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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 1999
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
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The Development of Grinding Robot System Using NC data and Off-line Programming
Oh, Young-Sup ; Ryuh, Beom-Sahng ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 9~17
This paper presents a method of grinding and polishing automation of precision die after CNC machining. The method employs a robot system equipped with a pneumatic spindle and a special abrasive film pad. The robot program is automatically generated off-line program form a PC and downloaded to robot controller. Position and orientation data for the program is supplied form cutter contact (CC) data of NC machining process. This eliminates separate robot teaching process. This paper aims at practical automation of die finishing process which is very time consuming and suffering from shortage of workpeople. Time loss due to changeover from one product to another is eliminated by PC off-line programming exploiting appropriate NC machining data. Dextrous 6-axis robot with rigid wrist and simple tooling enables the process applicable to larger, rather complex 3 dimensional free surfaces.
Detection of Built-up Edge by AE Signal Analysis
Oh, Min-Seok ; Won, Jong-Sik ; Jung, Youn-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 18~24
ThisPaper investigates the feasibility of using acoustic emission signal analysis for the detection of built-up edge during machining. Experiments were conducted on a CNC-lathe using conventional carbide insert tools under various cutting conditions. The cutting forces were also measured for comparisons. Experimental evidence is presented which indicates that the presence of a built-up edge can significantly affect the generation of acoustic emission in metal cutting. It is shown that under conditions in which a built-up edge is generated, the variation of
signal with cutting speed can be quite different from the generally accepted linear, monotonic increase as previously reported. The feasibility of utilizing
in built-up edge sensing is suggested.
Local Buckling Analysis of the Punch in stamping Die and Its Design Modification
Kim, Yong-Yun ; Lee, Dong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 25~29
The lead frame manufactured by press stamping process, is an important part of semiconductor. The recent technical trend of semiconductor, chip sized and high performance package technology, requires the lead frame to be of more multi-leads and of fine ILP (Inner Lead Pitch). As the ILP is getting finer, its corresponding punch of the stamping die is getting narrower. The punch narrower than its stamping limit has been broken due to local buckling. This paper analyzed the phenomena of punch breakdown. Moreover, the punch design was modified to increase the critical limit of buckling force. This paper, also, suggested new design rules of the punch, which asks the modification of its lead frame design that has to be considered in the stage of semiconductor package design. The new design rules of lead frame design yields a good reliability of semiconductor package as well as a good quality of lead frame.
A Development of Brake System for Inline Skate using Bellows
Rhee, Eun-Jun ; Park, Myeong-Kwan ; Joo, Dong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 30~37
This paper represents the development of the brake system for the inline skate using bellows. The inline skate that is used at present has defects due to frequent impulse, which weakens the breaking force by damaging the parts. Therefore to solve these problems a break system for the inline skates using hydraulics is suggested. To solve the oil leakage problems, bellows is used. Also to prevent the breaks from not touching the ground when skating the bellows is placed at the heel, high as possible. To obtain fast response speed, the ratio of inner diameter of the bellows is changed so that with only a small displacement from the bellows the rubber pad attached to the bellows will touch the ground fast. The performance of the break system using bellows depends on the optimal design of the bellows. Therefore the parameters that changes the form of the bellows are tested and also the interaction between the forces are investigated. The performance of new model brake system with bellows and old model system with only a rubber pad without bellows was estimated through observation of braking posture.
DPS Board Appication for Regulation of Cutting Force under Varying Cutting Conditions during Milling Process
Oh, Young-Tak ; Kwon, Won-Tae ; Chu, Chong-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 38~46
Spindle motor current is used to estimate the cutting force indirectly and control the feed rate for the cutting force regulation. The proposed algorithm is implemented to a DSP board based hardware for the industrial application. The software to make POP terminal communicate with the DSP board and POP server is coded under Windows 95 environment. Experiments under varying cutting conditions show that the DSP board recognizes the information of installed cutting tool and cutting conditions delivered from the POP server to use them for the proper control of the feed rate. The cutting force is regulated well during machining of tapered or stepped workpiece and circular shaped workpiece as well.
