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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2005
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2005
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Ultra Precision Machine Tools for Machining the Large Surface Micro Feature
Park, Chun-Hong ; Song, Chang-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 7~15
Manufacturing Technology of Mold with Micro Pattern on Large Surface
Choi Doo Sun ; Je Tae Jin ; Yoo Yeong Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 16~20
Measurement and Test System for Large-scale Object
Kim Seung-Woo ; Ghim Young-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 21~27
Optimal Design of Tooth Profile for High-Efficiency Gerotor Oil Pump
Kim Jae Hun ; Park Joon Hong ; Jung Sung Yuen ; Son Jin Hyuk ; Kim Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 28~36
A gerotor pump is suitable for oil hydraulics of machine tools, automotive engines, compressors, constructions and other various applications, which are highly accepted by designers. Especially the pump is an essential machine element of an automotive engine to feed lubricant oil. However, related industries do not have necessary technology to design and optimize the pump and paid royalties of rotor profile on an advanced country. Also, gerotor pumps with unsettled design parameters have not been sufficiently analyzed from a theoretical view of design. Therefore, it is still very difficult for the pump designer and manufacturer to decide the specifications for the required gerotor pump by users. In this study, the design optimization has been carried out to determine the design parameters that maximize the specific flow rate and minimize the flow rate irregularity. Theoretical analyses and optimal design of the gerotor oil pump have been performed by mathematical base, numerical method and knowledge of kinematics. An automated design system of the tooth profile has been developed through Auto LISP language and CAD method considering various design parameters. Finally, an optimally designed model for a general type of a gerotor pump has been generated and experimentally verified for the pump performances.
Micro-groove Fabrication by Wire Electrochemical Machining with Ultra Short Pulses
Na Chan Wook ; Park Byung Jin ; Kim Bo Hyun ; Choi Deok Ki ; Chu Chong Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 37~44
In this paper, wire electrochemical machining (Wire ECM) with ultra short pulses is presented. Platinum wire with
diameter was used as a tool and 304 stainless steel was locally dissolved by electrochemical machining in 0.1M
electrolyte. Wire ECM can be easily applied to the fabrication of arbitrarily shaped micro-grooves without tool wear. The change of machining gap according to applied pulse voltage, pulse on-time and pulse period was investigated and the optimal pulse condition for stable machining was obtained. Using this method, various micro-grooves with less than
width were fabricated.
NURBS Interpolator with Recursive Method
Baek Dae Kyun ; Ko Tae Jo ; Lee Jeh Won ; Kim Hee Sool ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 45~54
The purpose of this research is to find a simple and accurate NURBS interpolator for CNC systems such as robot, CMM and CNC machine tools. This paper presents a new design of NURBS interpolator for CNC system. The proposed algorithm used the recursive characteristics of NURBS equation, the previous incremental value and chord length for the sake of a constant chord length. Simulation study was conducted to see the performance of the proposed interpolator with reference-word and reference-pulse method. Consequently, an accurate and simple NURBS interpolator was possible for modem CNC systems.
Estimation Method of the Best-Approximated Form Factor Using the Profile Measurement of the Aspherical Ophthalmic Lens
Lee Hocheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 55~62
This paper presents mainly a procedure to get the mathematical form of the manufactured aspherical lens. Generally Schulz formula describes the aspherical lens profile. Therefore, the base curvature, conic constant. and high-order polynomial coefficient should be set to get the approximated design equation. To find the best-approximated aspherical form, lens profile is measured by a commercial stylus profiler, which has a sub-micrometer measurement resolution. The optimization tool is based on the minimization of the root mean square of error sum to get the estimated aspherical surface equation from the scanned aspherical profile. Error minimization step uses the Nelder-Mead simplex (direct search) method. The result of the lens refractive power measurement shows the experimental consistency with the curvature distribution of the best-approximated aspherical surface equation
Self-calibration Algorithm of Systematic Errors For Interferometer
Ikumatsu Fujimoto ; Lee Taeyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 63~71
When an almost flat surface under test is measured by an interferometer, the measurement result is largely influenced by systematic errors that include geometrical errors of a reference flat surface. To determine the systematic errors of the interferometer by the conventional method that is called the three flat method, we must take the reference flat surface out from the interferometer and measure it. Because of difficulties to set the reference flat surface to the interferometer exactly and quickly, this method is not practical. On the other hand, the method that measures a surface under test with some shifts in the direction being perpendicular to the optical axis of the interferometer is studied. However, the parasitic pitching, rolling and up-down movement caused by the above shifts brings serious error to the measurement result, and the algorithm by which the influences can be eliminated is not still established. In this paper, we propose the self-calibration algorithm for determining the systematic errors that include geometrical errors of a reference flat surface by several rotation shifts and a linear shift of general surface under test, and verify by a numerical experiment that this algorithm is useful for determining the systematic errors.
