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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 18, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 18, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 18, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 18, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 18, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 18, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
Influence of Stacking Sequence Conditions the Absorbed Energy Characteristics of Composite Tubes
Kim, Yeong-Nam ; Kim, Ji-Hun ; Yang, In-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 34~41
This study is to investigate the energy absorption characteristics of CFRP(Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Plastics) tubes on static and dynamic tests. Axial static compression tests have been carried out using the static testing machine(Shin-gang buckling testing machine) and dynamic compression tests have been utilized using an vertical crushing testing machine. When such tubes are subjected to crushing loads, the response is complex and depends on the interaction between the different mechanisms that could control the crushing process. The collapse characteristics and energy absorption have been examined for various tubes. Energy absorption of the tubes are increased as changes in the lay-up which may increase the modulus of tubes. The results have been varied significantly as a function of ply orientation and interlaminar number.
Correction Method for Orientation of Cylindrical Moving Part in Micro-Positioning Device
Jo, Nam-Gyu ; Kim, Do-Hyeon ; Gwon, Gi-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 42~50
In this paper, a new technique and theory are proposed which correct the orientation (inclination of a vertical axis) of a cylinder in vertical-micro positioning device. An algorithm for determining the orientation of the cylinder with a pair of displacement sensor units is derived and two types of the correction methods are described. To assess the performance and efficiency of the developed correction technique, the compensation errors originated from the correction algorithm and the machined characteristics of cylinder surface are evaluated from the geometrical considerations and the statistical techniques. Based upon the evaluation results, the maximum compensation error is estimated for the orientation of cylinder and the optimum correction technique is derived.
Development of a Surface Roughness Measurement Method Using Reflected Laser Beam Image and Its Application
Yun, Yun-Feng-Shen ; Kim, haa-young ; An, jung-hwan ; Chi, ei-jon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 51~57
A light beam reflected from a machined surface generally containes information concerning about its surface roughness. This study examines and proposes a surface roughness measurement technique for on-machine measurement of machined surfaces. The technique is based on the measurement of a reflected laser beam pattern and the statistical analysis of its light intensity distribution. The surface roughness was found to be closely related to the standard deviation of the light intensity on the primary axis of the reflected pattern. An image acquisition device is made up of a laser diode, a half mirror, a screen, and a CCD camera. The exact image with the primary and secondary axes of a reflected laser beam pattern is calculated through such image processing algorithm as thresholding, edge detection, image rotation, segmentation, etc. A median filter and a surrounding light correction algorithm are improve the image quality and reduce the measuring error. Using the developed measuring device the effect of screen materials and workpiece and workpiece materials was investigated. Experimental results regarding to relatively high-quality surfaces machined by grinding, polishing, lapping processes have shown the measurement error is within 10% in the range of
Therefore, the proposed method is thought to be effectively used when quick measurements is needed with workpieces fixed on the machine.Therefore, the proposed
Stable Generalized Predictive Control Using Frequency Domain Design
Yun, Gang-Seop ; Lee, Man-Hyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 58~66
GPC has been reported as a useful self-tuning control algorithm for systems with unknown time-delay and parameters. GPC is easy to understand and implement, and thus has won popularity among many practicing engineers. Despite its success, GPC does not guarantee is nominal stability. So, in this paper, GPC is rederived in frequency domain instead of in the time domain to guarantee its nominal stability. Derivation of GPC in frequency domain involves spectral factorization and Diophantine equation. Frequency domain GPC control law is stable because the zeros of characteristic polynomial are strictly Schur. Recursive least square algorithm is used to identify unknown parameters. To see the effectiveness of the proposed controller, the controller is simulated for a numerical problem that changes in dead-time, in order and in parameters.
Modeling of High-speed Tapping Touque Considering Friction Force
Lee, Don-Jin ; Gang, Ji-Ung ; Jeon, Hyeon-Bae ; Kim, Seon-Ho ; An, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 67~73
This paper aims at developing a torque model for the high-speed tapping with small-diameter taps. As recent industries such as automobile and information technology grows, taps smaller than 5mm in diameter are needed much more. In that occasion, the friction force between a tap surface and a workpiece plays much more important role in the tapping torque than in he larger tapping. Tapping mechanism was analysed based on the tap geometry. It has two steps : one is a forward cutting composed of the chamfered threading and full threading and the other is the backward cutting. The torque by the cutting force in the chamfered threading is calculated using the cutting area and the specific cutting force while the torque by the friction force, which is rather dominant than the cutting force both in the full threading and in the backward cutting, is calculated using the normal force on the threads and the friction coefficient. The experiment has shown that the results by the proposed torque model fit quite well with the acutal measurements within the error of 10%.
