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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Trends of Soft Lithography Technology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 5~11
Technology of Nanobot
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 12~19
A Study on the Machining Characteristics of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 20~28
The machinability of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy and tool wear behavior in machining of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy was studied to understand the machining characteristics. This material is one of the strong candidate materials in present and future aerospace or medical applications. Recently, their usage has already been broaden to everyday's commercial applications such as golf club heads, finger rings and many decorative items. To anticipate the general use of this material and development of the titanium alloys in domestic facilities, the review and the study of the machining parameters for those alloys are necessary. This study is concentrated to the machining parameters of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy due to their dominant position in the production of titanium alloys.
A Study of Automated Process Planning and Die Design for Multi Former-Bolt Products
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 29~38
This paper deals with an automated computer-aided process planning and die design system with which designer can determine operation sequences even after only a little experience in process planning and die design of multi former-bolt products by multi-stage former working. The approach is based on knowledge-based rules, and a process knowledge base consisting of design rules is built. Knowledge fur the system is formulated from plasticity theories, empirical results and the empirical knowledge of field experts. Programs for the system have been written in AutoLISP for AutoCAD with a personal computer. An attempt is made to link programs incorporating a number of expert design rules with the process variables obtained by commercial FEM softwares, DEFORM and ANSYS, to form a useful package. The system is composed of four main modules. The process planning and die design module considers several factors, such as the complexities of preform geometry, punch and die profiles, specifications of available multi former, and the availability of standard parts. It can provide a flexible process based on either the reduction in the number of forming sequences by combining the possible two processes in sequence, or the reduction of deviation of the distribution and the level of the required forming loads by controlling the forming ratios. The system uses 2D geometry recognition and is integrated with the technology of process planning, die design, and CAE analysis. The standardization of die parts for multi former-bolt products requiring a cold forging process is described. The system developed makes it possible to design and manufacture multi former-bolt products more efficiently.
Development of Fuzzy control and Modeling of IPMC Actuator for the Endoscopic Microcapsule
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 39~48
The Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) is one of the electroactive polymer (EAP) have potential application as micro actuators. In this study, IPMC is used as actuator to control of the direction for the endscopic microcapsule. Because it bends in water and wet conditions by applying a low voltage (1∼3 V) to its surfaces. The basic characteristics and the static modeling of IPMC are discussed. Also the dynamic modeling is performed using the Lagrange' equation. Computer simulation results show that the performed modeling guarantee similarity of actual system.
A Study on the Reconstruction of Impact Force produced by the Collision between Two Elastic Structures
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 49~58
In this study, the equation of motion of impacting elastic structures was derived through the theory, and the shape control of impact force using correlations of the dynamic characteristics and impact force history between two elastic structures was accomplished. Through numerical analysis and experiments, the classical contact mechanisms were verified, and the effects of the relative motion between impactor and elastic structure on the impact force shape were studied, and then the shape change of impact force depending on the impact position and mode shape of cantilever beam were analyzed. The 2-DOF impactor was designed and used. Reconstruction characteristics of impact force in cantilever beam were reviewed .
Active Vibration Control of a Planar Parallel Manipulator using Piezoelectric Materials
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 59~67
This paper presents a new approach for the use of smart materials, piezoelectric materials of PVDF and PZT, for vibration attenuation of a planar parallel manipulator. Since lightweight linkages of parallel manipulators deform under high acceleration/deceleration, an active damper is needed to attenuate vibration due to structural flexibility of linkages. Based on the dynamic model of a planar parallel manipulator, an active damping controller is developed, which consists of a PD feedback control scheme, applied to linear electrical motors, and a linear velocity feedback (L-type) scheme applied to either PVDF layer or PZT actuator(5). Simulation results show that piezoelectric materials yield good damping performance, resulting in precise manipulations of a planar parallel manipulator.
Development of Absolute Position Detecting Cylinder and Evaluation under the Load Disturbance
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 68~75
This paper introduces the development of hydraulic cylinder with magnetic sensors detecting absolute and precise position for automation of excavator. The system which is developed can detect absolute position with a little displacement by using algorithm for recognizing datum points, 114 divider algorithm and high precision algorithm improved position precision. We alse evaluate the developed system under the load disturbance and add band pass filter to the previous's signal process circuit for the protecting magnetic sensors's saturation.