Noise Analysis of Geared Motor using Cepstrum and Comb Lifter
Lee Min Hwan ; Kang Dong Bae ; Kim Hwa Young ; Ahn Jung Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 72~79
Gearing system emits inconsistent noise from gear teeth impact in case of gear defects. But, it is not easy for inspection operator in production line to distinguish objectively the defective product. Therefore, customer complains continuously bad noise of the geared motor. Because impulsive signal at low frequency has a tendency not to appear in frequency domain, it is difficult to separate the gear inconsistent noise of defective gear from overall geared motor's noise using general signal processing method such as FFT. In this paper, the method to estimate more objectively the inconsistent noise of gearing system and to measure the quantities is suggested. Suggested method uses Cepstrum, Autocorrelation, Comb Lifter and Inverse Cepstrum by turns to make objective quantities about noise level.
A Study on the Evaluation of the Optical Head of a Near-field Optical Recording System and Interference Pattern Analysis
Yoon Hyoung Kil ; Gweon Dae Gab ; Lee Jun Hee ; Jung Jae Hwa ; Oh Hyung Ryeol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 80~86
Optical performance evaluation results and an interference fringe pattern analysis of alignment errors for an optical head of a near-field receding (NFR) system are presented. The focusing unit is an optical head of a NFR system and is composed of a solid immersion lens (SIL) and an objective lens (OL). Generally, the size of the focusing unit is smaller than that of the conventional optical recording head. Hence there are difficulties to assemble the small focusing unit precisely. We composed an evaluation system with an interferometer and evaluated some focusing unit samples aligned and assembled by manual and present the obtained results. Using the conventional optical tool, Code V, a tolerance analysis of the alignment error between the SIL and the objective lens and an interference pattern analysis for the assembly error are executed. Then, through an analysis of the simulation results, the conceptual auto-alignment methodology using a neural network approach is considered.
Development of a Robot Design Program
Seo Jong Hwi ; Kim Chang Su ; Jung Il Ho ; Park Tae Won ; Kim Hyk ; Choi Jae Rak ; Byun Kyng Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 87~94
This paper presents the development of a virtual robot design program. Robot design requires numerical software, robot solution software and multi-body dynamics software to complete several designs. However using a commercialized software implies some disadvantages, such as the waste of time and money it costs to learn how to use the software. We developed a virtual robot design program with which a user can design a robot with rapidity and reliability. The virtual robot design program is composed of robot kinematics module and robot dynamics module. The program is powerful software which may be used to solve various problems of a robot. The 3D animator and a 2D/3D graph of the program can analyze the design results into visual data. The virtual robot design program is expected to increase the competitiveness and efficiency of the robot industry.
Motion Planning for a Mobile Manipulator using Directional Manipulability
Shin Dong Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 95~102
The coordination of locomotion and manipulation has been the typical and main issue for a mobile manipulator. This is particularly because the solution for the control parameters is redundant and the accuracies of controlling the each joints are different. This paper presents a motion planning method for which the mobile base locomotion is less precise than the manipulator control. In such a case, it is appropriate to move the mobile base to discrete poses and then to move the manipulator to track a prescribed path of the end effector, while the base is stationary. It uses a variant of the conventional manipulability measure that is developed for the trajectory control of the end effector of the mobile manipulator along an arbitrary path in the three dimensional space. The proposed method was implemented on the simulation and the experiments of a mobile manipulator and showed its effectiveness.
