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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 2004
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Capability of force standards at KRISS
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 7~11
What Is Nano-Force Metrology?
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 12~19
Development of tactile sensor and its application
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 21~25
Torque Standards and Evaluation
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 26~31
Development of Expert System for Cold Forging of Axisymmetric Product - Horizontal Split and Optimal Design of Multi-former Die Set -
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 32~40
This paper deals with an automated computer-aided process planning and die design system by which designer can determine operation sequences even if they have a little experience in process planning and die design for axisymmetric products. An attempt is made to link programs incorporating a number of expert design rules with the process variables obtained by commercial FEM softwares, DEFORM and ANSYS, to form a useful package. The system is composed of four main modules. The process planning and the die design modules consider several factors, such as the complexities of preform geometry, punch and die profiles, specifications of available multi former, and the availability of standard parts. They can provide a flexible process based on either the reduction in the number of forming sequences by combining the possible two processes in sequence, or the reduction of deviation of the distribution on the level of the required forming loads by controlling the forming ratios. Especially in die design module an optimal design technique and horizontal split die were investigated for determining appropriate dimensions of components of multi-former die set. It is constructed that the proposed method can be beneficial for improving the tool life of die set at practice.
Fabrication of 3D Micro Structure Using Micro Electrical Discharge Milling
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 41~47
As mechanical structures are minimized, the demand on micro dies and molds has increased. Machining complex 3D shapes requires fabrication procedures for preparing the electrodes. Micro electrical discharge milling using a simple shape electrode can produce 3D micro structure. In this paper the machining characteristics of micro electrical discharge milling according to depth of cut and capacitance are investigated. The machining time is diminished when simple tool-paths and algorithms for changing the feedrate are applied. But a distorted bottom shape and a tapered wall shape are inevitable after machining. The distorted bottom shape and the taper angle of wall are reduced by finish machining.
Pressure Control of Electro-Hydraulic Variable Displacement Pump Using Genetic Algorithms
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 48~55
This study presents a genetic algorithm-based method fur optimizing control parameters in the pressure control of electro-hydraulic pump with variable displacement. Genetic algorithms are general-purpose optimization methods based on natural evolution and genetics and search the optimal control parameters maximizing a measure that evaluates the performance of a system. Four control gains of the PI-PD cascade controller for an electro-hydraulic pressure control system are optimized using a genetic algorithm in the experiment. Optimized gains are confirmed by inspecting the fitness distribution which represents system performance in gain spaces. It is shown that genetic algorithm is an efficient scheme in optimizing control parameters of the pressure control of electro-hydraulic pump with variable displacement.
Internet Teleopeation of an Embedded System using Streaming Buffer System
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 56~62
Recently, necessity and usage of the teleoperation have been increased in various fields from industrial automation to home application. Also, the internet is considered as a strong candidate far the transmission media of signals. However, it has an irregular transmission time delay and causes critical problems such as instability and poor performance. This paper presents a practical internet teleoperation system with a streaming buffer system which makes a variable time delay fixed. Validity of the proposed system is demonstrated by implementing the embedded system on a HILS(hardware in the loop system) which models a two-wheel mobile robot.
Presentation of the Efficient Leakage Detection by the Measurement of Indirect Media-Propagated AE Signal
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 63~68
The high pressure vessels that are constructed by welding process have many welding lines and most of the leakage defects are occurred on these welding lines. The acoustic emission(AE) technique has adopted to detect the defect location and leakage on welding parts, but the AE signal in leakage are incomplete due to the attenuation, reiteration, instability and limit of defect size. To overcome these troubles, the experiments in this study are conducted to measure the indirect media-propagated AE signal perpendicular to the leakage hole. The AE signals that are acquired from the direct and indirect media are analyzed, and the reliability of the indirect media-propagated AE signal are examined experimentally. By AE signal investigation, this method can be adopted to detect efficiently the leakage in welding parts.
Study on the Design Constraints of the Wall-Climbing Mobile Robot Using Permanent Magnetic Wheels (Part 1 - Design Guideline)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 69~76
Most tasks of the large vertical or ceiling structures have been carried out by human power. Those tasks require us much operation costs and times, safety devices, etc. So the need of automation for those tasks have been rising. That automation needs a wall-climbing mobile vehicle. Most former researches are things about attachment devices and moving mechanisms. A wall-climbing mobile vehicle must be designed by a method different from the case of the vehicle of the horizontal environment. That is because gravity acts as a negative role on the stability of a wall-climbing vehicle. In this thesis, the particular shape characteristics of a wall-climbing mobile vehicle are derived by the wall-environment modeling. In addition, some design constraints of the permanent magnetic wheel as an attachment device was studied. According to those requirements and constraints, one specific wall-climbing mobile vehicle was designed and some experiments were made on the attachment ability of that vehicle.
