality should be satisfied with single pass. This thesis deal with the experimental results obtained during single tube BTA system machining on SM55C steel for different machining conditions. The results of the investigation on the optimum cutting condition selecting and tool life reveals as follows. (1) The optimum cutting condition was cutting speed, V = 42 m/min and feed speed. F = 90 mm/min and the tool life was about 10 meters. (2) Surface roughness was
and the roundness was less using
single edge BTA drill in testing cutting condition.
Thermal Analysis of Thermal Printing Head by Numerical Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 50~55
A thermal printing head is used for heat transcription printing of facsimile or printer. The thermal printing head has multilayered thin films and heaters lined up. Thermal analysis of thermal printing head is important for a design of thermal printing head. Since the heating charateristics of thermal printing head is dependent on the thermal conductivities of multilayerd material, this study made numerical analysis for three dimensional transient heat conduction in mutilayered films by the finite difference method and investigated the effect of various thermal conductivities of thin films. The results of this study will be used to design thermal printing head and select the materials for thermal printing head.
A Study on the Friction Compensation in CNC Servomechanisms by Fuzzy Logic Control
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 56~67
This paper introduces a friction compensation fuzzy logic controller, which utilizes a rule-based approach. The paper explains the algorithm of the proposed controller and compares it with a conventional PID controller in simulations and experiments. For the experiments, the two control algorithms were implemented on a 3-axis milling machine in contour milling. These simulation and experimental analyses show that the proposed fuzzy logic controller has superior performance over conventional PID controllers In terms of part contour accuracy.
A Study on the Vibration Characteristics Analysis of Composite Materials by Using Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 68~74
The ESPI(Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry) is a real time, full-field, non-destructive optical measurement technique that allows static and dynamic deformation analysis and surface shape measurements of engineering structures. e .g. turbine blades. vehicle engine components, body panels, etc. This technique is very similar to holographic interferometry, but uses a solid static camera and an image processing board for recording and digital processing of speckle patterns. In this paper it is presented that FEM results for the free vibration of symmetrically laminated composite as [30/-30/90]s. The natural frequencies of laminated composite rectangular plates having the particular boundary condition are experimentally obtained. In order to demonstrate the validity of the experiment, FEM analysis using ANSYS was performed and natural frequencies experimentally obtained is compared with calculation by FEM analysis. The results obtained from both experiment and FEM analysis show a good agreement.
A Study on Constitutive Equations for Warm and Hot Forging
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 75~81
Simulations of warm and hot forming processes need reliable expressions of flow stress at high temperatures. To get flow stress of the materials usually tension, compression and torsion tests are conducted. In this study, hot compression tests were adopted to get flow stress of medium carbon steel. Experiments have been conducted under both isothermal, near constant strain rate in the temperature ranges 650～100
. Phase transformation takes place by temperature changes for steels in hot and warm forging stage. So Constitutive equation are formulated as the function of strain, strain rate and temperature for isothermal conditions and phase transformation.
Development of a Design Information Sharing System Using Network and STEP
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 82~92
An international standard for the product model data, STEP, and a standard for the distributed object technology, CORBA, will play a very important role in the future manufacturing environment. These two technologies provide background for the sharing of product data and the integration of applications on the network. This paper describes a prototype CAD/CAE environment that is integrated on the network by STEP and CORBA. Several application servers and client software were developed to verify the proposed concept. The present CAD/CAE environments are composed of several individual software components which are not tightly integrated. They also do not utilize the rapidly expanding network and object technologies for the collaboration in the product design process. In the design process in a large organization, sharing of application resources, design data and analysis data through the network will greatly enhance the productivity. The integration between applications can be supported by two key technologies, CORBA(Common Object Request Broker Architecture) and STEP(Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Bata). The CORBA provides interoperability between applications on different machines in heterogeneous distributed environments and seamlessly interconnects distributed object systems. Moreover, if all the data in the CAD/CAE environment are based on the STEP, then we can exclude all the data conversion problems between the application systems.
Transfer Deburring Skills to Robot Using Vision System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 93~100
This study presents the new method which can transfer the expert's skill to deburring robot through neural network. The expert's skill is expressed as association mapping between the characteristics of the burr and human expert's action. Under the fundamental idea that the state of the deburring process can be extracted via the visual sense of the human, we employ vision system for the perception and identification of the changing burr. From the demonstration of human experts, force data are measured. Finally the characteristics of the burr and corresponding force are associated by the neural network which is trained through many demonstrations. The proposed method is verified in the deburring process of welding burr.
Generation of Cutting Layers and Tool Selection for 3D Pocket Machining
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 101~110
In process planning for 3D pocket machining, the critical issues for the optimal process planning are the generation of cutting layers and the tool selection for each cutting layers as well as the other factors such as the determination of machining types, tool path, etc. This paper describes the optimal tool selection on a single cutting layer for 2D pocket machining, the generation of cutting layers for 3D pocket machining, the determination of the thickness of each cutting layers, the determination of the tool combinations for each cutting layers and also the development of an algorithm for determining the machining sequence which reduces the number of tool exchanges, which are based on the backward approach. The branch and bound method is applied to select the optimal tools for each cutting layer, and an algorithmic procedure is developed to determine the machining sequence consisting of the pairs of the cutting layers and cutting tools to be used in the same operation.
A Study on the Squeal Noise of Drum Brakes
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 111~116
The squeal of drum brakes was investigated numerically and experimentally. Modal testings were performed for shoes, drums, backing plates and their assemblies. In order to predict the squeal phenomena, stability analysis was performed based on a simplified self-excited vibration model. Based on modal testings, the dynamic properties of the brake elements and the parameters used in this analysis were determined. The geometries of shoes and drums were also considered. The result shows that the modification methods of the shoe and the drum design are feasible for noise reduction.