Ultra high precision Dual stage system Using Air bearing and VCM for Nano level Scanning
Kim Ki-Hyun ; Gweon Dae-Gab ; Choi Young-Man ; Kim Dong-Min ; Nam Byoung-Uk ; Lee Suk-Won ; Lee Moon-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 103~112
This paper presents one-axis high precision scanning system and illustrates the design of modified
stage as a tracker using VCM and commercialized air bearings for it. The scanning system for 100nm resolution is composed of the 3-axis stage and one axis long stroke linear motor stage as a follower. In this study a previous proposed and presented structure of VCM for the fine stage is modified. The tracker has 3 DOF(
motions by four VCM actuators which are located on the same plane. So 4 actuating forces are suggested and designed to create least pitch and roll motions. This article will show about the design especially about optimal design. The design focus of this fine stage is to have high acceleration to accomplish high throughput. The optimal design of maximizing acceleration is performed in restrained size. The most sensitive constraint of this optimal design is heat dissipation of coil. There are 5 design variables. Because the relationship between design variables and system parameters are quite complicated, it is very difficult to set design variables manually. Due to it, computer based optimal design procedure using MATLAB is used. Then, this paper also describes the procedures of selecting design variables for the optimal design and a mathematical formulation of the optimization problem. Based on the solution of the optimization problem, the final design of the stage is also presented. The results can be verified by MAXWELL. The designed stage has the acceleration of about 5
with 40kg total mass including wafer chuck and interferometer mirror. And the temperature of coil is increased
. In addition, the tracker is controlled by high precision controller system with HP interferometer for it and linear scaler for the follower. At that time, the scanning system has high precision resolution about 5nm and scanning resolution about 40nm in 25mm/s constant speed
Implementation of Digital Laser Welding Cell for Car Side Panel Assembly
Park Hong Seok ; Choi Hung Won ; Kang Mu Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 113~120
Because of the turbulent markets and the increasing demand on product quality, the application of new technology to practice is increasingly important. In case of automotive industries, they take interest in laser welding to solve these problems because laser welding has many advantages such as good accessibility, welding quality, fast welding speed and so on. To apply this technology to welding of car body, the data of laser welding are collected through lots of the experiment according to the material, geometry and layer number of welding points. Based on the experiment results and the information of product, i.e. the car side panel, the clustering of stitches for laser welding was carried out and the optimal equipments are selected through the comparison between the requirements of welding and the potential of equipments. Using these results, laser welding cell for the car side panel are configured with the concept of the digital manufacturing, which ensures maximum planning security with visualization and simulation. Finally, the optimal laser welding cell is chosen by the evaluation of alternative cells with assessment criteria.
Analysis of Flexure Hinge Neck Thickness of a Lever in Ultra Precision Stages of a Long Travel Range
Hwang Eunjoo ; Min Kyungsuk ; Song Sinhyung ; Choi Woo Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 121~129
Lever mechanisms are usually employed to enlarge output displacements in precision stages. In this study, theoretical analysis is done for a precision stage employing a lever and flexure hinges, including bending effect. This study presented relations between design parameters and magnification ratio. This study presents optimal values for the parameters to achieve a longer stage displacement. The analysis is verified by finite element analysis. It is found that adjusting stiffnesses can increase the travel range significantly.
The study of a Vehicle Dynamic Simulation Including Powertrain About the Coordinate System Connectivity
Jung Il Ho ; Yang Hong Ik ; Yoon Ji Won ; Park Tae Won ; Han Hyung Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 130~137
Recently, the importance of CAE research is growing with the advances of the automotive and computer industry. In addition, multi-body dynamics and powertrain analysis are the most important factors in improving the vehicle design. Since engine torque with curve-data was used for analyzing full car simulation in the multi-body dynamics system for many years, it is impossible to assess the concurrent analysis of the engine and powertrain element included in a real full car system. In powertrain, since vehicle are usually modeled as a simple mass and a inertia, they can not be seen as real cars. Moreover, it is hard to obtain additional dynamics data other than the longitudinal velocity value in movement. Because of the reason that was previously discussed, it is necessary to consolidate the two parts as one routine program for design and development through the coordinate system connectivity, and presented here is a program named O-DYN. Using an object-oriented language C++, this program has a good structure with the valuable characteristics of objectivity, inheritance, and reusability. The reliability of this multi-body dynamics program is examined by DADS, which is the general dynamics program, using DAE solver and PECE integral function with the common coordinator separation method. As a result, we can obtain a better solution and total dynamics data in either area through this process. This program will be useful for analyzing full car simulation with powertrain.
