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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 12 - Dec 2000
Volume 17, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 17, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 17, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 17, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 17, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
STEP-NC Technology: Status and Prospect
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 8~14
Roles and Visions of ISO14649 for STEP-NC
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 15~24
STEP Overview and Its Implementation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 25~33
The Implementation of Modularized Open CNC
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 34~40
STEP based NC for Manufacturing System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 41~50
The Optimal Resolution for Circle Analysis with the Minimum Error
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 55~62
In this paper, an algorithm for determining the optimal resolution has been described for measuring the actual length of circular objects. As the resolution gets higher, the measurement error in general becomes smaller because of the reduced distance per pixel. However, the higher resolution makes circular objects enlarged, which may produce an ill-conditioned system. That is, a small error in the boundary positions may result in a large error in the analysis of the circular objects. Taking this fact into account, a new measure is proposed to determine the optimal resolution. The actual errors have been calculated with various resolutions and the resolution with the minimum error has been decided as the optimal resolution. The analysis using various circles with different sizes indicates that the minimum measurement error is obtained when the whole circle appears in the screen as large as possible, regardless of the size of circle. The experimental results using real images have verified the validity of our analysis.
Effect of Glass Fiber Contents on the Tensile Strength in Injection Molding Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 63~69
The main target of this research is investigating the relations between mechanical properties and injection conditions, like injection pressure, packing pressure and packing time for various contents ratio of glass fiber and resin. In general idea, high injection pressure produces high strength of molded parts as a monotonic function. but it was revealed that high pressure does not make high strength directly through various experiments of injection molding. In this experiments, PA66 was selected as resin and Glass Fiber was selected as reinforcing fiber Fiber reinforcement was controlled, as 14%, 25%, 33%, 44% of total volume and packing pressure was divided 55%, 65%, 75%, 85% of reference pressure, i.e. 100% equal to 1400kgf/
. Finally, tensile testing was executed for injected test specimen. Optimum results based on authors' experiments have been obtained under conditions of 25% and 33% of glass fiber contents. Tensile strength rather depends on the packing pressure and packing time than injection pressure. Especially almost equal value of tensile strength was obtained for various percentage of packing and injection pressure as 65%, 75% and 85% of reference pressure.
Wafer Dicing State Monitoring by Signal Processing
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 70~75
After the patterning and probe process of wafer have been achieved, the dicing process is necessary to separate chips from a wafer. The dicing process cuts a wafer to lengthwise and crosswise direction to make many chips by using narrow circular rotating diamond blade. But inferior goods are made under the influence of complex dicing environment such as blade, wafer, cutting water and cutting conditions. This paper describes a monitoring algorithm using feature extraction in order to find out an instant of vibration signal change when bad dicing appears. The algorithm is composed of two steps: feature extraction and decision. In the feature extraction, two features processed from vibration signal which is acquired by accelerometer attached on blade head are proposed. In the decision. a threshold method is adopted to classify the dicing process into normal and abnormal dicing. Experiment have been performed for GaAs semiconductor wafer. Based upon observation of the experimental results, the proposed scheme shown a good accuracy of classification performance by which the inferior goods decreased from 35.2% to 12.8%.
Study on the Reconstruction of Skull Prototype using Sliced Image Data
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 76~83
Shape reconstruction is considered as a new technology to be useful and important in many areas such as RPD (Rapid Product Development) and reverse engineering, compared with the conventional design and manufacturing. In shape reconstruction, it becomes possible to reconstruct objects not by their measured shape data but those data extracted from the original shape. The goal of this research is to realize 3D shape construction by showing a possible way to analyze the input image data and reconstruct that original shape. The main 2 steps of the reconstructing process are getting cross-section data from image processing and linking loops between one slice and the next one. And the reconstructed object in this way is compared with the other object using a laser scanner and modelled by an commercial software.
Moving Path Following of Autonomous Mobile Robot using Fuzzy
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 84~92
Recently, the progress of industrialization has been taken concern of material handling automation. So for, the conveyor belt has been popular for material handling. However, this system has many disadvantages such as the space, cost, etc. In this paper, a new navigation algorithm using fuzzy is introduced. The mobile robot follows a line installed on the roads. These informations are inputted with three approximate sensors. These obtained informations are analyzed with fuzzy control technique fur autonomous steering. Therefore, unlike existing systems, high reliability is guaranteed under bad environment conditions. The installation and maintenance of a line is easily made at lower cost. This developed mobile robot can be applied to material handling automation in manufacturing system, hospital, inter-office document del ivory.
Structural Dynamic Optimization Using a Genetic Algorithm(GA)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 93~99
In many dynamic structural optimization problems, the goal is to reduce the total weight of the structure without causing the resonance. Up to now, gradient informations(i.e., design sensitivity) have been used to achieve the goal. For some class of dynamic problems, especially coalescent eigenvalue Problems with multiobjective optimization, the design sensitivity analysis is too much complicated mathematically and numerically. Therefore, this article proposes a new technique fur structural dynamic modification using a mode modification method with Genetic Algorithm(GA). In GA formulation, fitness is defined based on penalty function approach. Design variables are iteratively improved by using genetic algorithm. Two numerical examples are shown, (ⅰ) a cantilevered plate, and (ⅱ) H-shaped structure. The results demonstrate that the proposed method is highly efficient.
