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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Measurement Technology of Micro/Nano-scale Mechanical Properties
Huh Yong-Hak ; Park Philip ; Lee Hae-Moo ; Kim Dong-Jin ; Park Jun-Hyub ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 7~13
Measurement Standards Relating to Tensile Properties of Bulk Materials
Lee Hae Moo ; Bahng Gun Woong ; Kim Si Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 14~19
Evaluation of Cutting Characteristics Using Multiple Regression Analysis
Lee Young Moon ; Jang Seung Il ; Jun Jeong Woon ; Bae Hyun Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 20~25
Using the multiple regression analysis cutting forces of turning processes have been predicted based on the cutting conditions such as feed rate(f), depth of cut(d), and cutting velocity(v). The statistical inference of the equation was checked by ANOVA test. The validity of the proposed regression analysis was verified by two sets of cutting tests of 27 cutting conditions and the additional cutting tests of 18 cutting conditions. From the results of analytical and experimental studies, it was found that there was no significant difference between the measured and predicted cutting forces. Also, the shear and friction characteristics of turning processes were analyzed with predicted cutting forces.
Profile Simulation in Mono-crystalline Silicon Wafer Grinding
Kim Sang Chul ; Lee Sang Jik ; Jeong Hae Do ; Choi Heon Zong ; Lee Seok Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 26~33
Ultra precision grinding technology has been developed from the refinement of the abrasive, the development of high stiffness equipment and grinding skill. The conventional wafering process which consists of lapping, etching, 1 st, 2nd and 3rd polishing has been changed to the new process which consists of precision surface grinding, final polishing and post cleaning. Especially, the ultra precision grinding of wafer improves the flatness of wafer and the efficiency of production. Furthermore, it has been not only used in bare wafer grinding, but also applied to wafer back grinding and SOI wafer grinding. This paper focuses on the flatness of the ground wafer. Generally, the ground wafer has concave pronto because of the difference of wheel path density, grinding temperature and elastic deformation of the equipment. Wafer tilting is applied to avoid non-uniform material removal. Through the geometric analysis of wafer grinding process, the profile of the ground wafer is predicted by the development of profile simulator.
Fabrication of the Fine Magnetic Abrasives by using Mechanical Alloying Process and Its Polishing Characteristics
Park Sung-Jun ; Lee Sang-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 34~41
A new method to fabricate the fine magnetic abrasives by using mechanical alloying is proposed. The mechanical alloying process is a solid powder process where the powder particles are subjected to high energetic impact by the balls in a vial. As the powder particles in the vial are continuously impacted by the balls, cold welding between particles and fracturing of the particles take place repeatedly during the ball milling process using a planetary mill. After the manufacturing process, fine magnetic abrasives which the guest abrasive particles c lung to the base metal matrix without bonding material can be obtained. The shape of the newly fabricated fine magnetic abrasives was investigated using SEM and its polishing performance was verified by experiment. It is very helpful to finishing the injection mold steel in final polishing stage. The areal ms surface roughness of the workpiece after several polishing processes has decreased to a few nanometer scales.
Tool Electrode Wear Compensation using Round Trip Method for Machining Cavities in Micro EDM Process
Park Sung-Jun ; Kim Young-Tae ; Min Byung-Kwon ; Lee Sang-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 42~49
Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is one of the most extensively used non-conventional material removal process. The recent trend in reducing the size of product has given micro EDM a significant amount of research attention. Micro EDM is capable of machining not only micro holes and micro shafts as small as a few micrometers in diameter but also complex three dimensional micro cavities. But, longitudinal tool wear by electrical discharge is indispensable and this affects the machining accuracy in micro EDM process. Therefore, newly developed tool wear compensation strategy called round trip method is suggested and verified by experiment. In this method, machining depth of cut, overlap effect and critical travel length are also considered.
