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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
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Vacuum and Radiation Insulation in the Cryogenic Engineering
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 9~17
Cryocoolers for cooling of HTS RF Filter and IR detector
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 18~23
Thermal Isolation Technology for Cryogenic Cooling Devices
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 24~30
Market and Trend of the Cryogenic Refrigerator
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 31~36
Bingham Properties and Damping Force Control of an ER Fluid under Squeeze Mode
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 37~45
This paper presents the field-dependent Bingham characteristics and damping force control of an electro-rheological (ER) fluid under squeeze mode operation. The squeeze force of the ER fluid due to the imposed electric field is analyzed and an appropriate size of the disk-type electrode is devised. On the basis of the theoretical model of the ER fluid under squeeze mode operation, the yield stress and response speed of the ER fluid are distilled from the time responses of squeeze force to the step electric potentials. Measured squeeze forces under various excitation conditions are compared with the predicted ones from Bingham model and time constant obtained at the transient response test. In addition, the controllability of the field-dependent damping force of the ER fluid under squeeze mode is experimentally demonstrated by implementing simple PID controller.
Study on Kinematics and Dynamics of the Modular Robot
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 46~53
In order to overcome the conventional robot's physical limitation to frequent changes in operational requirements, it is quite appealing to modularize its system components and allow them to be combined into various configurations to best suit the needs to a particular application. Several researchers have presented the concept of modular robot. In this paper, the kinematics and dynamics of modular robot are studied, which concretes the concept of modular robot. This study includes the selection of individual module, the definition of their parameters and the development of module based manipulate. analysis software package (MBMAP).
The Optimal Grasp Planning by Using a 3-D Computer Vision Technique
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 54~64
This paper deals with the problem of synthesis of stable and optimal grasps with unknown objects by 3-finger hand. Previous robot grasp research has mainly analyzed with either unknown objects 2-dimensionally by vision sensor or known objects, such as cylindrical objects, 3-dimensionally. As extending the previous work, in this study we propose an algorithm to analyze grasp of unknown objects 3-dimensionally by using vision sensor. This is archived by two steps. The first step is to make a 3-dimensional geometrical model for unknown objects by using stereo matching. The second step is to find the optimal grasping points. In this step, we choose the 3-finger hand which has the characteristic of multi-finger hand and is easy to model. To find the optimal grasping points, genetic algorithm is employed and objective function minimizes the admissible force of finger tip applied to the objects. The algorithm is verified by computer simulation by which optimal grasping points of known objects with different angle are checked.
Simulation of Vehicle Steering Control through Differential Braking
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 65~74
This paper examines the usefulness of a Brake Steer System (BSS), which uses differential brake forces for steering intervention in the context of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). In order to help the car to turn, a yaw moment can be achieved by altering the left/right and front/rear brake distribution. This resulting yaw moment on the vehicle affects lateral position thereby providing a limited steering function. The steering function achieved through BSS can then be used to control lateral position in an unintended road departure system. A 8-DOF nonlinear vehicle model including STI tire model will be validated using the equations of motion of the vehicle. Then a controller will be developed. This controller, which will be a PID controller tuned by Ziegler-Nichols, will be designed to explore BSS feasibility by modifying the brake distribution through the control of the yaw rate of the vehicle.
A Study on the Strength Evaluation of Welded Joints for Degraded Material
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 75~82
Welding is used not only for the shipbuilding, but also for the repairing of ships. While repairing of ships, it is inevitable to weld new materials with degraded materials. In this case, it is predicted that the strength of both the sections is not identical each other. In this study, the respective welded joints in terms of mechanical properties such as microstructure, mechanical strength and fatigue crack propagation, with the component obtained from the barge used for a long-term period, were analyzed. It was found that the material degradation had a significant effect on the welded joints. The fatigue crack propagation in welded sections showed a big difference. The rate of fatigue crack growth of degraded material for both heat affected zone and parent metal was faster than that of new material. By contrast, the result from identical materials showed that the rate of fatigue crack growth of the heat-affected zone was slower than that of parent metal.
