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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 17, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 17, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 17, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 17, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 17, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
State-of-the-Art of Research and Development of Artificial Heart
Park, Chan-Young ; Min, Byoung-Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 5~16
Joint Prostheses and Engineering Technology
Choi, Kuii-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 17~24
Lab-on-a-chip for Genetic Diagnostics
Lim, Geun-Bae ; Cho, Yoon-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 25~35
Bio-Robots and Intelligent Prosthetics
Youm, Young-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 36~42
Design of the Spacers Arrangement for Field Emission Displays using Topology Optimization Technique
Chung, Tae-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 49~54
A field emission display has spacers separating the emitting base and display face. The arrangement of the spacer is important for maintenance of required clearance, endurance of bending stresses, and efficient vacuum sealing. Topology optimization technique with material density was introduced to select the best position of the spacers from the available positions. The displacement and Von Mises stress distribution of the panels with optimal spacers were calculated by finite element method. Also the design guide for adding eliminating spacers was proposed.
A Study on Tapping for STS304 and Tap Geometry
Lee, Jung-Kil ; Choi, Man-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 55~62
The poor machinability material such as austenite stainless steel(STS304) is emphasized on the wide use of HSSE for the tapping operation. The difficulty can be entirely to tapping torque due to chip formation through the hole of tap. The object of this study is to investigate tap geometry affecting the tapping torque from a practical point of view. The study shows that the optima tapping torque is affected by the tap geometry and cutting condition for STS304.
A Study on Forging Effect of Cup-Shaped Powder Forging Product According to the Shape of Preforms
Park, Jong-Ok ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Cho, Jin-Rae ; Lee, Jong-Heun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 63~68
The purpose of this paper is to compare the forging effects according th the shape of preforms of cup shaped powder forging product, and extend the application of powder forging technology to more complicated cup-shaped products like pistons. In order to this, preforms are provided by compacting, sintering, and machining in various shapes, then forged to final shape of products. The workability for sintered aluminium powder material is examined. Density and strain loci of forged products are compared, and the most effective shape of preform is proposed. The preform for a piston of 50mm in diameter is provided and hot forged to final product.
Determination of Flexible Tool Path in Curved Surface Finishing Based on Contact Analysis
Cho, Sung-San ; Lee, Seung-Yeong ; Ryu, Yong-Kyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 69~74
Roughness of curved surfaces finished with flexible tools depends on the tool/work contact pressure and area. In this study, non-Hertzian closely conforming elastic contact theory is employed to analyze the tool/work contact and to generate a tool path producing a constant pressure at initial contact points. Finishing experiments on curved surfaced are conducted using the tool path. For comparison, curved surface finishing is also performed along the tool path producing a constant tool/work interference depth. It is demonstrated that the tool path of constant contact pressure improves the finished surface roughness.
Electromagnet Actuator Analysis of Magnetic Levitation System
Kim, Chan-Jo ; Cho, Kyeum-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 75~80
Recently, there are a great many research for magnetic levitation system. In case electromagnet is operated as the actuator of control system, first of all, we must analysis about an electromagnet. Important parameters of this system are inductance(L) and resistance(R) which are induced from the coil of electromagnet. And attractive force equation is also important. If the load of this system is large, phase delay is caused by self-inductance effect. Because this delay effect cause stability of whole magnetic evitation system to grow worse, a measures to diminish time constant must have been taken. And the linearized attractive force equation which is used at small range of the operating point is compensated to use at larger range, thus the experiment of magnetic levitation system will get a better result.
Investigation on the Vibration Characteristics of a Symmetric 2DOF Polysilicon Resonator
Hong, Yun-Sik ; Lee, Jong-Hyeon ; Kim, Su-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 81~87
A new resonator that is fabricated by single polysilicon layer process is presented. The resonator can move in two orthogonal direction on the plane parallel to the substrate. And the resonant frequencies of the two modes are intrinsically designed to be identical since the overall structure of the resonator is symmetric about the two directions of motion. Since the resonator ideally has two identical vibration mode, it can be applied to various micro-devices that requires multi DOF motion, especially to microgyroscopes. To investigate the feasibility of application of the resonator, dynamic model of the resonator including the nonlinear behavior of driving electrodes is derived and evaluated with the fabricated one, and the self-tuning characteristics are proved though experiments.