Study on the Design Constraints of the Wall-Climbing Mobile Robot Using Permanent Magnetic Wheels (Part 2- Design of Mobile Vehicle)
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 77~84
The attachment of mobile vehicle is necessary for the automated operation on the inclined or vertical walls of steel structures. Since the vehicle requires attaching devices additionally, its overall efficiency can be reduced by the devices. Therefore, external shapes of mobile vehicles have to be researched to give the effective movement on the vertical face. For the design of mobile vehicle, the guideline has been derived from the modeling of wall-climbing, so that the vehicle should have a specific external shape for vertical movement due to the gravitational force. Hence, some adequate arrangement of attaching device to the mobile vehicle has been presented for the effective movement. In the experiments with four permanent magnetic wheels, a plausible result was achieved as a vertical attaching force of 185.2(N), a friction force of 153.8(N) and a curvature radius of 1.4m. The mobile vehicle should be modified according to the proposed design guideline, and then it could be applied to a specific operation as an appropriate external shape. Also, Further research is recommended on an optimal posture and a moving method in a specific application, as the attaching force of the vehicle can be affected by its posture.
A Methodology on Estimating the Product Life Cycle Cost using Artificial Neural Networks in the Conceptual Design Phase
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 85~94
As over 70% of the total life cycle cost (LCC) of a product is committed at the early design stage, designers are in an important position to substantially reduce the LCC of the products they design by giving due to life cycle implications of their design decisions. During early design stages, there may be competing concepts with dramatic differences. In addition, the detailed information is scarce and decisions must be made quickly. Thus, both the overhead in developing parametric LCC models fur a wide range of concepts, and the lack of detailed information make the application of traditional LCC models impractical. A different approach is needed, because a traditional LCC method is to be incorporated in the very early design stages. This paper explores an approximate method for providing the preliminary LCC, Learning algorithms trained to use the known characteristics of existing products might allow the LCC of new products to be approximated quickly during the conceptual design phase without the overhead of defining new LCC models. Artificial neural networks are trained to generalize product attributes and LCC data from pre-existing LCC studies. Then the product designers query the trained artificial model with new high-level product attribute data to quickly obtain an LCC for a new product concept. Foundations fur the learning LCC approach are established, and then an application is provided.
Manufacture of Doubly Curved Sheet Metals Using the Incremental Roll Forming Process and Prediction of Formed Shapes for Precision Forming
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 95~102
A flexible incremental roll forming process has been developed by adopting the advantages of the incremental forming process and the roll forming process: i.e., inherent flexibility of the incremental forming process and continuous bending deformation of the roll forming process. It has an adjustable roll set as a forming tool composed of one upper center roll and two pairs of lower support rolls, which plays a key role during forming process. Through the experiments based on the various combinations of process parameters, it is shown that the incremental roll forming process is so effective as to manufacture various doubly curved sheet metals including concave-convex combination shapes in which there exists a line of inflection. The proposed relationship of the experimental parameters and the radius of curvature of the formed sheet boundary is found to be useful in prediction and control of the final shape.
A Study on the Reduction in Pressure Ripples for a Bent-Axis Piston Pump by a Phase Interference
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 103~110
Pressure ripples yield noise and vibration in hydraulic pipelines, which are inevitably generated by a fluctuation of flow rate in the pump mechanism, and such noise and vibration deteriorate the stability and accuracy of hydraulic systems. To reduce the pressure ripples, accumulator and hydraulic attenuator are normally used. In this study, parallel pipeline with a bent-axis piston pump is introduced to a hydraulic pipe system as a method for reducing the pressure ripples and using the transfer matrix method, the dynamic characteristics of the pipe system are analysed and compared with experimental results. The results show that the phase interference using parallel pipeline with a bent-axis piston pump is effective to reduce the pressure ripples in the hydraulic pipelines.
Development and Characterization of Active Alignment System of Optical Fiber and Film filter for Micro Optical Communication Module
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 111~118
The automatic assembly system of micro optical filter is a key technology in the development of optical modules with high functionality. In order to develop an automatic assembly system of optical fiber and filter, we have firstly developed the system and program capable of characterization of 30
-thick film filters as well as conventional optical filters. Moreover, we have carried out the characterization of optical filter using the developed system and program, and compared experimental results with by conventional handwork. The measurement of optical filters using the present system is faster, more precise and more reliable than those based on the conventional handwork.
