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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
The Emergency Monitoring System for Senile Disease
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 5~8
Supporting Technology for Aged Organs
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 9~14
A Study on the Cutting Characteristics of the Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics by Drill Tools
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 15~21
Composite materials are widely used to make all kinds of machine parts, internal and structural materials of cars, aerospace industries, building structures, ship materials, sporting goods and others. It is worth the while to use composite materials as various substitutions when compared with others. But the use is limited in the field of the mechanical processing because of its difficulties in processing. Thus, it is proved that the surface is rough in and out of the hole processing the GFRP with HSS drill in the vertical machining center.
Runout Modeling and Measurement Method in 4-flutes End Milling
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 22~29
Runout causes severe differences among cutting force waveforms due to changes of rotational radii. Thus a runout model must be included in a cutting force model to simulate cutting force accurately. In this paper, a runout modeling method and a measurement method using a dialgauge were developed, which were easy to apply. To calculate runout parameters, a computer program algorithm which obtained runout parameters from measurement values was developed. Cutting force waveforms simulated from cutting force model considering runout effect and measured from experiments had good agreements for their wave size and order.
A Study on Filament Winding Tension Control using a fuzzy-PID Algorithm
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 30~37
This thesis develops a fuzzy-PID control algorithm for control the filament winding tension. It is developed by applying classical PID control technique to a fuzzy logic controller. It is composed of a fuzzy-PI controller and a fuzzy-D controller. The fuzzy-PI controller uses error and integrated error as inputs, and the fuzzy-D controller uses derivative of error as input. The fuzzy-PI controller uses Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy inference system, and the fuzzy-D controller uses Mamdani fuzzy inference system. The fuzzy rule base for the fuzzy-PI controller is designed using 19 rules, and the fuzzy rule base for the fuzzy-D controller is designed using 5 rules. A test-bed is set-up for verifying the effectiveness of the developing control algorithm in control the filament winding tension. It is composed of a mandrel, a carriage, a force sensor, a driving roller, nip rollers, a creel, and a real-time control system. Nip rollers apply a vertical force to a filament, and the driving roller drives it. The real-time control system is developed by using MATLAB/xPC Target. First, experiments for showing the inherent problems of an open-loop control scheme in a filament winding are performed. Then, experiments for showing the robustness of the developing fuzzy-PID control algorithm are performed under various working conditions occurring in a filament winding such as mandrel rotating speed change, carriage traversing, spool radius change, and reference input change.
Construction and Calibration Test of a Transmission-type Circular Polariscope for Photoelastic Stress Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 38~43
This paper describes the construction of a circular polariscope. Generally, a circular polariscope contains four optical elements and a light source. The first element following the light source is called the linear polarizer. It converts the ordinary light into plane-polarized light. The second element is a quarter wave plate which converts the plane-polarized light into circularly polarized light. Following the quarter wave plate, a specimen made of transparent photoelastic material is located in a loading device. The second quarter wave plate is set and the last element is the analyzer. These polarizing elements, two quarter wave plates and two linear polarizing filters, were purchased from the USA. Frames and other structures for holding polarizing filters were machined and assembled to be rotated. Light box, which includes four incandescent lamps and two sodium-vapor lamps, was made. In order to proof the function of the newly built polariscope, Tardy compensation test was applied to a rectangular shaped specimen made of poly-carbonate material (PSM 1). The error of the fringe constant, which was measured by the newly built polariscope, was within 4.4 percent compared to the standard value of this material. It is possible to make a good quality of polariscope if accurate polarizing filters will be used.
Position Control of AC Servo Motor Using Sliding Mode Controller
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 44~50
The conventional sliding mode control(SMC) technique requires a prior knowledge of the upperbounds of external disturbance to guarantee a robust control performance. This, however, may not be easy to identity in practice. This paper presents a new methodology, sliding mode control with disturbance estimator(SMCDE), which offers a robust control performance without a prior knowledge of the upperbounds. The proposed technique is featured by an integrated average value of the imposed disturbance over a certain period. The proposed technique is applied to the position control of AC servo motor, and experimental results are compared between the conventional and proposed schemes.
