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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
New Manufacturing and Intelligent Manufacturing Systems
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 7~12
Development of STEP-NC Technology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 13~19
Research Trends on Virtual Enterprise in International IMS Program
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 20~26
Concept of the Next Generation Manufacturing System and Considerations for its Embodiment in Manufacturing Industries
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 27~31
Machining of Micro Grooves using Hybrid Electrochemical Processes with Voltage Pulses
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 32~39
Pulse electrochemical machining process with high or low current density may produce a non-lustrous surface on workpiece surface. The usual polishing process to remove a black layer from the surface has been hand polish the part. But the milli-to-micro meter scale structure formed by the electrochemical machining process may be destroyed while polishing process. The application of ultra short voltage pulses based on the analysis of electrical double layer charging process allows high resolution electrochemical machining and polishing. This technique was based on the specific polarization resistance from the comparison of ideal and experimental potential variation during short voltage pulses.
Investigation of Influences of Synchronizing Errors on the Tapping Characteristics and Thread Quality in the Ultra-High-Speed Tapping
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 40~46
Synchronizing errors between the spindle motor and the z-axis motor directly influences the cutting characteristics and the thread quality in tapping, because the tapping process is accomplished by synchronizing the movement of the z-axis with the revolutionary spindle motion. Generally synchronizing errors are decided by tile parameters of the servo system and commanded velocity. The excessive synchronizing errors which are induced by the parameter mismatch and high cutting velocity can cause tap breakage due to the abrupt increase of cutting torque or damage the thread accuracy by overcutting the already cut threads. In this paper, the influences of the synchronizing errors on the tapping characteristics in the ultra high-speed tapping will be described and a minimum level of synchronizing errors necessary to maintain the quality of the cut thread will be presented.
Finite Element Analysis of Nano Deformation for Hyper-fine Pattern Fabrication by Application of Nanoidentation Process (II)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 47~54
In this study, to achieve the optimal conditions for mechanical hyper-fine pattern fabrication process, deformation behavior of the materials during indentation was studied with numerical method by ABAQUS S/W. Polymer (PMMA) and brittle materials (Si, Pyrex glass) were used as specimens, and forming conditions to reduce the elastic re cover and pile-up were proposed. The indenter was modeled a rigid surface. Minimum mesh sizes of specimens are 1 -l0nm. Comparison between the experimental data and numerical result demonstrated that the finite element approach is capable of reproducing the loading-unloading behavior of a nanoindentation test. The result of the investigation will be applied to the fabrication of the hyper-fine pattern.
Micro-cutting of Cemented Carbides with SEM
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 55~62
This paper investigates the micro-cutting of cemented carbides using PCD (polycrystalline diamond) and PCBN (polycrystalline cubic boron nitride) cutting tools are performed with SEM direct observation method. The purpose of this study is to make clear the cutting mechanism of cemented carbides and the fracture of WC particles at the plastic deformation zone in orthogonal micro-cutting. And also to achieve systematic understanding, the effect of machining parameter on chip formation and machined surface was studied, including cutting speed, depth of cut and various tool rake angle. Summary of the results are shown below. (1) Three type of chip formation process have been proposed by the results of the direct observation in orthogonal micro-cutting of cemented carbide materials. (2) From the whole observation of chip formation, primary WC particles are crushed and/or fine grained in the shearing deformation zone. A part of them are observed to collide directly with a cutting edge of tool by following the micro-cutting. (3) Surface finish, surface morphology and surface integrity is good to obtain by cutting with PCD cutting tool compared with PCBN. (4) The machined surface has the best quality near the low cutting speed of 10
/sec with a cutting depth of 10
rake angle and 3
flank angle in this condition, but it was found that excessively low speed, for example the extent of 1
/sec, is not good enough to select for various reason.
A Study on the Detecting Underground Pipes Using Magnetic Mathod
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 63~69
As increasing underground facilities, more effective management is needed nowadays. It is important to get an accurate information of underground facilities to manage that, so some methods of detecting location - electromagnetic induction method, ground penetration radar method, sound wave method - are used to obtain the information of underground facilities. In this study, a magnetic method to detect underground facilities was developed. In the magnetic method, underground facilities are detected by a detector and the magnetic marker which is a permanent magnet and used to marking the location by attaching underground facilities. A test field was constructed for experiment with the magnetic marker, PVC pipe, and steel pipe under ground 1.5m, and a ferromagnetic detector was used for measurement. Magnetic strengths of the magnetic marker were measured by the detector at each location in the test field, and analyzed by magnetic field analysis tool in the same condition. In the result, the underground pipes of 1.5m below were detectable within the deviation
0.2m. When For applying this method, it should be considered that ferromagnetic materials around the detector could affect a measured value.