Development of a Virtual Machine Tool - Part 1 (Cutting Force Model, Machined Surface Error Model and Feed Rate Scheduling Model)
Yun, Won-Su ; Go, Jeong-Hun ; Jo, Dong-U ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 74~79
In this two-part paper, a virtual machine tool (VMT) is presented. In part 1, the analytical foundation of a virtual machining system, envisioned as the foundation for a comprehensive simulation environment capable of predicting the outcome of cutting processes, is developed. The VMT system purposes to experience the pseudo-real machining before real cutting with a CNC machine tool, to provide the proper cutting conditions for process planners, and to compensate or control the machining process in terms of the productivity and attributes of products. The attributes can be characterized with the machined surface error, dimensional accuracy, roughness, integrity and so forth. The main components of the VMT are cutting process, application, thermal behavior and feed drive modules. In part 1, the cutting process module is presented. The proposed models were verified experimentally and gave significantly better prediction results than any other method. The thermal behavior and feed drive modules are developed in part 2 paper. The developed models are integrated as a comprehensive software environment in part 2 paper.
Development of a Virtual Machine Tool - Part 2 (Dynamic Cutting Force Model, Thermal Behavior Model, Feed Drive Model and Comprehensive Software Environment)
Go, Jeong-Hun ; Yun, Won-Su ; Gang, Seok-Jae ; Jo, Dong-U ; An, Gyeong-Gi ; Yun, Seung-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 80~85
In Part 2, dynamic cutting force model, thermal behavior model, and feed drive model are presented for development of a virtual machine tool. Some relevant results with brief descriptions for each model are presented to verify the proposed models. Experimental results for each model agreed well with the estimated ones. The developed models in this two-part paper are partially integrated as a comprehensive software environment.
Vibration Characteristics and Tension Control of a Wire in WEDM
Chae, Ho-Jung ; Lee, Seung-Yeop ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 86~92
Vibrational characteristics and tension fluctuation of a translating wire in WEDM are the main problems to deteriorate the cutting accuracy and processing performance. In this paper, we analyze natural frequencies of the wire used in WEDM, both theoretically and experimentally. To reduce the tension variation of the wire, which directly affects cutting performance, we have designed a simply tension reduction device using springs and rollers. It is shown that tension fluctuation is reduced about 35% using the passive tension controller.
Impact Damage on Brittle Materials with Small Spheres (I)
U, Su-Chang ; Kim, Mun-Saeng ; Sin, Hyeong-Seop ; Lee, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 93~100
Brittle materials are very weak for impact because of typical characteristics which happen to be easily fractured with low fracture toughness and crack sensitivity. When brittle materials are subjected to impact due to small spheres, high contact pressure is occurred to impact surface and then local damage on specimen is developed, since there are little plastic deformations due to contact pressure compared to metals. This local damage is a dangerous factor which gives rise to final fracture of structures. In this research, the crack propagation process of soda lime glass by impact of small sphere is explained and the effects of the constraint conditions of impact spheres and materials for the material damage were studied by using soda-lime glass. that is the effects for the materials and sizes of impact ball, thickness of specimen and residual strength. Especially, this research has focused on the damage behavior of ring crack, cone crack and several kinds of cracks.
A Study on the Chip Flow Using Finite Element Method
Kim, Gyeong-U ; Kim, Dong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 101~106
In this work, an effort is made to investigate the behavior of a chip, from its initial flow to its final breaking stage. The expression for chip flow in grooved tools is verified analytically using FEM. Cutting parameters like velocity and depth of cut have a profound influence on chip flow behavior. Chip curling increases and, for a given tool geometry, effectiveness of the groove increases with increasing depth of cut. The feasibility of tool design using FEM simulations is also demonstrated. Optimization of tool geometry results in better chip control.