Effect of Cutting Conditions on Burr Formation in Micro-drilling of A6061
Park, Dong-Sam ; Choi, Jong-Soon ; Kwon, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 47~52
Theoretical and experimental studies on burr formation and deburring in many manufacturing processes have been actively pursued. Though micro-drilling has become more important in the production of precision parts such as PCB, air bearing, camera and nozzle, most studies on drilling burr formation have focused on the conventional drilling process. This paper describes burr formation process and the effect of cutting conditions such as spindle speed, feedrate and drilling depth per one step on burr formation in drilling A6061 with drills of diameter 1.0mm and 0.6mm. Experimental results showed that burr with cap were formed at relatively low feedrates, while petal burrs with several large burr fragments were formed at high feedrates. Burr height appeared to increase at the hight feedrates and lower spindle speeds. The effect of final cutting depth on burr height was negligible.
System Developement for STL Error Correction and Shape Modification
Chae, Hee-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 53~61
STL has several errors such as orientation error, hole error, and acute triangle error on being translated from CAD software. These errors should be corrected before using in Rapid Prototyping. So the software is necessary to correct errors. In this study, STL Editor which is a system for STL error correction and shape modification is developed and contains following characteristics. 1.Apply the triangle based data st겨cture. 2.Use the graphic user interface for easy work. 3.Use the Diet method to reduce data size. 4.Use the Delaunay triangulation method to enhance the quality of STL. 5.Modify the STL errors manually.
Design and Development of Sputter-evaporation System for Micro-wiring on Medical Catheter
Chang, Jun-Keun ; Chung, Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 62~71
Integrating micro-machined sensors and actuators on the conventional devices with the copper power lines was incompatible to fabricate the mass produced micro electromechanical system (MEMS) devices. To achieve the compatibility of the wiring method between MEMS parts and devices, we developed the three-dimensional sputter-evaporation system that coats micropatterned thin copper films on the surface of the MEMS element. The system consists of a process chamber, two branch chambers, the substrate holder, and a linear-rotary motion feedthrough. Thin copper film was sputtered and evaporated on the biocompatible polymer, Pellethane
and silicone, catheter that is 2 mm in diameter and 700 mm in length. The metal film coating technique with three-dimensional thin film sputter-evaporation system was developed to apply the power and signal lines on the micro active endoscope. In this paper, we developed the three-dimensional metal film sputter-evaporation system operated on the low temperature for the biopolymeric substrates used in the medical MEMS devices.
High-precision Micro-machining using Vibration Cutting
Son, Seong-Min ; Lim, Han-Seok ; Ahn, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 72~77
This paper presents 2-dimensional vibration cutting increases dynamic stiffness of tool support and improves the quality of machined surface in micro-machining. 2-dimensional vibration cutting is generated by two piezo actuators arranged orthogonally. A sine-type voltage is input to one actuator and a phase-shifted sine-type voltage is input the other. Then the vibration device actuates the tool in a 2-D elliptical motion with pulsed cutting force. It is a characteristic of 2-D vibration cutting that some negative thrust force occurs as the direction of friction on a tool rake surface is reversed. It helps not only chip flow smoothly and continuously but also cutting force be reduced. The quality of machined surface by 2-D vibration cutting depends on such parameters as vibration amplitude, frequency, cutting speed, depth of cut, etc. Compared to conventional cutting through tool path simulation and experiments under several conditions, the 2-D vibration cutting is verified to bring forth a great decrease of cutting forces, much better surface roughness and moreover much less burr.
The Behavior of Intrinsic Bubbles in Silicon Wafer Direct Bonding
Moon, Do-Min ; Jeong, Hae-Do ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 78~83
The bonding interface is dependent on the properties of surfaces prior to SDB(silicon wafer direct bonding). In this paper, we prepared silicon surfaces in several chemical solutions, and annealed bonding wafers which were combined with thermally oxidized wafers and bare silicon wafers in the temperature range of
. After bonding, the bonding interface is investigated by an infrared(IR) topography system which uses the penetrability of infrared through silicon wafer. Using this procedure, we observed intrinsic bubbles at elevated temperatures. So, we verified that these bubbles are related to cleaning and drying conditions, and the interface oxides on silicon wafer reduce the formation of intrinsic bubbles.
