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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 1999
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jan 1999
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
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Die-sinking Electrical Discharge Machining with Ultrasonic Emission for Ceramic Matrix Composite
Wang, Duck-Hyun ; Woo, Jeong-Yun ; Yun, Jon-Do ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 9~15
Die-sinking electrical discharge machining(EDM) for conductive ceramic matrix composite(CMC) of Tic/
was experienced with addition of ultrasonic emission, and the results were compared with ones obtained by the EDM only. From this experimental study, the values of material removal rate(MRR) and surface roughness(
), scanning electron microscope(SEM) micrographs, and weibull probability distribution of bending strength for the specimens were obtained and compared. The trend of MRR was found to be increased slightly with the current and the duty factor for both EDM only and EDM with ultrasonic emission. The MRR values were found to be increased for EDM with ultrasonic emission. The SEM micrographs of EDMed surface by under various operating conditions showed less micro cracks in various places. Although smaller bending strength value was obtained by EDMed surface with ultrasonic emission by weibull probability distribution analysis of bending strength.
Estimation of Real Boundary with Subpixel Accuracy in Digital Imagery
Kim, Tae-Hyeon ; Moon, Young-Shik ; Han, Chang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 16~22
In this paper, an efficient algorithm for estimating real edge locations to subpixel values is described. Digital images are acquired by projection into image plane and sampling process. However, most of real edge locations are lost in this process, which causes low measurement accuracy. For accurate measurement, we propose an algorithm which estimates the real boundary between two adjacent pixels in digital imagery, with subpixel accuracy. We first define 1D edge operator based on the moment invariant. To extend it to 2D data, the edge orientation of each pixel is estimated by the LSE(Least Squares Error)line/circle fitting of a set of pixels around edge boundary. Then, using the pixels along the line perpendicular to the estimated edge orientation the real boundary is calculated with subpixel accuracy. Experimental results using real images show that the proposed method is robust in local noise, while maintaining low measurement error.
A Study on the High-Temperature Strain Measurement of Perfectly Flat CRT
Kang, Dae-Jin ; Kim, Kug-Weon ; Han, Eung-Kyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 23~27
The measurement of thr high-temperature strains is one of the challenging subjects in mechanical engineering. For the precise measurement, proper high-temperature strain gauge, cement and skilled technique are needed. In this paper, a high-temperature strain measurement is performed for the perfectly flat CRT. As this CRT is structurally very weak, cracking of the panel frequently occurs during the heat cycle in the furnace. From the measured strain variations of the panel with tension shadow mask, the crack behavior can be explained.
A Study on the Stress Distribution and Stress Concentration of Pipe with Respect to Attached Shape and Method of the Bracket in a Welding Structure
Jeon, Hyung-Yong ; Sung, Rak-Won ; Han , Geun-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 28~37
This investigation is the result of the structural analysis by finite element method and test for considering stress distribution and stress concentration to be generated according to the change of attached shape and method of the bracket to pipe in welding structure. Generally, members that consist structures are subjected to various forces and are jointed each other with a number of bracket. In this case, circular pipe was adapted in order to weld these members easily and to study the optimal design which is used a beam with shape section as main components of the structure, According to attached shape and method, distributed stress on circular pipe is appeared so differently. This may result deeply effects with respect to thickness, material properties. So a study on attaching shape and method of bracket to circular pipe is needed. In this paper, to obtain the maximum equivalent stress or stress concentration was used experimental and F.E.M. analysis. First five parameter was defined with respect to attached a shape and method to circular pipe i.e. the variation of the attached area, the variation of the attached shape, the variation of the attached length, the variation of both directin angles, the variation of the upper angle. Afterward the experimental analysis was practiced as the variation of the both direction angel and the finite element analysis was practiced as each parameters. We can discover stress distribution and stress concentration according to the change of form of bracket. And the result can be referenced for a design of similar structure.