A Study for Application of Active Magnetic Bearing using Quantitative Feedback Theory
Lee, Gwan-Yeol ; Lee, Hyeong-Bok ; Kim, Yeong-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 107~115
Most of rotating machineries supported by contact bearing accompany lowering efficiency, vibration and wear. Moreover, because of vibration, which is occurred in rotating shaft, they have the limits of driving speed and precision. The rotor system has parametric variations or external disturbances such as mass unbalance variations in long operation. Therefore, it is necessary to research about magnetic bearing, which is able to support the shaft without mechanical contact and to control rotor vibration without being affected by external disturbances or parametric changes. Magnetic bearing system in the paper is composed of position sensor, digital controller, actuating amplifier and electromagnet. This paper applied the robust control method using quantitative feedback theory (QFT) to control the magnetic bearing. It also proposed design skill of optimal controller, in case the system has structured uncertainty, unstructured uncertainty and disturbance. Reduction of vibration is verified at critical rotating speed even external disturbance exists. Unbalance response, a serious problem in rotating machinery, is improved by magnetic bearing using QFT algorithm.
Failure Probability Model of Buried Pipeline
Lee, Eok-Seop ; Pyeon, Jang-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 116~123
A failure probability model based on Von-Mises failure criterion and the standard normal probability function is proposed. The effects of varying boundary conditions such as nearby cavity, backfill, load cycle and corrosion on failure probability of the buried pipes are systematically investigated. The location of cavity is found to affect failure probability of buried pipeline within a certain limit. It is noted that the flexibility of backfill plays a great role to change the failure probability of buried pipeline. Furthermore, the corrosion gives less effects than other boundary conditions such as cavity, load as cavity, load cycle, and backfill to the failure probability of buried pipeline.
Development of A Fault Diagnosis System for Assembled Small Motors Using ANN
Lee, Sang-Min ; Jo, Jung-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 124~131
Fault diagnosis of an assembled small motor relies usually on human experts hearing ability. The quality of diagnosis depends, however, heavily on physical conditions of the human experts. A fault diagnosis system for assembled small motors is developed using artificial neural network (ANN) in this paper. It is consisted of sound sampling device and fault diagnosis software package. Six parameters are defined to characterize the sampled sound waves. The Levenberg-Marquardt Backpropagation (LMBP) Algorithm is used to diagnose the fault of assembled small motors. Experimental results for more than two hundred small motors verify the performance of the developed system.
A Study on the Development of In-Processor Dressing Lapping Wheel and its Evaluation of Machining Characteristics
Choe, Jae-Yeong ; Lee, Eun-Sang ; Song, Ji-Bok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 132~137
Application of ceramics, carbide, ferrite has grown considerably due to their mechanical properties such as high degree hardness, chemical stability, super wear resistance. Despite these characters, the use of advanced material has not increased because of poor machinability. The application of metal bonded wheel was proposed. But it is difficult that metal bond wheel can be dressed. Recently, to solve this problem, the technology of in-process electrolytic dressing is developed. This method need wheel for electrolytic dressing, power supply and electrolyte. The aim of this study is development of CIB-D wheel for electrolytic and its evaluation of electrolytic characteristics, and achieve ultra-precision lapping of carbide, optic glass.
Development of Three D.O.F Alignment Stage for Vacuum Environment
Han, Sang-Jin ; Park, Jong-Ho ; Park, Hui-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 138~147
Alignment systems are frequently used under various semiconductor manufacturing environment. Particularly in PDP(Plasma Display Panel) manufacturing process, the alignment system is applied to the combining and sealing processes of the upper and lower glass panels of PDP, where these processes are performed in the vacuum chamber of high vacuum and high temperature. In this paper, the XYΘ-alignment stage is developed to align PDP panels. Because of high vacuum and high temperature environment, the alignment chamber has been designed to isolate the inner part of the alignment chamber from the outer environment of high vacuum and high temperature, in which every part of the alignment stage is inserted. As it is difficult to attach feedback sensors to the alignment stage in the alignment chamber, the alignment stage is implemented with the open loop algorithm, where the parallel link structure has been designed using step-motors and ball-screws for structural simplicity. The kinematic analysis is performed to drive the parallel link structure, based on the experiments of actuation-compensation of the alignment stage. For the error compensation, the hyperpatch model has been used to model the errors. From the experiments, the positional accuracy of the alignment stage can be improved significantly.