The Development of Hydraulic-Coupling Experimental Apparatus Using Brake Load and Prediction of Torque Performance
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 100~107
The hydraulic couplings have been widely used in industries, automobile, and power-station drives including ships. A mathematical analysis by which the design and application of hydraulic couplings are made is used in conventional design formulae and general roto-dynamic theories. The fluid flow of hydraulic couplings can be considered to have two component, one circumferentially about the coupling axis, and the other passing fluid from the pump to the turbine in the plane of the coupling axis. Tests have been carried out on the full-scale production coupling. The performance test consists of taking measurement of torque of the fluid coupling for three different amount of working fluid inside with various loads to the output shaft. The purpose of this research is to construct the experimental test equipments and to establish a series of performance test for the domestically developed hydraulic couplings, and to obtain experimental results which can be used to improve the performance of the hydraulic coupling and to solve the practical problems confronted in operation.
A Process Planning System for Machining of Dies for Auto-Body Production
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 108~115
This paper presents a variant type process planning system for machining of dies for auto-body production. Through the analysis of dies and their manufacturing processes, the authors categorized the press dies into 15 groups according to the similarity of machining features. After critically reviewing current manufacturing procedures, a standard process plan was defined for each group. The authors present MP3D the process planning system built on the standard process plan database, and show how they apply it at the die manufacturing plant of an automobile company. MP3D is expected to reduce major losses in machining such as reworking caused by mistakenly uncut features and eventually to help to accumulate the knowledge of operators. The operation sheet MP3D produces is also used in monitoring the progress of manufacturing of dies. This paper explains the whole development cycle of a process planning system from process analysis to application so that it can help readers to develop and apply a process planning system to their machine shops.
NC Code Post-Processor Considering Metal Removal Rate
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 116~123
This paper presents an NC code post-processor that adjusts feedrates to keep the variation of metal removal rate along the tool paths minimum. Metal removal rate is estimated by virtually machining the part, whose surface model is built from a series of NC codes defined in operation plan, with cutting-tool-assembly models, whose geometry are defined in a machining database. The NC code post-processor modifies the feedrates by the adjustment rules, which are based on the machining knowledge for effective machining. This paper illustrates a procedure fur grouping machining conditions and we also show how to determine an adjustment rule for a machining-condition group. An example part was machined and it shows that the variation of cutting force was dramatically reduced after applying the NC code post-processor. The NC code post-processor is expected to increase productivity while maintaining the quality of the machined part.
Development of a Submicron Order Straightness Measuring Device
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 124~130
For measuring out the submicron order straightness, a precision measuring device is developed in this paper. The device is constructed with a hydrostatic feed table and a capacitive type sensor which is mounted to the feed table. Straightness is acquired as substracting the motion error of feed table from the measured profile with probe. Motion error of feed table is simultaneously compensated upto 0.120
of linear motion error and 0.20arcsec of angular motion error using the active controlled capillary. Reversal method and strai호t-edge is used fur estimating the measuring accuracy and from the experimental result, it is verified that the device has the measuring accuracy 0.030m. Also, through the practical application on the measurement of ground surface, it is confirmed that the device is very effective to measure the submicron order straightness.
A Study on the Surface Roughness ＆ Bending Strength for Zirconia Ceramic Grinding
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 131~136
This paper is concerned with the surface roughness and the bending strength of ground workpiece in ZrO2 ceramic grinding. Surface roughness was measured with surface tracer and bending strength value was obtained by three-point bending test on machining center using tool dynamometer. Grinding experiments were carried out to examine the effects of grinding conditions including diamond mesh size, table speed, and depth of cut on ground surface roughness. The correlation between surface roughness and bending strength was also inspected. The experimental results indicate that the rougher surface is produced as the mesh size of diamond wheel is reduced and table speed is increased, but surface roughness is not affected by depth of cut. The values of bending strength decrease as the values of Ra, Rmax and Ku increase.
Longitudinal Control of the Lead Vehicle of a Platoon in IVHS using Backstepping Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 137~144
In this paper, a longitudinal control of the lead vehicle for a platoon in IVHS Regulation Layer is proposed. The backstepping method has been used for the controller design. This method has an advantage in that its stability need not be proven since the controller is designed based on the Lyapunov Function. The control object is that the lead vehicle tracks a reference velocity and maintains a safe distance between the inter-platoons while the followers are keeping the speed of the lead vehicle of a platoon. The coordinate of system is transformed to a new coordinate system for its convenience to design controller. The new coordinate system is composed of error and new error variable. The error is the difference between the safe distance and the actual distance of inter-platoons. A new error variable is the difference between the velocity of vehicle and the estimated state of a system operated by the virtual input. The Lyapunov function is obtained based on the variables of new coordinate system. In the computer simulation, several cases have been studied such as when the lead vehicle is tracking the optimal speed. or a lead vehicle of the following platoon tracks the velocity of the previous platoon while maintaining a safe distance. Also a nonlinear engine time constant case has been investigated. All the simulation results show that the designed controller satisfies the control object sufficiently.
