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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Advanced Laser Micromachining Technology
Lee Jae Hoon ; Sohn Hyonkee ; Kim Jae Gu ; Shin Dong Sig ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~22
Advanced laser micro-joining
Jeong Suh ; Lee Jae-Hoon ; Noh Jiwhan ; Shin Heewon ; Kim Doyoul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 23~31
Nanobio Technology Based on Femtosecond Laser Precision Processing
Jeoung, Sae-Chae ; Yahng, Ji-Sang ; Chon, Byong-Hyuk ; Lee, Heung-Soon ; Yee, Dae-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 32~40
Recent measurement techniques using the advanced lasers
Cho Sung-Hak ; Yoo Byung-Heon ; Chang Won-Seok ; Kim Jae-Gu ; Whang Kyung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 41~47
Numerical Analysis of Femtosecond Laser Material Processing
Kim, Dong-Sik ; Oh, Bu-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 48~55
The Study on Cutting Characteristic according to a Shape, Size and Array of Cutter for Paper Shredder
Lee, Wi-Ro ; Lee, Dong-Gyu ; Kim, Min-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 56~63
The aim of this study is to find the best cutting conditions as analyzing cutting process of paper shredder and shape of cutter. The test has been done variation of torque and cutting velocity according to load. When shape of cutter and distance between cutter and shaft are changed, The variation of cutting force according to cutting angle and load is geometrically analyzed. The result of geometrical analysis is presented that the radius and array of cutter is the method to improve torque of paper shredder. In this paper it is presented as basic method of design to improve cutting performance of paper shredder.
Tool Condition Monitoring using AE Signal in Micro Endmilling
Kang Ik Soo ; Jeong Yun Sik ; Kwon Dong Hee ; Kim Jeon Ha ; Kim Jeong Suk ; Ahn Jung Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 64~71
Ultraprecision machining and MEMS technology have been taken more and more important position in machining of microparts. Micro endmilling is one of the prominent technology that has wide spectrum of application field ranging from macro parts to micro products. Also, the method of micro-grooving using micro endmill is used widely owing to many merit, but has problems of precision and quality of products due to tool wear and tool fracture. This investigation deals with state monitoring using acoustic emission(AE) signal in the micro-grooving. Characteristic evaluation of AE raw signal, AE hit and frequency analysis for condition monitoring is presented. Also, the feature extraction of AE signal directly related to machining process is executed. Then, the distinctive micro endmill state according to the each tool condition is classified by the fuzzy C-means algorithm.
The Prediction of Etching Characteristics Using Monte-Carlo Simulation in Etching Process of Lead-Frame
Jeong Heung-Cheol ; Choi Gyung-Min ; Kim Duck-Jool ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 72~79
The objective of this work is to simulate the etching characteristics for the optimization on the etching process of Lead-Frame. The etching characteristics such as etching factor, etching uniformity were investigated under different the actual operating conditions. The correlation between the etching characteristics and the spray ones were analyzed to simulate the etching characteristics in the etching process. To improve the etching characteristics in the etching process, effects of the various operating conditions such as pressure, distance from nozzle tip, pipe pitch, and feed speed should be understood in detail. The spray characteristics obtained by experiment using PDA system were simulated by the Monte-Carlo simulation. The etching process model was coded by Java language. It was found that the spray characteristics were correlated with the etching ones and simulation results generally agreed well with the measured results of etching characteristics in the etching process of Lead-Frame. The optimal operating parameters were successfully found under variable conditions.
Tool-Wear Characteristics of the Ceramic, CBN and Diamond Tools in Turning of the Presintered Low Purity Alumina
Lee Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 80~88
In this study, unsintered and presintered low purity alumina ceramics were machined with various tools to clarify the machinability and the optimum cutting conditions. The main conclusions obtained were as fellows. Machined with ceramic tool, the ceramics presintered at the temperature range of
showed the best machinability due to the adhesion formed in weared surface within a certain cutting speed range. In the above combination and conditions, the ceramic tool showed the highest productivity through all experiments. The life of CBN tool was longer in machining of the ceramics presintered at
than in the case of that presintered at
, but the diamond tool showed adverse tendency. In machining of the ceramics presintered at
, the ceramic tool exhibits the longest tool life in high speed, the tool lives became extremely worse in the order of CBN tool and diamond tool. However, in the case of the ceramics presintered at
, the diamond tool shows the longest tool life, the tool lives was much worse in the order of CBN tool and ceramic tool.