Development of a Optimal Design Program for the Helical Gear on Vehicle Transmission
Shim, Jae-Yong ; Kwak, Jae-Seob ; Song, Ji-Bok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 88~93
Recently the gear design focuses on the optimal design to extract the design factors from the vehicle transmission that is required to equip the powerful, speedy and silent characteristics. In this study, we had determined modules(
) and face widths (b) to sustain strengths of contact and bending. The pressure angle (
) and the helix angle (
) also had been obtained from the constraint of a contact ratio (
) on helical gears. Through the optimal design algorithm suggested in this study, the design factors were calculated on vehicle transmission gears and those determined factors were able to firm a suitability of the design.
Calibration of Geometric Errors of a Parallel Manipulator Using a Sensor of Length Measurement
Choi, Woo-Chun ; Lim, Hyun-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 94~100
This paper proposes a method of geometric error calibration for a parallel using only sensor of length measurement without additional sensors. The concept is generalized which creates measurement residuals by exploring conflicting information provided with external length sensing. Although this calibration method requires many configurations, it has an advantage of using relatively simple length measurements. This method is shown to provide good calibration results, especially when there exist smaller measurement noises and more configurations are measured.
A Design of Global Optimal Sliding Mode Control for Motor Systems
Choi, Hyeung-Sik ; Cho, Yong-Sung ; Park, Yong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 101~107
A design of the global optimal sliding mode control is presented to control the second order uncertain time varying system with torque limit. With specified ranges of parametric uncertainties and torque limit, the minimum arrival time to reference inputs can be calculated. The proposed control scheme is applied to the motor system carrying loads. The merit of the proposed control scheme is that the arriving time at the reference input, which is the revolution angle, and the maximum allowable acceleration are expressed in a closed form solution. The superior performance of the proposed control scheme is validated by the computer simulation and experiments comparing with other sliding mode controllers.
Adaptive Cross-Coupling Control for High-Speed Nonlinear Contour Machining
Lee, Yong-Seok ; Jee, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 108~114
In this paper, a new adaptive cross-coupling control(CCC) method with an improved contour error model is proposed to maintain contouring precision in high-speed nonlinear contour machining. The proposed method utilizes variable controller gains based on the instantaneous curvature of a contour and the feedrate command. The proposed method is evaluated and compared with the conventional CCC for nonlinear contouring motion through computer simulations. The simulation results show that the proposed CCC improves the contouring accuracy more effectively than the existing method.
Track Tension Estimation in Tracked Vehicles under Steering
Huh, Kun-Soo ; Kim, Jung-Tak ; Suh, Moon-Suk ; Park, Dong-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 115~121
In this paper, track tension estimation methods are developed for tracked vehicles which are subject to various maneuvering tasks such as turning and pivoting on flat road. The information of the track tension is very important for the tracked vehicles because the track tension is closely related to the maneuverability and the durability of the tracked vehicles. Kinetic models for the six road-wheels are obtained and used for calculating the track tension around the sprocket. This method does not require the tuning of the turning resistance, which makes it difficult to estimate the track tension in turning. The tension estimation performance of the proposed methods is verified through the simulation of the Multi-body Dynamics tool. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method under steering and pivoting of the tracked vehicles.
A Study for the Mechanical Behavior of the Continuous Casting Slab Using Numerical Analysis
Ha, Jong-Su ; Cho, Jong-Rae ; Lee, Bu-Yun ; Ha, Man-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 122~128
In this paper, a bulging condition which affect the quality of continuous casting steel was analyzed by using the numerical analytic method. First, solidification analyses were performed for each cooling zone by one-dimensional finite difference method. The bulging deformation of cast slab has been calculated with a two-dimensional elasto-plastic and creep finite element model. The adequacy of the model has been checked against the experimental results. From this study the effects of the process variables such as casting speed, cooling condition and roll pitch were examined. The results from these analyses would be able to apply to the design of continuous casting process.