A Study on the Application of Fuzzy Neural Network for Troubleshooting of Injection Molding Problems
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 83~88
In order to predict the moldability of a injection molded part, a simulation of filling is needed. Short shot is one of the most frequent troubles encountered during injection molding process. The adjustment of process conditions is the most economic way to troubleshoot the problematic short shot in cost and time since the mold doesn't need to be modified at all. But it is difficult to adjust the process conditions appropriately in no times since it requires an empirical knowledge of injection molding. In this paper, the intelligent CAE system synergistically combines fuzzy-neural network (FNN) for heuristic knowledge with CAE programs for analytical knowledge. To evaluate the intelligent algorithms, a cellular phone flip has been chosen as a finite element model and filling analyses have been performed with a commercial CAE software. As the results, the intelligent CAE system drastically reduces the troubleshooting time of short shot in comparison with the experts' conventional methodology which is similar to the golden section search algorithm.
Analysis of Microphonic Phenomenon for Shadow Mask in Flat TV by FEM
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 89~95
A shadow mask inside the Braun tube of a TV is sustained by springs attached to the glass panel, its vibration cause the picture image to discolor, which is called the microphonic phenomenon. It is found that it results from resonance when the natural frequency of the shadow mask coincides with that of built-in speaker sound. This paper describes experimental and analytical investigations by using FEM on the vibration problem of the shadow mask assembly. The simulation scheme may be efficiently used to develop a new design for a large-screen flat TV.
A Study on the Tool Temperature Estimation for Different Cutting Conditions in Turning Using a Statistical Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 96~102
This study is on the estimation method of toot temperature for different tool nose radius and cutting conditions in turning. Experimental analysis has been performed in different cutting conditions such as cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut for the tool nose radius, 0.4R, 0.8R using SMC workpiece materials. Tool temperature is measured using a thermo-couple which is embedded in the insert tip. Using multiple linear regression method, the tool temperature can be determined as an exponential equation with cutting variables and tool nose diameters for the different tool materials. The equations determined in this study show a good correlation for the cutting conditions and can be used for a tool temperature estimation technique. The result indicates that the tool temperature decreases for increasing the tool nose radius in general. Also, nose radius hardly influences on the tool temperature compared with cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut. This method will be useful for the estimation of tool life and temperature using limited experimental data for given cutting conditions.
A Study on the Extraction of Feature Variables for the Pattern Recognition of Welding Flaws
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 103~111
In this study, the natural flaws in welding parts are classified using the signal pattern classification method. The storage digital oscilloscope including FFT function and enveloped waveform generator is used and the signal pattern recognition procedure is made up the digital signal processing, feature extraction, feature selection and classifier design. It is composed with and discussed using the distance classifier that is based on euclidean distance the empirical Bayesian classifier. feature extraction is performed using the class-mean scatter criteria. The signal pattern classification method is applied to the signal pattern recognition of natural flaws.
Vision Inspection for Large 2D Machining Product using Tolerance Zone
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 112~119
Generally, it is very difficult to inspect geometric shape of large 2D objects after machining. To maintain the accuracy for inspection, a robot vision is used to divide overall shape into several enlarged images, and image processing technique is applied to acquire one minute geometric contour. The inspection is to compare the NC data with the measured contour data by the vision system, and the algorithm is to rotate to minimize the maximum deviation after coinciding two geometric centers. This paper experimentally shows that the proposed algorithm is very useful for inspection of large machined objects.
Electro-Mechanical Analysis of Interfacial Cracks in a Piezoelectric Layer Bonded to Dissimilar Elastic Layers
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 120~128
Interfacial cracks in a piezoelectric layer bonded to dissimilar elastic layers under the combined anti-plane mechanical shear and in-plane electrical leadings are considered. By using Fourier cosine transform, the mixed boundary value problem is reduced to a singular integral equation which is solved numerically to determine the stress intensity factors. Numerical results for the effects of the material properties and layer geometries on the stress intensity factors are obtained.