The effect of exhaust system components on combustion characteristics of SI engine
Park Kyoungsuk ; Park Sejong ; Choi Seokryeol ; Son Sungman ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 138~143
Recently, automobile manufacturers regarding stability, economic environmental-friendly problems by the development of automobile, environmental problem as designing the exhaust system. Increasingly strict environmental regulations to lower fuel consumption and reduce emission. Also to reduce the noise and the vibration of the automobile. According to develop variable type muffler, dual muffler and active intelligence exhaust system unit. Improvement in engine performance and fuel consumption rate demand information of pressure fraction and heat characteristics. To be able to determine these factor for we experiment on each case of exhaust system unit. In this study, how back pressure is distributed in flow-through in exhaust system and how to design exhaust system flexibleness, efficiency and combustion charateristics influenced by back pressure. This study furnish basic data for engineers, technicians.
A Study on Manufacturing of Precision Injection Mold Using Neural Network
Lee Sang Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 144~151
To predict the shrinkage of molded parts using numerical simulations, the mathematical model should be simplified to overcome the difficulties of formulation due to non-linearity of problems. So it is hard to predict the shrinkage exactly because of the simplification. In the present work, the neural network is used to predict the shrinkage which can implement nonlinear models very well. Comparison between the results of neural network and that of the commercial analysis software, ABAQUS, shows that the result of the neural network is in better agreement with that of the experiments.
Basic Study in Fabrication and Mechanical Characteristics of Ultra Light Inner Structured and Bonded(ISB) Panel Containing Perpendicularly Woven Metal
Jung Chang Gyun ; Yoon Seok-Joon ; Yang Dong-Yol ; Lee Sang Min ; Na Suck-Joo ; Lee Sang-hoon ; Ahn Dong-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 152~158
Inner structured and bonded panel, or ISB Panel, as a kind of sandwich type panel, has metallic inner structures which have low relative density, due to their dimensional shape of metal between a pair of metal skin sheets or face sheets. Previous works showed that ISB panels containing inner structures formed as repeated pyramidal shapes saved weight up to
in condition of same stiffness comparing with solid sheet. In this work, woven metal is adapted to inner structures replacing pyramidal structures. The test specimens of ISB panel containing woven metal made by multi-point electric resistance welding and 3-point bending test have been carried out. The results of experiments and comparisons of process parameters, stiffness and failure mode are discussed.
Basic Characteristics of a Self-Compensated Hydrostatic Journal Bearing
Park Chun Hong ; Lee Young Joon ; Hong Seong Wook ; Lee Husang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 159~166
A self-compensated water-hydrostatic bearing is well known to have advantages in stiffness. In this paper, its concept is extended to a hydrostatic journal bearing for achieving higher stiffness. The finite element method is applied to analyze the load characteristics of the self-compensated hydrostatic journal bearing. The analysis results reveal that the self-compensated journal bearing has higher load capacity and higher stiffness than conventional, fixed capillary journal bearings. and that this benefit degrades in the case of high eccentricity. Thus, a spindle system with self-compensated journal bearings must be designed to ensure a sufficiently large load capacity. A rectangular type capillary is also introduced with consideration of the practical application of the self-compensated hydrostatic journal bearing. Theoretical analysis results show that the rectangular type capillary is more beneficial than conventional annular type capillaries in practical use. The experimental verification on the analysis method is made to show that the experimental results are in good agreement with theoretical results.
A study on the Analysis and Evaluation of Cutting forces for High Speed Machining by a Ball-end mill
Lee Choon Man ; Ryu Seung Pyo ; Ko Tae Jo ; Jung Jong Yun ; Chung Won Jee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 167~174
High-speed machining is one of the most effective technologies to improve productivity Because of the high speed and high feed rate, high-speed machining can give great advantages for the machining of dies and molds. This paper describes on the analysis and evaluation of cutting force in high-speed machining. Cutter rotation directions, slope directions, spindle revolution and depth of cut are control factors for cutting force. The effect of the control factors on cutting force is investigated for the high speed machining of STD11.
Development of Micro Plasma Electrode using Focused Ion Beam
Choi Hon-Zong ; Kang Eun-Goo ; Lee Seok-Woo ; Hong Won-Pyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 175~180
The application of focused ion beam (FIB) technology in micro/nano machining has become increasingly popular. Its use in micro/nano machining has advantages over contemporary photolithography or other micro/nano machining technologies such as small feature resolution, the ability to process without masks and being accommodating for a variety of materials and geometries. In this research, fabrication of micro plasma electrode was carried out using FIB. The one of problems of FIB-sputtering is the redeposition of material including Ga+ ion source during sputtering process. Therefore the effect of the redeposition was verified by EDX. And the micro plasma electrode of copper was fabricated by FIB.