A Study on the Reducing the Return Line Pressure Fluctuation of the Hydraulic Breaker System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 70~76
In this study, the hydraulic breaker system was analyzed and simulated using. The simulation result was certified comparing with the experimental result. From the parametric analysis, the effects of each factor were revealed. Through the simulation with varying parameters, the method to reduce the return line pressure fluctuation was presented.
Robust Control of a Robot Manipulator with Revolute Joints
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 77~83
In this paper, a robust controller is proposed to control a robot manipulator which is governed by highly nonlinear dynamic equations. The controller is computationally efficient since it does not require the dynamic model or parameter values of a robot manipulator. It, however, requires uncertainty bounds which are derived by using properties of revolute joint robot dynamics. The stability of the robot with the controller is proved by Lyapunov theory. The results of computer simulations show that the robot system is stable, and has excellent trajectory tracking performance.
Optimal Acceleration Feedforward Control of Active Magnetic Bearing Systems Subject To Base Motion
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 84~91
This paper concerns on one-DOF non-rotating active magnetic bearing (AMB) system subject to base motion. In such a system, it is desirable to retain the axis within the predetermined air-gap while the base motion forces the axis to deviate from the desired air-gap. Motivated from this, an optimal acceleration feedforward control is proposed to reduce the base motion response without deteriorating other feedback control performances. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed optimal feedforward control reduces the standard deviation of the air-gap to 29％ that by feedback control alone.
Development of Real-Time Vision-Based Fabric Inspection System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 92~99
Quality inspection of textile products is an important problem for fabric manufacturers. This paper presents an automatic vision-based system for quality control of web textile fabrics. Typical web material is 1-3m wide and is driven with speeds ranging from 20m/min to 200m/min. At the present, the quality assessment procedures are performed manually by expert. But worker can not detect more than 60％ of the present defect and inspect the fabric if moving faster than 30m/min. To increase the overall quality and homogeneity of textile, an automated visual inspection system is needed fur the productivity. However, the existing inspection system are too expensive to purchase for small companies. In this paper, the proposed PC based real-time inspection algorithm gives low cost textile inspection system, high detection rate with good accuracy and low rate of false alarms. The method shows good results in the detection of several types of fabric defects.
A Study on the Energy Saving Hydraulic Control System using Variable Displacement Hydraulic Pump/Motor
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 100~108
This paper proposes a flywheel hybrid vehicle to solve the energy crisis problem by the exhaustion of a fossil fuel and air pollution for the conservation of environment. The proposed flywheel hybrid vehicle is composed of an accumulator and a flywheel as the energy generation and storage component and three variable displacement hydraulic pump/motors as the energy transfer devices. Flywheel has the characteristics of high energy density and easy energy absorption and consumption. The effectiveness of the energy-saving of the proposed flywheel hybrid vehicle is verified by simulation using Matlab/simulink. First of ail, analytical modeling for the flywheel hybrid vehicle is presented and simulations are performed based on the experimental efficiency data of a variable displacement pump/motor. The results of the simulation show that the effect of energy savings is realized by the proposed hybrid vehicle in 3 different city driving patterns.
Machining of Micro-scale Shapes using Micro-EDM Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 109~117
With development of high advanced technologies and skills, micro machining techniques also are being more functional and smaller. Some of the recently developed micro machining technologies are micro drilling, micro EDM, WEDG, LBM, micro milling, micro UVM etc. In these micro machining techniques, Micro -EDM is generally used for machining micro holes, pockets, and micro structures in difficult-cut-materials. For machining micro structures, first of all, tool electrode should be fabricated by WEDG process. In micro-EDM, parameters such as peak current, pulse width, duration time are very important to fabricate the tool electrode and micro structures. Developed experimental equipments are composed of RLC circuit with PWM. In this paper, using developed micro EDM machine, the characteristics of micro electro discharge machining are investigated at micro holes, slot, and pocket machining etc. Also the trends of tool wear are investigated in case of hole and slot machining.