A Study on the Detection of Tool Wear in Drilling of Hot-rolled High Strength Steel
Sin, Hyeong-Gon ; Kim, Tae-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 148~154
Drilling is one of the most important operations in machining industry and usually the most efficient and economical method of cutting a hole in metal. From automobile parts to aircraft components, almost every manufactured product requires that holes are to be drilled for the purpose of assembly, creation of fluid passages, and so on. It is therefore desirable to monitor drill wear and hole quality changes during the hole drilling process. One important aspect in controlling the drilling process is monitoring drill wear status. A drill-wear monitoring system provides information about drill status. With the information, optimum planning for tool change is possible. And drill-wear monitoring system in needed to evaluated drilled hole quality and the wear of drill. Accordingly, this paper deals with an on-line drill wear monitoring system of the detection of tool wear with the computer vision and the area of the drill flank wear is analyzed quantitatively by the system.
Multi-Phase Optimization of Quill Type Machine Structures(1) (Static Compliance Analysis & Multi-Objective Function Optimization)
Lee, Yeong-U ; Seong, Hwal-Gyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 155~160
To achieve high precision cutting as well as production capability in the machine tool, it is needed to develop excellent rigidity statically, dynamically and thermally as well. In order to predict the qualitative behavior of a machine tool, simultaneous analysis of mechanics and heat transfer is required. Generally, machine tool designers have solved designing problems based on partial estimation of the specified rigidity. This study clears the inter-relationship between therm, and propose multi-phase optimization of machine tool structure using a genetic algorithm. The multi-phase solution method is consists of a series of mechanical design problem. At this first phase of static design problem, multi-objective optimization for the purpose of minimization of the total weight and static compliance minimization is solved using the Pareto Genetic Algorithm.
Vision based MLGA Chip Mounting System
No, Byeong-Ok ; Yu, Yeong-Gi ; Kim, An-Sik ; Kim, Yeong-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 161~167
In this study, the control of mounting system for MLGA package was developed using machine vision for the control of rotation position compensation and mounting position of X-Y table. Two types of materials, polymer and alumina, were used for the dielectric insulator of the MLGA. The illumination system and the algorithm of position compensation which is suitable for these materials was developed. We found that the mounting accuracy enough to the degree of
when MLGA was mounted on the PCB.
Study on the Abrasive Capsulation Pad in Interlayer Dielectric Chemical Mechanical Polishing
Kim, Ho-Yun ; Park, Jae-Hong ; Jeong, Hae-Do ; Seo, Hyeon-Deok ; Nam, Cheol-U ; Lee, Sang-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 168~173
The chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) is generally consisted of pad, slurry including abrasives and so on. However, there are some problems in a general CMP: defects, a high Cost of Consumable (CoC), an environmental problem. The slurry including abrasives especially gives rise to not only increase a CoC, but also prohibition from achieving an eco-process. This paper introduces an abrasive capsulation pad to achieve an eco-process decreasing abrasives used is CMP. The binder wth a water a water swelling and a water soluble characteristic is used for an auto-conditioning, and the
abrasive is selected for an abrasive capsulation pad. Comparing with a conventional CMP, an abrasive capsulation pad appears good characteristics in ILD CMP and is able to achieve an eco-process decreasing wasted slurry.
A study on the Fatigue Propeties of Boron Steel(AISI 51B20)
Lee, Jong-Hyeong ; Lee, Gyeong-Mo ; Yun, Seong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 18, issue 11, 2001, Pages 174~178
Chrome-molybden steel or chrome steel for machine structures has been shown to excellent hardenability adding boron of a small amount at low carbon steel. These days, boron steel has been used high strength bolt and wear resistant components of construction equipment. SEM results showed classical fatigue fractures, consist with surface crack initiation. The specimens were tested repeatedly(9 times) under controlled load rotary bending fatigue tests. In the study, the fatigue crack initiation as well as fatigue crack growth behavior and the fracture mechanism were investigated through observations of fracture of boron steel surface(AISI 51B20).