An Analysis of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors for V-notched Cracks in Pseudo-isotropic Dissimilar Materials
Kim, Jin-Gwang ; Jo, Sang-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 129~139
The problem of eigenvalue and eigenvector is obtained from a V-notched crack in pseudo-isotropic dissimilar materials by the traction free boundary and the perfect bonded interface conditions. The complex stress function is assumed as the two-term William's type. The eigenvalue is solved by a commercial numerical program, MATHEMATICA to discuss stress singularities for V-notched cracks in pseudo-isotropic dissimilar materials. The RWCIM(Reciprocal Work Contour Integral Method) is applied to the determination to eigenvector coefficients associated with eigenvalues. The RWCIM algorithm is also coded by the MATHEMATICA.
Power Flow and Efficiency of Input Coupled type CVT combined Differential Gear Unit
Kim, Yeon-Su ; Choi, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 141~150
Continuously variable transmission(CVT) combined differential gear unit has many advantages, which are the decrease of CVT size, the increase of overall efficiency, the extension of speed ratio range, and the generation of geared neutral. It is known that such CVT can be classified into the input coupled type and the output coupled type according to the coupling location of continuously variable unit(CVU). In this paper, six different configurations of input coupled type CVT combined V-belt CVU and 2K-H I type differential gear unit are proposed. Some useful theoretical formula related to speed ratio, power flow and efficiency are derived and analyzed. The propriety of derived formula and theoretical analysis are proven by various experiments.
Model Reference Adaptive Control Using
-Operator of Hydraulic Servosystem
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Yoon, Il-Ro ; Yum, Man-Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 151~157
The MRAC theory has proved to be one of the most popular algorithms in the field of adaptive control, particularly for practical application to devices such as an hydraulic servosystem of which parameters are unknown or varying during operation. For small sampling period, the discrete time system becomes a nonminimal phase system. The
-MRAC was introduced to obtain the control performance of nonminimal phase system, because the z-MRAC can not control the plant for small sampling period. In this paper,
-MRAC is applied to the control of an hydraulic servosystem which is composed of servovalve, hydraulic cylinder and inertia load.
Analysis of Elasto-Plastic Dynamic Behaviour of Plate Subjected to Load by Low Velocity Impact
Huh, Gyoung-Jae ; Dokko, Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 158~164
In this study a computer program is developed for analyzing the elasto-plastic dynamic behaviors of the plate subjected to line-loading by a low-velocity impactor. The equilibrium equation associated with the Hertzian contact law is formulated to evaluate the transient dynamic behaviour of the impacted plate. Compared with an elastic analysis, the effects of material plasticity are presented. Consequently, in the case of elasto-plastic analysys, impulse decreases, displacements increase and contact time duration is longer than the elastic case for same finite element model. And the time variation of the impacting load is not significant due to the plasticity except at the beginning of impact duration, and the induced stresses of the plate are more realistic.
Dynamic Analysis of Constrained Mechanical System Moving on a Flexible Beam Structure(I) : General Approach
Park, Chan-Jong ; Park, Tae-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 165~175
In recent years, it becomes a very important issue to consider the mechanical systems such as high-speed vehicles and railway trains moving on elastic beam structures. In this paper, a general approach, which can predict the dynamic behavior of constrained mechanical system and elastic beam structure, is proposed. Also, various supporting conditions of a foundation support are considered for the elastic beam structures. The elastic structure is assumed to be a nonuniform and linear Bernoulli-Euler beam with proportional damping effect. Combined Differential-Algebraic Equations of motion are derived using multibody dynamics theory and Finite Element Method. The proposed equations of motion can be solved numerically using generalizd coordinate partitioning method and Predictor-Corrector algorithm, which is an implicit multi-step integration method.
Dynamic Analysis of Constrained Mechanical System Moving on a Flexible Beam Structure(II) : Application
Park, Chan-Jong ; Park, Tae-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 176~184
Recently, it becomes a very important issue to consider the mechanical systems such as high-speed vehicle and railway train moving on a flexible beam structure. Using general approach proposed in the first part of this paper, it tis possible to predict planar motion of constrained mechanical system and elastic structure with various kinds of foundation supporting condition. Combined differential-algebraic equations of motion derived from both multibody dynamics theory and Finite Element Method can be analyzed numerically using generalized coordinate partitioning algorithm. To verify the validity of this approach, results from simply supported elastic beam subjected to a moving load are compared with exact solution from a reference. Finally, parameter study is conducted for a moving vehicle model on a simply supported 3-span bridge.