Repulsive & Attractive Type Magnetic Levitation for Mechanical Isolation of the Planar Stage Mover
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 76~83
To cope with stringent performance targets requested in many fields spanning the whole range of industry, the driver is necessary to realize large dynamic range as well as nano resolution, manipulate the mover orientation without additional driver, and be suitable for clean environment. As one of those purposes, authors have developed the planar precision stages with the integrated operating principle of levitation and propel. In this paper, we discuss potential of magnetic suspension technology by comparing various features of non-contact planar stages, that is, repulsive type of surface actuator and attractive type of surface actuator.
Power Control of a Pitch-controlled Wind Power System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 84~91
The paper presents a power control algorithm for a full pitch-controlled wind power system. The design of a pitch controller, in general, is performed by linearizing the torque in the vicinity of a operating point assuming the tip speed ratio is constant. For power control, however, the tip speed ratio is no longer a constant. In this study, a reference pitch model is derived in terms of a wind speed, angular velocity, and pitch angle. The reference pitch model is used to design a controller without linearizing the non-linear torque model of the blade. The validity of the algorithm is demonstrated with the results produced through sets of simulation.
Dynamic Analysis of the PDLC-based Electro-Optic Modulator for Fault Identification of TFT-LCD
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 92~102
To detect electrical faults of a TFT (Thin Film Transistor) panel for the LCD (Liquid Crystal Display), techniques of converting electric field to an image are used One of them is the PDLC (polymer-dispersed liquid crystal) modulator which changes light transmittance under electric field. The advantage of PDLC modulator in the electric field detection is that it can be used without physically contacting the TFT panel surface. Specific pattern signals are applied to the data and gate electrodes of the panel to charge the pixel electrodes and the image sensor detects the change of transmittance of PDLC positioned in proximity distance above the pixel electrodes. The image represents the status of electric field reflected on the PDLC so that the characteristic of the PDLC itself plays an important role to accurately quantify the defects of TFT panel. In this paper, the image of the PDLC modulator caused by the change of electric field of the pixel electrodes on the TFT panel is acquired and how the characteristics of PDLC reflect the change of electric field to the image is analyzed. When the holding time of PDLC is short, better contrast of electric field image can be obtained by changing the instance of applying the driving voltage to the PDLC.
Robot Velocity Kinematics by Closed-loop Chain and ICC
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 103~111
The Denavit-Hartenberg symbolic notation provides the framework for the convenient and systematic method for the robot manipulator kinematics, but is limited its use to the lower pair mechanism or to the single loop mechanisms. The Sheth-Uicker notation is its revised and generalized version to be extended fur the entire domain of the link mechanism including the higher pairs. This paper proposes the method that uses the Sheth-Uicker notation fur the robot kinematics modeling. It uses the instantly coincident coordinate system and the closed loop chain fur the coordinate transformation. It enables us to model the velocity kinematics of the robot that has the complex structures such as the ternary links and the wheels in a systematic and rational way. As an implementation of the proposed method, the Jacobian matrices were obtained for not only the robot with two legs and a torso, but a manipulator on a mobile platform.
Analytic Determination of 3D Grasping points Using Neural Network
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 112~117
This paper deals with the problem of synthesis of the 3-dimensional Grasp Planning. In previous studies the genetic algorithm has been used to find optimal grasping points, but it had a limitation such as the determination time of grasping points was so long. To overcome this limitation we proposed a new algorithm which employs the Neural Network. In the Neural network we chose input parameters based on the shape of the object and output parameters resulted from optimization with the GA method. In this study the GRNN method is employed, it has been trained by the result value of optimization method and it has been tested by known object. The algorithm is verified by computer simulation.
The Development of Distributed Tool Management System tailored for Injection Mold Production
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 118~127
An effective tool management system is one of the keys to maximizing the benefits of a computer integrated manufacturing (CIM). Tool management systems, however, are often tailored to the requirement of a highly automated system. Therefore, a different approach is needed for small and medium sized mold shops. This work deals with the implementation of tool management system for milling operations in small and medium sized CIM environment of injection mold production. In this paper, a distributed management approach is proposed for efficient tool management in relatively small machining shops in mold industry. And the design and the functions of the developed system are described.
A Health Hazard and Environmental friendly Machining of Machining Fluids
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 128~135
To decrease environmental damage, the development of environmental friendly fluids provides attractive alternative to the conventional fluids. In this study, the effects of harmful ingredients (Cl, S) contained in the fluids that used in grinding and cutting processes to influence on the nasal cavities of the white rats were measured indirectly. Also, the level of the environmental influence in workshops was graded through analyzing the concentration and chemical ingredients of flying-dust, which generated from the friction and combustion in the cutting process, that for analyzing how harmful the influence of particles to workers then it could be used as the basic data for improving the environment. To improve the conventional machining fluid, which can be harmful on worker's bodies and the environment, the environmental friendly machining method was suggested through analyzing each lubrication properties of vegetable fluid and used-edible oil as alternative fluid. As a result, it was known that an emulsion type fluid might be the main cause leading to some respiratory ailments. Also this paper presents the possibility to use vegetable fluid and used-edible oil as the alternative of cutting fluids.