A Study on the Size and the Shape Optimization of Cross Beam for Electric Vehicle using GENESIS 7.0
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 129~136
Electric vehicle body has to be subjected to uniform load and demand auxiliary equipment such as air pipe, electric wire pipe and gas pipe. Especially, lightweight vehicle body is salutary to save operating costs and fuel consumption. Cross beam supports the weight of passenger and electrical equipments and account for the most of weight of vehicle body. Therefore this study performs the size and the shape optimization of crossbeam for electric vehicle using GENESIS 7.0 and presents the effect of mass reduction and the shape of hole in cross beam.
A Study on the Topology Optimization of Electric Vehicle Cross beam using an Optimality Criteria Method in Determination of Arranging Hole( I )
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 137~145
Electric vehicle body has to be subjected to uniform load and requires auxiliary equipment such as air pipe and electric wire pipe. Especially, the cross beam supports the weight of passenger and electrical equipments. a lightweight vehicle body is salutary to save operating costs and fuel consumption. Therefore this study is to perform the size and the shape optimization of crossbeam for electric vehicle using the method of topology optimization to introduce the concept of homogenization based on optimality criteria method which is efficient for the problem having the number of design variables and a few boundary condition. this provides the method to determine the optimum position and shape of circular hole in the cross beam and then can achieve the optimal design to reduce weight.
Research on the Inverse Heat Conduction Problem for Thermal Analysis of a Large LPG Engine Piston
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 146~159
An efficient method to predict the convection heat transfer coefficients on the top surface of the engine piston is proposed. The method is based on the inverse method of the thermal conduction problem and uses a numerical optimization technique. In the method, the heat transfer coefficients are numerically obtained so that the difference between analyzed temperatures from the finite element method and measured temperatures is minimized. The method can be effectively used to analyze the temperature distribution of engine pistons in case when application of prescribed-temperature boundary condition is not reasonable because of insufficient number of measured temperatures. A hollow sphere problem with an analytic solution is taken as a simple example and accuracy and efficiency is demonstrated. The method is applied to a practical large liquid petroleum gas(LPG) engine piston and the heat transfer coefficients on the top surface of the piston is successfully calculated. Resulting analyzed temperature favorably coincides with measured temperature.
Data Acquisition and Analysis of a Measuring Machine for Marine Engine′s Cams
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 160~166
In this paper, data acquisition and analysis of a measuring machine for marine engine's cams is discussed. A rotary encoder and linear scale of the machine to measure angular and linear displacement respectively are interfaced to the PC via encoder board with 2 channels. The design and measuring data are interpolated by cubic spline curves to compute the precision error which is defined by the maximum and minimum distances between two curves. The minimum zone fit of ISO is employed to evaluate the geometric deviation. The developed system takes only 5 minutes to measure and analyze while the CMM takes over 1 hours even with a skilled operator.
The Automatic Temperature and Humidity Control System for Laver Drying Machine Using Fuzzy
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 167~173
The look up table method conventionally applied to control the inner temperature and humidity of a laver drying machine has repeatedly occurred not only laver's damage but also inferior goods since the reaching time at the optimum state takes a long time. In this paper, a fuzzy control theory instead of the look up table was proposed to reduce the reaching time at the optimum state. The proposed method used six input variables and four output variables for the fuzzy control, and a triangle rule for a fuzzifier, The Mandani's min-max method was applied to a fuzzy inference. Also, the mean method of maximum was applied to a defuzzifier. The method applied to the fuzzy controller contributed to reduce the reaching time at the optimum state, and to minimize not only laver's damage but also inferior goods.
Development of CANDU Pressure Tube Integrity Evaluation System : Its Application to Delayed Hydride Cracking and Blister
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 174~182
The integrity evaluation of pressure tube is essential for the safety of CANDU reactor, and integrity must be assured when flaws or contacts between pressure tube and surrounding calandria tube are found. In order to complete the integrity evaluation, not only complicated and iterative calculation procedures but also a lot of data and knowledge are required. For this reason, an integrity evaluation system, which provides an efficient way of the evaluation with the help of attached databases, was developed. The developed system was built on the basis of ASME Sec.？ and FFSG issued by the AECL, and applicable for the evaluation of blister, sharp flaw and blunt notch. Delayed hydride cracking and blister evaluation modules are included in the general flaw and notch evaluation module. In order to verify the developed system, several case studies have been performed and the results were compared with those from AECL. A good agreement was observed between those two results.