Control of Robot Manipulators
Im, Jong-Guk ; Park, Jong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 185~190
Gravure Halftone Dots by Laser Direct Patterning
Seo, Jeong ; Han, Yu-Hui ; Gang, Rae-Hyeok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 191~198
Laser direct patterning of the coated photoresist (PMER-NSG31B) layer was studied to make halftone dots on gravure printing roll. The selective laser hardening of photoresist by Ar-ion laser(wavelength: 333.6~363.8nm) was controlled by the A/O modulator. The coating thickness in the range of 5~11
could be obtained by using the up-down directional moving device along the vertically located roll. The width, thickness and hardness of the hardened lines formed under the laser power of 200~260㎽ and irradiation time of 4.4~6.6
sec/point were investigated after developing. The hardened width increased as the coating thickness increased. Though the hardened thickness was changed due to the effect of the developing solution, the hardened layer showed good resistance to the scratching of 2H pencil. Also, the hardened minimum line widths of 10
could be obtained. The change of line width was also found after etching, and the minimum line widths of 6
could be obtained. The hardened lines showed the good resistance to the etching solution. Finally, the experimental data could be applied to make gravure halftone dots using the developed imaging process, successfully.
Determination of the Tooth Modification Amounts for Minimizing the Vibration of Helical Gear
Chong, Tae-Hyong ; Myong, Jae-Hyong ; Kim, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 199~205
The vibration and noise of gears is due to the vibration exciting force caused by the tooth stiffness which changes periodically as the mesh of teeth proceeds and by the transmission error, that is, the rotation delay between driving gear and driven gear caused by manufacturing error and alignment error in assembly and so on. The purpose of this study is to develop how to calculate simultaneously the optimum amounts of tooth profile modification, end relief and crowning by minimizing the vibration exciting force of helical gears. We estimate the vibration exciting force by the mesh analysis of gears. The constraints of this problem consist of contact ratio and strengths of gear teeth such as tooth fillet stress, surface durability and scoring. ADS(Automated Design Synthesis) is used as an optimization tool. And, since the aspect ratio is an important parameter of tooth modification, we investigate the relation between it and the optimum values of tooth modification. The proposed method can calculate the optimum amount of tooth modification automatically and is to be utilized to resolve the problem of vibration of helical gears.
Position and Vibration Control of Flexible 2-Link Robot Arm Using Piezoelectric Actuators and Sensors
Sin, Ho-Cheol ; Choe, Seung-Bok ; Kim, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 206~212
This paper presents a hybrid actuator scheme to actively control the end-point position and vibration of a two-link flexible robot arm. Control scheme consists of four different actuators; two servo-motors at the hubs and two piezoceramics bonded to the surfaces of the flexible links. Two sliding hyperplanes are designed for two servo-motors which have time varying parameters to maintain control performance in any configuration. The surface gradients of the hyperplanes are determined by pole assignment technique to guarantee the stability on the hyperplanes themselves. During the motion, undesirable oscillations caused by the torques based on the rigid link dynamics are actively suppressed by applying feedback control voltages to the piezoceramic actuators. Consequently, desired tip motion is achieved. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, experiments are performed for the regulating and tracking control problems.
Design of a Impeller Hub Cold Forging Process
Kim, Young-Suk ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Kim, Chan-Il ; Choi, Suk-Tak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 11, 2000, Pages 213~219
A impeller hub is usually made through three forging processes : forward extrustion, upsetting and finishing. The finishing process is closed die forging in which the load increases abruptly at the final stage, resulting in underfilling in the finished product due to insufficient load capacity of the press. In this study, the rigid-plastic finite element analysis was applied to the impeller hub forging process in order to optimize process and to estimate required load. As a result, two kind of improvements for the process were suggested to reduce the load requirement in the finishing process.