High Efficient Finishing Process for Press Dies by Cast Iron Bonded Diamond Pellet (1)
Hwang, Chan-Hae ; Yoo, Kee-Tae ; Jeong, Hae-Do ; Ahn, Dae-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 84~90
The finishing process for dies and molds is directly related to finished surface quality, but many parts of process depend on human labor which needs much time and value. So automatic finishing machine has been produced for dies and molds, and applied widely for finishing process. Conventionally finishing machine has applied resin bonded finishing pad as a tool, but the removal ability of pad decreases greatly as finishing process goes on. In the finishing mechanism for dies and molds, finishing process is affected severely by cutting process, so can be divided into removing cusp and smoothing surface process. So, this study investigated the application of cast iron bonded diamond pellet for press dies, which is considered to have better characteristics than the other metal bonded pellets. The finishing characteristics were compared the between finishing pellet and pad. And finishing performance was appraised as the several cutting surfaces.
A Study on the Implementation of Fieldbus-Based Manufacturing Automation Systems
Hong, Seung-Ho ; Park, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 91~102
Fieldbus provides real-time data communication among field devices in the manufacturing automation and process control systems. In this study, an experimental model of fieldbus-based manufacturing automation system is developed. Experimental model consists of two robots, two conveyor belts, NC machine, PLC, sensors and operator station. These machines are interconnected into the Profibus network, and exchange their data through the services provided by FMS(Fieldbus Message Specification), which is the application layer protocol of Profibus. The experimental model is used to measure the network-induced delay of variable and file data transmitted through FMS services. Network-induced delays are collected and analyzed on each sublayer of Profibus protocol stack. The results obtained from the experiment of this study can be effectively utilized when fieldbus is implemented on the practical manufacturing automation systems.
Study on the Accelerating Effect of an Accelerating Unit in Grinding using Machining Center
Seo, Yeong-Il ; Kim, Chang-Su ; Choi, Hwan ; Lee, Jong-Chan ; Cheong, Seon-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 103~108
A problem in the grinding with a small diametric wheel is the decrease of wheel speed. In order to resolve this problem, an accelerating unit which increases the wheel speed is recommended. In this paper, the accelerating effect of an accelerating unit has been investigated through the side-cut grinding experiments performed with a vitrified bonded CBN wheel in a machining center(MC). The static stiffness, normal force, and machining error were measured in the experiments. As the accelerating unit is attached on the column of machining center, the static stiffness of tool system is largely decreased. But as the wheel speed increased by the accelerating unit, this problem is overcome and machining efficiency is improved. The lesser the quill stiffness was, the higher the accelerating effect became.
Precision Stabilization Control of Servo-system by Using Friction Compensation
Kang, Min-Sig ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 109~115
This paper presents a stabilization control designed to improve position stabilization performance of a position servo-system(turret) mounted on a manuvering platform(vehicle). In the consideration of the motion of the platform, a dynamic model of the stabilization system is derived and shows the viscous and stick-slip friction torques are the major source of stabilization errors. An extended generalized minimum variance control which consists of a feedforward disturbance compensation as well as a pole placement feedback control is suggested to reduce the stabilization errors caused from the friction disturbances. This modeling and control are applied to a small experimental set-up and the experimental results confirm the accuracy of the model and the effectiveness of the suggested control.
Evaluation of Fieldbus Protocal for Factory Automation
Lee, Gyoung-Chang ; Kim, In-Joon ; Lee, Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 116~127
Networking for manufacturing is gaining importance as a nerve system of computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). Among the various network types, the most inexpensive type called fieldbus is specifically aimed to interconnect simple devices such as sensors and actuators. For this purpose, there are several choices of the protocols such as Profibus. WorldFIP, Foundation Fieldbus, and IEC/ISA fieldbus. This paper presents the simulation results of Profibus and WorldFIP. Both protocols have been simulated in order to evaluate the performance such as transmission delay and throughput under different protocol parameter settings and traffic conditions.