Study on the Wedge Angle of Wedge Type Rail Clamp for Container Crane
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 119~126
In this paper, we design a wedge type rail clamp which can protect container crane from a sudden strong blast with constant clamping force regardless of the operating period. When we design wedge type rail clamp, it is important to determine the angle of wedge and analyze a contact condition of roller and wedge so that we might develop a wedge type rail clamp for parking devices of port cargo working system with variable capacity. Therefore, this paper suggests a process to decide wedge angles within feasible range which could be obtained using load analysis and FEA of wedge type rail clamp
Multi-objective Optimization of Butterfly Valve using the Coupled-Field Analysis and the Statistical Method
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 127~134
It is difficult to have the existing structural optimization using coupled field analysis from CFD to structure analysis when the structure is influenced of fluid. Therefore in an initial model of this study after doing parameter design from the background of shape using topology optimization. and it is making a approximation formula using by the CFD-structure coupled-field analysis and design of experiment. By using this result, we conducted multi-objective optimization. We could confirm efficiency of stochastic method applicable in the scene of structure reliability design to be needed multi-objective optimization. And we presented a way of design that could overcome the time and space restriction in structural design such as the butterfly valve with the less experiment.
Development of Integrated CAE System for Mechanical Shock Proof Design of TFT-LCD Modules
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 135~141
Anti-shock performance is one of the most important design specifications of TFT-LCD modules. Since they are adopted fur major display units of many mobile applications such as lap-top PCs, cellular phones, and palm pilots, they are able to accommodate and endure high level transient mechanical energy inputs. For the reasons, not only the LCD unit manufacturers but their customers like PC makers perform a series of strict impact/drop test on the units. Currently, designers are mostly relying on their own trial-error based experience for the anti-shock design. Thus those designs depending on only experience may result in disqualification from the drop/impact test during final product evaluation. Those shock failures of any new designs are prohibitive for both LCD and PC manufacturers. In order to avoid this problem, many designers are focusing on the development of computer-aided design tools that is directly connected to shock simulation capabilities and then shock-proof design cycle time could be significantly reduced. Development of an integrated CAE system for the shock-proof design is presented in this article. At every stages of the development of present work, practical industrial applicability and mass production feasibility are seriously considered and tested so that the system is to be used in the LCD design engineering field.
A Study on Hardness and Effective Strain of Cold-Worken Products
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 142~148
It is already known that hardness number of cold-forged product is in close conjunction with its effective strain. This paper presents the method to predict the relation between effective strains and hardness by using FE-simulation of hardness test from the conception that hardness indicates resistance to plastic deformation. The results of FE-simulation for the materials are compared with those of experiments and also compared with those of experiments in reference to show the feasibility of the proposed method. In addition, the present method was applied to the cold-forged product to verify the relation between hardness and effective strain. As a result, the predicted hardness number by the present method is in good agreement with experimental values. Prediction of hardness fur a cold-forged product comes to be possible by estimating the relation between effective strain and hardness using the proposed method in this study.
Adaptive Weighted Sum Method for Bi-objective Optimization
;Olivier de Weck;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 149~157
This paper presents a new method for hi-objective optimization. Ordinary weighted sum method is easy to implement, but it has two significant drawbacks: (1) the solution distribution by the weighted sum method is not uniform, and (2) the method cannot determine any solutions that reside in non-convex regions of a Pareto front. The proposed adaptive weighted sum method does not solve a multiobjective optimization in a predetermined way, but it focuses on the regions that need more refinement by imposing additional inequality constraints. It is demonstrated that the adaptive weighted sum method produces uniformly distributed solutions and finds solutions on non-convex regions. Two numerical examples and a simple structural problem are presented to verify the performance of the proposed method.
A Study about Way to Decide on Residual Unbalance of Rotor-Bearing system
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 158~166
A new method to measure residual unbalance of rotor - bearing system was proposed. The method which determine residual unbalance based on polar plot and an analytical method which calculates the residual unbalance of the rotor from the vibration response of the Jeffcott rotor are proposed in this study with respect to a real rotor system of which the residual unbalance is unknown. The unbalance eccentricity of the produced experimental model is 3.78 mil, developing the measurement method of the residual unbalance more convenient than the proposed method of ISO and API standard. The proposed method was experimentally compared with the ISO standard, and the two methods were exactly correspondent to each other within an error of 1%.