The Motion Control of Concrete Floor Finishing Robot
Shin, Dong-Hun ; Han, Doo Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 38~45
The 2-trowel type concrete floor finishing robot can move in any direction by adjusting the posture or trowels without any wheels. Since the quality of the smoothed and polished concrete floor is determined by plastering speed, we need to control the velocity of the robot. However, we cannot use the typical motion control method because it is very difficult to measure the velocity of the robot, in contrast to the mobile robots with wheels. To overcome this difficulty, the following are studied in this paper: we found that the robot dynamics has the disturbance depending on its translational speed, and showed that there exists the saturated velocity of the robot which is set by the posture of the trowels, and obtained the relationship between the saturated velocity and the posture in the translation. The result enables us to control the motion of the robot only by adjusting the posture of trowels without measuring the velocity of the robot. Currently, we built the troweling robot and are experimenting its performance with the proposed motion control method.
Calculation of Maximum Allowabel Temperature Difference for Life Design of Valve Casings for Steam Turbines of Fossil Power Plants
Ha, Joon-Wook ; Kim, Tae-Woan ; Lee, Boo-Youn ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 46~52
Large valves for steam turbines of fossil power plants are exposed to a severe mechanical and thermal loading resulting from steam with high pressure and high temperature. Valve casings are designed to withstand such a loading. During the operation of a plant, temperatures at inner and outer surface of the casings are measured and steam flow is controlled so that the measured difference is lower than the maximum allowable value determined in the design stage. In this paper, a method is presented to calculate the maximum allowable temperature difference at the inner and outer surface of valve casings for steam turbines of fossil power plants. The finite element method is used to analyze distribution of temperature and stresses of a casing under the operating condition. Low cycle fatigue and creep rupture are taken into consideration to determine the maximum allowable temperature difference. The method can be usefully applied in the design stage of the large valves for the steam turbines, contributing to safe and reliable operation of the fossil power plants.
Optimal Design for a Heteropolar Magnetic Bearing Considering Nonlinearities
Kim, Chae-Sil ; Lee, Jae-Whoan ; Park, Jong-Kweon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 53~58
Although the design of magnetic bearing needs a systematic optimization du e to several design variables, constraints, geometric limitations, nonlinearities, and so on, the present for magnetic bearings have been conducted in the linear region of the characteristics for magnetic by trial and error considering design constraints. This article, therefore, provides the possibility of a genetic algorithm(GA) based optimization with two dimensional-nonlinear finite element magnetic field analysis for design of a radial heteropolar magnetic bearing. The magnetic bearing design by GA based optimization makes good agreements with that by a commercial optimization software DOT using the sensitivity analysis.
Development of Integrated Computer-Aided Process Planning System for Press Working Products
Choi, Jung-Il ; Kim, Chang-Bong ; Kim, Chul ; Kim, Byung-Min ; Choi, Jae-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 59~70
This paper deals with automated computer-aided process planning by which designers can determine operation sequences even if they have little experience in the design of press working products. The computer-aided process planning in hot forging, deep drawing and blanking requires many kinds of technical and empirical skills based on investigation and collection of the knowledge of their processes. An approach to the CAPP system is based on the knowledge-based rules and the process knowledge base consisting of process planning rules is built. The methodology adopted to develop the system is elaborated in this paper. This system has been written in AutoLISP on the AutoCAD with a personal computer and provides powerful capabilities for process planning of hot forging, cold forging, deep drawing and blanking products.
Development of Engineering Plastic Gear Based on Injection Molding Process
Min, Byeong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 71~78
The application range of injection molded parts is expanding by the development of engineering plastics with good mechanical properties. Plastic gears are specially used as automotive parts due to an excellent performance in the characteristics of a strength vs. weight, and the study of injection molding process of plastic gear using Nylon66 is performed in this study. Filling, packing and cooling analyses were done by using the simulation software like Moldflow, and a mold was designed by following the simulation results. Pin-point gates with three points were taken to satisfy the design guides like a full-shot, and lower clamping force and uniform shrinkage. Characteristics of shrinkage of molded gear and temperature difference between cavity and core sides of a mold were shown.