Systematic Finishing Process of Injection Molds
Park Minsoo ; Kim Mintae ; Lee Haesung ; Chu Chongnam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 50~56
Finishing is the final process in molds manufacturing and consumes much process time. Also, it influences on surface quality of molds. But, there are few systematic methods to control the process. In this work, basic experiments were carried out to study the machining characteristics of the finishing tools. From the experiments, critical surface roughness and wear coefficient are suggested to reduce the number of finishing steps and to plan a systematic finishing procedure. Comparison experiments were carried out between the expert's method and the new method, which is based on the results of this research. From the experiments, it is verified that the systematic method takes less time and generates less form error in the machined surface than the worker's method.
Development of Form Rolling Technology for High Precision Worm Using the Rack Dies of Counter Flow Type
Ko Dae-Cheol ; Lee Jung-Min ; Kim Byung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 57~64
The objective of this study is to suggest the form rolling technology to produce high precision worm on the base of three dimensional finite element simulation and experiment. It is important to determine the initial workpiece diameter in form rolling because it affects the quality of tooth profile. The calculation method of the initial workpiece diameter in form rolling is suggested and it is verified by finite element simulation. The form rolling processes of worm shaft used as automotive part using both the rack dies of counter flow type and the roll dies are considered and simulated with the same numerical model as actual process by the commercial finite element code, BEFORM-3D. Deformation modes of workpiece between the form rolling by the rack dies of counter flow type and the roll dies are investigated from the result of simulation. The experiments using rack dies and roll dies are performed under the same conditions as those of simulation. The surface roughness, the straightness and the profile of worm are measured precisely using the worm shafts obtained from experiment. The results of simulation and experiment in this study show that the form rolling process of worn shaft using the rack dies is decidedly superior to that using roll dies from the aspect of the precision of worm such as the surface roughness, the straightness and the profile of worm.
A Study on Driving Control of an Autonomous Guided Vehicle using Humoral Immune Algorithm Adaptive PID Controller based on Neural Network Identifier Technique
Lee Young Jin ; Suh Jin Ho ; Lee Kwon Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 65~77
In this paper, we propose an adaptive mechanism based on immune algorithm and neural network identifier technique. It is also applied fur an autonomous guided vehicle (AGV) system. When the immune algorithm is applied to the PID controller, there exists the case that the plant is damaged due to the abrupt change of PID parameters since the parameters are almost adjusted randomly. To solve this problem, we use the neural network identifier (NNI) technique fur modeling the plant and humoral immune algorithm (HIA) which performs the parameter tuning of the considered model, respectively. After the PID parameters are determined in this off-line manner, these gains are then applied to the plant for the on-line control using an immune adaptive algorithm. Moreover, even though the neural network model may not be accurate enough initially, the weighting parameters are adjusted to be accurate through the on-line fine tuning. Finally, the simulation and experimental result fur the control of steering and speed of AGV system illustrate the validity of the proposed control scheme. These results for the proposed method also show that it has better performance than other conventional controller design methods.
Particle Monitoring Using Ultrasound in the Gas Flow
Jhang Kyung-young ; Kim Joo-chul ; Kim Hong-jun ; Hwang Won-ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 78~85
The particle amount monitoring technique using ultrasound is proposed to determine the proper maintenance time of the filter in the supply process of pure gas in the unit of oxygen plant. There are advantages that it is adaptable in high temperature and high pressure, and it is not disturbed by being exposed in the gas flow, and it can be implemented very economically. The applicability of the ultrasonic technique is pre-studied through the theoretical analysis for the dependency of attenuation of ultrasonic wave on the particles in the gas flow. For the purpose, absorption, scattering and dispersion models are considered, and the attenuation by absorption and the change rate of the propagation speed are calculated fur the specific range of particle size and the ultrasonic wave frequency. It was expected by simulation that the absorptive attenuation by particles was the most sensitive to the change of particle amount. The experimental result showed high correspondence with the theoretical expectation so that this ultrasound attenuation measurement was proved to be highly effective for monitoring the amount of floating particles in the gas flow.
