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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 17, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 17, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 17, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 17, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 17, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Next Generation Manufacturing(NGM) (2)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 7~14
Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 15~32
Relationship between Hard Disk Surface Damage and Data Loss
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 35~42
In recent years the recording density of hard disks has increased significantly largely due to the decreasing flying height. As a result of decreased flying height, the reliability issue become more critical. In this work the relationship between hard disk surface damage and data loss was investigated by using an actual hard disk drive. The purpose of this research was to identify the key factor which leads to data loss. It was shown that data loss is directly related to the physical damage of the Co-magnetic layer and there was no data loss when only carbon protective coating was damaged by the diamond tip.
A Study on the Ultrasonic In-Process Dressing Method of CBN Grinding Wheel
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 43~50
A CBN wheel was used for the highly efficient and precision grinding of the mold material(STD11). The grinding form accuracy by a CBN wheel is very excellent due to its low wheel wear, but grinding fragments resemble fine powders rather chips. A fine powders by this fragmentation can easily get attached to the wheel surface and therefore causing a loading. In order to prevent this fragmentation phenomena, the alumina stick is use to processing. Because the dressing with alumina stick should be interrupted for a processing, the automation of the processing and high productivity was very difficult. The investigation on the effect of Ultrasonic In-Process Dressing(ULID) on the grinding characteristics focuses in this Paper. This ULID method is that ultrasonic vibration in my Position of wheel is used to remove impurities on the wheel surface. Finally, the rate of surface roughness change in grinding by the ULID method was less than grinding without ultrasonic vibration. Loading phenomena by the ULID method were more prevented than grinding without ultrasonic vibration.
Selection of Internal Clearance for Automotive Wheel Bearings Considering an Assembling Procedure
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 51~57
An automotive wheel bearing is one of the most important components to guarantee the service life of a passenger car. The endurance lift of a bearing is affected by many parameters such as material properties, heat treatment, lubrication conditions, temperature, loading conditions, geometry, internal clearance and so on. Under the same geometry and loading conditions, the internal clearance is the most effective parameters on the endurance lift of a bearing. Generally, bearings have the longest lift with a little negative internal clearance. But it is very difficult to measure and modify the internal clearance after a wheel bearing is assembled. In this paper, we analyze the effect of an assembling procedure on the clearance of wheel bearings and suggest a method to determine optimal clearance for automotive wheel bearings by selecting initial bearing clearance.
Milling Chatter Stability Analysis in Consideration of Gyroscopic Effect
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 58~63
The dynamics of spindle-bearing-workpiece system significantly affects the cutting condition and stability in milling process. The present paper investigates the chatter stability of milling process due to the change in the dynamics of spindle-bearing-workpiece systems. In particular, the present paper focuses on chatter stability due to the presence of gyroscopic effect. An eigenvalue problem approach to the stability of milling process is extensively used in this paper. To incorporate the rotational speed dependent gyroscopic effect, an iterative algorithm is proposed. A numerical example is provided for examining the chatter stability problem in the presence of gyroscopic effects.
Experimental Surface Roughness Estimation in Multi-Pass Horizontal Grinding Operations
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 64~72
Surface roughness is one of the most important characteristics in machining processes. This study presents probabilistic models to estimate surface roughness experimentally in multi-pass horizontal surface grinding operations from three independent distributions such as the initial surface roughness distributions of workpiece, the distributions of the wheel radius, and the distributions of distances between major active grains. To specify the model characteristics from surface roughness measurements, either the probability satisfying a given surface roughness or the range of surface roughness satisfying a given probability have been estimated while grinding conditions are fixed. Finally, the relationship between grinding conditions satisfying surface roughness range under a given probability can be established.
Convex Sharp Edge Detection of CAD Surfaces without Topology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 73~79
The part-surface of mold or stamping-dies consists of a compound surface which consists of lots of composite surfaces, and may have various types of feature shapes including convex sharp edge (CSE). Those CSE features should be considered with care in machining the surface, which necessitates extraction of CSE curves on a compound surface. This work can be done rather easily for a solid model which has a complete topology information. In case of the compound surface without topology information, however, such CSE curves must be gathered through some geometrical calculations paying much computation time. In the paper, extracting CSE curves by the construction of a CSE region-map which can reduce time, and detecting various common edge types are presented.