A Simulation Study of Position Control Performance of a Shape Memory Alloy-Actuated Flow Control Valve
Choi, Su-Hyun ; Lee, Han-Suk ; Kuk, Kum-Hoan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 79~87
In this study, a new type of flow control valve which is SMA actuated flow control valve is presented. The flow control valve is actuated by a small motion of shape memory alloy. The performance of this valve as a position control component is analyzed by computer simulation. A variable structure control technique is applied for the position control by the flow control valve. The position control performance of the valve is evaluated on the step responses of a PID control by a electrohydraulic servo valve. For the simulation study, first, the mathematical model of a hydraulic system, which is consisted of the flow control valve and a hydraulic cylinder, is formulated. This mathematical model and the designed variable structure control algorithm are then combined by the MATLAB software. The same sequence of work is carried out for the PID position control system with a electrohydraulic servo valve. The simulation results show the validity of the new type of flow control valve as a variable position control component.
Disassemblability Evaluation for the Products Using and Ease-of-Disassembly Design Method
Joo, Hae-Ho ; Lee, Hwa-Cho ; Cho, Kwang-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 88~99
In this paper, a disassemblability evaluation has been investigated quantitatively by using an ease-of-disassembly design method. Four categories such as recognizability, approachability, separability, and treatability have been analyzed in details. A simulation software for estimating the ease-of-disassembly design method has been developed and applied to door trim and spin basket respectively as an example.
Machinability and Surface Characteristics of Sintered Carbides in W-EDM
Kim, Chang-Ho ; Kruth, J.P. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 100~105
This work analyses the effects of electrical conductivities of dielectric and cobalt amount on output parameters such as metal removal rate and the surface roughness value of cemented carbides cut by wire electrical discharge machining(W-EDM). Especially, the cracking behaviour of W-EDM machined surface and optimal machining condition of three kinds of cemented carbides, which have different chemical composition of tungsten carbide and cobalt are also tested. Experimental result shows that increases in cobalt content and electrical conductivity of the dielectric affect the metal removal rate and substantially worsen the final surface quality as a greater quantity of solidified metal deposits on the eroded surface.
A Study on the Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Sintered Spur Gears
Lyu, Sung-Ki ; Katsmi, Inoue ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 106~112
It is very important to have exact informations on the properties and characteristics of the sintered steel as a new material of machine elements. The bending fatigue tests are performed for the sintered steel bend specimens of various densities 6.6 to 7.0 g/
and the sintered spur gear to consisted of Fe-Cu-C. The fatigue test at a constant stress amplitude is performed by using an electrohydraulic servo-controlled pulsating tester. Consequently, the S-N curves are obtained. The fatigue strength S for fatigue life N of the specimen with the initial length of crack ai is simulated, and they are shown as N-S-A curves. This study investigate the crack growth characteristics by experiments and present crack growth simulation method for sintered gear
Calibration and INvestigation into Measurement Performance of a Visual Sensing System
Kim, Jin-Young ; Cho, Hyung-Suck ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 113~121
It is necessary to calibrate measurement systems to enhance its measurement accuracy. The visual sensing system that is presented in our previous work has to be calibrated, too. It is a multiple mirror system for three-dimensional measurement, which is composed of a camera and a series of mirrors. It is important to calibrate the positions and orientations of the mirrors relative to the camera because they have direct influence on the relationship between the image plane and the task space. This paper presents the calibration method for the visual sensing system. To confirm the measurement performance of the implemented system. its measurement accuracy in measuring the locations in three-dimensional space is investigated. A series of experiments for measuring the locations of the circle-shaped marks are performed. Experimental results show that the sensing system can be effectively used for three-dimensional measurement.
Error Synthesis Modeling and Compensation Algorithm of a 5-Axis CNC Machine Tool
Yang, Seung-Han ; Lee, Chul-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 122~129
A 5-axis CNC machine tool is more useful compared with a 3-axis machine tool, because the position and the orientation of a tool tip can be controlled simultaneously. Unlike the 3-axis machine tool, the 5-axis machine tool has the volumetric position error and volumetric orientation error due to the quasi-static error of each machine tool joint which is a major source of machined part error. So, the generalized error synthesis model of the 5-axis CNC machine tool was developed to predict and to compensate for the volumetric position error and the volumetric orientation error. It was proposed that a compensation algorithm to correct simultaneously the volumetric position error and the volumetric orientation error of the 5-axis CNC machine by error inverse kinematic.