Remote Measurement of the Automobile′s ECU Signals with KWP2000 using Bluetooth Module
Choi Kwang-Hun ; Kwon Tae-Kyu ; Lee Seong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 86~93
This paper presents the remote measurement of the ECU signals adopted with KWP 2000 protocol using the wireless communication technique of bluetooth. The bluetooth technology will be the most promising network paradigm which can open the new area in the information technology. Especially, bluetooth module is able to link all the electrical products and personal computers to cellular phone or PDA. This research has a try to design a wireless measurement model of ECU signal based on the car telemery system using bluetooth device. In order to measure the ECU signals, we designed the interface circuits which is able to communicate between the ECU system and the terminal circuits according to the ISO, SAE regulation of communication protocol standard. A microprocessor S3c341 OX is used for the system control and communication of ECU signals. The embedded system software is programmed to measure the ECU signals using the ARM compiler and ANCI C based on Micro/OS-II kernel to communicate between two bluetooth modules using bluetooth stack. The remote measurement of ECU signals using the bluetooth was designed and implemented to evaluate the performance of wireless network to the transmit measurement data. The possibility for the remote measurement of the self diagnosis signals of ECU adopted with KWP2000 protocol verified through the developed systems and algorithms in embedded system.
Development of Keypad Test System using PIC Controller
Choi Kwang-Hoon ; Lee Young-Choon ; Kwon Tae-Kyu ; Lee Seong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 94~101
This paper presents the development of a keypad test system for the improvement of working environment and productivity using PTC 16F877 microprocessor. In order to detect the fault of keypad products, hardware and software design is performed in this system. Keypad fault detection system is controlled by the 8 bit one chip PIC microcontroller for the exactness and speed. Developed panel of the keypad test system is comprised of the sub-panel for selecting in the inspected keypad types and the main panel f3r displaying the working order and fault position. Furthermore, all data from keypad inspection are stored in main memory of personal computer for the database. All these functions lead to the improvement of working speed and environment.
Development of Error Compensation Algorithm for Image based Measurement System
Pyo Chang Ryul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 102~108
In this paper, we studied a vibration problem that is critical and common to most precision measurement systems. For micro mechanical part measurements, results obtained from the vision-based precision measurement system may contain errors due to the vibration. In order to defeat this generic problem, for the current study, a PC based image processing technique was used first, to assess the effect of the vibration to the precision measurement and second, to develop an in-situ calibration algorithm that automatically compensate the measurement results in real time. We used a set of stereoscopic CCD cameras to acquire the images for the dimensional measurement and the reference measurement. The mapping function was obtained through the in-situ calibration to compensate the measurement results and the statistical analysis for the actual results is provided in the paper. Based on the current statistical study, it is expected to obtain high precision results for the micro measurement systems.
Structure-Control Combined Design for 3-D Flexible Structure
Park Jung-Hyen ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 109~114
A combined optimal design problem of structural and control systems is discussed by taking a 3-D flexible structure as an object. We consider a minimum weight design problem for structural system and disturbance suppression problem for the control system. The conditions for the existence of controller are expressed in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMI). By minimizing the linear sum of the normalized structural objective function and control objective function, it is possible to make optimal design by which the balance of the structural weight and the control performance is taken. We showed in this paper the validity of combined optimal design of structural and control systems
A Study of Auto-body Panel Correction of Forming Analysis that Use Dynamic-extensive Finite Element Method
Jung Dong Won ; Hwang Jae Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 115~126
In the present work a finite element formulation using dynamic-explicit time integration scheme is used for numerical analysis of auto-body panel stamping processes. The lumping scheme is employed for the diagonal mass matrix and dynamic explicit formulation. Analyzed auto-body panel stomping process correction of forming using software called Dynaform using dynamic extensive method. Further, the simulated results for the auto-body panel stamping processes are shown and discussed. Its application is being increased especially in the automotive industrial area for the cost reduction, weight saving, and improvement of strength.