Stress and Vibration Analysis with respect to the change of the Shape of Screw Blade and the Hole for Centrifuge
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 118~125
In this study, we carried out the finite element analysis for the screw of centrifuge that is the weakest part of the centrifuge for sewage management. Centrifugal force caused by rotation with velocity of 4000rpm was applied at the screw. Structural analysis was done with respect to the change of the ratio of blade pitch(
), shaft diameter(
) and extended hole(
). When the area of circular hole is equal to that of extended holes, maximum equivalent stresses in the screw with circular and extended circular hole were compared. And then natural frequency analysis was executed for the same model. Three mode shapes were used to explain the vibration characteristics of each screw. Convergence study was accomplished fur more accurate results.
Development of Analysis Program for Multi-Pass Wet Wire Drawing Process and Its Application
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 126~134
This paper investigates the multi-pass wet wire drawing process considering the slip between the wire and the capstan. The production of fine wire through multi-pass wet wire drawing process would be impossible without backtension. The backtension is affected by many process parameters, such as slip, dies reduction, coiling number of wire at the capstan, machine reduction, characteristic of lubricant etc. Up to date, die design and dies pass schedule of multi-pass wet wire drawing process have been performed by trial and error of expert in the industrial field. In this study, an analysis program which can perform the analysis and considering the effect of slip at each capstan was developed. The effects of many important parameters (drawing force, backtension force, needed power, slip rate, slip velocity rate etc.) on multi-pass wet wire drawing process can be predicted by this developed program. It is possible to obtain the important basic data which can be used in the pass schedule of multi-pass wet wire drawing process by using this developed program.
Evaluation of the Residual Stress on the Multi-layer Thin Film made of Different Materials
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 135~141
MEMS structures generally have been fabricated using surface-machining method, but the interface failure between silicon substrate and evaporated thin film frequently takes place due to the residual stress inducing by the applied the various loads. And the very important physical property in the heated environment is the linear coefficient of thermal expansion. Therefore this paper studied the residual stress caused the thermal loads in the thin film and introduced the simple method to measure the trend of the residual stress by the indentation. Specimens were made of materials such as Al, Au and Cu and thermal load was applied repeatedly. The residual stress was measured by nano-indentation using AFM and FEA. The existence of the residual stress due to thermal load was verified by the experimental results. The indentation length of the thermal loaded specimens increased minimum 11.8％ comparing with the virgin thin film caused by tensile residual stress. The finite element analysis results are similar to indentation test.
MDO-Based Design Collaboration
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 142~150
MDO is one of the efficient methods for huge and multi -functional system design. This paper describes a design collaboration framework with MDO in networked design environment. A prototype of web -based integrated design system was implemented to show sharing and exchange of models and analysis information between MDO modules and collaborative design stations. Server System consists of MDO modules for optimization and modeling module for 3D modeling operation. Client system provide user with graphic interface for shape modeling and system operation. We believe that the proposed approach can be extended to solve real complex multidisciplinary design problems.
Performance Evaluation for Noise Suppression of a Silencer in Small Arms
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 151~158
The impulse noise of bullet after shooting in small arms has an effect on the hearing ability of human. Although a silencer has been developed for noise reduction in small arms, there is only a few researches about relationships between the sound pressure level and the auditory sense of human. In this study, the quantitative sound pressure levels are revealed by experimental measurements of impulse noise with each silencer type. And the performance evaluation for noise suppression of a silencer in small arms is carried out to reduce a serious loss of the hearing ability of the small arms user. It is concluded that the evaluated results can be utilized for checking sound pressure and data accumulation for new small arms design with silencer.
A Study on Logarithmic Stress Singularities and Coefficient Vectors for V-notched Cracks in Dissimilar Materials
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 159~165
Most engineers interested in stress singularities have focused mainly on the research of power stress singularities for v-notched cracks in dissimilar materials. The logarithmic stress singularity was discussed a little in Bogy's paper. The power-logarithmic stress singularity was reported by Dempsey and Sinclair. It was indicated that the logarithmic singularity is only a special case of power-logarithmic stress singularities. Then, Dempsey reported specific cases which have power-logarithmic singularities even fur homogeneous boundary conditions. It was known that logarithmic stress singularities for v-notched cracks in dissimilar materials occurs when the surfaces of a v-notched crack have constant tractions. In this paper, using the complex potential method, the stresses and displacements having logarithmic stress singularities were obtained and the coefficients vectors were calculated by a numerical program code: Mathematica. It was shown that our analysis models don't have logarithmic stress singularities under the constant tractions, although the coefficient vectors are existing.