A Study on the Robust Position Control of Single-rod Hydraulic System
Cho, Taik-Dong ; Seo, Song-Ho ; Yang, Sang-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 128~135
A driving simulators of aircraft and vehicle may consist of hydraulic power systems with many single-rod cylinders. The single-rod hydraulic systems are convenient but need more robust control scheme in order to achieve a reliable performance against the wide range of operating disturbances and the inherent model uncertainties.
control scheme was implemented to the 2 degree-of-freedom hydraulic device similar to the simple driving simulator. With the reasonable disturbances from sensor, base and pump and also with the linearization of model, the simulation and experimental results showed good agreements.
Real-Time Measurement Technology for Bi-directional Diameter in Ground Spindle
Lee, Man-Hyung ; Jung, Young-Il ; Bae, Jong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 136~144
This paper presents an in-process measurement system for shaft radius measurement during grinding process. This system does not require to stop the grinding process, which can enhance productivity and quality. In order to measure the radius, the system employs an eddy current sensor that can measure without any contact with the shaft. This type of sensor is very appropriate because it is insensitive to interference such as cutting fluid, coolant, contact pressure, and wear. For data analysis, the measurement system is modeled as a linearized discrete form where the states with noise are estimated by an extended Kalman filter. This system has been validated through simulations and experiments.
Stress Effects on Activity of Primary Cracks Initiating at Stress Concentrator
Song, Sam-Hong ; Kim, Jin-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 145~153
This study has been performed to investigate the stress distribution around defects that behave as stress concentrators and fracture mechanical analysis for cracks initiatiating at stress concentrators. The stress distribution was analyzed using Finite Element Method and non dimensional stress intensity factor was determined by the mean stress method. In addition, stress interaction effects around defects and cracks were compared.
Ultra Precision Positining System for Servo Motor-piezo Actuator Using the Dual Servo Loop and Digital Filter Implementation
Lee, Dong-Sung ; Park, Jong-Ho ; Park, Heui-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 154~163
In this paper, an ultra precision positioning system has been developed using dual servo loop control. For positioning system having long distance with ultra precision , the combination of global stage and micro stage was required. A servo motor based ball screw is used as a global stage and the piezo actuator as a micro stage. For the improvement of positional precision, the digital Chebyshev filter is implemented in the developed to dual servo system. Therefore, the positional repeatability has been achieved within
10 mm, and this technique can be applied to develop precision semiconductor equipments such as lithography steppers and probers.
Study on Robot Calibration Using Multi-measurement Coordinate System
Lim, Saeng-Ki ; Kim, Jung-Tae ; Borm, Jin-Hwan ; Choi, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 164~173
Robot calibration needs accurate measurements of robot end-effector position at a number of different robot configurations. One of the efficient ways of the measurement is "Touching on Jig" method suggested in , which utilizes a touch sensor and a fixture consisting of various sizes of blocks. By moving the end-effector to touch the surface of a block whose position relative to the other is known, the end-effector position relative to the fixture coordinate system can be obtained at the instant of touching. However, the global size of fixture is too small to cover the various configurations of the robot. Because of the manufacturing difficulties, the fixture cannot be manufactured large enough for well distributed position measurement. It results in the improvement of robot accuracy only in the limited space near to the fixture rather than over the whole space of the robot working volume. The paper proposes a method to resolve the above problem by measuring the end-effector positions with respect to several different coordinate system using the same measurement devices. It is found that the proposed method leads the improvements of robot position accuracy over the large space of working volume. The experimental studies are performed to show the validity of the method and their results are discussed.
A Study on the Inverse kinematic Analysis of a Binary Robot Manipulator using Backbone Curve
Ryu, Gil-Ha ; Lee, Ihn-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 174~179
A binary parallel robot manipulator uses actuators which have only two stable states and is structure is variable geometry truss. As a result, it has a finite number of states and fault tolerant mechanism because of kinematic redundancy. This kind of robot manipulator has the following advantages compared to a traditional one. Feedback control is not required, task repeatability can be very high, and finite state actuators are generally inexpensive. Because the number of states of a binary robot manipulator grows exponentially with the number of actuators, it is very difficult to solve an inverse kinematic problem. The goal of this paper is to develop an efficient algorithm to solve an inverse kinematic problem when the number of actuators are too much or the target position is located outside of workspace. The backbone curve is generated optimally by considering the curvature of the robot manipulator configuration and length of link. Then, the robot manipulator is fitted along the backbone curve with some criteria.