fabrication of the Large Area Silicon Mirror for Slim Optical Pickup Using Micromachining Technology
Park Sung-Jun ; Lee Sung-Jun ; Choi Seog-Moon ; Lee Sang-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 89~96
In this study, fabrication of the large area silicon mirror is accomplished by anisotropic wet etching using micromachining technology for implementation of integrated slim optical pickup and the process condition is also established for improving the mirror surface roughness. Until now, few results have been reported about the production of highly stepped
off-axis-cut silicon wafers using wet etching. In addition rough surface of the mirror is achieved in case of tong etching time. Hence a novel method called magnetorheolocal finishing is applied to enhance the surface quality of the mirror plane. Finally, areal peak to valley surface roughness of mirror plane is reduced about 100nm in large area of
and it is applicable to optical pickup using infrared wavelength.
Study on nano-level mirror surface finishing on mold core to glass lens molding
Kwak, Tae-Soo ; Kim, Cyung-Nyun ; Lee, Yong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 97~104
ELID(Electrolytic In-process Dressing) grinding is an excellent technique for mirror grinding of various advanced metallic or nonmetallic materials. A polishing process is also required for elimination of scratches present on ELID grinded surfaces. MAP(Magnetic Assisted Polishing) has been used as polishing method due to its high polishing efficiency and to its resulting in a superior surface quality. This study is describing an effective fabrication method combining ELID and MAP of nano-precision mirror grinding for glass-lens molding mould. It also presents some techniques for achieving the nanometer roughness of the hard metals, such as WC-Co, which are extensively used in precision tooling material.
The Nonlinear Analysis and Modeling of the ER Fluid Damper Using Higher Order Spectrum
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Joung, Tae-Whee ; Joh, Joongseon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 105~112
The nonlinear damping force model is made to identify the properties of the ER (electro-rheological) fluid suspension damper. The instrumentation is carried out to measure the damping force of the ER damper. The higher order spectral analysis method is used to investigate the nonlinear frequency coupling phenomena with the damping force signal according to the sinusoidal excitation of the damper. The distinctive higher order nonlinear characteristics are observed. The nonlinear damping force model, which has the higher order velocity terms, is proposed with the result of higher order spectrum analysis. The higher order terms coefficients, which vary according to the strength of the electric field, are calculated using the least square method.
A Study on the Control Method for the Tool Path of Aspherical Surface Grinding and Polishing
Kim, Hyung-Tae ; Yang, Hae-Jeong ; Kim, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 113~120
This paper proposed the control algorithm fur aspheric surface grinding and was verified by the experiment. The functions of the algorithm were simultaneous control of the position and interpolation of the aspheric curve. The non-linear formula of the tool position was derived from the aspheric equations and the shape of the tool. The function was partitioned by an certain interval and the control parameters were calculated at each control section. The movement in a session was interpolated with acceleration and velocity. The position error was feed-backed by rotary encorder. The concept of feedback algorithm was correcting position error by increasing or decreasing the speed. In the experiment, two-axis machine was controlled to track the aspheric surface by the proposed algorithm. The effect of the control and process parameters was monitored. The result showed that the maximum tracking error was under sub-micro level for the concave and convex surfaces.
Application of Perturbation Estimation using Fractional-Order Hold Technique to Sliding Mode Control
Nam Yun Joo ; Lee Yuk-Hyung ; Park Myeong-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 121~128
This paper deals with the application of enhanced perturbation estimation (SMCEPE) to sliding mode control of a dynamic system in the presence of perturbations including external disturbances, unpredictable parameter variations, and unstructured dynamics. Compared to conventional sliding mode control (SMC) and sliding mode control with perturbation estimation (SMCPE), the proposed one can offer robust control performances under serious control conditions, such as fast dynamic perturbations and slow loop-closure speeds, without a priori knowledge on upper bounds of perturbations. The perturbation estimator in SHCEPE also has more adaptability owing to the fractional-order hold technique. The effectiveness and superiority of the proposed control strategy are demonstrated by a series of simulations on the position tracking control of a two-link robot manipulator.