Development of Step Drill Geometry for Burr Minimization
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 183~191
Drilling tests were carried out using drills with various drill shapes for burr minimization. Final objective of this study is to develop compatible drill shape for minimization of burr formation. For experiments, general carbide drills, round drills, chamfered drills and step drills are designed and manufactured. Burrs are formed by various cutting conditions and in 4 different work materials. Laser sensor is used to measure burr geometries. Cutting forces in drilling are also measured and compared in every drill. As a result of the experiments, step drills with specific step angle and step diameter are suggested for burr minimization.
Parameter Identification Using Hybrid Neural-Genetic Algorithm in Electro-Hydraulic Servo System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 192~199
This paper demonstrates that hybrid neural-genetic multimodel parameter estimation algorithm can be applied to structured system Identification of electro-hydraulic servo system. This algorithm are consist of a recurrent incremental credit assignment (ICRA) neural network and a genetic algorithm. The ICRA neural network evaluates each member of a generation of model and genetic algorithm produces new generation of model. We manufactured electro-hydraulic servo system and the hybrid neural-genetic multimodel parameter estimation algorithm is applied to the task to find the parameter values(mass, damping coefficient, bulk modulus, spring coefficient) which minimize total square error.
The Effect of Shrink fit on the Thermal Crown Analysis in Twin Roll Strip Casting Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 200~210
In twin roll strip casting process, coupled analyses of heat transfer and deformation for the cast roll are carried out by using the finite element program MARC to examine the thermal crown. Shrink fit effect and plastic deformation are considered. The results shows that the thermal crown is greatly influenced by shrink ft and that the thermal crown for POSCO Pilot Caster 2 Copper Roll has “M” shape. The effects of several factors on thermal crown are also investigated. The amount of thermal crown increases as heat flux, casting speed, steeve thickness and casting roll width increase and decreases as the casting roll diameter increases.
A Study on the Design and Fabrication for the Micro-Mirror of Optical Disk System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 211~220
Optical disk drives read information by replacing a laser beam on the disk track. As information has become larger, the more accurate position control of a laser beam is necessary. In this paper, we report the analysis and fabrication of the micro mirror for optical disk drivers. A coupled simulation of gas flow and structural displacement of the micro mirror using the Finite-Element-Method is applied to this. The mirror was fabricated by using MEMS technology. Especially, the process using the lapping and polishing step after the bonding of the mirror and electrode plates was employed for the Process reliability. The mirror size was 2.5mm
3mm and it needed about 35V for displacement of 3.2
Development and Evaluation of Ultra High-Speed Tapping Machine
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 221~227
Tapping is a machining process that makes a female screw on parts to be assembly together. Recently, as the number of small and compact products increases the radius of tap as small as 1 mm is not unusual and more accurate tapping is needed. In complying with those needs, some high-speed tapping machines with synchronizing function have been developed. This paper describes the development of an ultra high-speed tapping machine up to 10,000rpm. The key factors in the tapping speed are the acceleration/deceleration and the synchronizing errors between spindle motor and fred motor. To minimize the acceleration/deceleration time, a low inertia spindle with a synchronous built-in servo motor was developed. To minimize the synchronizing errors, the tapping cycle algorithm was optimized on an open architecture CNC. The developed tapping machine has the acceleration/deceleration time of 0.13sec/10,000rpm for rigid tapping and the synchronizing error below 4.4%. The cycle time for tapping a female screw of M3 and depth 2 times diameter was 0.55sec.
Fabrication ofMicro/Nano-patterns using MC-SPL (Mechano-Chemical Scanning Probe Lithography) Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 19, issue 11, 2002, Pages 228~233
In this work, a new non-photolithographic micro-fabrication technique is presented. The motivation of this work is to overcome the demerits of the most commonly used photolithographic techniques. The micro-fabrication technique presented in this work is a two-step process which consists of mechanical scribing followed by chemical etching. This method has many advantages over other micro-fabrication techniques since it is simple, cost-effective, rapid, and flexible. Also, the technique can be used to obtain a metal structure which has sub-micrometer width patterns. In this paper, the concept of this method and its application to microsystem technology are described.