Robust Control of a Seeker Scan Loop System Using
Lee, Ho-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 180~188
-synthesis is applied to design a robust controller for a seeker scan loop system which has model uncertainty and is subject to a external disturbance due to abrupt missile maneuver. The issue of modelling a real-valued parametric uncertainty of a physical seeker scan loop system is discussed. The two-degree-of-frame control structure is employed to obtain better performance. It is shown that
-synthesis provides a superior framework for the robust control design of a seeker scan loop system which exhibits robust performance. The proposed robust control system satisfies design requirements, and especially shows good scanning performances for conical and rosette scan patterns despite parametric uncertainty in real system model.
A Development of Tolerance Theory and Its Application to Feeding Control Mechanism of a Sewing Machine
Shin, Dae-Young ; Chun, Keyoung-Jin ; Song, Chang-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 189~197
An Accurate Calibration Technique for X ray Imaging System
Cho, Young-Bin ; Gweon, Dae-Gab ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 198~207
This paper presents an accurate algorithm for geometric calibration of X-ray imaging system. Calibration is a very important process for improving an imaging system performance. There has been a lot of previous works using linear camera modeling technique, where lens distortion is neglected and/or center of distortion is assumed to be known. Geometrical distortion of image intensifier, however, is very large and its center of distortion should be calculated. This paper presents a new calibration method to estimate the intensifier position and orientation, scale factor, distortion coefficient, magnification factor, and center of distortion using the least square method. We investigate the properties of the algorithm by computer simulation. Simulation results show that the parameters can be estimated accurately using the proposed algorithm.
A Study on the Profile Modification of Spur Gears for the Prevention of Gear Tooth Overlap by Deformation
Huh, Gyoung-Jae ; Park, Su-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 208~214
The purpose of this paper is to develop a profile modification technique of spur gears and its computer program for the prevention of gear tooth overlap. In the gear system, tooth overlap produces an impact at the initial contact of some tooth pairs. In this analysis, contact surface was assumed to be unbonded and frictionless under small deformation and stain. The problem is formulated by a variational statement with inequality constraint. Tooth load sharing is obtained by the application of contact theory, and overlap is known by the analysis of deformation. After carrying out the profile modification of gear tooth, we verified the reasonable results.
Optimal Variable Selection in a Thermal Error Model for Real Time Error Compensation
Hwang, Seok-Hyun ; Lee, Jin-Hyeon ; Yang, Seung-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 215~221
The object of the thermal error compensation system in machine tools is improving the accuracy of a machine tool through real time error compensation. The accuracy of the machine tool totally depends on the accuracy of thermal error model. A thermal error model can be obtained by appropriate combination of temperature variables. The proposed method for optimal variable selection in the thermal error model is based on correlation grouping and successive regression analysis. Collinearity matter is improved with the correlation grouping and the judgment function which minimizes residual mean square is used. The linear model is more robust against measurement noises than an engineering judgement model that includes the higher order terms of variables. The proposed method is more effective for the applications in real time error compensation because of the reduction in computational time, sufficient model accuracy, and the robustness.
Design and Strain Analysis of Precision 3-component Load Cell
Kim, Gab-Soon ; Rhee, Se-Hun ; Um, Ki-Woan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 3, 1999, Pages 222~232
This paper describes the development of a precision 3-component load cell with plate beams which may be used for measuring forces Fx, Fy and moment Mz simultaneously in industry. We have derived equations to predict the bending strains on the surface of the beams under forces or moment. We have also determined the attachment location of strain gages of each sensor and fabricated 3-component load cell. To evaluate the rated strain and interference error of each sensor, we have carried out characteristic test of precision 3-component load cell. It reveals that the rated strain calculated from the derived equations are good agreement with the results from Finite Element Method analysis.