Analysis and Design of a Pneumatic Vibration Isolation System: Part I. Modeling and Algorithm for Transmissibility Calculation
Moon Jun Hee ; Pahk Heui Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 127~136
This paper is the first of two companion papers concerning the analysis and design of a pneumatic vibration isolation system. The design optimization of the pneumatic vibration isolation system is required for the reduction of cost, endeavor and time, and it needs modeling and calculation algorithm. The nonlinear models are devised from the fluid mechanical expression for components of the system and the calculation algorithm is derived from the mathematical relationship between the models. It is shown that the orifice makes the nonlinear property of the transmissibility curve that the resonant frequency changes by the amplitude of excited vibration. Linearization of the nonlinear models is tried to reduce elapsed time and truncation error accumulation and to enable the transmissibility calculation of the system with multi damping chambers. The equivalent mechanical models generated by linearization clarify the function of each component of the system and lead to the linearized transfer function that can give forth to the transmissibility exactly close to that of nonlinear models. The modified successive under-relaxation method is developed to calculate the linearized transfer function.
Analysis and Design of a Pneumatic Vibration Isolation System: Part II. Simulation, Experimental Verification and Design Optimization
Moon Jun Hee ; Pahk Heui Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 137~146
This is the second of two companion papers concerned with the analysis and design of a pneumatic vibration isolation system. The properties of the system are clarified by observation of the transmissibility surface calculated by the models and algorithm developed in the first paper of this research. It Is shown that the nonlinear model proposed in this research is more closer to experimental results than the linear model that have been used in previous studies. The design optimization of the major design variables that affect the performance of the system is achieved by using the condition for attenuation, disturbance rejection and maximum damping in resonance peak. The design space search method is adopted for the optimization of the orifice area. The models, transmissibility calculation algorithms and design optimization techniques developed in this research are shown to be greatly helpful to the optimal design of the pneumatic vibration isolation system by experiment.
Modeling of a Multi-Leaf Spring for Dynamic Characteristics Analysis of a Large Truck
Moon Il Dong ; Oh Seok Hyung ; Oh Chae Youn ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 147~153
This paper presents an analytical modeling technique fer representing a hysteretic behavior of a multi-leaf spring used for a large truck. It divides a nonlinear hysteretic curve of the multi-leaf spring into four parts; loading part, unloading part and two transition parts. It provides conditions fur branching to a part of the curve corresponding to a current multi-leaf spring status. This paper also presents a computational modeling technique of the multi-leaf spring. It models the multi-leaf spring with three links and a shackle. It assumes those components as rigid bodies. The links are connected by rotational joints, and have rotational springs at the joints. The spring constants of the rotational springs are computed with a force from the analytical model of the hysteretic curve of the multi-leaf spring. Static and dynamic tests are performed to verify the reliability of the presented techniques. The tests are performed with various amplitudes and excitation frequencies. The hysteretic curves from the tests are compared with those from the simulations. Since th e presented techniques reproduce the hysteretic characteristic of the multi -leaf spring faithfully, they contribute on improving the reliability of the computational model of a large truck.
In situ Measurement of Lateral Side-Necking of a Fracture Specimen Using a Stereo Vision and Digital Image Correlation
Lee Jeong-Hyun ; Kang Ki-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 154~161
An experimental method for measuring side-necking deformation near a crack-tip is described. It is based on Stereoscopic Digital Speckle Photography and Digital Image Correlation, and it is simple and robust to mechanical vibration inherent to a hydraulic material test system. The validity and accuracy are evaluated through a calibration fur rigid body translation. A case study has been performed for a CT specimen made of a ductile steel and the three dimensional profiles of the side-necked region are presented as the load increases. Also, the details of the procedure and the surface treatment are discussed.