Vibration Analysis of Rotary Compressor based on Vibration Intensity
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 166~172
Vibration and Noise of air conditioner are entirely determined by compressor vibration. Compressor vibration transmitted to the enclosure of air conditioner or pipes connected compressor with heat exchanger. Enclosure generate(noise and vibration. Therefore, the analysis of compressor vibration analysis is considered significant technical issue. For the reduction of vibration of compressor, it is necessary to grasp correctly vibration transmission paths and excitation sources in the compressor shell. Because, shell ( Surface of compressor ) shows whole vibration characteristic of compressor mechanism. In this paper, vibration intensity was applied to measure vibration energy flow on the shell .From this technique, it is possible to catch the path of vibration propagation along the one cycle and the location of vibration energy sources may change with time on the shell.
Theoretical and Numerical Lens Design Using Near Field Theory for High Density Storage Device
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 173~179
In optical storage device system, there are several research topics to increase its recording density. The main idea is reducing wave length of laser diode and magnifying the number of numerical aperture (NA). In conventional optical system NA cannot be over the unity in the air because of its diffraction limit. But it is possible to overcome its limitation of unity in near field using Solid Immersion Lens. In this work, the mathematical Solid Immersion Lens (SIL) design process was illustrated by using near field theory. Also, numerical SIL design parameters were calculated by means of CODE V. Through the work, we propose the new type of SIL for high density optical recording systems.
Development of Common Document Structure based on XML for Representing Mechanical Part and Assembly Information
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 180~187
In engineering design environment it is hard to link design data and systems because the types of them are disparate. Therefore, the importance of metadata has increased. Some researches have been executed to develop metadata. But they cannot interact with other metadata and are difficult to extend. The purpose of this paper is to develop a common document structure which represents the general information of mechanical part assembly using XML, and to use it as base documents in order to integrate design data and systems. It is composed of part, assembly and user documents. Part document represents the information of a part independently to part type. Assembly document represents the location of constituent part documents. User document represents user's information. Common documents can be used as a broker between design data and systems, and it can improve the interpretability and reusability of document. We applied the developed common document structure to 2-stage spur gear drive.
Method for Generating Optimal Disassembly Sequence of End-of-Life Car′s Parts
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 188~196
In order to increase competitiveness and to gain economic benefit, companies ask more and more how to recycle their products in a efficient way. So far, to answer this question, companies are not sufficiently supported by suitable methods specially in the area of disassembly process planning. For this reason, we develop in collaboration with an industrial partner a new method for generating an optimal disassembly sequence. In the presented paper this method will be described in detail by considering the exiting assembly information, disassembly method and disassembly depth. PLM (Profit-Loss Margin) curve that is used to determine disassembly depth consists of profit value, disassembly cost and disassembly effect. Using assessment parameters, generated alternative disassembly sequences are evaluated and optimal disassembly sequence is proposed. This method is applied to generate the optimal disassembly sequence of Door Trim as an example.
A Study on Reducing Errors in Scanning Object and Registration using a Laser Scanner
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 197~204
This study proposes a method to reduce errors in scanning object and registration using a laser scanner. The method consists of 3 stages. First, there is an error induced by the difference of the distance between the probe and the object. It is possible to reduce the error by planning a scanning strategy: object setting, scan path. Second, the scan data of the tooling ball affects calculating the tooling ball center. A z-direction compensation is given to calculate more accurate registration points. Third, three points are used to determine a coordinate transformation on each frame. The maximum error usually lies on the third tooling ball in the conventional merging method. LSM (Least Square Method) is applied to a coordinate transformation to reduce the registration error.
A Study on Hydraulic Drawdown Test Model and Experimental Estimation of Desorption Rate Ratios of Fuel Filters
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 20, issue 9, 2003, Pages 205~213
This study describes the mathematical equation of drawdown test model and introduces the experimental test apparatus and procedure to estimate the desorption rate ratio of a filter. The characteristics of a hydraulic filtration system of drawdown test were demonstrated by numerical simulation for various properties of filters and operation conditions. Experiments for three kinds of fuel filters were conducted according to the proposed test method. And the test results of desorption rate ratio were compared with those values anticipated in precedent multipass filtration tests. Experimental results revealed the validation of drawdown test method proposed in this study. Domestic fuel filter yielded high desorption rate ratio comparing with other foreign products, which means that the Beta ratio decreases a lot during the test. The results also showed that filtration system model could be developed including desorption rate ratio to estimate the variable Beta ratio in service life.