Minimum Zone Evaluation of Straightness Using the Genius Education Concept
Kim, Soo-Kwang ; Cho, Dong-Woo ; Lee, Kahng-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 130~137
The criteria for determining the elements are the minimum zone method(MZM) and the least squares method(LSM). The LSM is deterministic and simple but is limited at the measurements whose errors are significant compared with form errors. For the precise condition, minimum zone method(MZM) has been selected to determine the elements. It is not deterministic and nonlinear so that a optimizing procedure is needed. The Straightness is the fundamental problem in the evaluating form error. In this paper, a new approach adapting the genius education concept is proposed to obtain an accurate results for the minimum zone problem of the straightness. Its computational algorithm is studied on a set of randomly generated data. To be of almost no account of the specification(the number and the standard devistion etc.) of the sample data, the results shows excellent reliability and high accuracy in estimating the straightness.
Analysis of Tension Mask Thermal Deformations under Localized Heating and Prediction of Electron Beam Landing Shifts
Shin, Woon-Seo ; You, Se-Jonn ; Jang, Bo-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 138~148
Thermal deformations of tension mask under localized heating are analyzed using finite element method and electron beam landing shifts are predicted by the analysis results. In CRT, electron beam landing shifts due to thermal deformations of the tension mask make the color purity of screen worse. In order to get the final results of thermal deformations, firstly the tension processes of the mask and following welding processes between the tensional mask and rail must be analyzed sequentially. And then, nonlinear transient thermo-elastic finite element analysis is performed on every part inside CRT including tension mask, wherein thermal radiation is a main heat transfer mechanism. Because the tension mask has numerous slits, the effective thermal conductivity and effective and effective elastic modulus is calculated, and the tension mask is modeled as a shell without slits. From the displacement results of tension mask, electron beam landing shifts is calculated directly. Experiments are performed to confirm our analysis results. Temperature distributions and beam landing shifts of tension mask are measured and the results are in good agreement with those of analyses.
Study on the Effect of Resin Mixture Ratios on the Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior and Mechanical Property in a FRMLs
Kim, Cheol-Woong ; Sohn, Se-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 149~154
FRMLs(Fiber Reinforced Metal Laminates) is a new type of hybrid materials. FRMLs consists of high strength metal and fiber which are laminated using a structural adhesive bond(epoxy resin). The effect of resin mixture ratios on the fatigue crack propagation behavior and mechanical property of Aramid fiber reinforced aluminum composites was investigated. The epoxy, diglycidylether of bisphenol A(DGEBA) was cured with methylene dianiline(MDA) with or without accelerator(K-54). Eight kinds of resin mixture ratio were tested for the experiment ; five kinds of FRMLs(1))epoxy & curing agent) and three kinds of FRMLs(2)(epoxy & curing agent & accelerator). FRMLs(2) have a more effective characteristics on the fatigue crack propagation behavior and mechanical property than FRMLs(1)
Study on Application of Noise Path Analysis for Improving Interior Noise at the Idle of a Passenger Vehicle
Lee, Yang-Sub ; Song, Yoon-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 155~161
A Study on the temperature Distributions at the Vicinity of a Very Fast Moving Heat Source
Cho, Chang-Joo ; Juhng, Woo-Nam ; Lee , Yong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 162~169
Fourier heat conduction law becomes invalid for the situations involving extremely short time heating, very low temperatures and fast moving heat source(or crack), since the wave nature of heat propagation becomes dominant. For these conditions, the modified heat conduction equation with the finite propagation speed of heat in the medium could be applied to predict heat flux and temperature distributions. In this study, temperature distributions at the vicinity of a very fast moving heat source are investigated numerically. Thermal fields are characterized by thermal Mach numbers(M) defined as the ratio of moving heat source speed to heat propagation speed in the solid. In the transonic and supersonic ranges(
), thermal shocks are shown, which separate the heat affected zone from the thermally undisturbed zone.