Optimization of front Bump Steer for Improving Vehicle Handling Performances
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 80~88
This paper presents a method to optimize the bump steer characteristics (the change of toe angle with vertical wheel travel) with respect to hard points in the double wishbone front suspension of the four-wheel-drive vehicle using the design of experiment, multibody dynamics simulation, and optimum design program. Front and rear suspensions are modeled as the interconnection of rigid bodies by kinematic joints and force elements using DADS. The design variables with respect to the kinematic characteristics are obtained through the experimental design sensitivity analysis. An object function is defined as the area of absolute differences between the desired and experimental toe angle. By the design of experiment and regression analysis, the regression model function of bump steer characteristics is extracted. The design variables that make the toe angle optimized are selected using the optimum design program DOT. The lane change simulations and tests of the full vehicle models are implemented to evaluate the improvement of vehicle handling performances by the optimization of front bump steer characteristics. The results of the lane change simulations show that the vehicle with optimized bump steer has the weaker understeer tendency than the vehicle with initial bump steer.
Die Finishing Process Using Electro-Chemical Grinding
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 89~96
This paper describes the characteristic of die finishing to obtain smooth surface using electro-chemical grinding after cutting process. Electro-chemical grinding is possible under lower load and tool wear comparing with those in the mechanical grinding. Conventionally, if the metal bonding material of the grinding wheel is directly t contacted with workpiece, the current is circulated without electrolytic phenomena. Sometimes, electrical discharge is occurred between tool and workpiece. To cope with this problem, the metal-resin bonded pellet was used in this study. This pellet is composed of optimal volume of metal and resin powders and its characteristics are changable with the each volume of powders. Finally, high efficient die finishing is realized using metal resin bonded pellet in electro-chemical grinding.
Experimental Study of Cushioning Pneumatic Cylinder with Meter In/Meter Out Control System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 97~104
Pneumatic cylinder is widely used for mechanical handling systems. Often, the impact occurs at the both ends points of pneumatic cylinder and generates destructive shock with in the structural operating members of the machine or equipment. To reduce the damage of system, therefore, shock absorbing devices are required. Cushioning of pneumatic cylinders at one or both ends of piston stroke is used to reduce the shock and vibration. The cylinder body have to withstand under high velocity and load. In this research, the pneumatic cushioning cylinder moving tests have been conducted for different load mass and supply pressure. The velocity of pneumatic cylinder actuation system with multiple orifice cushion sleeve which is set vertically controled with meter-in/out system. This study examines the dynamic characteristics of pneumatic cylinder with cushion devices. It turns out that the cushion pressure is mainly a function of the external load rather than the supply pressure. The cushion region characteristics was also revealed in the meter-in system.
The Experimental Investigation of the Spherical Involute Bevel Gear
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 105~113
For exact spherical involute bevel gear, serveral researchers had developed the mathematical models. The solid models of straight bevel gears are obtained and inspected to avoid interference by computer graphics. Furthermore, A gearbox is assembled by spherical involute bevel gears, which are manufactured by CNC machine. The transmission errors in the tooth mesh are measured by Laser sensor, are compared with the AGMA standard. This gearbox is found to be ranked AGMA Q10(JIS 3)
Estimation Model-based Verification and Validation of Fossil Power Plant Performance Measurement Data
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 114~120
Fossil power plant availability is significantly affected by gradual degradations of equipment as operation of the plant continues. It is quite important to determine whether or not to replace some equipment and when to replace the equipment. Performance calculation and analysis can provide the information. Robustness in the performance calculation can be increased by using verification ＆ validation of measured input data. We suggest new algorithm in which estimation relation for validated measurement can be obtained using correlation between measurements. Input estimation model is obtained using design data and acceptance measurement data of domestic 16 fossil power plant. The model consists of finding mostly correlated state variable in plant state and mapping relation based on the model and current state of power plant.
Development of Inpipe Inspection Robot System for Underground Gas Pipelines
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 121~129
The robotic automation in NonDestructive Testing(NDT) is a promising field of research and it helps to expand the applications of NDT enormously. Especially, in the case of pipelines which are widely used in various industrial facilities, it is required to secure adequate ways of inspection in the usual maintenance activitites. In this paper, we present a robot system for inpipe inspection of underground urban gas pipelines. The robot is configured as an articulated structure like a snake with a tether cable. Two active driving vehicles are located in front and rear of the system, respectively and passive modules such as a NonDestructive Testing module and a control module are chained between the active vehicles. The proposed system has outstanding mobility by employing a new steering mechanism called Double Active Universal Joint, which makes it possible to cope with complicated configurations of underground pipelines. Characteristic features of the system are described and the construction of the system is briefly outlined.