A Study on Recognition of Operating Condition for Hydraulic Driving Members
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 136~142
The morphological analysis of wear debris can provide early a failure diagnosis in lubricated moving system. It can be effective to analyze operating conditions of oil-lubricated tribological system with shape characteristics of wear debris in a lubricant. But, in order to predict and recognize an operating condition of lubricated machine, it is needed to analyze and to identify shape characteristics of wear debris. Therefore, If the morphological characteristics of wear debris are recognized by computer image analysis using the neural network algorithm, it is possible to recognize operating condition of hydraulic driving members. In this study, wear debris in the lubricating oil are extracted by membrane filter (0.45
), and the quantitative values of shape parameters of wear debris are calculated by the digital image processing. This shape parameters are studied and identified by the artificial neural network algorithm. The result of study could be applied to prediction and to recognition of the operating condition of hydraulic driving members in lubricated machine systems.
Friction Properties of Carbon Coated Ultra-thin Film using Taguchi Experimental Design
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 143~150
Frictional properties of ultra-thin carbon coatings on silicon wafer were investigated based on Taguchi experimental design method. Sensitivity analysis was performed with normal load, relative humidity, deposition process, and coating thickness as the variables. It was found that despite low thickness, the carbon coating resulted in relatively low friction coefficient. Also, the frictional behavior was affected significantly by humidity and normal load.
Development of precision Moving Mechanism using Ellipsoidal Motion of piezoelectric Bimorph
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 151~157
A new type of precision actuator is developed using piezoelectric bimorphs. This type of actuator is applicable for the flat surface or in-pipe system and can make forward and backward motion. Two bimorphs are linked serially and two different phased voltages are applied to each bimorph. Therefore, The end of the bimorph makes ellipsoidal motion. The device moves by the friction force between the rubber attached at the bimorph end and the inner surface of the pipe. As the results, the driving range of the device is about 0~18Hz and the device guarantees very high linearity at low frequency, 0~1 Hz. The maximum velocity of the device is about 6mm/s at 10Hz. The developed mechanism is very simple and use piezoelectric bimorph. So, it is possible to miniaturize and educe the power consumption.
Improvement of Fatigue-Proof Characteristics of Link Members Under Impact Loadings by a Spring-Actuated Mechanism
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 158~164
The air circuit breaker (ACB) with the spring-actuated mechanism was studied to improve the fatigue-proof characteristics of its link. The low-cycle fatigue fracture phenomenon occurred on the critical link, called h-link, of ACB from the repeated rapid closing and opening operations. To analyze the cause of failure, dynamic FE-analysis on the b-link part of ACB was performed considering tile velocity and acceleration of the links per time as boundary conditions, which were obtained by using ADAMS. Also, the S-N curve obtained by experiments was used to investigate requirement on the fatigue-proof characteristics. Then, to reduce the maximum tensile stress on the h-link, three types of h-link were examined and one of them was selected.
A Study on Characteristics Improvement of Epoxy Resin Mold Using Metal Fillers and Its Application
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 165~173
As the cycling time of new products have become more and more short in recent years, the demand for lowering the cost and reducing the production time becomes stronger. In order for the demand, the rapid prototyping and rapid tooling technology have been used. It has been widely known that RP technology has advantages with fabricating 3-D object having a complicated geometric shape. RP products, however, have a limitation with applying to the real die and mold because soft materials such as resin, paper and wax has been mostly used in RP technology. So in this paper, the RP products have been copied to semi-metallic soft tools using the mixture of metal fillers and epoxy resin. In order to evaluate the effect of the fillers on the characteristics of semi-metallic soft tools, three fillers are used including commercial aluminum powder, cast iron powder recycled by machining chips, and aluminum short fiber made by self-excited vibration technique. Besides, in the case of aluminum powder, the change of characteristics of semi-metallic soft tools is also tested according to the volume fraction of the powder.