A Study on the Ultrasonic Vibration Cutting of Hypereutectic Aluminum-Silicon Alloy
Lee, Eun-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 170~177
On-line Estimation of Radial Immersion Ratio in Face Milling Using Cutting Force
Hwang, Ji-Hong ; O, Yeong-Tak ; Gwon, Won-Tae ; Ju, Jong-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 178~185
In tool condition monitoring systems, parameters should be set to a certain threshold. In many cases, however, the threshold is dependent on cutting conditions, especially the radial immersion ratio. In this presented is a method of on-line estimation of the radial immersion ratio in face milling. When a tooth finishes sweeping, a sudden drop of cutting force occurs. The force drop is equal to the cutting force that acting on a tooth at the swept angle of cut and can be acquired from cutting force signals in feed and cross-feed directions. Average cutting force per tooth period can also be calculated from cutting force signals in two directions. The ratio to cutting forces in two directions acting on a tooth at a certain swept angle of cut and the ratio of average cutting forces in two directions per tooth period are functions of the swept angle of cut and the ratio of radial to tangential cutting forces. Using these parameters, the radial immersion ratio is estimated. Various experiments are performed to verify the proposed method. The results show that the radial immersion ratio can be estimated by this method regardless of other cutting conditions.
The Estimation for the Forward Kinematic Solution of Stewart Platform Using the Neural Network
Lee, Hyung-Sang ; Han, Myung-Chul ; Lee, Min-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 186~192
This paper introduces a study of a method for the forward kinematic analysis, which finds the 6 DOF motions and velocities from the given six cylinder lengths in the Stewart platform. From the viewpoints of kinematics, the solution for the inverse kinematic is easily found by using the vectors of the links which are composed of the joint coordinates in base and plate frames, to act contrary to the serial manipulator, but forward kinematic is difficult because of the nonlinearity and complexity of the Stewart platform dynamic equation with the multi-solutions. Hence we, first in this study, introduce the linear estimator using the Luenberger's observer, and the estimator using the nonlinear measured model for the forward kinematic solutions. But it is difficult to find the parameter of the design for the estimation gain or to select the estimation gain and the constant steady state error exists. So this study suggests the estimator with the estimation gain to be learned by the neural network with the structure of multi-perceptron and the learning method using back propagation and shows the estimation performance using the simulation.
Anti-sway and 3D position Control of the Nonlinear Crane System using Fuzzy Algorithm
Lee, Tae-Young ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 193~202
Crane operation for transporting heavy loads causes swinging motion at the loads due to crane's acceleration and deceleration. This sway causes the suspension ropes to leave their grooves and leads to possibility of serious damages. So, this swing of the objects is a serious problem and the goal of crane system is transporting to a goal position as soon as possible without the oscillation of the rope. Generally crane is operated by expert's knowledge. Therefore, a satisfactory control method to supress object sway during transport is indispensible. The dynamic behavior of the crane shows nonlinear characteristics. when the length of the rope is changed the crane is time varying system and the design of anti-sway controller is very difficult. In this paper, the nonlinear dynamic model for the industrial overhead crane whose girder, trolley and hoister move simultaneously is derived. and the Fuzzy logic controller based on the expert experiments during acceleration, constant velocity, deceleration and stop position period is proposed to supress the swing motion and control the position of the crane. The performance of the fuzzy controller for the nonlinear crane model is simulated on the personal computer.
Development of a Deadweight Force Standard Machine with Weight Change Mechanism
Kim, Gab-Soon ; Song, Hou-Keun ; Kang, Dae-Im ; Lee, Jeong-Tae ; Park, Yon-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 16, issue 8, 1999, Pages 203~212
This paper describes a deadweight force standard machine with the weight change mechanism which can be used as a primary force standards at a national metrology institute. Since commercial deadweight force machine can generate forces by hanging weights to the weight supporter serially, force steps from deadweight force measuring devices of each having different capacity. In order to increase the force steps, we have specially designed a weight mechanism in which the machine can select the necessary weights and generate the load by hanging the selected weights to the weight supporter. The machine can generate 속 force of the range of 2 kN to 110 kN with force step of 1 kN. All weights have been accurately compensated and calibrated by a mass comparator and its standard uncertainty is less than 2.2
. The relative expanded uncertainty of the machine is 1.3