Finite Element Modeling of Rubber Pad Forming Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 117~126
For investigating rubber pad sheet metal forming process, the rubber pad deformation characteristics as well as the contact problem of rubber pad-sheet metal has been analyzed. In this paper, the behavior of the rubber deformation is represented by hyper-elastic constitutive relations based on a generalized Mooney-Rivlin model. Finite element procedures for the two-dimensional responses, employing total Lagrangian formulations are implemented in an implicit form. The volumetric incompressibility condition of the rubber deformation is included in the formulation by using penalty method. The sheet metal is characterized by elasto-plastic material with strain hardening effect and analyzed by a commercial code. The contact procedure and interface program between rubber pad and sheet metal are implemented. Inflation experiment of circular rubber pad identifies the behaviour of the rubber pad deformation during the process. The various form dies and scaled down apparatus of the rubber-pad forming process are fabricated for simulating realistic forming process. The obtaining experimental data and FEM solutions were compared. The numerical solutions illustrate fair agreement with experimental results. The forming pressure distribution according to the dimensions of sheet metal and rubber pads, various rubber models and rubber material are also compared and discussed.
Development of 6-component Force/Moment Calibration Machine
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 127~134
This paper describes the design of a 6-component force/moment calibration machine with having the maximum capacities of 500 N in forces and 50 Nm in moments. To be used for the characteristic of a multi-component load cell. this machine consists of a body, a fixture, a force generating system, a moment generating system and weights. We have also evaluated the accuracy of the calibration machine. Test results show that the expanded relative uncertainty for force components
, and force components +Fz, -Fz and moment components
Selection of Machining Inclination Angle of Tool Considering Tool Wear in High Speed Ball End Milling
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 135~144
High speed machining is a key issue in die and mold manufacturing recently. Even though this technology has great potential of high productivity. tool wear accelerated by high cutting speed to the hardened materials is other barrier. In this research, we attempted to reduce tool wear by considering tool inclination angle between tool and workpiece. The boundary lines describing machined sculptured surfaces were represented by both of cutting envelop condition and the geometric relationship of successive tool paths. Chip cross section, and cutting length could be obtained from the calculated cutting edge and the rotational engagement angle. From the simulation results, machining inclination angle of tool of
was good enough from the point of tool wear and cutting force, and this value was verified through the cutting experiment of high speed ball end milling.
A Study on Environment- Friendly Grinding by Using Cold Air
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 145~151
In this study, the experimental and analytic investigation with cold air system has been performed for improving the working environment of the conventional grinding fluid. Very simple cold air system was developed which could replace by the conventional grinding fluid system. The identification of heat of grinding Bone is very important for precision grinding. The experimental data was analysed to investigate the heat which was transferred to the workpiece. It was found that 45∼55％ of the total energy for dry grinding, 22∼28％ for wet grinding, and 32∼35％ for cold air system are conducted to the workpiece in grinding with cubic boron nitride wheel. Cubic boron nitride wheel could reduce the residual stress and thermal demage comparing with aluminium oxide wheel, because cubic boron nitride wheel has very high extreme thermal conductivity.
A Study on the Cutting Conditions in Machining for Nanometer Surface
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 152~157
Since early 1960s, the high precision machining technology, so called ultra-precision technology or nano technology, has been developed in many Held based on single point diamond turning technology. The major application of this technology is the optical components with aspherical surfaces. Now a days, customer requires the smaller and lighter optical elements, such as camera video and etc., with higher performance for convenience. So, the manufacturer focuses on the ultra-precision technology. Thus, this technology becomes the major target to challenge the advanced barrier for the next machining technology.
A Geometrical Approach to the Characteristic Analysis of Parallel Mechanism for Planar Task
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 158~166
This paper presents a geometrical approach to the characteristic analysis of parallel mechanism with free joints intended for use as a planar task robot. Solution of the forward and inverse kinematic problems are described. Because the mechanism has only three degree-of-freedom output, constraint equations must be generated to describe the inter-relationship between actuated joints and free joints so as to describe the position and orientation of the moving platform. Once these constraints are incorporated into the kinematics model, a constrained Jacobian matrix is obtained. and it is used for the solution of the forward kinematic equations by Newton-Raphson technique. Another Jacobian matrix was derived to describe the interrelationship between actuated joints and moving platform. The stiffness, velocity transmission ratio, force transmission ratio and dexterity of the mechanism are then determined based on this another Jacobian matrix. The geometrical construction of the mechanism for the best performance was investigated using the characteristic analysis.
A Study on the Surface Damage between Head/Disk Interfaces by Using AFM
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 167~174
In this work the surface damage of head and disk of a hard disk drive was analysed using an Atomic Force Microscope. The initial damage of the disk occurred by generation of extremely small wear particles. Also it was shown that wear particles tend to pile up near the front side of the slider. The surface damage mechanism of drag test and contact-start-stop test was found to be quite similar.
A Study on Design Method of the Cylindrical-Taper Section Coil Spring
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 15, issue 9, 1998, Pages 175~181
The coil spring is used in the suspension of automotive vehicles and small omnibus. Recently, it can be adopted hardening type spring which spring constant is accompanied by increasing displacement to increase passenger comfortability. One of methods which assert this characteristic is cylindrical-taper section coil spring. In this paper we calculate ideal spring characteristic curve from the given vehicle conditions, and show the design method of the cylindrical-taper section coil spring.