The Development of a Cuff for the Accuracy Enhancement of Sphygmomanometer
Kim Won Ki ; Shin Ki Young ; Mun Joung Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 181~188
The purpose of this study is to develop the new cuff improving the accuracy of blood pressure measurement, and to evaluate the performance of the developed system. We added a small bladder to the normal cuff which is called the double bladder system. The developed system for blood pressure measurement was based on the oscillometric method using a double bladder. This system was developed in order to reduce the oscillation noise and to amplify the signal of pure blood pressure An oscillometric signal database based on the developed system were evaluated following the standard ANSI/AAMI/SP10-1992. The correlation coefficients between cuff of double bladder and normal cuff were 0.98 for systolic and 0.94 for diastolic. Mean differences and the standard deviations between average blood pressure of mercury sphygmomanometer and automated sphygmomanometer were -0.7mmHg and 4.9mmHg for systolic, and -1.4mmHg and 5.4mmHg for diatolic, respectively. We conclude that the proposed double bladder based cuff system improves the accuracy of the oscillometric blood pressure measurement. The developed system reduces the error range about
for systolic and about
for diastolic compared to the recently developed commercially available sphygmomanometers.
Design of a Winch Lift for a Scooter to Get On and Off a Coach Van
Lee Dug-Young ; Youn Jae-Woong ; Lee Soo Cheol ; Lim Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 189~196
The numbers of the elder are rapidly growing who wants to enhance social activities, because Korea is already an aging society since 2000. The mobility and accessibility are the key issues to enhance them. The electric motor scooter and the power wheel chair are efficient movable means at a short range. It would be needed to get on and off them if the elder wants use them after arriving a long distant destination. But the electric scooter is too heavy for a man to get on and off a coach van. The motor winch lift is developed for the elder and the handicapped to get on and off a van easily. The lift consists of 3-linkage which can be installed in a trunk of a van with a small space. The clearance and stress of each component are checked by a computer simulation. The prototype was made. and the performances of safety and comfortableness were verified by operational ability test and durability test.
A Study on The Assessment Method of Gait Analysis for Ankle Assembly Using Ground Reaction Force
Kim Sung Min ; Kim Sung Jae ; Bae Ha Suk ; Choi Byoung Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 197~204
In this study, ground reaction force(GRF), absolute symmetry index(ASI) and coefficient of variation(CV) of fixed, single-axis and multi-axis prosthetic ankle assemblies were investigated to show the biomechanical evaluation for above knee amputees. In the experiments, 37 normal male volunteers, two male and two female AK amputees were tested with fixed, single-axis and multi-axis prosthetic ankle assembly. A gait analysis was carried out to derive the ratio of GRF to weight as the percentage of total stance phase for ten points. The results showed that fixed-axis ankle was superior to the other two ankle assemblies for the characteristic of forwarding and breaking forces. Multi-axis ankle was relatively superior to the other two ankle assemblies for gait balancing and movement of the center for mass. single-axis ankle was relatively superior to the other two ankle assemblies for CV and ASI of GRF.
Numerical Simulation for Pressing Process of Hot glass
Ji Suk Man ; Choi Joo Ho ; Kim Jun Bum ; Ha Duk Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 22, issue 5, 2005, Pages 205~213
This paper addresses a method for numerical simulation in the pressing process of hot glass. Updated Lagrangian finite element formulations are employed for the flow and energy equations to accommodate moving meshes. The model is assumed axi-symmetric and creep flow is assumed due to the high viscosity. Commercial software ANSYS is used to solve the coupled flow and energy equations. Moving contact points as well as free surface during the pressing are effectively calculated and updated by utilizing API functions of CAD software Unigraphics. The mesh distortion problem near the wall is overcome by automatic remeshing, and the temperatures of the new mesh are conveniently interpolated by using a unique function of ANSYS. The developed model is applied to the pressing process of TV glasses. In conclusion, the presented method shows that the pressing process accompanying moving boundary can be simulated by effectively combining general purpose software without resorting to special dedicated codes.