Improvement of the Laser Interferometer Error in the Positioning Accuracy Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 167~173
The heterodyne He-Ne laser interferometer is the most widely used sensing unit to measure the position error. It measures the positioning error from the displacement of a moving reflector in terms of the wave length. But, the wave length is affected by the variation of atmospheric temperature. Temperature variation of 1
results in the measuring error of 1ppm. In this paper, for measuring more accurately the position error of the ultra precision stage, the refractive index compensation method is introduced. The wave length of the laser interferometer is compensated using the simultaneously measured room temperature variations in the method. In order to investigate the limit of compensation, the stationary test against two fixed reflectors mounted on the zerodur
plate is performed firstly. From the experiment, it is confirmed that the measuring error of the laser interferometer can be improved from 0.34
by the application of the method. Secondly, for the verification of the compensating effect, it is applied to estimate the positioning accuracy of an ultra precision aerostatic stage. Two times of the refractive index compensation are performed to acquire the positioning error of the stage from the initially measured data, that is, to the initially measured positioning error and to the measured positioning error profile after the NC compensation. Although the positioning error of an aerostatic stage cannot be clarified perfectly, it is known that by the compensation method, the measuring error by the laser interferometer can be improved to within 0.1
A Study on the Topology Optimization of the fixed Address Type ATC frame Using a Real Number Coding Genetic Algorithm
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 174~181
Recently, many studies have been undergoing to reduce working time in field of machine tool. There are two ways of reducing working time to reduce actual working time by heighten spindle speed and to reduce stand-by time by shortening tool exchange time. Auto tool changer belongs to latter case. Fixed address type auto tool changer can store more number of tools in small space than magazine transfer Ope and can shorten tool exchange time. This study focuses on the topology optimization to reduce the weight of the fixed address type ATC. The optimization program using a real number coding genetic algorithm is developed and is applied to the 10-bar truss optimization problem to verify the developed program. And, it is shown that the developed program gives better results than other methods. Finally, The developed program applied to optimize the fixed address type ATC.
Development of an Assembly-free Process for Micro-stereolithography Technology
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 182~187
As it is difficult to construct a micro-fluidic system composed of micro-mixers, micro-channels and/or micro-chambers in a single process, an assembly process is typically used. The assembling and bonding of micro-parts, however, introduces other problems. In this work, a virtual assembly process was developed that can be used to design various micro-systems before actual fabrication commences. In the process, the information required for the micro-stereolithography process is generated automatically. Consequently, complex micro-fluidic systems can be fabricated in a single process, thereby avoiding the need fur additional assembly or bonding processes. Using the developed process, several examples were fabricated.
Simulation of Three Dimensional Motion of the Knee Joint in Total Knee Arthroplasty
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 188~195
Severe osteoarthrosis of the knee joint often requires total knee arthroplasty(TKA) to yield adequate knee function. The knee joint with TKA is expected ideally to restore the characteristics, however, this is not necessarily 1.ue in the clinical cases. In this study the motion of the intact joint and the joint after. TKA were investigated numerically using computer simulation. For active knee extension from 90 degrees of flexion to full extension, the intact knee joint exhibited anterior tibial translation near the full extension and it showed only rotation at other flexion angles. Physiologic external rotation of the tibia near full extension known as screw home movement was also noted in the analytical model. The analysis of the tibial insert of three different shapes (flat, semicurved, and curved types) demonstrated characteristic rotational and sliding motion as well as different contact forces.
A Study on Improving the Surface Roughness of Stereolithography Parts
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 21, issue 9, 2004, Pages 196~203
SL(Stereolithography) part is made by piling up thin layers which causes the stair stepping effect at the surface of SL parts. The effect brings about excessive surface roughness and cuts down the merits of using SL part. Hence, additional post-machining finishing such as traditional grinding is required. But the traditional post-machining is detrimental to part geometry and time consuming. In this study, therefore, a paraffin coating and grinding post-machining is newly proposed to improve the surface quality of SL fart. The paraffin which has suitable properties for the proposed post-machining is coated all over the part surface. By grinding the only over-coated paraffin based on boundary of the SL part surface, the surface roughness can be improved without any damage on the part. Also, it is verified that SL part finished by the proposed post-machining process can be applied for rapid tooling as pattern through manufacturing silicon rubber molding and casting test.