Contour based Algorithms for Generating 3D Models from CT Images
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 174~182
Recently, medical imaging has taken interest on CAD based solution for anatomical part fabrication or finite element analysis of human body. In principle, contours representing object boundary are obtained through image processing techniques. Surface models are then approximated by a skinning method. For this, various methods should be applied to medical images and contours. The major bottleneck of the reconstruction is to remove shape inconsistency between contours and to generate the branching surface. In order to solve these problems, bi-directional smoothing and the composite contour generation method are proposed. Bi-directional smoothing has advantage of removing the shape inconsistency between contours and minimizing shrinkage effect with a large number of iterations. The composite contour by the proposed method ensures smooth transition in branching region.
Effect of Cleaning Pad on Particle Contamination in Removable Media Disk Drive
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 183~188
Particulate contamination is known to be a significant cause of failures of removable storage media. In this work, the effect of particles on the surface damage of removable hard disk media was investigated. The particles of different materials and size were introduced to the Head Disk Interface (HDI) using a particle injection system. It was round that the particles of particulate size and property serious damaged the media. This study showed that cleaning pad is effective for reducing particle contamination, except fer the particles of specific size and property. As a means to remove the particles of specific sire. the concept of using a stepped taper at the leading edge of the slider is proposed.
A Study for Improvement Effect of Paralleled Genetic Algorithm by Using Clustering Computer System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 189~196
Among the optimization method, GA (genetic algorithm) is a very powerful searching method enough to compete with design sensitivity analysis method. GA is very easy to apply, since it dose not require any design sensitivity information. However, GA has been computationally not efficient due to huge repetitive computation. In this study, parallel computation is adopted to improve computational efficiency. Paralleled GA is introduced on a clustered LINUX based personal computer system.
Stress Intensity factor Analysis for Three-Dimensional Cracks in Inhomogeneous Materials
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 197~203
Accurate stress intensity factor analyses and crack growth rate of surface -cracked components in inhomogeneous materials are needed fur reliable prediction of their fatigue life and fracture strengths. This paper describes an automated stress intensity factor analysis of three-dimensional (3D) cracks in inhomogeneous materials. 3D finite element method (FEM) was used to obtain the stress intensity factor fur subsurface cracks and surface cracks existing in inhomogeneous materials. To examine accuracy and efficiency of the present system, the stress intensity factor for a semi-elliptical surface crack in a plate subjected to uniform tension is calculated, and compared with Raju-Newman's solutions. Then the system is applied to analyze cladding effect of subsurface cracks in inhomogeneous materials. The results were compared with those surface cracks in homogeneous materials. It is clearly demonstrated from these analyses that the stress intensity factors for subsurface cracks are less than those of surface cracks. Also, this system is applied to analyze cladding effect of surface cracks in inhomogeneous materials.
Effect of Boundary Conditions on Failure Probability of Buried Steel Pile
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 204~213
A survey for finding corrosion examples was performed on the underground steel piles buried for 19 years in the area of iron and steel making factory near Young-il bay. A failure probability model, which can be used to check the reliability of the corrosive mechanical element, based on Von-Mises failure criterion and the standard normal probability function is proposed. The effects of varying boundary conditions such as temperature change, soil-friction, internal pressure, earthquake, loading of soil, traffic loads and corrosion on failure probability of the buried steel piles are systematically investigated. To allow for the uncertainties of the design variables, a reliability analysis technique has been adopted; this also allows calculation of the relative contribution of the random variables and the sensitivity of the failure probability.
A Study on feedrate Optimization System for Cutting Force Regulation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 214~222
Studies on the optimization of machining process can be divided into two different approaches: off-line feedrate scheduling and adaptive control. Each approach possesses its respective strong and weak points compared to each other. That is, each system can be complementary to the other. In this regard, a combined system, which is a feedrate control system fur cutting force optimization, was proposed in this paper to make the best of each approach. Experimental results show that the proposed system could overcome the weak points of the off-line feedrate scheduling system and the adaptive control system. In addition, from the figure, it can be confirmed that the off-line feedrate scheduling technique can improve the machining quality and can fulfill its function in the machine tool which has a adaptive controller.
A Study on the End Mill Wear Detection by the Pattern Recognition Method in the Machine Vision
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 4, 2003, Pages 223~229
Tool wear monitoring is an important technique in the flexible manufacturing system. This paper studies the end mill wear detection using CCD camera and pattern recognition method. When the end mill working in the machining center, the bottom edge of the end mill geometry change, this information is used. The CCD camera grab the new and worn tool geometry and the area of the tool geometry was compared. In this result, when the values of the subtract worn tool from new tool end in 200 pixels, it decides the tool life. This paper proposed the new method of the end mill wear detection.