High Temperature Deformation Behavior of Ti-Al Intermetallic Compound and Orientation Distribution of Lamellae Structure
Park Kyu-Seop ; Kang Chang-Yong ; Lee Keun-Jin ; Chung Han-Shik ; Jung Young-Guan ; Fukutomi Hiroshi ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 162~169
High temperature uniaxial compression tests in the alpha single phase region were carried out on the Ti -43mo1%Al intermetallic compound, in order to obtain oriented lamellar microstructure. The compression deformation temperatures and strain rates are from 1573k to 1623k and 1.0x10
s to 5.0x10
s, respectively. Fully lamellar microstructure was observed after the uniaxial compression deformation in a single phase region followed by cooling to room temperature. Lamellar colony diameter depended on strain rates and test temperatures. The diameter varied between 8601m and 300fm. Stress-strain curve showed a work softening and the size of lamellar colony diameter varied depending on peak stresses. This shows the occurrence of dynamic recrystallization. Texture measurements after the uniaxial compression deformation, showed the development of fiber during dynamic recrystallization. It is seen that the area for the maximum pole density existed in 35 degrees away from the compression plane. The texture sharpens with a decrease in strain rate
Program Development for Vibration Performance Evaluation of Powder Transfer Equipment
Lee Hyoung Woo ; Park No Gill ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 170~179
A vibration model of powder transfer equipment is developed by the lumped parameter method. A Powder transfer equipment does surging motion, bouncing motion and pitching motion. Motion equation becomes decoupling and removed vibration exciting source about pitching motion, and therefore designers presented the optimum design plan to be able to do adjustment with motion trajectory of powder transfer equipment. That is, way for design to be able to do motion trajectory of powder transfer equipment through change of design element as installation position and direction of motor, driving speed, mass unbalance, stiffness coefficient and installation position of support coil spring is presented. The design results, powder transfer equipment were able to know that fatigue destruction does not occur, and the reason is because maximum stress working on a basket structure is more very than fatigue strength small.
Design of Punch Shape for Reducing the Punch Wear in the Backward Extrusion
Kim Dong Hwan ; Lee Jung Min ; Kim Byung Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 180~187
Die design to minimize the die wear in the cold forging process is very important as it reduce the production cost and the increase of the production rate. The quantitative estimation fur the die wear is too hard because the die wear is caused by many process variables. So, in this paper, the optimal shape of the backward extrusion punch is newly designed through the FE-analysis considering the surface expansion and Archard wear model in order to reduce the rapid wear rate that is generated for the backward extruded products exceeding the forming limit. The main shape variables of the backward extrusion punch are the flat diameter, angle, and round of the punch nose part. As the flat diameter and angle of the punch nose are larger, the surface expansion is reduced and the wear rate is decreased according to the reduction of the punch round. These results obtained through this study can be applied to the real manufacturing process.
A Study on Fabrication of Fluidic Devices using Stereolithography Technology
Lee Young Tae ; Bae Yong Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 188~195
In this paper, we fabricated fluidic devices like micro-channel, pump, mixer and particular gas separator with the technology of stereolithouaphy using RP(rapid-prototyping). The fabricated fluidic devices are expected to be applied to develop Lab-on-a chip type liquid analyzer. Stereolithography technology seems effective for fabricating MEMS(Micro Electro Mechanical System) with complicated structure because it makes three dimensional fabrication possible but, exclusive devices are needed to be developed fur fabricating even more microscopic MEMS structure.
Development and Evaluation of a New Gait Phase Detection System using FSR Sensors and a Gyrosensor
Ahn Seung Chan ; Hwang Sung Jae ; Kang Sung Jae ; Kim Young Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 10, 2004, Pages 196~203
In this study, a new gait phase detection system using both FSR(Force Sensing Resister) sensors and a gyrosensor was developed to detect various gait patterns. FSR sensors were put in self-designed shoe insoles and a gyrosensor was attached to the posterior aspect of a shoe. An algorithm was also developed to determine eight different gait transitions among four gait phases: heel-strike, foot-flat, heel-off and swing. The developed system was compared with the conventional gait phase detection system using only FSR sensors in various gait experiments such as level walking, fore-foot walking and stair walking. In fore-foot walking and stair walking, the developed system showed much better accuracy and reliability to detect gait phases. The developed gait phase detection system using both FSR sensors and a gyrosensor will be helpful not only to determine pathological gait phases but to apply prosthetics, orthotics and functional electrical stimulation to patients with gait disorders.