Development of Build-up Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing Process Using Rapid Prototyping Technology and Screen Printing Technology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 130~136
Generally, the build-up printed circuit board manufactured by the sequential process with etching, plating, drilling etc. requires many types of equipments and lead time. Etching process is suitable for mass production, however, it is not adequate for manufacturing prototype in the developing stage. In this study, we introduce a screen printing technology to prototyping a build-up printed circuit board. As for the material, photo/thermal curable resin and conductive paste are used for the formation of dielectric and conductor. The build-up structure is made by subsequent processes such as the formation of liquid resin thin layer, the solidification by UV/IR light, and via filling with conductive paste. By use of photo curable resin, productivity is greatly enhanced compared with thermal curable resin. Finally, the basic concept and the possibility of build-up printed circuit board prototyping are proposed in comparison with to the conventional process.
A Study on Durability Characteristics of Automobile Clutch Diaphragm Spring Steel According to Heat-Treatment Condition
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 137~143
An automobile clutch diaphragm spring is operating in a closed clutch housing under high temperature and subject to high stress concentration in driving condition, which frequently causes cracks and fracture. The material of spring is required to possess sufficient fatigue strength and tenacity, which depend largely on the condition of tempering heat treatment. In this paper, specimens are made under a number of different tempering temperatures md tested to find the optimal tempering heat treatment condition. The experiments include the verification of microscopic structure, hardness, tensile strength, fatigue crack growth rate, stress intensity factor range and residual stress. Also, decarbonization, which occurs in actual heat treatment process, is measured and allowable decarbonization depth is studied by durability test.
Analysis of the Corner Cavity of Axisymmetric Backward Extrusion by the Upper Bound Approach
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 144~150
In this paper, the formation of a corner cavity in the final stage of axisymmetric backward extrusion process is studied by means of upper bound analysis using kinematically admissible velocity. The quantitative relationships between corner cavity formation and process parameters are studied. And analytical results are compared with those of experiment to which plasticine is used. It is found that the analytical results agree well with experimental one. In addition, to restrict the formation of a corner cavity, driven container is applied to backward extrusion and the results are compared with those of FEM. The critical thickness of the bottom of the billet decreases with increase in reduction of area, and increases with decrease in friction. To prevent the formation of corner cavity, the concept of moving container was applied. Throughout this process, the occurrence of a corner cavity is delayed and forming limit area is enlarged.
A Study on the Design and the Dynamic Characteristics of Electro-Hydraulic Flow Control Servo Valve
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 151~160
An experimental and theoretical analysis for the improvement of dynamic characteristics and design of electro-hydraulic flow control servo valve are performed. The theoretical results are compared with the experimental step responses, and the important design parameters of an electro-hydraulic flow control servo valve are derived by using the simulation program. Simulation parameters of nozzle jet coefficient and orifice and spool valve discharge coefficient are given through experiment. The theoretical and experimental step response curves show that the valve gain depends on the fixed orifice and nozzle
and is maximum at
And drain orifice in the flapper - nozzle return line creates a small back pressure, which improves the performance fur the valve.
Reserarch for Possibility of ELID Grinding of Hard Disk Glass
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 161~168
In this paper, machining characteristics of glass for HDD media are researched. Nowadays HDD media are used globally as a data storage device. In generally, it is machined by the lapping. But the lapping process time is long and the productivity is low. In this reason, 1 examined the possibility of ELID grinding of glass fur HDD media. If the machining process of HDD media can be changed to ELID grinding, a product cost will be largely saved. The machines used in this experiment were a special rotary type grinder and a normal rotary grinder. The one has an air bearing spindle, the other has not. Experimental results show the possibility of highly efficient grinding and mirror surface can be achieved by the ELID grinding.
A Study on the Material Behavior of Glass Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composite in Biaxial Stretch Forming
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 169~175
The object of this study was to investigate the feasibility of solid-phase forming of the composites and to characterize the material behavior in the biaxial stretch forming. The materials tested contained 20%, 30%, and 40% glass fibers by weight in a polypropylene matrix. Biaxial stretch forming tests were performed at three forming speeds of 10mm/sec, 1mm/sec, and 0.1mm/sec and at four forming temperatures of
to investigate effects of forming speed and forming temperature. The microscopic observation of a formed part was conducted at various strain levels to characterize the material behavior. The strain distribution on a formed part was measured and displayed on the farmed geometry with a contour display The material behavior of the composite in the biaxial stretch forming was strongly influenced by the forming conditions.