Sliding Mode Control for a High-Load Wheeled Mobile Robot
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 145~153
This paper discusses the dynamic modeling and robust control development for a differentially steered mobile robot subject to wheel slip according to high load. Consideration of wheel slip is crucial for high load applications such as construction automation tasks because wheel slip acts as a severe disturbance to the system. It is shown that the uncertainty terms due to the wheel slip satisfy the matching condition for the sliding mode control design. From the full dynamic model of the mobile robot, a reduced ideal model is extracted to facilitate the control design. The sliding mode control method ensures the dynamic tracking performance for such a mobile robot. Numerical simulation shows the promise of the developed algorithm.
Piezoelectric Beam Rotating Actuator for Multiple Beam Disk Drives
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 154~159
A multi-beam optical disk drive is presented as a method for improving the effective data transfer rate by increasing the beam spot number formed on an optical disk. The beam rotating actuator is necessary for putting multi-beam on more than one track. The beam rotating actuator is made up of piezoelectric material, high stiffness wire hinge and dove prism. The actuator has good frequency response above 1KHz and suitable operational range. The dynamic equation for the actuator is derived.
A Study on Stress Analysis and Fatigue Behaviors of Carbonitrided Cr-Mo(SCM415) Steel - About the Prediction of Fatigue Strength -
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 160~167
In this research, the fatigue behaviors of carbonitrided Cr-Mo(SCM415) steel are examined. From fatigue test results, we propose a modified fatigue strength evaluation model and modified formulae. That is, we develop improved models fur evaluating and predicting the fatigue strength of carbonitrided SCM415 by modifying specific terms in the Murakami and Endo's model which is the representative fatigue strength evaluation formulae fur high strength steel.
Analysis of Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior in the Stiffened Panels with Bonded Symmetric Stiffener
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 168~172
The stiffened panel is representative of a large portion of aircraft construction and therefore has much practical importance. In this paper, the influence of various shape parameters on the stress intensity factors and the fatigue crack growth in the panels with bonded composite stiffeners are studied experimentally. Results are presented as crack growth rates for various values of crack lengths, stiffness ratios, and stiffening Materials.
추정된 절삭력 신호를 이용한 선삭력 제어
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 173~179
While a cutting tool is machining a workpiece at various cutting depth, the feedrate is usually selected based on the maximum depth of cut. Even if this selection can avoid power saturation or tool breakage, it is very conservative compared to the capacity of the machine tools and can reduce the productivity significantly. Many adaptive control techniques that can adjust the feedrate to maintain the constant cutting force have been reported. However, these controllers are not very widely used in manufacturing industry because of the limitations in measuring the cutting force signals. In this paper, turning force control systems based on the estimated cutting force signals are proposed. A synthesized cutting force monitor is introduced to estimate the cutting force as accurately as a dynamometer does. Three control strategies of PI, adaptive and fuzzy logic controllers are applied to investigate the feasibility of utilizing the estimated cutting force fur turning force control. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed systems can be easily realized in CNC lathe with requiring little additional hardware.
Determination of Stress Intensity Factors for Interface Cracks in Dissimilar Materials Using the RWCIM
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 180~185
An interface V-notched crack problem can be formulated as a eigenvalue problem. there are the eigenvalues which give stress singularities at the V-notched crack tip. The RWCIM is a method of calculating the eigenvector coefficients associated with eigenvalues for a V-notched crack problem. Obtaining the stress intensity factors for an interface crack in dissimilar materials is examined by the RWCIM. The results of stress intensity factors for an interface crack are compared with those of the displacement extrapolation method by the BEM
Comparison of Cutting Characteristics between Cermet, Carbide and Coated Carbide Tools in Turning
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 186~194
The purpose of this study is to investigate the difference in cutting characteristics of cermet, carbide and coated carbide tools in the similar application range via turning test of various conditions. The cermet and carbide tools in the range of ISO P10 grade were developed using optimum compositions with a view to obtaining a high toughness and hardness by PM process. First mechanical properties were characterized on these tools. Experimental results of wear behaviour and resistance to fracturing were presented and discussed in the turning of gray cast iron and alloy steels by cermet, carbide and coated carbide tools. The coated carbide tool shows similar cutting performance compared to the cermet, while the cermet has better combination of wear resistance and toughness of high speed (V=500m/min) cutting in comparison with carbide and coated carbide tools, and also shows a potentiality for cast iron cutting. Fe adhesive behaviour on the tools and surface roughness of workpieces were explained by chemical affinity between tools and workpieces.
A Study on the Collapse Characteristics of Hat-shaped Members with Spot Welding under Axial Compression(II)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 17, issue 5, 2000, Pages 195~201
The fundamental spot welded sections of automobiles (hat-shaped and double hat-shaped sections) absorb most of the energy in a front impact collision. The sections of various thickness, shape and weld width on the flange lave been tested on axial impact crush load (Mass 40kg, Velocity 7.19m/sec) using a vertical air pressure crash est device Characteristics of impact collapse have been reviewed and a structure of optimal energy absorbing capacity is suggested.