Development of a Small 6-axis Force/Moment Sensor for Robot′s Finger
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 51~58
This paper describes the development of a small 6-axis force/moment sensor for robot's finger, which measures farces Fx, Fy, Fz, and moments Mx, My, Mz simultaneously. In order to safely grasp an unknown object using the robot's gripper, and accurately perceive the position of it in the gripper, it should measure the force in the gripping direction, the force in the gravity direction and the moments each direction, and perform the force control using the measured forces and moments. Also, it should detect the moments Mx (x-direction moment), My and Mz to accurately perceive the position of the object in the grippers. Thus, the robot's gripper should be composed of 6-axis force/moment sensor that can measure forces Fx, Fy, Fz, and moments Mx, My, Mz simultaneously. In this paper, the small 6-axis force/moment sensor for measuring forces Fx, Fy, Fz, and moments Mx, My, Mz simultaneously was newly modeled using several parallel-plate beams, designed, and fabricated. The characteristic test for the developed sensor was performed, and the result shows that intereference errors of the developed sensor are less than 4.23％. Thus, the developed small 6-axis force/moment sensor may be used a robot's gripper.
Development of a Small Unmanned Marine Prober and Navigation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 59~65
The paper presents a small unmanned probing ship that can be used for acquiring information on marine and coastal environments. For communication system, we adopt direct and indirect methods based on the wireless modem of a commercial cellular telephone. The former is a direct communication between the modems of the ship and the server, and the latter is an indirect communication via internet between the ship and the server. The system is equipped with a digital compass and a GPS for position estimation, and extended Kalman filter is used for Navigation. The performance of the ship is demonstrated with the results produced by sets of experiments.
Wafer Motion Modeling of Transfer Unit in Clean Tube System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 66~73
This paper presents wafer motion modeling of transfer unit in clean tube system, which was developed as a means for transferring the air-floated wafers inside the closed tube filled with the super clean airs. When the wafer is transferred in x direction with an initial velocity the motion along x direction can be modeled as a simple decaying motion due to viscous friction of the fluid. But, the motion in y direction is modeled as a mass-spring-damper system where the recovering force by air jets issued from the perforated is modeled as a linear spring. Experiments with a clean tube system built fur 12 wafer show the validity of the presented force and motion models.
Fast Zooming and Focusing Technique for Implementing a Real-time Surveillance Camera System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 74~82
This paper proposes a fast zooming and focusing technique for implementing a real-time surveillance camera system which can capture a face image in less than 1 second. It determines the positions of zooming and focusing lenses using two-step algorithm. In the first step, it moves the zooming and focusing lenses simultaneously to the positions calculated using the lens equations for achieving the predetermined magnification. In the second step the focusing lens is adjusted so that it is positioned at the place where the focus measure is the maximum. The camera system implemented for the experiments has shown that the proposed algorithm spends about 0.56 second on average fur obtaining a focused image.
A Study on Tool Path Generation for Machining Impellers with 5-Axis Machining Center
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 83~90
This paper proposes a tool path generation method for machining impellers with 5-axis machining center. The shape of impeller is complex, being composed of pressure surface, suction surface and leading edge, and so on. The compound surface which is made of ruled surface such as pressure surface and suction surface and leading edge such as fillet surface, makes the tool path generation much complicated. To achieve efficient roughing, cutting area is divided into two region and then tool radius of maximum size that do not cause tool intereference is selected for shortening machining time. In finishing, accuracy is improved using side cutting for blade surface and point milling for leading edge.
Automatic Tetrahedral Mesh Generation Using Advancing Front Technique with Node Searching
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 91~99
An unstructured tetrahedral mesh generation algorithm has been presented. In order to construct better meshes in interior region by using an advancing front technique, a connecting operator and a local finishing operator II have been developed in addition to the existing operators. Before applying digging operators that generate new nodes inside of a meshing region, a connecting operator is employed that uses existing nodes which satisfy certain conditions for producing well-conditioned elements. The local finishing operator II is introduced to terminate the meshing process more flexibly on remaining subregions. With these new operators, tetrahedral meshing process becomes more robust and good quality of meshes are constructed.
An Experimental Study on the Galling Characteristics of valve Seat Materials for Water Works
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 100~108
Contamination of environment induces the shortage of drinkables. In this trend, the leakage of water that occurs by breakage or erosion of rubber valve seats is serious problem. Rubber is apt to cause breakage between two materials when they contact with each other. The possible way to avoid leakage of water by damage and breakdown of rubber is to replace that with metal. Because of this reason, nowadays, rubber is being substituted with metal as valve seat materials for water works. In tribology, a severe from of wear is characterized by local, macroscopic material transfer, removal, or formation of surface protrusions when two solid surfaces experience relative sliding under load. One of the major problems in sliding of metals is galling due to bad surface quality. Experimentally, there are various elements which influence on incipient galling, such as hardness, surface roughness, temperature, load, velocity and external environments. This paper is aimed at verifying the galling tendencies according to hardness, surface roughness, load and velocity and showing how much effect the factors have on the galling tendencies.