A Study on Disassembly Path Generation Using Petri Net
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 176~184
Possible representation methods for the product structure have been compared and analyzed to determine optimal disassembly path of a product. Petri net is selected as the most optimal method to represent disassembly path of the product. In this method, a reachability tree for the product is generated and disassembly time for each path is calculated. A path with the smallest disassembly time is selected as the optimal path. A software far DPN(Disassembly Petri Net) has been developed and applied to search the optimal disassembly path for a ballpoint pen disassembly process as an example.
A Study on Shape Design Approach of Disk Cams using Relative Velocity of Followers
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 185~192
Cam mechanism is one of the common devices used in many automatic machinery. Since the motion of the cam mechanism depends on the shape of the cam and the type of the follower, the shape design procedure must be well defined in order to determine the accurate shape of the cam corresponding to the prescribed motion of the follower. This paper proposes a new approach for designing the shape of disk cams. The proposed relative velocity method uses the relative velocity at center of the follower roller or at contact point between the cam and the follower for 4 different types of the disk cam systems. Also, the relative velocity method for determining the cam profile uses the geometric relationships of the cam and the follower.
The Influence of the Number of Drawbead on Blank Forming Analysis
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 193~200
In the sheet metal forming process, the drawbead is used to control the flow of material during the forming process. The drawbead provides proper restraining force to the material and prevents defects such as wrinkling or breakage. For these reasons, many studies for designing the effective drawbead have been conducted. In this paper, the influence of the number of drawbead during the blank forming process will be introduced. For the analysis, the numerical method called the static-explicit finite element method was used. The finite element analysis code for this method has been developed and applied to the drawbead process problems. It is expected that this static-explicit finite element method could overcome heavy computation time and convergence problem due to the increase of drawbeads.
Large Deflection Analysis of Plates By Using Small Local Deflections And Rotational Unit Vectors
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 201~210
The large deflection of plate is analyzed by co-rotational formulations using small local displacements and rotating unit vectors on the nodal points. The rotational degrees of the freedom are represent ed by the unit vectors1 In the nodal points, and the equilibrium equations are formulated by using small deflection theories of the plates by assuming that the directions of the unit vectors of the nodal points are known apriori. The translational degrees of freedom are independently solved from the rotational degrees of freedom in the equilibrium equations, and the correct directions of the unit vectors are computed by the iterative scheme by imposing the moment equilibrium constraint. The equilibrium equations and the associated solution procedure are explained, and the verification problems are solved.
3D Modeling of Ground Surface with Statistical Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 211~219
This paper simulated surface grinding process with statistically simulated grinding wheel topography, considering ridge formation phenomenon when grain scratch workpiece. Wheel grain is modeled as hybrid sphere and cone. Grinding wheel characteristic was evaluated with stylus by expanding the scanning region of the profilometer from a straight line to a plane. Each grain's diameter and semi-angle are assumed as normal distribution, each grain's protrusion height from wheel plane is assumed gamma distribution. So grinding wheel is simulated with grain's position randomly distributed without overlapping. Ground surface is 3-dimensionally simulated considering ridge formation of workpiece by each grain's cutting, and then surface profile and surface roughness parameters are compared with real ground workpiece.
High Precision Stepping Motor Using Terfenol-D Actuators: Its Performance Test
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 220~226
High precision step motor using Terfenol-D linear actuators is proposed and its performance is tested. Four Terfenol-D linear actuators are set up perpendicular to the rotor and saw-tooth current signals are applied on the actuators. It was found that the rotation angle is increased as the excitation current, the inertia of the rotor, and the contact force between the rotor and the push device are increased. The rotation angle per step of
and blocking torque of 0.2Nm are achieved. The effect of the time delay between the excitation signals is also investigated.
Quantification Method of Kinesthetic Sense of Arm with Compensation for Individual Difference
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 227~234
The human sensibility caused by the motion of an object grasped by a human operator is defined as kinesthetic sense of arm. Due to nonlinearity and ambiguity of human sense, there is no absolute standard for quantification of kinesthetic sense. In this research, a so-called 2-dimensional arm motion generator is developed to present various mechanical impedance (i.e., stiffness or damping) characteristics to a human arm. The kinesthetic words representing arm kinesthetic sense are selected and then the subject's satisfaction levels on these words for given impedance values are measured and processed by the SD method and factor analysis. In addition, the quantification method using neural network is proposed to take into account the individual difference between the mean sensibility and each subject's sensibility. Through this proposed algorithm, the sensibility of human motion described qualitatively can be converted into engineering data ensuring objectivity, reproducibility, and universality