A Two-Axis Ultra-precision Stage Using Flexure-type Parallel Linear Guide Mechanism
Choi Kee-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 129~135
In this study, a two-axis ultra-precision stage driven by piezoelectric elements is presented. The stage has a flexure-type parallel linear guide mechanism consisting of quad-symmetric simple parallel linear springs and quad-symmetric double compound linear springs. While the simple parallel linear springs guide the linear motion of a moving plate in the stage, the double compound linear springs follow the motion of the simple parallel linear spring as well as compensate the parasitic motions caused by the simple parallel linear springs. The linear springs are designed by rectangular beam type flexures that are deformed by bending deflection rather than axial extension, because the axial extension is smaller than the bending deflection at the same force. The designed guide mechanism is analyzed by finite element method(FEM). Then two-axis parallel linear stage is implemented by the linear guide mechanism combined with piezoelectric elements and capacitance type displacement sensors. It is shown that the manufactured ultra-precision stage achieves 3 nm of resolution in x- and y-axis within 30
of operating range.
A Study on Manufacture of Aluminum Automotive Piston by Thixoforging
Choi, Jung-Il ; Kim, Jae-Hun ; Park, Joon-Hong ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Choi, Jae-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 136~144
Aluminum engine piston is manufactured by thixoforging according to forming variables. It is very important to find effects of forming variables on final products in thixoferging. In order to find the effects, however, many researchers and industrial technicians have depended upon too many types of experiments. In this study, the process parameters which have influences on thixofurging process of aluminum automotive engine piston are found by a statistical method and the correlation equations between the process parameters and quality of product are approximated through the surface response analysis. Forming variables such as initial solid fraction, die temperature, and compression holding time are considered fur manufacturing aluminum engine piston by thixofurging. Hardness and microstructure are inspected so that optimal forming condition is found by the statistical approach.
A study on Contact force of Rubber Seal for wheel bearing
Choi No Jin ; Hur Young Min ; Lee Kwang O ; Kang Sung Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 145~151
Wheel bearing unit has been exclusively applied to car wheel supporting device. The seal for wheel bearing is required to have both high sealing effects and low reaction forces because wheel bearing are operated on adverse environmental conditions such as mud and splash water. High sealing effects are for the protection of bearing ball wear from dust influx. In order to ensure high sealing effects, it is a easiest way to increase contact force which are affected by geometric characteristics, material properties and interferences between seal and inner bearing but induces higher wear phenomena. Interferences in all variables are most important factor to determine the performance of wheel bearing. In this study, optimization of interference amount was performed with finite element analysis with commercial code ABAQUS. For the sake of finite element analysis, tensile tests of rubber material were conducted and governing equation of nonlinear behavior was achieved. Hock-up bearing was manufactured with optimized interference amount. Results of torque and mud spray tests using this bearing unit are performed. Less torque and moisture influx of bearing with optimized interference amount is evidence to validity of this study.
Finite Element Analysis of Sheet Metal Forming Process Using Shell Element
Jung Dong-Won ; Ko Hyung-Hoon ; Lee Chan-Ho ; You Ho-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 152~158
The AutoForm previously used the membrane element and it accomplished sheet metal forming analysis. The membrane analysis has been widely applied to various sheet metal forming processes because of its time effectiveness. However, it is well-known that the membrane analysis can not provide correct information for the processes which have considerable bending effects. In this research experimental results were compared with the analysis results obtained by using the shell element which is applied newly in the AutoForm commercial software. The shell element is a compromise element between continuum element and membrane element. The Finite element method by using shell element is the most efficient numerical method. From this research, it is known that FEA by using shell element can predict accurately the problems happened in actual experimental auto-body panel.
A Study on the Optimal Design for CLIP Rubber Product Made of EPDM Using Flow Analysis
Huh, Young-Min ; Lee, Kwang-O ; Kang, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 159~165
Many rubber products are used in industrial products such as various hoses, rubber belts and oil seals etc. Especially, more then 200 rubber parts are used in the automobile, but design technology of these is largely dependent on Held experiences. These methods brought about too much time and cost in the developing procedures. However, with the help of recent rapid development of non-liner computer analysis, we can develop new sound products at low cost. Therefore in this study, optimizations of design variables such as location and number of gate in order to develop CLIP rubber product made of EPDM were performed by CAE in which Cross-WLF equations are adopted. The validity of proposed variables is evaluated by comparison with real forming results.
Experimental Study on the Bogie Frame of Tilting Railway Vehicle for Assessment of Structural Safety
Kim, Jung-Seok ; Kim, Nam-Po ; Seo, Sung-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 166~173
This paper investigated strength of a bogie frame for Korean tilting train that is being developed in KRRI. In this study, static load tests based on Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) were performed. In order to simulate vertical and lateral components generated by tilting link mechanism, four hydraulic actuators were used. The eight load cases such as vertical, lateral, traction, braking and driving gear loads were applied for evaluation of the strength of bogie frame. The stresses measured at the stress concentration points were assessed using Goodman diagram. From the experimental results, structural safety of the bogie frame could be ensured.