The Stiffness Analysis of Circular Plate Regarding the Length of Supporting End Using Elastic Beam Theory
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 109~116
This paper investigates the characteristics of deflection for circular plate that has same supporting boundary condition along the width direction of plate according to the length change of supporting end. For two boundary conditions such as simple supporting and clamping on both ends, this study derives maximum deflection formula of circular plate using differential equation of elastic curve, assuming that a circular plate is a beam with different widths along the longitudinal direction. The deflection formula of circular plate is verified by carrying out finite element analysis with regard to the ratio of length of supporting end to radius of circular plate.
Thermal Dissipation Performance of the Ventilated Brake Disc having Helical Grooved Vent
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 117~123
A brake disc with helical grooved vent in radial direction is proposed for the improvement of thermal dissipation. The heat transfer phenomenon is analyzed far both the proposed disc and the conventional one using finite element method. The thermal dissipation is considerably influenced by the geometrical differences of the brake discs. The results of the analysis show that the proposed brake disc with helical grooved vent has the improved performance to dissipate the thermal energy more effectively.
The Effect of Corrosion Pit Repairing Method on the Strength of Marine Propeller
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 124~131
It is inevitable that corrosion pits have occurred on the marine propeller. If corrosion pits have occurred on the blades, they have been repaired by simple welding methods. It must be that the strength is degraded in this process. In this paper, we analyzed and compared the strength of A1BC3 and HBsCl used for marine propeller after repairing the artificial pit by several different methods.
Optimization of the Spring Design Parameters of a Circuit Breaker for Satisfying Specified Dynamic Characteristics
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 132~138
In a vacuum circuit breaker mechanism, a spring-actuated linkage system is used to satisfy the desired opening and closing characteristics of electric contacts. If the type and structure of the linkage system required to the circuit breaker is predetermined, the stiffness, free length and attachment points of a spring become the important design parameters. In this paper, based on the energy conservation that the total system energy is constant throughout the operating range of the mechanism, a systematic procedure for optimizing the spring design parameters is developed and applied to the simplified mechanism of a circuit breaker. Then, in order to consider the complex dynamics of the circuit breaker mechanism rather well, the developed procedure is converted to the environment of a multi-body dynamics program ADAMS.
Finite Element Analysis of Nano Deformation for Hyper-fine Pattern Fabrication by Application of Nano-scratch Process
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 139~146
In this study, to achieve the optimal conditions for mechanical hyper-fine pattern fabrication process, deformation behavior of the materials during indentation scratch test was studied with numerical method by ABAQUS S/W. Brittle materials (Si, Pyrex glass 7740) were used as specimens, and forming conditions to reduce the elastic recovery and pile-up were proposed. The indenter was modeled as a rigid surface. Minimum mesh sizes of specimens are 1-l0nm. Variables of the nanoindentation scratch test analysis are scratching speed, scratching load, tip radius and tip geometry. The nano-indentation scratch tests were performed by using the Berkovich pyramidal diamond indenter. Comparison between the experimental data and numerical result demonstrated that the FEM approach can be a good model of the nanoindentation scratch test. The result of the investigation will be applied to the fabrication of the hyper-fine pattern.
Development of 3-axis Fine Positioning Stage: Part 1. Analysis and Design
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 147~154
This paper presents a procedure for analysis and design of a fine positioning stage, which has many applications in industries for machine tools, semiconductor, LCD and so forth. The stage considered here is based on a single module with 3 axes which is composed of flexures hinges, piezoelectric actuators and their peripherals. Through a series of analysis, the structural analysis model is simplified as a rigid body(the moving part) and springs(the flexures hinges). An experimental design procedure is applied to determine the dimension of flexures hinges. A sensitivity analysis on the notch positions is also performed to obtain a guideline of fabrication accuracy for the stage. An actual fine stage is made and verified through an experiment on the dynamic characteristics.