A Study on Filling Holes of Large Polygon Model using Implicit Surface Scheme and Domain Decomposition Method
Yoo Dong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 174~184
In order to fill the holes with complex shapes in the large polygon model, a new approach which is based on the implicit surface interpolation method combined with domain decomposition method is presented. In the present study, a surface is constructed by creating smooth implicit surface from the incomplete polygon model through which the surface should pass. In the method an implicit surface is defined by a radial basis function, a continuous scalar-valued function over the domain
The generated surface is the set of all points at which this scalar function takes on the value zero and is created by placing zero-valued constraints at the vertices of the polygon model. In this paper the well-known domain decomposition method is used in order to treat the large polygon model. The global domain of interest is divided into smaller domains where the problem can be solved locally. LU decomposition method is used to solve a set of small local problems and their local solutions are combined together using the weighting coefficients to obtain a global solution. In order to show the validity of the present study, various hole fillings are carried out fur the large and complex polygon model of arbitrary topology.
Development of precise clutch gear for automobile transmission by compound forging process
Lee Kwang-O ; Kim Jung-Min ; Je Jin-Soo ; Kang Sung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 185~192
A manufacturing process for a clutch gear which demands high strength and wear resistance, was developed by means of computer simulation. A preform was made by hot forging process and subsequent cold sizing process is applied to complete precise tooth part. Processes to obtain high dimensional accuracy and superior mechanical properties are analyzed and optimal heat treatment cycle to improve cold forgeability is introduced. Prototype was produced and the dimensional accuracy of the prototype was inspected to verify proposed process.
Thermal Characteristic Analysis of a High-Precision Centerless Grinding Machine for Machining Ferrules
Kim, Seo-Kil ; Cho, Jae-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 193~200
To perform the finish grinding process of ferrules which are widely used as fiber optic connectors, a high-precision centerless grinding machine is necessary. The high-precision centerless grinding machine is consisted of the hydrostatic GW and RW spindle systems, hydrostatic RW feeding mechanism, RW swivel mechanism, on-machine GW and RW dressers, and concrete-filled steel bed. In this study, the thermal characteristics of the high-precision centerless grinding machine such as the temperature distribution, temperature rise and thermal deformation, are estimated based on the virtual prototype of the grinding machine and the heat generation rates of heat sources related to the machine operation conditions. The reliability of the predicted results is demonstrated by the temperature characteristics measured from the physical prototype. Especially, the predicted and measured results show the fact that the high-precision centerless grinding machine has very stable thermal characteristics.
Improvement of circular cutting using adaptive control in micro milling with piezo-actuator
Chung B. M. ; Ko T. J. ; Seok J. W. ; Kim H. S. ; Park J. K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 201~208
Recently, there are many studies for the micro-machining using Piezo actuator. However, because of its step-by-step motion, it is nearly impossible to increase the machining accuracy for a circular path. To increase the accuracy, it is well known that it is necessary the finer and synchronous movement for x-y axes. Therefore, this paper proposes an adaptive control for finer movement of the actuator, and realizes a synchronous control for the x-y axes. The experimental results show that the machining accuracy is remarkably improved.
The Differences of Visuospatial Cognitive Performance and Cerebral Activation and Lateralization between 20s and 40s
Chung Soon Cheol ; Kim Yun Sung ; You Ji Hye ; Tack Gye Rae ; Lee Bongsoo ; Yi Jeong Han ; Sohn Jin Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 1, 2006, Pages 209~215
The present study purposed to examine differences between 20s and 40s in visuospatial performance, the number of activated yokels and cerebral lateralization using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). For this study, eight college students in their twenties (21.5 years on the average) and six adults in their forties (45.7 years on the average) participated in the experiment. Functional brain images were taken from 37 MRI using the single-shot EPI method. Compared to the twenties the forties showed lower visuospatial performance and longer reaction time. In addition, compared to the twenties the forties had a smaller number of activated yokels and less cerebral lateralization. The results of this study show that people's visuospatial performance and number of activated yokels decrease with aging. In addition, they also suggest that cerebral lateralization decreases in order to supplement the lowering of visuospatial performance, which in turn symmetrizes the activation of the left and right hemisphere.