Development of 3-axis fine Positioning Stage : Part 2. Fabrication and Performance Evaluation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 155~162
This paper presents the fabrication procedure and the experiments for the 3-axis fine positioning stage proposed in［1］. First, the dynamic characteristics of the actuator and the stage are tested with the preload changed in order to validate the stage design specifications. Secondly, the performance of the stage is also evaluated on the accuracy associated with linear positioning, angular error, and straightness error. Experimental results show that the developed stage is accurate enough to be used for nanometer positioning. Through the analysis and experiment, the developed fine positioning stage are found to have a long stroke due to the magnetically preloaded PZT actuators, the minimum motion crosstalk due to the use of a ball contact mechanism and the compact design.
Optimization of Nano Machining Parameters Using Acoustic Emission and the Taguchi Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 163~170
Atomic force microscope (AFM) techniques are increasingly used fur tribological studies of engineering surfaces at scales ranging from atomic and molecular to micro-scale. Recently, AFM with suitable tips is being used for nano fabrication/nano machining purposes. In this paper, machining characteristics of silicon were investigated by nano indentation and nano scratch. Nano-scale material removal mechanisms are studied and the Taguchi method was introduced to acquire optimum parameters for nano machining. Also, Acoustic Emission (AR) is used for the monitoring of nano machining.
Photopolymer Solidification Phenomena Considering Laser Exposure Conditions in Micro-stereolithography Technology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 171~179
Micro-stereolithography technology has made it possible to fabricate a freeform 3D microslructure. This technology is based on conventional stereolithography, in which a UV laser beam irradiates the open surface of a UV-curable liquid photopolymer, causing it to solidify. In micro-stereolithography, a laser beam of a few
diameter is used to solidify a very small area of the photopolymer. This is one of the key technological elements, and can be achieved by using a focusing lens. Thus, the solidification phenomena of the liquid photopolymer must be carefully investigated. In this study, the photopolymer solidification phenomena in response to variations in the scanning pitch of a focused laser beam was investigated experimentally. The effect of layer thickness on the solidification width and depth was also examined. These studies were conducted under the conditions of relatively lower laser power and relatively higher scanning speed. Moreover, the photopolymer solidification phenomena for the relatively higher laser power and lower scanning speed was investigated, too. In this case, comparing to the case of lower laser power and higher scanning speed, the photopolymer absorbed large amount of irradiation energy of the laser beam. These results were compared with those obtained from a photopolymer solidification model. From these results, a new laser-scanning scheme was proposed according to the shape of the 3D model. Samples by each method were fabricated successfully.
Fundamental Process Development of a Ultramicro-Stereolithography using a Femto-second Laser for Manufacturing Nano-scaled Features
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 180~187
The miniaturization technologies are perceived as potential key technologies of the future. They will bring about completely different ways in which people and machines interact with the physical world. However, at the present time, the primary technologies used fur miniaturization are dependent on the microelectronic fabrication techniques. The principal shortcomings associated with such techniques are related to the inability of to produce arbitrary three-dimensional features not only in electronics but also in a wide range of metallic materials. In this paper, a ultramicro-stereolithography system assisted with a femto-second laser was developed to fabricate the arbitrary three-dimensional nano/micro-scaled features. In the developed process, a femto-second laser is projected according to CAD data on a photosensitive monomer resin, it induces polymerization of the liquid resin. After the polymerization, a droplet of ethanol is dropped to remove the liquid resin and then the polymerized nano-scaled features only remain. By a newly developed process, miniature devices for an extremely wide range of applications would become a technologically feasible reality. Some of nano/micro-scaled features as examples were fabricated to prove the usefulness of this study at the fundamental stage.
Development of Air-powered Handpiece for Surgical Operation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 3, 2004, Pages 188~193
The purpose of this paper is concerned with a development of an air-powered handpiece for surgical operation. The handpiece is the tool of surgical instruments and it can be used to interchange multiple attachments for drilling, pinning, sawing, driving screws and reaming. Most of domestic medical instruments bring in overseas and the air-powered handpiece imported from foreign countries at 100％ too. Therefore we develop new air powered handpiece. we research in 2D and 3D modeling, design of air line, analyze structure. The air-powered handpiece composes of body, power supply air-line, elements for mechanical power transmission, attachment, and surgical tools. The handpiece is developed by several processes that 3D design, machining, heat treatment and coating. The developed handpiece is experimented to confirm check the efficiency.